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-ABLE, adj. suffix, capable of, as port_able_, laugh_able_; cf. also come-at_-able_, get-at_-able_. [L., according to the stem-ending, _-abilis_, _-ebilis_, _-ibilis_, _-ubilis_.]

-AC, adj. suffix, pertaining to, as elegi_ac_; also used as noun suffix, as mani_ac_. [L. _-acus_, Gr. _-akos_.]

-ACEOUS, having the qualities of, as herb_aceous_. [L. _-aceus_.]

-ACIOUS, full of, as aud_acious_. [L. _-ax_, _-acis_.]

-ADE, noun suffix, the L. _-ata_, which in popular French words appears as _-ee_, becomes _-ade_ in words borrowed from the Provencal, Spanish, Portuguese, and even Italian, as in accol_ade_, gascon_ade_. Also we have ambass_ade_, ambusc_ade_, balustr_ade_, brig_ade_, casc_ade_, &c. from French, words in _-ade_. Examples of words formed in imitation of these in English itself are block_ade_, orange_ade_.

-AGE, ending of abstract nouns, as hom_age_; marks place where, as vicar_age_;--of English formation, bond_age_, brew_age_, parson_age_. [L.

_-aticum_; Fr. _-age_.]

-AIN, -AN, -EN, -ON, noun suffixes, as vill_ain_, pag_an_, ward_en_, surge_on_. [L. _-anus_.]

-AL, adj. suffix, as annu_al_, leg_al_, mort_al_, cardin_al_;--of English or French formation, circumstanti_al_, cordi_al_, nation_al_. Noun suffix, as approv_al_, deni_al_, remov_al_, betroth_al_. Latin nouns in _-alia_ (neut. pl.) which survived into Old French became _-aille_ (fem. sing.), adopted in Middle English as _-aylle_, _-aille_, later _-aile_, _-al_, as Latin spons_[=a]lia_, O. Fr. espous_ailles_, M. E. spous_aille_, spous_al_; L. batt_[=a]lia_, O. Fr. bat_aille_, M. E. bat_aille_, bat_ail_, battle. On this analogy, _-aille_, _-ail_, _-al_, became a formative of nouns of action on verbs of French or Latin, and even of Teutonic, origin. [L.

_-alis_; Fr. _-al_, _-el_.]

-AN, -AIN, -ANE, adj. suffix, as hum_an_, cert_ain_, hum_ane_;--of English formation, Anglic_an_, suburb_an_. Noun suffix [L. _-anus_; Fr. _-ain_, _-en_], as public_an_, veter_an_. [L. _-anus_; Fr. _-ain_, _-en_.]

-ANA, things belonging to, such as sayings, anecdotes, &c., as Johnsoni_ana_, Burnsi_ana_. [L. neut. pl. of adjs. in _-anus_. See _-an_.]

-ANCE, -ENCE (L. _-antia_, _-entia_, Fr. _-ance_), noun suffix, as in arrog_ance_, repent_ance_, experi_ence_, penit_ence_.

-ANCY, -ENCY, a modern English differentiated form of the earlier _-ance_, expressing more distinctly the sense of quality, state, or condition, often belonging to Latin substantives in _-ntia_, as in eleg_antia_, 'elegantness,' as distinct from the sense of action or process, regularly expressed by the French form _-ance_, as in aid_ance_, guid_ance_. The modern tendency is to confine _-nce_ to action, and to express quality or state by _-ncy_; cf. compli_ance_, pli_ancy_, annoy_ance_, buoy_ancy_.

-AND, -END, noun suffix, as vi_and_, leg_end_. [L. _-andus_, _-endus_, gerundial suffix.]

-ANEOUS, belonging to, as extr_aneous_. [L. _-aneus_.]

-ANT, -ENT, adj. suffix, as repent_ant_, pati_ent_. Also noun suffix, sometimes denoting the agent, as inst_ant_, serge_ant_, stud_ent_, innoc_ent_. [L. _-ans_, _-ant-is_, or _-ens_, _-ent-is_, suffix of pr.p.]

-AR, adj. suffix, belonging to, as angul_ar_, popul_ar_. [L. _-aris_; Fr.

_-ier_ or _-aire_.]

-AR, -ARD, -ART. See under -er (marking the agent).

-AR, -ER, -OR, noun suffixes, marking place where, as cell_ar_, lard_er_, man_or_ [L. _-arium_];--denoting the agent, as vic_ar_, treasur_er_, chancell_or_. [L. _-arius_.]

-ARD, intensive, as drunk_ard_, cow_ard_, slugg_ard_, wiz_ard_. [O. Fr.

_-ard_, _-art_; Ger. _-hard_, strong.]

-ARY, noun suffix, marking place where, as semin_ary_ [L. _-arium_]; the agent, as secret_ary_, antiqu_ary_ [L. _-arius_]. Adjective suffix [L.

_-arius_, Fr. _-aire_], as contr_ary_, necess_ary_, second_ary_.

-ASM. See under -ism.

-ASS, -ACE, as cuir_ass_, cutl_ass_, men_ace_, pinn_ace_. [L. _-aceus_, _-acius_; It. _-accio_, Fr. _-as_.]

-ASTER, dim. and freq. (often implying contempt), as poet_aster_. [Fr.

_-artre_ (It. _astro_)--L. _-as-ter_.]

-ATE, -ETE, -ITE, -UTE, -T, forming adjectives--all adapted forms of the endings of past participles in Latin according to the conjugation of the verbs from which they are formed, as accur_ate_, desol_ate_; compl_ete_, repl_ete_; contr_ite_, exquis_ite_; absol_ute_, min_ute_; abjec_t_, elec_t_.

-ATE, verbal suffix, as navig_ate_, perme_ate_. Adj., as above. Noun, as leg_ate_, advoc_ate_. [Norm. Fr. _at_--L. _-[=a]tus_, suffix of pa.p.]

-BLE. See -able.

-BLE, -PLE, fold, as dou_ble_, tre_ble_, quadru_ple_. [L. _-plus_, lit.


-BUND and -CUND, as mori_bund_, rubi_cund_. [L. _-bundus_ and _-cundus_; Fr. _-bond_ and _-cond_.]

-CE. See under -s, adverbial suffix.

-CELLI, -CELLO, dim., as vermi_celli_, violon_cello_. [It., from L.


-CH, dim., as blot_ch_. [See -ock.]

-CLE, -CULE, dim., as in parti_cle_, animal_cule_, from L. _culus_, which also gives (through It.) -CELLI, -CELLO, [See under -l.]

-CRAFT, noun suffix, as in book_craft_, priest_craft_. [A.S. _craeft_, skill.]

-CY, -SY, noun suffix, denoting being, or state of being, condition, rank, as clemen_cy_, bankrupt_cy_, cura_cy_, minstrel_sy_. [L. _-tia_, as in constan_tia_, constan_cy_, or _-tio_, as in conspira_tio_, conspira_cy_.]

-D, -T, or -ED, pa.t. suffix, as loved. The _e_ in _-ed_ is the connecting vowel, omitted when the verb ends in e. [A.S. _-de_, 'did,' from _di-de_, pa.t. of do.]

-D, pa.p. suffix of weak verbs, as love_d_; in nouns (with passive meaning), as dee_d_, see_d_; in adjectives formed from nouns, as connoting the possession of the attribute or thing expressed by the substantive, as boote_d_, feathere_d_, woode_d_; in the form -TH (or -T), in abstract nouns from adjectives and, later on, from verbs, as dea_th_, fligh_t_, swif_t_, (with euphonic _-s_-) du_-s__-t_, bla_-s__-t_. [Orig. _-th_, as in uncou_th_, and from the root of _the_, _that_; seen also in the L. suffix _-tu-s_, as in _no-tu-s_, Sans. _jna-ta-s_, and in the Gr. suffix _-to-s_.]

-DOM, noun suffix, denoting dominion, power, as king_dom_; state, as free_dom_; act, as martyr_dom_. New words, as flunkey_dom_, can be coined.

[A.S. _dom_, judgment, Ger. _-thum_.]

-DOR, -DORE, noun suffix, as in corri_dor_, mata_dore_, steve_dore_, battle_door_. [Sp. -DOR, L. _-tor_.]

-ED. See -d.

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