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PATRIAL, p[=a]'tri-al, _adj._ designating a race or nation.--_n._ a noun derived from the name of a country.

PATRIA POTESTAS, p[=a]'tri-a p[=o]-tes'tas, _n._ a father's control over his family, in ancient Rome, which was almost unlimited. [L.]

PATRIARCH, p[=a]'tri-ark, _n._ one who governs his family by paternal right: (_B._) one of the early heads of families from Adam downwards to Abraham, Jacob, and his sons: in Eastern churches, a dignitary superior to an archbishop.--_adjs._ PATRIARCH'AL, PATRIARCH'IC, belonging or subject to a patriarch: like a patriarch: of the nature of a patriarch.--_ns._ P[=A]'TRIARCHALISM, the condition of tribal government by a patriarch; P[=A]'TRIARCHATE, the office or jurisdiction of a patriarch or church dignitary: the residence of a patriarch; P[=A]'TRIARCHISM, government by a patriarch; P[=A]'TRIARCHY, a community of related families under the authority of a patriarch. [O. Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _patriarch[=e]s_--_pat[=e]r_, father, _arch[=e]_, beginning.]

PATRICIAN, pa-trish'an, _n._ a nobleman in ancient Rome, being a descendant of one of the fathers or first Roman senators: a nobleman.--_adj._ pertaining to the ancient senators of Rome or to their descendants: of noble birth.--_n._ PATRIC'IATE, the position or duties of a patrician: the patrician order. [L. _patricius_--_pater_, _patris_, a father.]

PATRICIDE, pat'ri-s[=i]d, _n._ the murder or the murderer of one's own father.--_adj._ PAT'RIC[=I]DAL, relating to patricide or the murder of a father. [L. _patricida_--_pater_, _patris_, father, _caed[)e]re_, to kill.]

PATRICO, pat'ri-k[=o], _n._ (_slang_) a gipsy or beggars'

hedge-priest.--Also PAT'ERCOVE.

PATRIMONY, pat'ri-mun-i, _n._ a right or estate inherited from a father or from one's ancestors: a church estate or revenue.--_adj._ PATRIM[=O]'NIAL, pertaining to a patrimony: inherited from ancestors.--_adv._ PATRIM[=O]'NIALLY. [Fr. _patrimoine_--L. _patrimonium_, a paternal estate--_pater_, _patris_, a father.]

PATRIOT, p[=a]'tri-ot, or pat'-, _n._ one who truly loves and serves his fatherland.--_adj._ devoted to one's country.--_adj._ P[=A]TRIOT'IC, like a patriot: actuated by a love of one's country: directed to the public welfare.--_adv._ P[=A]TRIOT'ICALLY.--_n._ P[=A]'TRIOTISM, quality of being patriotic: love of one's country. [Fr.,--Low L.,--Gr.

_patri[=o]t[=e]s_--_patrios_--_pat[=e]r_, a father.]

PATRIPASSIAN, p[=a]-tri-pas'i-an, _n._ a member of one of the earliest classes of anti-Trinitarian sectaries (2d century), who denied the distinction of three persons in one God, maintaining that the sufferings of the Son could be predicated of the Father. [L. _pater_, father, _pati_, _passus_, to suffer.]

PATRISTIC, -AL, pa-tris'tik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to the fathers of the Christian Church.--_ns._ P[=A]'TRIST, one versed in patristics; PATRIS'TICISM, mode of thought, &c., of the PATRIS'TICS, the knowledge of the fathers as a subject of study--sometimes PATROL'OGY.

[Fr., coined from L. _pater_, _patris_, a father.]

PATROL, pa-tr[=o]l', _v.i._ to go the rounds in a camp or garrison: to watch and protect.--_v.t._ to pass round as a sentry:--_pr.p._ patr[=o]l'ling; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ patr[=o]lled'.--_n._ the marching round of a guard in the night: the guard or men who make a patrol: (also PATR[=O]L'MAN) a policeman who walks about a certain beat for a specified time, such policemen collectively. [O. Fr. _patrouille_, a patrol, _patrouiller_, to march in the mud, through a form _patouiller_, from _pate_ (mod. _patte_), the paw or foot of a beast, of Teut. origin, cf.

Ger. _patsche_, little hand.]

PATRON, p[=a]'trun, _n._ a protector: one who countenances or encourages: one who has the right to appoint to any office, esp. to a living in the church: a guardian saint:--_fem._ P[=A]'TRONESS.--_v.t._ to treat as a patron.--_n._ P[=A]'TRONAGE, the support given by a patron: guardianship of saints: the right of bestowing offices, privileges, or church benefices.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to support.--_adj._ P[=A]'TRONAL.--_n._ P[=A]TRONIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ P[=A]'TRON[=I]SE, to act as a patron toward: to give countenance or encouragement to: to assume the air of a patron towards.--_n._ P[=A]'TRON[=I]SER.--_adj._ P[=A]'TRON[=I]SING.--_adv._ P[=A]'TRON[=I]SINGLY.--_adj._ P[=A]'TRONLESS. [Fr.,--L.

_patronus_--_pater_, _patris_, a father.]

PATRONYMIC, -AL, pat-r[=o]-nim'ik, -al, _adj._ derived from the name of a father or an ancestor.--_n._ PATRONYM'IC, a name taken from one's father or ancestor. [Gr. _pat[=e]r_, a father, _onoma_, a name.]

PATROON, p[=a]-tr[=oo]n', _n._ one who received a grant of land under the old Dutch governments of New York and New Jersey.--_n._ PATROON'SHIP.

[Dut.; cf. _Patron_.]

PATTE, pat, _n._ a narrow band keeping a belt or sash in its place. [Fr.]

PATTe, PATTeE, pa-t[=a]', _adj._ (_her._) spreading toward the extremity.

[O. Fr. _patte_, a paw.]

PATTEN, pat'en, _n._ a wooden sole with an iron ring, worn under the shoe to keep it from the wet: the iron hoop attached to the boot in cases of hip-joint disease: the base of a pillar.--_v.i._ to go about on pattens.--_adj._ PATT'ENED, provided with pattens. [O. Fr. _patin_, clog--_patte_.]

PATTER, pat'[.e]r, _v.i._ to pat or strike often, as hailstones: to make the sound of short quick steps:--_pr.p._ patt'ering; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ patt'ered. [A freq. of _pat_.]

PATTER, pat'[.e]r, _v.i._ to repeat the Lord's Prayer: to pray: to repeat over and over again indistinctly, to mumble.--_v.t._ to repeat hurriedly, to mutter.--_n._ glib talk, chatter: the cant of a class.--_ns._ PATT'ERER, one who sells articles on the street by speechifying; PATT'ER-SONG, a comic song in which a great many words are sung or spoken very rapidly.--PATTER FLASH, to talk the jargon of thieves. [_Pater-noster_.]

PATTERN, pat'[.e]rn, _n._ a person or thing to be copied: a model: an example: style of ornamental work: anything to serve as a guide in forming objects: the distribution of shot in a target at which a gun is fired.--_ns._ PATT'ERN-BOOK, a book containing designs of lace, &c., or in which patterns of cloth, &c., are pasted; PATT'ERN-BOX, in weaving, a box at each side of a loom containing the various shuttles that may be used; PATT'ERN-CARD, a piece of cardboard on which specimens of cloth are fixed; PATT'ERN-MAK'ER, one who makes the patterns for moulders in foundry-work; PATT'ERN-SHOP, the place in which patterns for a factory are prepared; PATT'ERN-WHEEL, the count-wheel in a clock movement. [Fr. _patron_, a protector, pattern.]

PATTLE, pat'l, _n._ a paddle.

PATTY, pat'i, _n._ a little pie:--_pl._ PATT'IES.--_n._ PATT'Y-PAN, a pan in which to bake these. [Fr. _pate_.]

PATULOUS, pat'[=u]-lus, _adj._ spreading.

PAUCITY, paw'sit-i, _n._ fewness: smallness of number or quantity.

[Fr.,--L. _paucitas_--_paucus_, few.]

PAUL. Same as PAWL.

PAULDRON, pawl'dron, _n._ a separable shoulder-plate in medieval armour.

[O. Fr. _espalleron_--_espalle_, the shoulder.]

PAULICIAN, paw-lish'an, _n._ a member of a Dualistic Eastern sect, founded about 660, professing peculiar reverence for _Paul_ and his writings.

PAULINE, paw'l[=i]n, _adj._ of or belonging to the Apostle _Paul_.--_ns._ PAUL'INISM, the teaching or theology of Paul; PAUL'INIST, a follower of Paul.

PAULO-POST-FUTURE, paw'l[=o]-p[=o]st-f[=u]'t[=u]r, _adj._ and _n._ the future perfect tense in grammar.

PAUNCH, pawnsh, or pansh, _n._ the belly: the first and largest stomach of a ruminant.--_v.t._ to eviscerate.--_adj._ PAUNCH'Y, big-bellied. [O. Fr.

_panche_ (Fr. _panse_)--L. _pantex_, _panticis_.]

PAUPER, paw'p[.e]r, _n._ a very poor or destitute person: one supported by charity or by some public provision:--_fem._ PAU'PERESS.--_n._ PAUPERIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ PAU'PERISE, to reduce to pauperism.--_n._ PAU'PERISM, state of being a pauper. [L.]

PAUSE, pawz, _n._ a ceasing: a temporary stop: cessation caused by doubt: suspense: a mark for suspending the voice: (_mus._) a mark showing continuance of a note or rest.--_v.i._ to make a pause.--_adjs._ PAUS'AL; PAUSE'LESS.--_adv._ PAUSE'LESSLY.--_n._ PAUS'ER, one who pauses or deliberates.--_adv._ PAUS'INGLY, with pauses: by breaks: deliberately.

[Fr.,--L. _pausa_--Gr. _pausis_, from _pauein_, to cause to cease.]

PAVAN, pav'an, _n._ (_Shak._) a slow dance, much practised in Spain: music for this dance.--Also PAV'EN, PAV'IN. [Fr.,--Sp. _pavana_, _pavon_--L.

_pavo_, peacock; or It., for _Padovana_, pertaining to _Padua_.]

PAVE, p[=a]v, _v.t._ to lay down stone, &c., to form a level surface for walking on: to prepare, as a way or passage: to make easy and smooth in any way.--_ns._ P[=A]'VAGE, P[=A]'VIAGE, money paid towards paving streets.--_adj._ P[=A]VED--also P[=A]'VEN.--_ns._ PAVE'MENT, a paved road, floor, or side-walk, or that with which it is paved; P[=A]'VER, P[=A]'VIER, P[=A]'VIOR, P[=A]'VIOUR, one who lays pavements; P[=A]'VING, the act of laying pavement: pavement.--_adj._ employed or spent for paving.--PAVE THE WAY, to prepare the way for. [Fr. _paver_--L. _pav[=i]re_, to beat hard; cog. with Gr. _paiein_, to beat.]

PAVID, pav'id, _adj._ timid. [L. _pavidus_.]

PAVILION, pa-vil'yun, _n._ a tent: an ornamental building often turreted or domed: (_mil._) a tent raised on posts: a canopy or covering: the outer ear: a flag or ensign carried at the gaff of the mizzenmast.--_v.t._ to furnish with pavilions: to shelter, as with a tent.--_n._ PAVIL'ION-ROOF, a roof sloping equally on all sides. [Fr. _pavillon_--L. _papilio_, a butterfly, a tent.]

PAVISE, pav'is, _n._ a shield for the whole body. [Fr.,--Low L. _pavensis_, prob. from _Pavia_ in Italy.]

PAVON, pav'on, _n._ a small triangular flag attached to a lance. [L.

_pavo_, a peacock.]

PAVONINE, pav'o-n[=i]n, _adj._ pertaining to the peacock: resembling the tail of a peacock or made of its feathers: iridescent--also PAV[=O]'NIAN.--_n._ PAV[=O]NE' (_Spens._), the peacock. [L.

_pavoninus_--_pavo_, _pavonis_, a peacock.]

PAW, paw, _n._ the foot of a beast of prey having claws: the hand, used in contempt.--_v.i._ to draw the forefoot along the ground like a horse.--_v.t._ to scrape with the forefoot: to handle with the paws: to handle roughly: to flatter.--_adj._ PAWED, having paws: broad-footed. [O.

Fr. _poe_, _powe_, prob. Teut.; cf. Dut. _poot_, Ger. _pfote_. Perh.

related to O. Fr. _pate_ (cf. _Patrol_). But perh. Celt., as W. _pawen_, a paw.]

PAWKY, pawk'i, _adj._ (_Scot._) sly, arch, shrewd.

PAWL, pawl, _n._ a short bar lying against a toothed wheel to prevent a windlass, &c., from running back: a catch or click.--_v.t._ to stop by means of a pawl. [W. _pawl_, a stake, conn. with L. _palus_, a stake.]

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