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PIETY, p[=i]'e-ti, _n._ the quality of being pious: reverence for the Deity, and desire to do His will: love and duty towards parents, friends, or country: sense of duty: dutiful conduct.--_ns._ P[=I]'ETISM, the doctrine and practice of the pietists; P[=I]'ETIST, one marked by strong devotional feeling: a name first applied to a sect of German religious reformers of deep devotional feeling (end of 17th century).--_adjs._ PIETIST'IC, -AL. [Fr. _piete_--L. _pietas_.]

PIEZOMETER, p[=i]-e-zom'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring the compressibility of liquids. [Gr. _piezein_, to press, _metron_, a measure.]

PIFFERO, pif'e-r[=o], _n._ a form of oboe: an organ-stop.

PIG, pig, _n._ a swine of either gender: an oblong mass of unforged metal, as first extracted from the ore, so called because it is made to flow when melted in channels called _pigs_, branching from a main channel called the _sow_.--_v.i._ to bring forth pigs: to live together like pigs:--_pr.p._ pig'ging; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ pigged.--_adjs._ PIG'-EYED, having small dull eyes with heavy lids; PIG'-FACED, looking like a pig.--_n._ PIG'GERY, a place where pigs are kept.--_adj._ PIG'GISH, belonging to or like pigs: greedy, said of persons.--_n._ PIG'GISHNESS.--_adj._ PIG'HEADED, having a large or ill-formed head: stupidly obstinate.--_ns._ PIG'HEADEDNESS; PIG'-[=I]'RON, iron in pigs or rough bars; PIG'-LEAD, lead in pigs; PIG'-NUT (same as EARTH-NUT); PIG'SCONCE, a pigheaded fellow: a blockhead; PIG'SKIN, the skin of a pig prepared as a strong leather: a saddle; PIG'-STY, a pen for keeping pigs; PIG'S'-WASH, swill; PIG'S'-WHIS'PER (_slang_), a low whisper: a very short space of time; PIG'-TAIL, the tail of a pig: the hair of the head tied behind in the form of a pig's tail: a roll of twisted tobacco. [A.S. _pecg_; Dut. _bigge_, _big_.]

PIG, pig, _n._ an earthen vessel. [_Piggin_.]

PIGEON, pij'un, _n._ a well-known bird, the dove: any bird of the dove family.--_adjs._ PIG'EON-BREAST'ED, having a physical deformity, due to rickets, in which the chest is flattened from side to side, and the sternum or breast-bone is thrown forward; PIG'EON-HEART'ED, timid: fearful.--_n._ PIG'EON-HOLE, a hole or niche in which pigeons lodge in a dovecot: a division of a case for papers, &c.--_v.t._ to put into a pigeon-hole: to lay aside and treat with neglect.--_n._ PIG'EON-HOUSE, a dovecot.--_adj._ PIG'EON-LIV'ERED, timid: cowardly.--_n._ PIG'EONRY, a place for keeping pigeons.--_adj._ PIG'EON-TOED, having feet like pigeons, peristeropod: having turned-in toes. [Fr.,--L. _pipio_, _-onis_--_pip[=i]re_, to chirp.]

PIGGIN, pig'in, _n._ a small wooden or earthen vessel. [Gael. _pigean_, dim. of _pigeadh_, or _pige_, a pot.]

PIGHT, p[=i]t, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to place, to fix.--_adj._ placed, fixed, determined. [_Pitch_, to place.]

PIGMEAN, pig-m[=e]'an, _adj._ like a pygmy: very small.

PIGMENT, pig'ment, _n._ paint: any substance used for colouring: that which gives colour to animal and vegetable tissues.--_adjs._ PIGMENT'AL, PIG'MENTARY.--_n._ PIG'MENT-CELL, a cell which secrets pigment. [L.

_pigmentum_--_ping[)e]re_, to paint.]


PIGNORATION, pig-n[=o]-r[=a]'shun, _n._ act of giving in pledge: (_law_) a seizing and detaining of cattle straying and doing damage, till the damage be made good. [L. _pignus_, _-oris_, a pledge.]

PIKE, p[=i]k, _n._ a sharp point: a weapon with a long shaft and a sharp head like a spear, formerly used by foot-soldiers: a sharp-pointed hill or summit: a voracious fresh-water fish (so called from its pointed snout).--_adj._ PIKED, ending in a point.--_ns._ PIKE'-HEAD, the head of a pike or spear; PIKE'-KEEP'ER, the keeper of a turnpike; PIKE'LET, a tea-cake; PIKE'MAN, a man armed with a pike: a man in charge of a turnpike gate; PIKE'-PERCH, a common percoid fish; PIKE'STAFF, the staff or shaft of a pike: a staff with a pike at the end. [A.S. _pic_, _piic_, a pike; Dut.

_piek_, Ger. _pike_, _pieke_; or Celt., as Gael. _pc_, a pike, W. _pig_, a point.]

PIKE, p[=i]k, _v.i._ to go quickly.--_n._ a turnpike.--_n._ P[=I]'KER, a tramp.

PILA, p[=i]'la, _n._ in archaeology and art, a mortar. [L.]

PILAR, p[=i]'lar, _adj._ hairy.--Also PIL'ARY.

PILASTER, pi-las't[.e]r, _n._ a square column, partly built into, partly projecting from a wall.--_adj._ PILAS'TERED, furnished with pilasters or inserted pillars. [Fr. _pilastre_--It. _pilastro_--L. _p[=i]la_, a pillar.]

PILAU, pi-law', _n._ a dish, in origin purely Mohammedan, consisting of meat or fowl, boiled along with rice and spices.--Also PILLAU', PILAW', PILAFF', PILOW'. [Pers. _pil[=a]w_, _pilaw_.]

PILCH, pilch, _n._ (_Shak._) a cloak or gown lined with furs: a flannel cloth or wrap for a child.--_n._ PILCH'ER, one who wears a pilch: a scabbard. [A.S. _pylce_--Low L. _pellicea_--L. _pellis_, skin.]

PILCHARD, pil'chard, _n._ a sea-fish like the herring, but thicker and rounder, caught chiefly on the Cornish coast. [Prob. Celt., Ir. _pilseir_.]

PILE, p[=i]l, _n._ a roundish mass: a heap of separate objects: combustibles, esp. for burning dead bodies: a large building: a heap of shot or shell: (_elect._) a form of battery consisting of a number of dissimilar metal plates laid in pairs one above another, with an acid solution between them: (_slang_) a large amount of money: a fortune.--_v.t._ to lay in a pile or heap: to collect in a mass: to heap up: to fill above the brim.--_n._ P[=I]'LER, one who forms into a heap.--PILE ARMS, to place three muskets with fixed bayonets so that the butts remain firm, the muzzles close together pointing obliquely--also _Stack arms_. [Fr.,--L. _p[)i]la_, a ball.]

PILE, p[=i]l, _n._ a pillar: a large stake driven into the earth to support foundations: a pyramidal figure in a heraldic bearing.--_v.t._ to drive piles into.--_ns._ PILE'-DRIV'ER, PILE'-EN'GINE, an engine for driving down piles; PILE'-DWELL'ING, a dwelling built on piles, a lake-dwelling; PILE'WORK, work or foundations made of piles; PILE'-WORM, a worm found eating into the timber of piles and ships: the teredo. [A.S. _pil_--L.

_p[=i]la_, a pillar.]

PILE, p[=i]l, _n._ hair, fur: the nap on cloth, esp. if regular and closely set.--_v.t._ to furnish with pile, to make shaggy.--_adj._ PILE'-WORN, worn threadbare. [O. Fr. _peil_, _poil_--L. _p[)i]lus_, a hair.]

PILES, p[=i]lz, haemorrhoids. [L. _p[)i]la_, a ball.]

PILEUM, pil'[=e]-um, _n._ (_ornith._) the top of the head from the base of the bill to the nape--including the forehead or front, the vertex or corona, and the hindhead or occiput:--_pl._ PIL'[=E]A.

PILEUS, pil'[=e]-us, _n._ a Roman conical cap: (_bot._) the summit of the stipe bearing the hymenium in some fungi:--_pl._ PIL'EI (-[=i]).--_adjs._ PIL'[=E]ATE, -D, fitted with a cap: having the form of a cap or hat; PIL'[=E]IFORM.--_n._ PIL[=E]'OLUS, a little pileus:--_pl._ PIL[=E]'OLI. [L.

_pileatus_--_pileus_, a cap of felt.]

PILE-WORT, p[=i]l'-wurt, _n._ a buttercup, the celandine.

PILFER, pil'f[.e]r, _v.i._ to steal small things.--_v.t._ to steal by petty theft.--_ns._ PIL'FERER; PIL'FERING, PIL'FERY, petty theft.--_adv._ PIL'FERINGLY. [_Pelf._]

PILGARLICK, pil-gar'lik, _n._ a low fellow--perh. because _pilled_ or made bald by a shameful disease.

PILGRIM, pil'grim, _n._ one who travels to a distance to visit a sacred place: a wanderer: a traveller: a silk screen formerly attached to the back of a woman's bonnet to protect the neck: (_slang_) a new-comer.--_adj._ of or pertaining to a pilgrim: like a pilgrim: consisting of pilgrims.--_ns._ PIL'GRIMAGE, the journey of a pilgrim: a journey to a shrine or other sacred place: the time taken for a pilgrimage: the journey of life, a lifetime; PIL'GRIM-BOTT'LE, a flat bottle holed at the neck for a cord.--PILGRIM FATHERS, the colonists who went to America in the ship _Mayflower_, and founded New England in 1620; PILGRIM'S SHELL, a cockle-shell used as a sign that one had visited the Holy Land; PILGRIM'S STAFF, a long staff which pilgrims carried as a sort of badge. [O. Fr.

_pelegrin_ (Fr. _pelerin_)--L. _peregrinus_, foreigner, stranger--_pereger_, a traveller--_per_, through, _ager_, land.]

PILIFORM, pil'i-form, _adj._ slender as a hair.--_adjs._ PILIF'EROUS, PILIG'EROUS, bearing hairs. [L. _pilus_, a hair, _forma_, form.]

PILING, p[=i]'ling, _n._ the act of piling up: the driving of piles: a series of piles placed in order: pilework.

PILKINS, pil'kinz, _n._ (_prov._) the naked oat, _Avena nuda_.--Also PILL'AS, PILL'CORN.

PILL, pil, _n._ a little ball of medicine: anything nauseous which must be accepted: (_slang_) a doctor: a disagreeable person.--_v.t._ (_slang_) to blackball.--_n._ PILL'-BOX, a box for holding pills: a kind of one-horse carriage. [Fr. _pilule_--L. _pilula_, dim. of _p[)i]la_, a ball.]

PILL, pil, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to strip, peel: to deprive of hair.--_n._ (_Spens._) skin. [_Peel._]

PILLAGE, pil'[=a]j, _n._ (_Shak._) act of plundering: plunder: spoil, esp.

taken in war.--_v.t._ to plunder or spoil.--_v.t._ PILL, to rob or plunder.--_n._ PILL'AGER. [O. Fr.,--_piller_--L. _pil[=a]re_, to plunder.]

PILLAR, pil'ar, _n._ (_archit._) a detached support, differing from a column in that it is not necessarily cylindrical, or of classical proportions: one who, or anything that, sustains: something resembling a pillar in appearance.--_adj._ PILL'ARED, supported by a pillar: having the form of a pillar.--_ns._ PILL'AR-BOX, a short pillar in a street with receptacle for letters to be sent by post; PILL'ARIST, PILL'AR-SAINT, a person in the early church who crucified the flesh by living on the summit of pillars in the open air, a stylite.--FROM PILLAR TO POST, from one state of difficulty to another: hither and thither. [O. Fr. _piler_ (Fr.

_pilier_)--Low L. _pilare_--L. _p[=i]la_, a pillar.]

PILLAU, pil-law', _n._ See PILAU.

PILLICOCK, pil'i-kok, _n._ (_Shak._) a term of endearment.

PILLION, pil'yun, _n._ a cushion for a woman behind a horseman: the cushion of a saddle. [Ir. _pilliun_, Gael. _pillean_, a pad, a pack-saddle--_peall_, a skin or mat, L. _pellis_, skin.]


PILLORY, pil'o-ri, _n._ a wooden frame, supported by an upright pillar or post, and having holes through which the head and hands of a criminal were put as a punishment, disused in England since 1837.--_vs.t._ PILL'ORY, PILL'ORISE, to punish in the pillory: to expose to ridicule:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ pill'oried. [O. Fr. _pilori_; ety. dub.; Prov. _espitlori_--Low L.

_speculatorium_, a lookout--L. _specularia_, a window, _speculum_, a mirror.]

PILLOW, pil'[=o], _n._ a cushion filled with feathers, &c., for resting the head on: any cushion: a block of metal for bearing the end of a shaft, or the end of a bowsprit: the socket of a pivot.--_v.t._ to lay or rest on for support.--_v.i._ to rest the head on a pillow.--_ns._ PILL'OW-BIER, -BEER, -CASE, -SLIP, a cover which can be drawn over a pillow; PILL'OW-CUP, a last cup before going to bed.--_adjs._ PILL'OWED, supported by, or provided with, a pillow; PILL'OWY, like a pillow: soft. [A.S. _pyle_--L.


PILLWORM, pil'wurm, _n._ the millipede.

PILOCARPUS, p[=i]-l[=o]-kar'pus, _n._ a shrub about four or five feet high, slightly branched, the branches erect, a native of Brazil.--_n._ PILOCAR'PINE, an alkaloid isolated from pilocarpus, with sudorific properties. [Gr. _pilos_, a cap, _karpos_, fruit.]

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