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PADISHAH, pa'di-sha, _n._ chief ruler: great king, a title of the Sultan of Turkey or of the Sovereign of Great Britain as ruler of India. [Pers.

_p[=a]d_, master, _sh[=a]h_, king; cf. _Pasha_.]

PADLOCK, pad'lok, _n._ a movable lock with a link turning on a hinge or pivot at one end, to enable it to pass through a staple or other opening, and to be pressed down to catch the bolt at the other end.--_v.t._ to fasten with a padlock. [Prob. prov. Eng. _pad_, a basket, and _lock_.]

PADMA, pad'ma, _n._ the true lotus.

PAD-NAG, pad'-nag, _n._ an ambling nag.

PADRE, pa'dre, _n._ father, a title given to priests in some countries.--_n._ PADR[=O]'NE, a person who jobs out hand-organs, or who gets children to beg for him:--_pl._ PADR[=O]'NI. [It. and Sp.,--L.

_pater_, a father.]

PADUAN, pad'[=u]-an, _adj._ and _n._ belonging to _Padua:_ one of the clever imitations of old Roman bronze coins made at Padua in the 16th century: a Spanish dance, the pavan.

PADUASOY, pad'[=u]-a-soi, _n._ a smooth silk originally manufactured at _Padua_, used in the 18th century, also a garment of the same. [Fr. _soie de Padoue_.]

PaeAN, p[=e]'an, _n._ a song of triumph: any joyous song: a song in honour of Apollo, later also of Dionysus and Ares.--_n._ Pae'ON, a foot of four syllables, one long, three short.--_adj._ PaeON'IC. [L.,--Gr. _Paian_ or _Pai[=o]n_, an epithet of Apollo.]


PaeNULA, p[=e]'n[=u]-la, _n._ a chasuble, esp. in its older form: a woollen outer garment covering the whole body, worn on journeys and in rainy weather.

PaeONIN, p[=e]'[=o]-nin, _n._ a red colouring matter obtained from yellow coralline.

PaeONY, p[=e]'o-ni, _n._ Same as PEONY.

PAFF, paf, _n._ a meaningless word, used with _piff_ to indicate jargon.

PAGAN, p[=a]'gan, _n._ a heathen: one who does not worship the true God.--_adj._ heathenish: pertaining to the worship of false gods.--_v.t._ P[=A]'GANISE, to render pagan or heathen: to convert to paganism.--_adj._ P[=A]'GANISH, heathenish.--_n._ P[=A]'GANISM, heathenism: the beliefs and practices of the heathen. [L. _paganus_, a rustic, heathen, because the country-people were later in becoming Christians than the people of the towns--_pagus_, a district--_pang[)e]re_, to fix.]

PAGE, p[=a]j, _n._ a boy attending on a person of distinction: a young lad employed as attendant: a contrivance for holding up a woman's skirt in walking.--_n._ PAGE'HOOD, condition of a page. [Fr. _page_; acc. to Littre, prob. from Low L. _pagensis_, a peasant--L. _pagus_, a village; acc. to Diez, but hardly with probability, through the It. _paggio_, from Gr.

_paidion_, dim. of _pais_, _paidos_, a boy.]

PAGE, p[=a]j, _n._ one side of a written or printed leaf--4 pages in a folio sheet, 8 in a quarto, 16 in an octavo, 24 in a duodecimo, 36 in an octodecimo: a book, record, or source of knowledge: the type, illustrations, &c. arranged for printing one side of a leaf: (_pl._) writings.--_v.t._ to number the pages of.--_adj._ PAG'INAL.--_v.t._ PAG'IN[=A]TE, to mark with consecutive numbers, to page.--_ns._ PAGIN[=A]'TION, the act of paging a book: the figures and marks that indicate the number of pages; P[=A]'GING, the marking or numbering of the pages of a book. [Fr.,--L. _pagina_, a thing fastened--_pang[)e]re_, to fasten.]

PAGEANT, paj'ant, or p[=a]'-, _n._ a showy exhibition: a spectacle: a fleeting show: (_orig._) a platform on four wheels for the purpose of representing plays, &c.--_adj._ showy: pompous.--_n._ PAGE'ANTRY, splendid display: pompous spectacle. [M. E. _pagent_ (with excrescent _-t_), from an older form _pagen_ or _pagin_--Low L. _pagina_, a stage--L. _pagina_, a slab--_pang[)e]re_, to fix; cf. _Page_ (2).]

PAGODA, pa-g[=o]'da, _n._ an idol-house: an Indian idol: its temple: a gold coin formerly current in India, so called because the figure of a pagoda was stamped upon it--also PAGODE'.--_n._ PAG[=O]'DITE, the mineral which the Chinese carve into figures of pagodas, &c. [Port., a corr. of Pers.

_but-kadah_, an idol-temple.]

PAGODE, pa-g[=o]d', _n._ a funnel-shaped sleeve worn by both sexes in the first half of the 18th century.

PAGUS, p[=a]'gus, _n._ a country district with scattered hamlets, also its fortified centre: among the early Teutons, a division of the territory larger than a village, like a wapentake or hundred.

PAH, pa, _interj._ an exclamation expressing contempt or disgust.


PAID, p[=a]d, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of pay.

PAIDEUTICS, p[=a]-d[=u]'tiks, _n.sing._ the science or theory of teaching.--_n._ PAIDOL'OGY, the scientific study of the child. [Gr.

_paideutikos_--_paideuein_, to teach--_pais_, _paidos_, a child.]

PAIGLE, PAGLE, p[=a]'gl, _n._ (_obs._) the cowslip or primrose.

PAIK, p[=a]k, _n._ (_Scot._) a beating.

PAIL, p[=a]l, _n._ an open vessel of wood, &c., for holding or carrying liquids.--_n._ PAIL'FUL, as much as fills a pail. [O. Fr. _paile_, _paele_--L. _patella_, a pan, dim. of _patera_--_pat[=e]re_, to be open.]

PAILLASSE, pa-lyas', _n._ a small bed, originally made of chaff or straw: an under mattress of straw.--_n._ PAILLASSON (pa-lya-song'), a form of straw bonnet. [Fr.,--_paille_, straw--L. _palea_, chaff.]

PAILLETTE, pa-lyet', _n._ a piece of metal or coloured foil used in enamel-painting: a sponge.--_n._ PAILLON (pa-lyong'), a bright metal backing for enamel, &c. [Fr.]

PAIN, p[=a]n, _n._ suffering coming as the punishment of evil-doing: suffering either of body or mind: anguish: great care or trouble taken in doing anything: (_pl._) labour: care: trouble: the throes of childbirth.--_v.t._ to cause suffering to: to distress: to torment: to grieve.--_adjs._ PAINED, showing or expressing pain: (_B._) in pain, in labour; PAIN'FUL, full of pain: causing pain: requiring labour, pain, or care: (_arch._) hard-working, painstaking: distressing: difficult.--_adv._ PAIN'FULLY.--_n._ PAIN'FULNESS.--_adj._ PAIN'LESS, without pain.--_adv._ PAIN'LESSLY.--_ns._ PAIN'LESSNESS; PAINS'TAKER, one who takes pains or care: a laborious worker.--_adj._ PAINS'TAKING, taking pains or care: laborious: diligent.--_n._ careful labour: diligence.--UNDER PAIN OF, subject to the penalty of. [Fr. _peine_--L. _poena_, satisfaction--Gr.

_poin[=e]_, penalty.]

PAINIM, p[=a]'nim. See PAYNIM.

PAINT, p[=a]nt, _v.t._ to cover over with colour: to represent in a coloured picture: to describe in words: to adorn.--_v.i._ to practise painting: to lay colours on the face, to blush: (__slang__) to tipple.--_n._ a colouring substance: anything fixed with caoutchouc to harden it.--_adj._ PAINT'ABLE, that may be painted.--_ns._ PAINT'-BOX, a box in which different paints are kept in compartments; PAINT'-BRIDGE, a platform used by theatrical scene-painters in painting scenery; PAINT'-BRUSH, a brush for putting on paint.--_adj._ PAINT'ED, covered with paint: ornamented with coloured figures: marked with bright colours.--_ns._ PAINT'ED-GRASS, ribbon-grass; PAINT'ED-L[=A]'DY, the thistle-butterfly, orange-red spotted with white and black; PAINT'ER, one whose employment is to paint: one skilled in painting; PAINT'ER'S-COL'IC, lead colic; PAINT'ER-STAIN'ER, one who paints coats of arms, &c.; PAINT'INESS; PAINT'ING, the act or employment of laying on colours: the act of representing objects by colours: a picture: vivid description in words; PAINT'[=U]RE (_Dryden_), the art of painting: a picture.--_adj._ PAINT'Y, overloaded with paint, with the colours too glaringly used: smeared with paint.--PAINT THE TOWN RED (_U.S._), to break out in a boisterous spree.

[O. Fr., pa.p. of Fr. _peindre_, to paint--L. _ping[)e]re_, _pictum_, to paint.]

PAINTER, p[=a]nt'[.e]r, _n._ a rope used to fasten a boat.--CUT THE PAINTER, to set adrift; LAZY PAINTER, a small painter for use in fine weather only. [A corr. of M. E. _panter_, a fowler's noose, through O. Fr.

from L. _panther_, a hunting-net--Gr. _panth[=e]ros_, catching all--_pan_, neut. of _pas_, every, _th[=e]r_, wild beast.]

PAIR, p[=a]r, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to impair.

PAIR, p[=a]r, _n._ two things equal, or suited to each other, or used together: a set of two equal or like things forming one instrument, as a pair of scissors, tongs, &c., a set of like things generally: in building, a flight of stairs: a couple: a man and his wife: two members of a legislative body, holding opposite opinions, who agree with each other to abstain from voting for a certain time, so as to permit one or both to be absent.--_v.t._ to join in couples.--_v.i._ to be joined in couples: to fit as a counterpart.--_adj._ PAIRED, arranged in pairs: set by twos of a like kind: mated.--_ns._ PAIR'ING, an agreement between two members of a legislative body holding opposite opinions to refrain from voting, so that both may absent themselves; PAIR'ING-TIME, the time when birds go together in pairs; PAIR'-ROY'AL, three cards of the same denomination, esp. in cribbage.--_adv._ PAIR'-WISE, in pairs.--PAIR OF COLOURS, two flags carried by a regiment, one the national ensign, the other the flag of the regiment; PAIR OFF (see PAIRING above). [Fr. _paire_, a couple--_pair_, like--L.

_par_, equal.]

PAIS, p[=a], _n._ the people from whom a jury is drawn.--MATTER-IN-PAIS, matter of fact. [O. Fr.]

PAISE, p[=a]z, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as POISE.

PAITRICK, p[=a]'trik, _n._ (_Scot._) a partridge.


PAJOCK, pa'jok, _n._ (_Shak._). Same as PEACOCK.

PAKTONG, pak'tong, _n._ the Chinese name for German silver.--Also PACK'FONG, PAK'FONG. [Chin.]

PAL, pal, _n._ (_slang_) a partner, mate. [Gipsy.]

PALABRA, pa-la'bra, _n._ talk, palaver. [Sp., a word.]

PALACE, pal'[=a]s, _n._ the house of a king or a queen: a very large and splendid house: a bishop's official residence.--_n._ PAL'ACE-CAR, a sumptuously furnished railway-car. [Fr. _palais_--L. _Palatium_, the Roman emperor's residence on the _Palatine_ Hill at Rome.]

PALADIN, pal'a-din, _n._ one of the twelve peers of Charlemagne's household: a knight-errant, or paragon of knighthood. [Fr.,--It.

_paladino_--L. _palatinus_, belonging to the palace. Cf. _Palatine_.]

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