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PAPETERIE, pap-e-tr[=e]', _n._ a box containing paper, &c., for writing purposes: stationery. [Fr.]

PAPHIAN, p[=a]'fi-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Paphos_ in Cyprus, sacred to Aphrodite: lascivious.--_n._ a native of Paphos, a votary of Aphrodite: a whore.

PAPIER-MaCHe, pap'y[=a]-ma'sh[=a], _n._ a material consisting either of paper-pulp or of sheets of paper pasted together, which by a peculiar treatment resembles varnished or lacquered wood in one class of articles made of it, and in another class (chiefly architectural ornaments) somewhat resembles plaster. [Fr. _papier_--L. _papyrus_; _mache_ is pa.p. of Fr.

_macher_, to chew--L. _mastic[=a]re_, to masticate.]

PAPILIONACEOUS, pa-pil-yo-n[=a]'shus, _adj._ (_bot._) having a flower shaped somewhat like a butterfly, as the bean, pea, &c. [L. _papilio_, _-onis_, a butterfly.]

PAPILLA, pa-pil'a, _n._ one of the minute elevations on the skin, esp. on the upper surface of the tongue and on the tips of the fingers, and in which the nerves terminate: (_bot._) a nipple-like protuberance:--_pl._ PAPILL'ae.--_adjs._ PAP'ILLAR, PAP'ILLARY, like a papilla, provided with papillae; PAP'ILL[=A]TE, formed into a papilla, studded with papillae.--_v.i._ and _v.t._ to become a papilla, to cover with such.--_adjs._ PAPILLIF'EROUS, papillate: bearing one or more fleshy excrescences; PAPILL'IFORM, like a papilla in form.--_ns._ PAPILL[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the optic papilla; PAPILL[=O]'MA, a tumour formed by the hypertrophy of one papilla, or of several, including warts, corns, &c.--_adjs._ PAPILLOM'ATOUS; PAP'ILL[=O]SE, full of papillae, warty--also PAP'ILLOUS; PAPILL'[=U]LATE, finely papillose.--_n._ PAP'ILL[=U]LE, a very small papilla, a verruca or a variole. [L., a small pustule, dim. of _papula_.]

PAPILLOTE, pap'il-[=o]t, _n._ a curl-paper, from its fancied resemblance to a butterfly. [Fr., from _papillot_, old form of _papillon_, butterfly--L.


PAPIST, p[=a]'pist, _n._ an adherent of the Pope: a name slightingly given to a Roman Catholic--(_prov._) P[=A]'PISH, P[=A]'PISHER.--_n._ P[=A]'PISM, popery.--_adjs._ P[=A]PIST'IC, -AL, pertaining to popery, or to the Church of Rome, its doctrines, &c.--_adv._ P[=A]PIST'ICALLY.--_n._ P[=A]'PISTRY, popery.

PAPOOSE, pap-[=oo]s', _n._ a N. Amer. Indian infant, usually wrapped up, fixed to a board, and thus carried by its mother or hung up for safety.--Also PAPPOOSE'.

PAPPUS, pap'us, _n._ (_bot._) the fine hair or down which grows on the seeds of some plants: the first hair on the chin.--_adjs._ PAPPIF'EROUS, bearing a pappus; PAPP[=O]SE', PAPP'OUS, provided or covered with down. [L.

_pappus_--Gr. _pappos_, down.]

PAPUAN, pap'[=u]-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Papua_ or New Guinea.--_n._ an inhabitant of Papua: one of a race of black colour, dolichocephalic, with rough and frizzly hair, inhabiting many of the islands of the Pacific near Australia. [Malay.]

PAPULOSE, pap'[=u]-l[=o]s, _adj._ full of pimples--also PAP'[=U]LOUS.--_n._ PAP'[=U]LA, a small inflammatory pustule, a pimple:--_pl._ PAP'[=U]Lae.--_adj._ PAP'[=U]LAR.--_ns._ PAP[=U]L[=A]'TION, the development of papules; PAP'[=U]LE, a pimple.--_adj._ PAPULIF'EROUS, pimply. [L.

_papula_, a pimple.]

PAPYRUS, pa-p[=i]'rus, _n._ an Egyptian sedge, now scarcely found there, from the inner pith (_byblos_) of which the ancients made their paper: a manuscript on papyrus:--_pl._ PAPY'R[=I].--_adjs._ PAPYR[=A]'CEOUS, PAP'YRAL, PAPYR'[=E]AN, PAP'YRINE, pertaining to the papyrus or to papyri: like paper in appearance and consistency; PAPYRIT'IOUS, resembling paper, as the nests of certain wasps.--_n._ PAPYROGRAPH (p[=a]-p[=i]'r[=o]-graf), a hectograph or apparatus for producing copies of a written or printed document.--_v.t._ to produce by means of such.--_adj._ P[=A]PYROGRAPH'IC.--_n._ PAPYROG'RAPHY. [L.--Gr. _papyros_, prob.


PAR, par, _n._ state of equality: equal value, the norm or standard: state or value of bills, shares, &c. when they sell at exactly the price marked on them--i.e. without _premium_ or _discount_: equality of condition.--_v.t._ to fix an equality between.--PAR OF EXCHANGE, the value of coin of one country expressed in that of another.--ABOVE PAR, at a premium, or at more than the nominal value; AT PAR, at exactly the nominal value; BELOW PAR, at a discount, or at less than the nominal value; NOMINAL PAR, the value with which a bill or share is marked, or by which it is known. [L. _par_, equal.]

PAR, par, _n._ Same as PARR.

PARA, pa-ra', _n._ a coin of copper, silver, or mixed metal in use in Turkey and Egypt, the 40th part of a piastre, and worth about 1/18th of a penny in Turkey and 1/16th in Egypt.

PARABAPTISM, par-a-bap'tizm, _n._ uncanonical baptism.

PARABASIS, pa-rab'a-sis, _n._ the chief of the choral parts in ancient Greek comedy, usually an address from the poet to the public. [Gr., _para_, beside, _basis_--_bainein_, to walk.]

PARABEMA, par-a-b[=e]'ma, _n._ in Byzantine ecclesiastical architecture, the chapel of the prothesis or the diaconicon, or sacristy, where divided by walls from the bema or sanctuary:--_pl._ PARAB[=E]'MATA.--_adj._ PARABEMAT'IC.

PARABLAST, par'a-blast, _n._ the supplementary or nutritive yolk of a meroblastic egg or metovum--as distinguished from the _archiblast_, or formative yolk.--_adj._ PARABLAST'IC. [Gr. _para_, beside, _blastos_, a germ.]

PARABLE, par'a-bl, _n._ a comparison: a fable or story of something which might have happened, told to illustrate some doctrine, or to make some duty clear: (_B._) an apologue, proverb (Ps. lxxviii. 2, Hab. ii. 6).--_v.t._ to represent by a parable.--_adjs._ PARABOL'IC, -AL, like a parable or a parabola: expressed by a parable: belonging to, or of the form of, a parabola.--_adv._ PARABOL'ICALLY. [Gr. _parabol[=e]_--_paraballein_, to compare--_para_, beside, _ballein_, to throw.]

PARABLEPSIS, par-a-blep'sis, _n._ false vision.--Also PAR'ABLEPSY. [Gr.

_para_, beside, _blepsis_--_bleptein_, to see.]

PARABOLA, par-ab'o-la, _n._ (_geom._) a curve or conic section, formed by cutting a cone with a plane parallel to its slope (for illustration, see CONE).--_adjs._ PARABOL'IC; PARABOL'IFORM.--_n._ PARAB'OLOID, the solid which would be generated by the rotation of a parabola about its principal axis. [Gr. _parabol[=e]_; cf. _Parable_.]

PARABOLANUS, par-a-b[=o]-l[=a]'nus, _n._ in the early Eastern Church, a lay assistant to the clergy for waiting on the sick. [Gr. _parabolos_, reckless.]

PARABOLE, par-ab'o-le, _n._ (_rhet._) a parable, a comparison or similitude. [Gr.; cf. _Parable_.]

PARACELSIAN, par-a-sel'si-an, _adj._ of or relating to the famous Swiss philosopher and physician, _Paracelsus_ (1490-1541), or resembling his theories or practice. The name was coined for himself by Theophrastus Bombastus von Hohenheim, and apparently implied a claim to be greater than Celsus.

PARACENTESIS, par-a-sen-t[=e]'sis, _n._ (_surg._) the perforation of a cavity with a trocar, &c., tapping. [Gr., _para_, beside, _kentein_, to pierce.]

PARACENTRAL, par-a-sen'tral, _adj._ situated next a centrum.--_adj._ PARACEN'TRIC, approaching to the centre or receding from it.

PARACHORDAL, par-a-k[=o]r'dal, _adj._ (_biol._) lying alongside the cranial part of the notochord. [Gr. _para_, beside, _chord[=e]_, a chord.]

PARACHROMATISM, par-a-kr[=o]'ma-tizm, _n._ colour-blindness. [Gr. _para_, beside, _chroma_, colour.]

PARACHRONISM, par-ak'ron-izm, _n._ an error in dating an event by which it is made to appear later than it really was. [Gr., _para_, beside, _chronos_, time.]

PARACHROSE, par'a-kr[=o]s, _adj._ (_min._) changing colour by exposure to weather. [Gr., _para_, beside, _chroa_, colour.]

PARACHUTE, par'a-sh[=oo]t, _n._ an apparatus like an umbrella for descending safely from a balloon.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to descend by means of such.--_n._ PAR'ACHUTIST. [Fr., for _par' a chute_, from Fr. _parer_--L.

_par[=a]re_, to prepare, _chute_, a fall--L. _cad[)e]re_.]

PARACLETE, par'a-kl[=e]t, _n._ the Comforter, Advocate, or Intercessor of John, xiv. 16, 26, 1 John, ii. 1, &c.--the Holy Ghost or Spirit.--_ns._ PARACL[=E]T'ICE, PARACL[=E]T'ICON, an office-book in the Greek Church containing the troparia of the whole ferial office for the year. [Through L., from Gr. _parakl[=e]tos_--_parakalein_, _para_, beside, _kalein_, to call.]

PARACME, pa-rak'm[=e], _n._ (_biol._) the decadence of an evolutionary series of organisms after reaching its highest point of development. [Gr.

_para_, beside, _akm[=e]_, a point.]

PARACOLPITIS, par-a-kol-p[=i]'tis, _n._ inflammation of the outer coat of the vagina. [Gr. _para_, beside, _kolpos_, the womb.]

PARACOROLLA, par-a-k[=o]-rol'a, _n._ (_bot._) a crown or appendage of a corolla, usually as a nectary. [Gr. _para_, beside, L. _corolla_.]

PARACROSTIC, par-a-kr[=o]s'tik, _n._ a poem with the first verse containing the initial letters of the others.

PARACUSIS, par-a-k[=u]'sis, _n._ disordered hearing. [Gr. _para_, beside, _akousis_, hearing.]

PARACYANOGEN, par-a-s[=i]-an'[=o]-jen, _n._ a substance obtained by heating mercury cyanide almost to redness.

PARACYESIS, par-a-s[=i]-[=e]'sis, _n._ extra-uterine pregnancy.

PARADACTYLUM, par-a-dak'ti-lum, _n._ the side of a bird's toe. [Gr. _para_, beside, _daktylos_, a finger.]

PARADE, par-[=a]d', _n._ the orderly arrangement of troops for exercise or inspection: a review of troops: the place where such a display takes place: that which is displayed: great or splendid show of any kind: a public walk or promenade.--_v.t._ to show off: to marshal in military order.--_v.i._ to march up and down as if for show: to pass in military order: to march in procession. [Fr.--Sp. _parada_--_parar_, to halt--L. _par[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to prepare.]

PARADIGM, par'a-dim, _n._ an example: model: (_gram._) an example of the inflection of a word.--_adjs._ PARADIGMAT'IC, -AL, consisting of, or resembling, paradigms.--_n._ PARADIGMAT'IC, one who narrates the lives of religious persons by way of examples.--_adv._ PARADIGMAT'ICALLY.

[Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _paradeigma_--_para_, beside, _deiknynai_, to show.]

PARADISE, par'a-d[=i]s, _n._ a park or pleasure-ground, esp. in ancient Persia: the garden of Eden: heaven: any place of great beauty or state of blissful delights: the happy abode of the righteous in heaven: (_slang_) the upper gallery in a theatre: (_archit._) a small private apartment, a court in front of a church.--_adjs._ PARADIS[=A]'IC, -AL, PARADIS'IAC, -AL, pertaining to, or resembling, paradise.--_n._ PAR'ADISE-FISH, a Chinese species of Macropid often kept in aquaria for its beauty of form and colouring.--_adjs._ PARADIS'IAL, PARADIS'IAN, pertaining to, suitable to, or resembling paradise; PARADIS'IC, -AL, pertaining to paradise.--BIRD OF PARADISE, an Eastern bird closely allied to the crow, with splendid plumage. [Fr. _paradis_--L. _paradisus_--Gr. _paradeisos_, a park, prob.


PARADOS, par'a-dos, _n._ earthworks behind a fortified place, protecting against a rear attack.

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