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SEKOS, s[=e]'kos, _n._ in Greek antiquities, any sacred enclosure, a sanctuary, cella of the temple.

SEL, sel, _n._ (_Scot._) self.

SELACHE, sel'a-k[=e], _n._ a genus of sharks.--_adjs._ SEL[=A]'CHIAN, SEL'ACHIOID. [Gr. _selachos_, a sea-fish.]

SELAGINELLA, s[=e]-laj-i-nel'a, _n._ a genus of heterosporous cryptogams, allied to club-moss.

SELAH, s[=e]'la, _n._ in the Psalms, a transliterated Hebrew word (connected by Gesenius with _s[=a]l[=a]h_, rest), supposed to be a direction in the musical rendering of a passage, probably meaning 'pause.'

SELANDRIA, s[=e]-lan'dri-a, _n._ a genus of saw-flies.

SELASPHORUS, s[=e]-las'f[=o]-rus, _n._ the genus of lightning hummers.

SELCOUTH, sel'k[=oo]th, _adj._ (_Spens._) rarely known, uncommon.--_adv._ SEL'COUTHLY. [A.S. _selcuth_ for _seldcuth_--_seld_, seldom, _cuth_--known, _cunnan_, to know.]

SELD, seld, _adj._ (_Spens._) rare, uncommon.--_adv._ seldom, rarely.--_adjs._ SELD'SEEN, rarely seen; SELD'-SHOWN (_Shak._), rarely shown. [_Seldom_.]

SELDOM, sel'dum, _adv._ rarely: not often.--_n._ SEL'DOMNESS.--_adv._ SEL'DOM-TIMES. [A.S. _seldum_, _seldan_--_seld_ (adj.), rare; Ger.


SELECT, s[=e]-lekt', _v.t._ to pick out from a number by preference: to choose: to cull.--_adj._ picked out: nicely chosen: choice: exclusive.--_adj._ SELEC'TED.--_adv._ SELEC'TEDLY.--_ns._ SELEC'TEDNESS; SELEC'TION, act of selecting: things selected: a book containing select pieces.--_adj._ SELEC'TIVE.--_adv._ SELEC'TIVELY, by selection.--_ns._ SELECT'MAN, in New England towns, one of a board of officers chosen annually to manage various local concerns; SELECT'NESS; SELECT'OR.--SELECT MEETING, in the Society of Friends, a meeting of ministers and elders.--NATURAL SELECTION, the preservation of some forms of animal and vegetable life and the destruction of others by the ordinary operation of natural causes. [L. _selig[)e]re_, _selectum_--_se-_, aside, _leg[)e]re_, to choose.]

SELENE, s[=e]-l[=e]'n[=e], _n._ (_Gr. myth._) the goddess of the moon, the Latin _Luna_--also _Phoebe_: a genus of carangoid fishes, the moon-fishes.--_n._ SEL[=E]'NISCOPE, an instrument for observing the moon.--_adj._ SEL[=E]NOCEN'TRIC, having relation to the centre of the moon.--_ns._ SEL[=E]'NOGRAPH, a delineation of the moon; SEL[=E]NOG'RAPHER, a student of selenography.--_adjs._ SEL[=E]NOGRAPH'IC, -AL.--_ns._ SEL[=E]NOG'RAPHIST, a selenographer; SEL[=E]NOG'RAPHY, description of the moon.--_adj._ SEL[=E]NOLOG'ICAL, pertaining to the physiography of the moon.--_ns._ SEL[=E]NOL'OGIST, a selenographer; SEL[=E]NOL'OGY, selenography.--_adj._ SEL[=E]N[=O]TROP'IC, turning to the moon.--_ns._ SEL[=E]NOT'ROPISM, SEL[=E]NOT'ROPY. [Gr. _sel[=e]n[=e]_.]

SELENITE, sel'en-[=i]t, _n._ a transparent and beautiful variety of gypsum: a salt of selenium: a supposed inhabitant of the moon.--_adjs._ SELENIT'IC; SELENITIF'EROUS. [Gr. _sel[=e]nit[=e]s_ (_lithos_, stone), moon-like--_sel[=e]n[=e]_, the moon.]

SELENITES, sel-[=e]-n[=i]'tez, a genus of coleopterous insects.

SELENIUM, s[=e]-l[=e]'ni-um, _n._ an element discovered by Berzelius in the refuse of a sulphuric-acid factory in 1817.--_n._ SEL'[=E]NATE, a compound of selenic acid with a base.--_adjs._ SELEN'IC, SEL[=E]'NIOUS.--_n._ SEL'ENIDE, a compound of selenium with one other element or radical--also SEL[=E]'NIURET.--_adjs._ SELENIF'EROUS; SEL[=E]'NIURETTED, containing selenium. [Gr. _s[=e]l[=e]ne_, the moon.]

SELENODONT, s[=e]-l[=e]'n[=o]-dont, _adj._ having crescentic ridges on the crown, as molar teeth.

SELEUCIDae, se-l[=u]'si-d[=e], the descendants of _Seleucus_ I., surnamed Nicator, who governed Syria from 312 B.C. to 65 B.C.

SELEUCIDES, se-l[=u]'si-d[=e]z, _n._ a genus containing the twelve-wired bird of Paradise.

SELF, self, _n._ one's own person: one's personal interest: one's own personal interest, selfishness: a flower having its colour uniform as opposed to variegated:--_pl._ SELVES (selvz).--_adj._ very: particular: one's own: simple, plain, unmixed with any other.--_ns._ SELF'-ABAN'DONMENT, disregard of self; SELF'-ABASE'MENT, abasement through consciousness of unworthiness.--_adj._ SELF'-ABSORBED', absorbed in one's own thoughts.--_ns._ SELF'-ABUSE', the abuse of one's own person or powers: self-pollution; SELF'-ACCUS[=A]'TION, the act of accusing one's self.--_adjs._ SELF'-ACCUS'ATORY; SELF'-ACT'ING, acting of, or by, itself, specially denoting a machine or mechanism which does of itself something that is ordinarily done by manual labour.--_n._ SELF'-ACTIV'ITY, an inherent power of acting.--_adj._ SELF'-ADJUST'ING, requiring no external adjustment.--_n._ SELF'-ADMIS'SION (_Shak._), admission of one's SELF'-AFFAIRS' (_Shak._), one's own affairs.--_adjs._ SELF'-AFFECT'ED (_Shak._), affected well towards one's self; SELF'-AFFRIGHT'ED (_Shak._), frightened at one's self.--_n._ SELF'-APPLAUSE', applause of one's self.--_adjs._ SELF'-APPOINT'ED, nominated by one's self; SELF'-APPROV'ING, implying approval of one's own conduct; SELF'-ASSERT'ING, given to asserting one's opinion: putting one's self forward.--_n._ SELF'-ASSER'TION.--_adj._ SELF'-ASSUMED', assumed by one's own act.--_n._ SELF'-ASSUMP'TION, conceit.--_adj._ SELF'-BEGOT'TEN, generated or originated by one's own powers.--_n._ SELF'-BIND'ER, the automatic binding apparatus attached to some reaping-machines.--_adj._ SELF'-BLIND'ED, led astray by one's self.--_n._ SELF'-BLOOD' (_obs._), direct progeny: suicide.--_adj._ SELF'-BORN', born or produced by one's self.--_n._ SELF'-BOUN'TY (_Shak._), native goodness.--_adj._ SELF'-CEN'TRED, centred in self.--_n._ SELF'-CHAR'ITY (_Shak._), love of one's self.--_adjs._ SELF'-CL[=O]'SING, shutting automatically; SELF'-COLLECT'ED, self-possessed: self-contained; SELF'-COL'OURED, of the natural colour: dyed in the wool: coloured with a single tint: (_hort._) uniform in colour.--_ns._ SELF'-COMMAND', self-control; SELF'-COMPL[=A]'CENCY, satisfaction with one's self, or with one's own performances.--_adj._ SELF'-COMPL[=A]'CENT, pleased with one's self: self-satisfied.--_n._ SELF'-CONCEIT', an over-high opinion of one's self, one's own abilities, &c.: vanity.--_adj._ SELF'-CONCEIT'ED, having a high opinion of one's self, of one's own merits, abilities, &c.: vain.--_ns._ SELF'-CONCEIT'EDNESS; SELF'-CONDEMN[=A]'TION, condemnation by one's own conscience: a self-condemning.--_adjs._ SELF'-CONDEMNED'; SELF'-CONDEMN'ING.--_n._ SELF'-CON'FIDENCE, confidence in, or reliance on, one's own powers: self-reliance.--_adj._ SELF'-CON'FIDENT, confident of one's own powers: in the habit of relying on one's own powers.--_adv._ SELF'-CON'FIDENTLY.--_adj._ SELF'-CONF[=I]'DING, relying on one's own powers.--_n._ SELF'-CONGRATUL[=A]'TION, the act of felicitating one's self.--_adjs._ SELF'-CON'JUGATE, conjugate to itself; SELF'-CON'SCIOUS, conscious of one's acts or states as originating in one's self: conscious of being observed by others.--_n._ SELF'-CON'SCIOUSNESS, the act or state of being self-conscious: consciousness of being observed by others.--_adj._ SELF'-CONSID'ERING, considering in one's own mind, deliberating.--_n._ SELF'-CONSIST'ENCY, consistency with one's self, or principles.--_adjs._ SELF'-CONSIST'ENT; SELF'-CON'STITUTED, constituted by one's self; SELF'-CONS[=U]'MING, consuming one's self, or itself: SELF'-CONTAINED', wrapped up in one's self, reserved: of a house, not approached by an entrance common to others: complete in itself.--_ns._ SELF'-CONTEMPT', contempt for one's self; SELF'-CONTENT', self-complacency; SELF'-CONTRADIC'TION, the act or fact of contradicting one's self: a statement of which the terms are mutually contradictory.--_adj._ SELF'-CONTRADICT'ORY.--_n._ SELF'-CONTROL', control or restraint exercised over one's self: self-command.--_adj._ SELF'-CONVICT'ED, convicted by one's own inner consciousness, or avowal.--_n._ SELF'-CONVIC'TION.--_adjs._ SELF'-CORRESPOND'ING, corresponding to itself; SELF'-COV'ERED, clothed in one's native semblance.--_ns._ SELF'-CRE[=A]'TION, the act of coming into existence by the vitality of one's own nature; SELF'-CRIT'ICISM, criticism of one's self; SELF'-CULT'URE, culture or education of one's self without the aid of teachers; SELF'-D[=A]N'GER (_Shak._), danger from one's self; SELF'-DECEIT', deception respecting one's self; SELF'-DECEIV'ER, one who deceives himself; SELF'-DECEP'TION, the act of deceiving one's own self; SELF'-DEFENCE', the act of defending one's own person, property, &c. (ART OF SELF-DEFENCE, boxing, pugilism); SELF'-DEL[=A]'TION, accusation of one's self; SELF'-DEL[=U]'SION, delusion respecting one's self; SELF'-DEN[=I]'AL, the denial of one's self: the non-gratifying of one's own appetites or desires.--_adj._ SELF'-DENY'ING.--_adv._ SELF'-DENY'INGLY.--_n._ SELF'-DEPEND'ENCE, reliance on one's self.--_adj._ SELF'-DEPEND'ENT.--_n._ SELF'-DEPRECI[=A]'TION, depreciation of one's self.--_adj._ SELF'-DEPR[=E]'CI[=A]TIVE.--_ns._ SELF'-DESPAIR', a despairing view of one's prospects, &c.; SELF'-DESTRUC'TION, the destruction of one's self: suicide.--_adj._ SELF'-DESTRUC'TIVE.--_n._ SELF'-DETERMIN[=A]'TION, determination by one's self without extraneus impulse.--_adjs._ SELF'-DETER'MINED; SELF'-DETER'MINING.--_n._ SELF'-DEVEL'OPMENT, spontaneous development.--_adj._ SELF'-DEV[=O]'TED.--_n._ SELF'-DEV[=O]'TION, self-sacrifice.--_adj._ SELF'-DEVOUR'ING, devouring one's self.--_ns._ SELF'-DISPAR'AGEMENT, disparagement of one's self; SELF'-DISPRAISE', censure of one's self; SELF'-DISTRUST', want of confidence in one's own powers.--_adjs._ SELF'-ED'UCATED, educated by one's own efforts alone; SELF'-ELECT'IVE, having the right to elect one's self.--_n._ SELF-END' (_obs._), an end for one's self alone.--_adj._ SELF'-ENDEARED', self-loving.--_ns._ SELF'-ENJOY'MENT, internal satisfaction; SELF'-ESTEEM', the esteem or good opinion of one's self; SELF'-ESTIM[=A]'TION; SELF'-EV'IDENCE.--_adj._ SELF'-EV'IDENT, evident of itself or without proof: that commands assent.--_adv._ SELF'-EV'IDENTLY.--_ns._ SELF'-EVOL[=U]'TION, development by inherent power; SELF'-EXALT[=A]'TION, the exaltation of self; SELF'-EXAM'INANT, one who examines himself; SELF'-EXAMIN[=A]'TION, a scrutiny into one's own state, conduct, &c., esp. with regard to one's religious feelings and duties; SELF'-EXAM'PLE, one's own example.--_adj._ SELF'-EX'ECUTING, needing no legislation to enforce it.--_n._ SELF'-EXIST'ENCE.--_adjs._ SELF'-EXIST'ENT, existing of or by himself or itself, independent of any other cause; SELF'-EXPLAN'ATORY, obvious, bearing its meaning in its own face.--_n._ SELF'-EXPLIC[=A]'TION, the power of explaining one's self.--_adjs._ SELF-FACED', undressed or unhewn; SELF-FED', fed by one's self.--_n._ SELF'-FEED'ER, a self-feeding apparatus.--_adj._ SELF'-FEED'ING, feeding automatically.--_ns._ SELF'-FERTILIS[=A]'TION; SELF'-FERTIL'ITY, ability to fertilise itself.--_adjs._ SELF'-FIG'URED, figured or described by one's self; SELF'-FLATT'ERING, judging one's self too favourably.--_n._ SELF'-FLATT'ERY, indulgence in reflections too favourable to one's self.--_adjs._ SELF'-FOC'USING, focusing without artificial adjustment; SELF'-FORGET'FUL, devoted to others, and forgetful of one's own interests.--_adv._ SELF'-FORGET'FULLY.--_adjs._ SELF'-GATH'ERED, wrapped up in one's self; SELF-GLAZED', covered with glass of a single tint; SELF'-GL[=O]'RIOUS, springing from vainglory or vanity: boastful; SELF'-GOV'ERNING.--_ns._ SELF'-GOV'ERNMENT, self-control: government by the joint action of the mass of the people: democracy; SELF'-GRATUL[=A]'TION, congratulation of one's self.--_adj._ SELF'-HARM'ING, injuring one's self.--_n._ SELF-HEAL', prunella: the burnet saxifrage.--_adj._ SELF'-HEAL'ING, having the power of healing itself.--_ns._ SELF-HELP', working for one's self; SELF'HOOD, existence as a separate person: conscious personality.--_adj._ SELF'-[=I]'DOLISED, regarded with extreme complacency by one's self.--_n._ SELF'-IMPORT'ANCE, a high estimate of one's own importance: egotism: pomposity.--_adjs._ SELF'-IMPORT'ANT; SELF'-IMPOSED', taken voluntarily on one's self; SELF'-IM'POTENT (_bot._), unable to fertilise itself.--_n._ SELF'-INDUL'GENCE, undue gratification of one's appetites or desires.--_adj._ SELF'-INDUL'GENT.--_n._ SELF'-INFEC'TION, infection of the entire organism from a local lesion.--_adj._ SELF'-INFLICT'ED, inflicted by one's self.--_n._ SELF'-IN'TEREST, private interest: regard to one's self.--_adj._ SELF'-IN'TERESTED.--_n._ SELF'-INVOL[=U]'TION, mental abstraction.--_adjs._ SELF'-INVOLVED', wrapped up in one's self; SELF'ISH, chiefly or wholly regarding one's own self: void of regard to others (SELFISH THEORY OF MORALS, the theory that man acts from the consideration of what will give him the most pleasure).--_adv._ SELF'ISHLY.--_ns._ SELF'ISHNESS; SELF'ISM; SELF'IST; SELF'-JUSTIFIC[=A]'TION, justification of one's self.--_adjs._ SELF'-KIN'DLED, kindled of itself; SELF'-KNOW'ING, knowing of one's own self: possessed of self-consciousness.--_n._ SELF'-KNOWL'EDGE, the knowledge of one's own character, abilities, worth, &c.--_adjs._ SELF-LEFT', left to one's self; SELF'LESS, having no regard to self, unselfish.--_ns._ SELF'LESSNESS, freedom from selfishness; SELF-LIFE', a life only for one's own gratification.--_adjs._ SELF'-LIKE, exactly similar; SELF'-LIM'ITED (_path._), tending to spontaneous recovery after a certain course.--_n._ SELF-LOVE', the love of one's self: tendency to seek one's own welfare or advantage: desire of happiness.--_adjs._ SELF'-LOV'ING, full of self-love; SELF'-LUM'INOUS, possessing the property of emitting light; SELF-MADE', made by one's self; denoting a man who has risen to a high position from poverty or obscurity by his own exertions.--_ns._ SELF'-MAS'TERY, self-command: self-control; SELF'-MET'TLE (_Shak._), mettle or spirit which is natural to one, and not artificially inspired; SELF'-M[=O]'TION, spontaneous motion.--_adj._ SELF-MOVED', moved spontaneously from within.--_ns._ SELF'-MUR'DER, the killing of one's self: suicide; SELF'-MUR'DERER; SELF'-NEGLECT'ING (_Shak._), the neglecting of one's self; SELF'NESS, egotism: personality; SELF'-OFFENCE', one's own offence; SELF'-OPIN'ION, the tendency to form one's own opinion irrespective of that of others.--_adjs._ SELF'-OPIN'IONATED, obstinately adhering to one's own opinion; SELF'-ORIG'INATING, springing from one's self.--_ns._ SELF'-PARTIAL'ITY, overestimate of one's own worth; SELF'-PERCEP'TION, the faculty of immediate perception of the soul by itself.--_adjs._ SELF'-PERPLEXED', perplexed by one's own thoughts; SELF'-P[=I]'OUS, hypocritical.--_n._ SELF'-PIT'Y, pity for one's self.--_adjs._ SELF-PLEACHED' (_Tenn._), interwoven by natural growth; SELF'-PLEAS'ING, gratifying one's own wishes; SELF-POISED', kept well balanced by self-respect.--_n._ SELF'-POLL[=U]'TION, self-abuse, masturbation.--_adj._ SELF'-POSSESSED', calm or collected in mind or manner: undisturbed.--_ns._ SELF'-POSSES'SION, the possession of one's self or faculties in danger: calmness; SELF-PRAISE', the praise of one's self; SELF'-PRESERV[=A]'TION, the preservation of one's self from injury, &c.--_adjs._ SELF'-PRESER'VATIVE, SELF-PRESER'VING.--_ns._ SELF-PRIDE', self-esteem; SELF'-PROF'IT, self-interest.--_adj._ SELF'-PROP'AGATING, propagating one's self or itself.--_ns._ SELF'-PROTEC'TION, self-defence; SELF'-REALIS[=A]'TION, the attainment of such development as one's mental and moral nature is capable of.--_adjs._ SELF'-RECIP'ROCAL, self-conjugate; SELF'-RECORD'ING, making, as an instrument, a record of its own state.--_n._ SELF'-REGARD', regard for one's own self.--_adjs._ SELF'-REGARD'ING; SELF'-REG'ISTERING, registering itself: denoting an instrument or machine having a contrivance for recording its own operations; SELF'-REG'ULATED, regulated by one's self or itself; SELF'-REG'ULATING, regulating itself; SELF'-REG'ULATIVE.--_n._ SELF'-REL[=I]'ANCE, reliance on one's own abilities.--_adj._ SELF'-REL[=I]'ANT.--_n._ SELF'-RENUNCI[=A]'TION, self-abnegation.--_adj._ SELF'-REPEL'LING, repelling by its own inherent power.--_ns._ SELF'-REPRES'SION, the keeping of one's self in the background; SELF'-REPROACH', the act of reproaching or condemning one's self.--_adj._ SELF'-REPROACH'ING, reproaching one's self.--_adv._ SELF'-REPROACH'INGLY.--_n._ SELF'-REPROOF', the reproof of one's own conscience.--_adjs._ SELF'-REPROV'ING, reproving one's self, from conscious guilt; SELF'-REPUG'NANT, self-contradictory: inconsistent.--_n._ SELF'-RESPECT', respect for one's self or one's character.--_adjs._ SELF'-RESPECT'FUL; SELF'-RESPECT'ING; SELF'-RESTRAINED', restrained by one's own will.--_ns._ SELF'-RESTRAINT', a restraint over one's appetites or desires: self-control; SELF'-REV'ERENCE, great self-respect.--_adjs._ SELF'-REV'ERENT; SELF'-RIGHT'EOUS, righteous in one's own estimation: pharisaical.--_n._ SELF'-RIGHT'EOUSNESS, reliance on one's supposed righteousness: sense of one's own merit or goodness, esp. if overestimated.--_adjs._ SELF'-RIGHT'ING, that rights itself when capsized; SELF'-ROLLED', coiled on itself.--_n._ SELF'-SAC'RIFICE, the act of yielding up one's life, interests, &c. for others.--_adjs._ SELF'-SAC'RIFICING, yielding, or disposed to yield, up one's life, interests, &c.; SELF'-SAME, the very same.--_ns._ SELF'-SAME'NESS, sameness as regards self or identity; SELF'-SATISFAC'TION, satisfaction with one's self.--_adjs._ SELF'-SAT'ISFIED, satisfied with the abilities, performances, &c. of one's self; SELF'-SAT'ISFYING, giving satisfaction to one's self.--_ns._ SELF-SCORN', a mood in which one entertains scorn for a former mood of self; SELF'-SEEK'ER, one who looks only to his own interests.--_adj._ SELF'-SEEK'ING, seeking unduly one's own interest or happiness.--_n._ the act of doing so.--_adj._ SELF'-SHIN'ING, self-luminous.--_n._ SELF'-SLAUGH'TER (_Shak._), the slaughter of one's self: suicide.--_adjs._ SELF'-SLAUGH'TERED, killed by one's self; SELF'-STER'ILE (_bot._), unable to fertilise itself; SELF-STYLED', called by one's self: pretended; SELF'-SUBDUED' (_Shak._), subdued by one's own power; SELF'-SUBSTAN'TIAL (_Shak._), composed of one's own substance.--_n._ SELF'-SUFFI'CIENCY.--_adjs._ SELF'-SUFFI'CIENT, confident in one's own sufficiency: haughty: overbearing; SELF'-SUFFIC'ING.--_ns._ SELF'-SUGGES'TION, determination by causes inherent in the organism; SELF'-SUPPORT', the maintenance of one's self.--_adjs._ SELF'-SUPPORT'ED; SELF'-SUPPORT'ING.--_n._ SELF'-SURREN'DER, the yielding up of one's self to another.--_adj._ SELF'-SUSTAINED', sustained by one's own power.--_ns._ SELF'-SUS'TENANCE, self-support; SELF-SUSTENT[=A]'TION.--_adjs._ SELF'-TAUGHT, taught by one's self; SELF'-THINK'ING, forming one's own opinions: of independent judgment; SELF'-TOR'TURABLE (_Shak._), capable of being tortured by one's self.--_ns._ SELF'-TOR'TURE; SELF-TRUST', self-reliance; SELF-VIEW', regard for one's own interest; SELF'-V[=I]'OLENCE, violence inflicted upon one's self; SELF-WILL', obstinacy.--_adj._ SELF-WILLED', governed by one's own will.--_ns._ SELF'-WILLED'NESS; SELF'-WOR'SHIP, the idolising of one's self; SELF'-WOR'SHIPPER; SELF-WRONG' (_Shak._), wrong done by a person to himself.--BE BESIDE ONE'S SELF (see BESIDE); BE ONE'S SELF, to be in full possession of one's powers; BY ONE'S SELF, or ITSELF, apart, alone: without aid of another person or thing. [A.S. _self_, _seolf_, _sylf_; Dut. _zelf_, Ger. _selbe_, Goth. _silba_.]

SELICTAR, s[=e]-lik'tar, _n._ the sword-bearer of a Turkish chief. [Turk.

_silihd[=a]r_--Pers. _silahd[=a]r_--Ar. _sil[=a]h_, arms, pl. of _silh_, a weapon.]

SELINUM, s[=e]-l[=i]'num, _n._ a genus of umbelliferous plants--_milk-parsley_. [Gr. _selinon_, parsley.]

SELION, sel'yon, _n._ a ridge of land rising between two furrows. [O. Fr.

_seillon_, Fr. _sillon_, a furrow.]

SELJUK, sel-j[=oo]k', _n._ a member of a Turkish family which, under Togrul Beg, grandson of a chief named _Seljuk_, overthrew the Abbaside califs of Bagdad about 1050, and gave way before the Osmanli or Ottoman princes.--_adj._ SELJU'KIAN.

SELL, sel, _n._ a seat, a throne: (_Spens._) a saddle: a saddler.--_adj._ SELL'IFORM, saddle-shaped. [O. Fr. _selle_--L. _sella_, for _sedula_, dim.

of _sedes_, a seat.]

SELL, sel, _v.t._ to deliver in exchange for something paid as equivalent: to betray for money: to impose upon, cheat.--_v.i._ to have commerce: to be sold, to be in demand for sale:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ s[=o]ld.--_n._ a deception.--_adj._ SELL'ABLE, that can be sold.--_n._ SELL'ER, a furnisher: a vender: a small vessel for holding salt.--SELL ONE'S LIFE DEARLY, to do great injury to the enemy before one is killed; SELL ONE UP, to sell a debtor's goods; SELL OUT, to dispose entirely of: to sell one's commission.

[A.S. _sellan_, to hand over; cf. Ice. _selja_, Goth. _saljan_.]

SELLANDERS, sel'an-d[.e]rs, _n._ an eruption in the tarsus of the horse.

[Fr. _solandre_.]

SELTZER, selt'z[.e]r, _n._ an effervescing alkaline mineral water brought from Nieder-Selters in Prussia.--_n._ SELT'ZOGENE, a gazogene (q.v.).

SELVAGE, sel'v[=a]j, _n._ that part of cloth which forms an edge of itself without hemming: a border: in mining, that part of a lode adjacent to the walls on either side: the edge-plate of a lock--also SEL'VEDGE.--_adjs._ SEL'VAGED, SEL'VEDGED.--_n._ SELVAG[=EE]', an untwisted skein of rope-yarn marled together. [Old Dut. _selfegge_, self, _self_, _egge_, edge.]

SELVES, selvz, _pl._ of _self_.

SEMANTRON, s[=e]-man'tron, _n._ in the Greek Church, a long bar of wood struck with a mallet to summon worshippers. [Gr.,--_s[=e]mainein_, to give a signal.]

SEMAPHORE, sem'a-f[=o]r, _n._ a contrivance for conveying signals, consisting of a mast with arms turned on pivots by means of cords or levers.--_adjs._ SEMAPHOR'IC, -AL, telegraphic--_adv._ SEMAPHOR'ICALLY.

[Gr. _s[=e]ma_, a sign, _pherein_, to bear.]

SEMASIOLOGY, s[=e]-m[=a]-si-ol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the science of the development of the meanings of words. [Gr. _s[=e]masia_--_s[=e]mainein_, to signify, _legein_, to speak.]

SEMASPHERE, sem'a-sf[=e]r, _n._ an aerostatic signalling apparatus. [Gr.

_s[=e]ma_, a sign, _sphaira_, a ball.]

SEMATIC, s[=e]-mat'ik, _adj._ significant: indicative, as of danger: ominous.--_n._ SEMATOL'OGY, the science of verbal signs in the operations of thinking and reasoning. [Gr. _s[=e]ma_, a sign.]

SEMATROPE, sem'a-tr[=o]p, _n._ an adaptation of the heliotrope for transmitting military signals. [Gr. _s[=e]ma_, a sign, _trepein_, to turn.]

SEMBLABLE, sem'bla-bl, _adj._ (_Shak._) resembling, similar, like.--_n._ likeness, resemblance.--_adv._ SEM'BLABLY (_Shak._) in like manner.--_n._ SEM'BLANCE, likeness: appearance: figure.--_adj._ SEM'BLANT, resembling, like.--_n._ (_Spens._) resemblance, figure.--_adj._ SEM'BLATIVE (_Shak._), resembling, fit, suitable.--_v.i._ SEM'BLE (_obs._), to appear: to dissemble: to practise the art of imitation.--_adj._ like.

[Fr.,--_sembler_, to seem, to resemble--L. _similis_, like.]

SEMe, se-m[=a]', _adj._ (_her._) strewn or scattered over with small bearings, powdered. [Fr., sown, _semer_--L. _semin[=a]re_, to sow.]

SEMEIOLOGY, SEMIOLOGY, s[=e]-m[=i]-ol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the sum of knowledge of the signs and symptoms of morbid conditions, symptomatology: the science of gesture or sign-language.--_n._ SEMEIOG'RAPHY, the description of the signs or symptoms of disease.--_adjs._ SEMEIOLOG'IC, -AL, pertaining to semeiology; SEMEIOT'IC, relating to signs, symptomatic.--_n._ SEMEIOT'ICS, the science of signs: semeiology or symptomatology. [Gr. _s[=e]meion_, a mark, _legein_, to say.]

SEMEION, s[=e]-m[=i]'on, _n._ in ancient prosody, the unit of time: one of the two divisions of a foot: a mark in paleography indicating metrical or other divisions:--_pl._ SEMEI'A. [Gr. _s[=e]meion_, a mark.]

SEMELE, sem'e-l[=e], _n._ a genus of bivalves. [Gr. _Semel[=e]_, the mother of Bacchus.]

SEMEN, s[=e]'men, _n._ the impregnating fluid of male animals, usually whitish, viscid, containing innumerable spermatozoa. [L.]

SEMENCINE, s[=e]'men-sin, _n._ santonica.

SEMESE, se-m[=e]s', _adj._ half-eaten. [L. _semesus_, half-eaten, _semi-_, half, _esus_--_ed[)e]re_, to eat.]

SEMESTER, s[=e]-mes't[.e]r, _n._ one of the half-year courses in German universities.--_adj._ SEMES'TRAL. [L. _semestris_--_sex_, six, _mensis_, a month.]

SEMI-, sem'i, a prefix of Latin origin, meaning 'half,' and also less accurately 'partly,' 'incompletely.'--_n._ and _adj._ SEMIAC'ID, half-acid, sub-acid.--_n._ SEM'IANGLE, the half of a given angle.--_adj._ SEMI-AN'NUAL, half-yearly.--_adv._ SEM'I-AN'NUALLY, once every six months.--_adj._ SEMIAN'NULAR, semicircular.--_ns._ SEM'I-AN'THRACITE, coal intermediate between anthracite and semi-bituminous coal; SEM'I-APE, a lemur.--_adjs._ SEM'I-AQUAT'IC (_zool._, _bot._), entering the water, but not necessarily existing by it; SEM'I-[=A]'RIAN, relating to the Christology of the so-called Semi-Arians (Eusebius of Caesarea, &c.) who held a middle ground between the Arian _hetero-ousia_ and the orthodox _homo-ousia_ or co-equality of the Son with the Father, asserting the _homoi-ousia_, or similarity of essence.--_n._ SEM'I-[=A]'RIANISM.--_adjs._ SEM'I-ARTIC'ULATE, loose-jointed; SEM'I-ATTACHED', partially bound by affection or interest; SEMIBARB[=A]'RIAN, half-barbarian or savage: partially civilised.--_n._ [Illustration] SEMIBAR'BARISM.--_adj._ SEM'I-BIT[=U]'MINOUS, partly bituminous, as coal.--_ns._ SEM'IBR[=E]VE, a musical note, half the length of a breve = 2 minims or 4 crotchets; SEM'IBULL, a bull issued by a pope between the time of his election and that of his coronation.--_adjs._ SEM'ICALC[=A]'REOUS, partly chalky; SEM'I-CAL'CINED, half-calcined; SEMICARTILAG'INOUS, gristly; SEMICENTENN'IAL, occurring at the completion of fifty years.--_n._ a celebration at the end of fifty years.--_adj._ SEMICH[=O]'RIC.--_ns._ SEMICH[=O]'RUS, a small number of selected singers; SEM'ICIRCLE, half a circle: the figure bounded by the diameter of a circle and half the circumference.--_adjs._ SEM'ICIRCLED; SEMICIR'CULAR.--_adv._ SEMICIR'CULARLY.--_ns._ SEMICIRCUM'FERENCE, half of the circumference of a circle; SEM'ICIRQUE, a semicircular hollow; SEMICL[=O]'SURE, half-closure; SEM'ICOLON, the point (;) marking a division greater than the comma; SEMIC[=O]'LON-BUTT'ERFLY, a butterfly with a silver mark on the under side; SEM'I-COL'UMN, a half-column.--_adjs._ SEM'I-COLUM'NAR, flat on one side and rounded on the other; SEM'I-COMPLETE' (_entom._), incomplete; SEM'I-CON'FLUENT (_path._), half-confluent; SEM'I-CON'JUGATE, conjugate and halved; SEM'I-CON'SCIOUS, half or imperfectly conscious; SEM'I-CONVER'GENT, convergent as a series, while the series of moduli is not convergent.--_n._ SEM'ICOPE, an outer garment worn by some of the monastic clergy in the Middle Ages.--_adjs._ SEM'ICOR'NEOUS, partly horny; SEMICOR'ONATE.--_n._ SEM'ICOR'ONET (_entom._), a line of spines half surrounding a part.--_adjs._ SEM'I-COSTIF'EROUS, half-bearing a rib; SEMICRIT'ICAL, related to a differential equation and its criticoids.--_n._ SEM'ICROME (_mus._), a sixteenth note.--_adjs._ SEM'ICRUST[=A]'CEOUS, half-hard; SEMICRYS'TALLINE, imperfectly crystallised.--_n._ SEMIC[=U]'BIUM, a half-bath.--_adjs._ SEMICYLIN'DRICAL, resembling a cylinder divided longitudinally; SEMIDEF'INITE, half-definite: SEM'I-DEPEND'ENT, half-dependent; SEM'IDES'ERT, half-desert; SEM'IDETACHED', partly separated: noting one of two houses joined by a party-wall, but detached from other buildings.--_ns._ SEM'I-DIAM'ETER, half the diameter of a circle: a radius; SEM'I-DIAP[=A]'SON, a diminished octave; SEM'I-DIAPHAN[=E]'ITY, half-transparency.--_adj._ SEMI'-DIAPH'ANOUS, half-transparent.--_n._ SEMIDIUR'NA, a group of lepidopterous insects including the hawk-moth.--_adj._ SEMIDIUR'NAL, accomplished in half a day: (_entom._) flying in twilight.--_n._ SEM'I-DOME', half a dome, esp. as formed by a vertical section.--_adj._ SEM'IDOUB'LE, having the outermost stamens converted into petals.--_n._ a festival on which half the antiphon is repeated before and the whole antiphon after the psalm.--_n._ SEM'I-EF'FIGY, a representation of a figure seen at half-length only.--_adj._ SEM'I-ELLIP'TICAL, having the form of an ellipse which is cut transversely.--_ns._ SEM'I-F[=A]'BLE, a mixture of truth and fable; SEM'I-FAIENCE', pottery having a transparent glaze instead of the opaque enamel of true faience; SEM'I-FIG'URE, a partial human figure in ornamental design.--_v.t._ SEM'I-FLEX, to half-bend.--_n._ SEM'I-FLEX'ION.--_adj._ SEM'I-FLOS'CULAR.--_n._ SEM'I-FLOS'CULE, a floret with a strap-shaped corolla.--_adjs._ SEM'I-FLOS'CUL[=O]SE, SEM'I-FLOS'CULOUS, having the corolla split, flattened out, and turned to one side, as in the ligular flowers of composites; SEMIFLU'ID, half or imperfectly fluid; SEM'I-FORMED, half-formed.--_n._ SEM'I-FR[=A]'TER, a secular benefactor of a religious house, having a share in its intercessory prayers and masses.--_adjs._ SEM'I-FUSED', half-melted; SEMIGL[=O]'B[=O]SE, SEMIGLOB'ULAR, having the shape of half a sphere.--_adv._ SEMIGLOB'ULARLY.--_ns._ SEM'I-GOD, a demi-god; SEM'I-INDEPEND'ENCE.--_adjs._ SEM'I-INDEPEND'ENT, not fully independent; SEM'I-IN'FINITE, limited at one end and extending to infinity; SEM'I-LIG'NEOUS, partially woody: (_bot._) having a stem woody at the base and herbaceous at the top; SEMI-LIQ'UID, half-liquid.--_n._ SEMI-LIQUID'ITY.--_adjs._ SEM'I-LOG'ICAL, half-logical, partly logical; SEM'I-L[=U]'CENT, half-transparent; SEMI-L[=U]'NAR, half-moon shaped, as the semi-lunar bone of the wrist; SEM'I-L[=U]'NATE, having the form of a half-moon; SEM'I-MALIG'NANT, not very malignant, said of tumours; SEM'I-MAT[=U]RE', half-ripe.--_n._ SEMIMEMBRAN[=O]'SUS, a long muscle of the back of the thigh.--_adjs._ SEMIMEM'BRANOUS (_anat._), partly membranous; SEM'I-MEN'STRUAL, half-monthly, esp. of an inequality of the tide.--_n._ SEM'I-MET'AL, in old chemistry, a metal that is not malleable, as zinc.--_adjs._ SEM'I-METAL'LIC; SEM'I-MONTH'LY, occurring twice a month.--_n._ SEMI-M[=U]TE', one who, having lost the faculty of hearing, has also lost the faculty of speech--also _adj._--_adj._ SEM'I-N[=U]DE', half-naked.--_n._ SEM'INYMPH, the pupa of an insect which undergoes only semi-metamorphosis.--_adjs._ SEM'I-OBSCURE', noting the wings of insects when deeply tinged with brownish-gray, but semi-transparent; SEM'I-OFFIC'IAL, partly official.--_adv._ SEM'I-OFFIC'IALLY.--_n._ SEM'I-[=O]'PAL, a variety of opal not possessing opalescence.--_adj._ SEM'I-OPAQUE', partly opaque.--_n._ SEM'I-OP'TERA, a genus of birds--the standard-wings.--_adj._ SEM'I-ORBIC'ULAR, having the shape of half a sphere.--_n._ SEM'I-OR'DINATE, half a chord bisected by the transverse diameter of a conic.--_adjs._ SEM'I-OSS'EOUS, partly bony; SEMI[=O]'VAL, having the form of an oval; SEMIOVIP'AROUS, imperfectly viviparous; SEMIPAL'MATE, half-webbed, as the toes of a bird.--_ns._ SEMIPALM[=A]'TION; SEMIPARAB'OLA, one branch of a parabola being terminated at the principal vortex of the curve; SEM'IPED, in prose, a half-foot.--_adjs._ SEM'IPEDAL; SEM'I-PEL[=A]'GIAN, relating to the theology of the Semi-Pelagians (John Cassianus, &c.), who tried to find a middle course between the Augustinian doctrine of predestination and the Pelagian doctrine of the free-will of man.--_n._ SEM'I-PEL[=A]'GIANISM.--_adjs._ SEM'I-PELL[=U]'CID, imperfectly transparent; SEM'IPEN'NIFORM, half-penniform; SEM'I-PER'FECT, nearly perfect; SEM'I-PIS'CINE, half-fish; SEM'I-PLANT'IGRADE, incompletely plantigrade: partly digitigrade; SEM'I-PLAS'TIC, imperfectly plastic.--_ns._ SEMIPLOT[=I]'NA, a group or sub-family of cyprinoid fishes; SEM'IPLUME, a feather of partly downy structure; [Illustration]

SEMIQUAD'RATE, an aspect of two planets when distant from each other 45 degrees; SEM'IQU[=A]VER, a musical note, half the length of a quaver: something of short duration.--_adjs._ SEM'I-RECON'DITE, half-hidden; SEM'I-R[=E]'FLEX, involuntarily performed, but not entirely independent of the will; SEM'I-REG'ULAR, pertaining to a quadrilateral having four equal sides, but only pairs of equal angles; SEM'I-RETRAC'TILE, retractile to some extent.--_n._ SEM'I-RING, a bronchial half-ring.--_adjs._ SEM'I-SAG'ITTATE (_entom._), shaped like the barbed end of a fish-hook; SEM'I-SAV'AGE, semi-barbarian; SEM'I-SAX'ON, early Middle English (c.

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