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PART-SINGING, part'-sing-ing, _n._ act or practice of singing different parts in harmony.--_n._ PART'-SONG, a song sung in parts.

PARTURE, part'[=u]r, _n._ (_Spens._) departure.

PARTURIENT, par-t[=u]'ri-ent, _adj._ bringing, or about to bring, forth young: fruitful.--_n._ PART[=U]RI'TION, act of bringing forth.--_adj._ PART[=U]'RITIVE. [L. _parturiens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _partur[=i]re_--_par[)e]re_, to bring forth.]

PARTY, par'ti, _n._ a part of a greater number of persons: a faction: a company met for a particular purpose, as a dinner party, a pleasure party, &c.: an assembly: one concerned in any affair: the person or persons on either side in a law-suit: (_colloq._) a single individual spoken of: (_mil._) a detachment of soldiers.--_adj._ belonging to a party and not to the whole: consisting of different parties, parts, or things: (_her._) parted or divided.--_adjs._ PAR'TI-COAT'ED, having on a coat of various colours; PAR'TI-COL'OURED, coloured differently at different parts.--_ns._ PAR'TYISM, devotion to party; PAR'TY-JU'RY, a jury half of natives and half of aliens; PAR'TY-MAN, a member of a party: a partisan; PAR'TY-POL'ITICS, politics viewed from a party stand-point, or arranged to suit the views or interests of a party; PAR'TY-SPIR'IT, the unreasonable spirit shown by a party-man toward those who do not belong to his party.--_adj._ PAR'TY-SPIR'ITED.--_ns._ PAR'TY-VER'DICT, a joint verdict; PAR'TY-WALL, a wall between two adjoining properties, built half on one and half on the other: a wall separating one house from another. [O. Fr. _partir_--L.

_part[=i]ri_, to divide--_pars_, a part.]

PARURE, pa-rur', _n._ a set of ornaments, &c. [Fr.]

PARVANIMITY, par-va-nim'i-ti, _n._ littleness of mind.

PARVENU, par've-n[=u], _n._ an upstart: one newly risen into notice or power.--_adj._ like a parvenu. [Fr., pa.p. of _parvenir_--L.

_perven[=i]re_, to arrive at--_per_, through, _ven[=i]re_, to come.]

PARVIS, PARVISE, par'vis, _n._ a porch, or an enclosed space before a church: a room over a church porch used as a store, or schoolroom, or as an ecclesiastic's chamber. [O. Fr.,--Low L. _paravisus_, corr. of Gr.

_paradeisos_; cf. _Paradise_.]

PAS, pa, _n._ a step, as in dancing or marching: a dance, as in 'Pas seul'=a dance by one person, 'Pas deux'=a dance of two persons.--PAS D'ARMES, a joust, a tilt, or a tourney.--HAVE THE PAS OF ONE, to take precedence of him. [Fr.]

PASCH, pask, _n._ the Jewish Passover: Easter.--_adj._ PASCH'AL, pertaining to the Passover, or to Easter.--_ns._ PASCH'AL-CAN'DLE, a large candle blessed and placed on the altar on the day before Easter; PASCH'AL-FLOW'ER (see PASQUE); PASCH'AL-LAMB, the lamb slain and eaten at the Jewish Passover; PASCH'-EGG, an Easter-egg.--PASCH OF THE CROSS, Good-Friday; PASCHAL CONTROVERSY, a long dispute in the early church about the proper time for celebrating Easter. [A.S. _pascha_--L.,--Gr.,--Heb. _pesach_, the Passover--_pasach_, to pass over.]

PASCUAGE, pas'k[=u]-[=a]j, _n._ the grazing or pasturing of cattle.--_adjs._ PAS'C[=U]AL, PAS'C[=U]OUS. [L. _pascuum_, pasture--_pasc[)e]re_, to feed.]

PASH, pash, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to strike, to dash, to crush.--_n._ a blow.

[Perh. imit.]

PASH, pash, _n._ (_Shak._) the head, the face.

PASHA, PACHA, pash'a, _n._ a title given to Turkish officers who are governors of provinces or hold high naval and military commands.--_ns._ PASH'ALIC, PACH'ALIC, the jurisdiction of a pasha. [Turk.,--Pers.

_p[=a]sh[=a]_, _p[=a]dsh[=a]h_.]

PASIGRAPHY, pa-sig'ra-fi, _n._ a system of language-signs universally intelligible.--_adjs._ PASIGRAPH'IC, -AL.--_n._ PAS'ILALY, universal speech. [Gr. _pas_, all, _graphein_, to write.]

PASQUE-FLOWER, pask'-flow'[.e]r, _n._ one of several genera of anemone, blooming about Easter--also _Campana_ and _Dane-flower_.

PASQUIN, pas'kwin, _n._ a lampoon or satire--also PAS'QUIL.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to lampoon or satirise--also PAS'QUIL.--_ns._ PAS'QUILANT, PAS'QUILER, PASQUIN[=A]'DER, a lampooner; PASQUIN[=A]DE', a lampoon.--_v.t._ to lampoon. [_Pasquino_, a sarcastic tailor in Rome in the 15th century, near whose house a mutilated statue was dug up just after his death, on which lampoons were posted.]

PASS, pas, _v.i._ to pace or walk onward: to move from one place or state to another: to travel: to change: to circulate: to be regarded: to go by: to go unheeded or neglected: to elapse, as time: to be finished: to move away: to disappear: (_B._) to pass away: to go through an examination or an inspection: to be approved: to meet with acceptance: to happen: to fall, as by inheritance: to flow through: to thrust, as with a sword: to run, as a road.--_v.t._ to go by, over, beyond, through, &c.: to spend: to omit: to disregard: to surpass: to enact, or to be enacted by: to cause to move: to send: to transfer: to give forth: to cause to go from one person or state to another: to approve: to undergo successfully: to give circulation to: (_fencing_) to thrust:--_pa.p._ passed and past.--_n._ a way through which one passes: a narrow passage, esp. over or through a range of mountains: a narrow defile: a passport: state or condition: a written permission to go out or in anywhere: a ticket: (_fencing_) a thrust: success in any examination or other test, a certificate of having reached a certain standard--without honours.--_adj._ PASS'ABLE, that may be passed, travelled over, or navigated: that may bear inspection: that may be accepted or allowed to pass: a little above the common: tolerable.--_n._ PASS'ABLENESS.--_adv._ PASS'ABLY.--_ns._ PASS'BOOK, a book that passes between a trader and his customer, in which credit purchases are entered: a bank-book; PASS'-CHECK, a ticket of admission to a place, or of readmission when one goes out intending to return; PASS'ER, one who passes; PASS'ER-BY, one who passes by or near; PASS'KEY, a key enabling one to enter a house: a key for opening several locks.--_adj._ PASS'LESS, having no pass: impassable.--_ns._ PASS'MAN, one who gains a degree or pass without honours at a university; PASS'PORT, a warrant of protection and permission to travel; PASS'WORD (_mil._), a private word by which a friend is distinguishable from a stranger, enabling one to pass or enter a camp, &c.--PASS MUSTER, to go through an inspection without fault being found; PASS OFF, to impose fraudulently, to palm off; PASS ON, to go forward: to proceed; PASS ON, or UPON, to come upon, to happen to: to give judgment or sentence upon: to practise artfully, to impose upon, to palm off; PASS OVER, or BY, to go to the other side of: to cross, to go past without visiting or halting: to overlook, to disregard; PASS THE TIME OF DAY, to exchange any ordinary greeting of civility; PASS THROUGH, to undergo, experience.--BRING TO PASS, to cause to happen; COME TO PASS, to happen.

[O. Fr. _passer_--It. _passare_--_passus_, a step.]

PASSADE, pa-s[=a]d', _n._ (_Shak._) a push or thrust with a sword: the motion of a horse turning backwards or forwards on the same spot of ground.--Also PASS[=A]'DO.

PASSAGE, pas'[=a]j, _n._ act of passing: a moving from one place or state to another: a journey, as in a ship: course: time occupied in passing: means of passing in or out: a way: entrance: enactment of a law: right of passing: price paid for passing or for being conveyed between two places: occurrence, any incident or episode: a single clause or part of a book, &c.: a modulation in music: (_B._) a mountain-pass: ford of a river: (_zool._) migratory habits.--_v.i._ to cross: to walk sideways, of a horse.--PASSAGE OF ARMS, any feat of arms: a quarrel, esp. of words.--BIRD OF PASSAGE, a bird that passes from one climate to another at the change of the seasons.


PASSANT, pas'ant, _adj._ (_her._) walking. [Fr.]

PASSe, pas-s[=a]', _adj._ past one's best, faded, past the heyday of life: nearly out of date:--_fem._ PASSeE. [Fr., pa.p. of _passer_, to pass.]

PASSEMENTERIE, pas-men-te-r[=e]', _n._ trimming for dresses, as beaded lace. [Fr.]

PASSENGER, pas'en-j[.e]r, _n._ one who passes: one who travels in some public conveyance.--PASSENGER PIGEON, a species of pigeon, a native of North America, having a small head and short bill, a very long, wedge-shaped tail, and long and pointed wings; PASSENGER TRAIN, a railway-train for the conveyance of passengers. [O. Fr. _passagier_ (Fr.

_passager_), with inserted _n_, as in _messenger_, _nightingale_.]

PASSE-PARTOUT, pas'-par-t[=oo]', _n._ a means of passing anywhere: a master-key: a kind of simple picture-frame, usually of pasteboard, within which the picture is fixed by strips of paper pasted over the edges. [Fr., a 'master-key,' from _passer_, to pass, _par_, over, _tout_, all.]

PASSEPIED, pas'py[=a], _n._ a dance like the minuet, but quicker. [Fr.]

PASSERES, pas'e-rez, the name given by Cuvier to the order of birds otherwise called _Insessores_, comprising more than half of all the birds.--_adj._ PASS'ERINE, relating to the _Passeres_, an order of which the sparrow is the type. [L. _passer_, a sparrow.]

PASSIBLE, pas'i-bl, _adj._ susceptible of suffering, or of impressions from external agents.--_ns._ PASSIBIL'ITY, PASS'IBLENESS, the quality of being passible.--_adv._ PASS'IBLY, in a passible manner. [L.

_passibilis_--_pati_, _passus_, to suffer.]

PASSIM, pas'im, _adv._ here and there. [L.]

PASSIMETER, pa-sim'e-ter, _n._ a pocket pedometer.

PASSING, pas'ing, _adj._ going by, through, or away: happening now: surpassing.--_adv._ exceedingly: very.--_ns._ PASS'ING-BELL, a bell tolled immediately after a person's death, originally to invite prayers for the soul passing into eternity; PASS'ING-NOTE (_mus._), a smaller note marking a tone introduced between two others, to effect a smooth passage from the one to the other, but forming no essential part of the harmony.

PASSION, pash'un, _n._ power of feeling pain or suffering: strong feeling or agitation of mind, esp. rage: ardent love: eager desire: state of the soul when receiving an impression: suffering or passive condition, as opposed to _Action_: the sufferings, esp. the death, of Christ: (_pl._) excited conditions of mind.--_ns._ PASSIFL[=O]'RA, a genus of climbing herbs or shrubs, the passion-flowers; PASS'IONAL, PASS'IONARY, a book containing accounts of the sufferings of saints and martyrs.--_adjs._ PASS'IONAL, influenced by passion; PASS'IONATE, moved by passion: showing strong and warm feeling: easily moved to anger: intense.--_adv._ PASS'IONATELY.--_n._ PASS'IONATENESS.--_adj._ PASS'IONED, moved by passion: expressing passion.--_ns._ PASS'ION-FLOW'ER, a flower so called from a fancied resemblance to a crown of thorns, the emblem of Christ's passion; PASS'IONIST (_R.C._), one of a religious congregation devoted to the commemoration of the Passion of Christ by missions, &c.--_adj._ PASS'IONLESS, free from passion: not easily excited to anger.--_n._ PASS'ION-M[=U]'SIC, music to which words describing the sufferings and death of Christ are set.--_adj._ PASS'ION-PALE (_Tenn._), pale with passion.--_ns._ PASS'ION-PLAY, a religious drama representing the sufferings and death of Christ; PASS'ION-SUN'DAY, the fifth Sunday in Lent; PASS'ION-WEEK, name commonly given in England to Holy-week (as being the week of Christ's passion); but, according to proper rubrical usage, the week preceding Holy-week. [Fr.,--L. _passio_, _passionis_--_passus_, pa.p.

of _pati_, to suffer.]

PASSIVE, pas'iv, _adj._ suffering, unresisting: not acting: (_gram._) expressing the suffering of an action by the subject of the verb.--_adv._ PASS'IVELY.--_ns._ PASS'IVENESS, PASSIV'ITY, inactivity: patience: tendency of a body to preserve a given state, either of motion or of rest. [Fr.,--L.

_passivus_--_pati_, suffer.]


PASSOVER, pas'[=o]-v[.e]r, _n._ annual feast of the Jews, to commemorate the destroying angel passing over the houses of the Israelites when he slew the first-born of the Egyptians.--_adj._ pertaining to the Passover.

PASSY-MEASURE, pas'si-mezh'[=u]r, _n._ (_Shak._) an old stately kind of dance, called also _Passamezzo_. [It. _passamezzo_--_passare_, to pass--_passo_--L. _passus_, a pace, _mezzo_--L. _medius_, the middle.]

PAST, past, _pa.p._ of PASS.--_adj._ gone by: elapsed: ended: now retired from service: in time already passed.--_prep._ farther than: out of reach of: no longer capable of.--_adv._ by.--THE PAST, that which has passed, esp. time.

PASTE, p[=a]st, _n._ a mass of anything made soft by wetting: flour and water forming dough for pies, &c.: a cement made of flour, water, &c.: a fine kind of glass for making artificial gems.--_v.t._ to fasten with paste.--_n._ PASTE'BOARD, a stiff board made of sheets of paper pasted together, &c.--_adj._ made of such, unsubstantial. [O. Fr. _paste_ (Fr.

_pate_)--Late L. _pasta_--Gr. _past[=e]_, a mess of food--_pastos_, salted--_passein_, to sprinkle.]

PASTEL, pas'tel, _n._ chalk mixed with other materials and various colours for crayons, a drawing made with such, also the art: woad.--_n._ PAS'TELIST.[Fr. _pastel_--It. _pastello_--L. _pastillus_, a small loaf--_pasc[)e]re_, _pastum_, to feed.]

PASTERN, pas't[.e]rn, _n._ the part of a horse's foot from the fetlock to the hoof, where the shackle is fastened. [O. Fr. _pasturon_ (Fr.

_paturon_)--O. Fr. _pasture_, pasture, a tether for a horse.]

PASTEURISM, pas-t[.e]r'izm, _n._ the method of inoculation with the attenuated virus of certain diseases, esp. hydrophobia, as introduced by Louis _Pasteur_ (1822-95).--_adj._ PASTEUR'IAN.--_n._ PASTEURIS[=A]'TION, a method of arresting the fermentation in beer, wine, &c. by heating to at least 140 F.--_v.t._ PASTEUR'ISE.

PASTICHE, pas-t[=e]sh', _n._ a mixture of many parts of different kinds, used of _music_, _painting_, &c.: a work in literature or art in direct imitation of another's style.--Also PASTIC'CIO. [It. _pasticcio_.]

PASTIL, pas'til, _n._ Same as PASTEL.

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