OXIDE, oks'[=i]d, _n._ a compound of oxygen and some other element or organic radical. Oxides are of three kinds--_acid-forming_, _basic_, and _neutral_.--_n._ OXIDABIL'ITY.--_adj._ OX'IDABLE, capable of being converted into an oxide.--_v.t._ OX'IDATE (same as OXIDISE).--_ns._ OXID[=A]'TION, OXIDISE'MENT, act or process of oxidising; OX'ID[=A]TOR, a contrivance for drawing a current of air to the flame of a lamp.--_adj._ OXIDIS'ABLE, capable of being oxidised.--_v.t._ OX'IDISE, to convert into an oxide.--_v.i._ to become an oxide.--_n._ OXIDIS'ER.
OXLIP, oks'lip, _n._ a species of primrose, having its flowers in an umbel on a stalk like the cowslip.
OXONIAN, oks-[=o]'ni-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to _Oxford_ or to its university.--_n._ an inhabitant or a native of Oxford: a student or graduate of Oxford.
OXTER, oks't[.e]r, _n._ (_Scot._) the armpit.--_v.t._ to hug with the arms: to support by taking the arm.
OXYGEN, oks'i-jen, _n._ a gas without taste, colour, or smell, forming part of the air, water, &c., and supporting life and combustion.--_n._ OXYCHL[=O]'RIDE, a chemical compound containing both chlorine and oxygen in combination with some other element.--_v.t._ OX'YGEN[=A]TE, to unite, or cause to unite, with oxygen.--_n._ OXYGEN[=A]'TION, act of oxygenating.--_v.t._ OX'YGENISE (same as OXYGENATE).--_adj._ OXYG'ENOUS, pertaining to, or obtained from, oxygen.--_adj._ OXYHY'DROGEN, pertaining to a mixture of oxygen and hydrogen, as in a form of blowpipe in which jets of either ignite as they issue from separate reservoirs. [Gr. _oxys_, sharp, _gen_, the root of _gennaein_, to generate.]
OXYMEL, oks'i-mel, _n._ a mixture of vinegar and honey. [Gr. _oxys_, sour, _meli_, honey.]
OXYMORON, ok-si-m[=o]'ron, _n._ a figure of speech, by means of which two ideas of opposite meaning are combined, so as to form an expressive phrase or epithet, as _cruel kindness_, _falsely true_, &c. [Gr.,--_oxys_, sharp, _m[=o]ros_, foolish.]
OXYOPIA, ok-si-[=o]'pi-a, _n._ unusual keenness of sight. [Gr.,--_oxys_, sharp, _[=o]ps_, the eye.]
OXYRHYNCHUS, ok-si-ring'kus, _n._ an Egyptian fish, formerly sacred to the goddess Hathor, and represented on coins and sculptures. [Gr.,--_oxys_, sharp, _rhyngchos_, a snout.]
OXYTONE, oks'i-t[=o]n, _adj._ having an acute sound: having the acute accent on the last syllable.--_n._ a word so accented. [Gr. _oxys_, sharp, _tonos_, tone.]
OYER, [=o]'y[.e]r, _n._ a hearing in a law-court, an assize.--OYER AND TERMINER, a royal commission conferring upon a judge or judges the power to hear and determine criminal causes pending in a particular county. [Norm.
Fr. _oyer_ (Fr. _ouir_)--L. _aud[=i]re_, to hear.]
OYEZ, OYES, [=o]'yes, _interj._ the call of a public crier, or officer of a law-court, for attention before making a proclamation. [Norm. Fr., 2d pers.
pl. imper. of _oyer_.]
OYSTER, ois't[.e]r, _n._ a well-known bivalve shellfish, used as food.--_ns._ OYS'TER-BANK, -BED, -FARM, -FIELD, -PARK, a place where oysters breed or are bred; OYS'TER-CATCH'ER, the sea pie--a sea wading bird of the family Haematopodidae, having dark plumage and red bill and feet; OYS'TER-FISH'ERY, the business of catching oysters; OYS'TER-KNIFE, a knife for opening oysters.--_n.pl._ OYS'TER-PAT'TIES, small pies or pasties made from oysters.--_n._ OYS'TER-SHELL, the shell of an oyster.--_n.pl._ OYS'TER-TONGS, a tool used to dredge up oysters in deep water.--_ns._ OYS'TER-WENCH, -WIFE, -WOM'AN, a woman who vends oysters. [O. Fr. _oistre_ (Fr. _huitre_)--L. _ostrea_--Gr. _ostreon_, an oyster--_osteon_, a bone.]
OZOCERITE, [=o]-z[=o]-s[=e]'r[=i]t, _n._ a waxy-like substance, having a weak bituminous odour, found in Moldavia and elsewhere, and used for making candles.--Also OZOK[=E]'RITE. [Gr. _ozein_, to smell, _keros_, wax.]
OZOENA, [=o]-z[=e]'na, _n._ a term applied to any one of various diseased conditions of the nose accompanied by fetid discharge. [Gr. _ozein_, to smell.]
OZONE, [=o]'z[=o]n, _n._ name given to a supposed allotropic form of oxygen, when affected by electric discharges, marked by a peculiar smell.--_ns._ OZON[=A]'TION; OZONIS[=A]'TION; OZONOM'ETER.--_adj._ OZONOMET'RIC.--_ns._ OZONOM'ETRY; OZ[=O]'NOSCOPE.--_adjs._ OZONOSCOP'IC; O'ZONOUS. [Gr. _ozein_, to smell.]
OZOSTOMIA, [=o]-zo-st[=o]'mi-a, _n._ foul breath due to morbid causes. [Gr.
_ozein_, to smell, _stoma_, the mouth.]
P the sixteenth letter of our alphabet, its sound the sharp labial mute, interchanging with other labials, esp. with _b_, the flat labial mute: P=400; ([=P])=400,000: the chemical symbol for phosphorus: (_math._) the Greek [PI]=a continued product, while small [pi] denotes the ratio of the circumference to the diameter.--MIND ONE'S P'S AND Q'S (see MIND).
PA, pa, _n._ papa, a child's name for father.
PABOUCHE, pa-b[=oo]sh', _n._ a slipper.--Also _Baboosh_.
PABULUM, pab'[=u]-lum, _n._ food of any kind, especially that of animals and plants: provender: fuel: nourishment for the mind.--_adjs._ PAB'ULAR, PAB'ULOUS, of or pertaining to food: fit for food: affording food.
[L.,--_pasc[)e]re_, to feed.]
PACA, pak'a, _n._ the spotted cavy of South America. [Sp. and Port., the spotted cavy--Braz. _pak_, _paq_.]
PACABLE, p[=a]'ka-bl, _adj._ that may be calmed or quieted: willing to forgive.--_adj._ PAC[=A]'TED.--_n._ PAC[=A]'TION. [L. _pac[=a]re_, to make at peace--_pax_, peace.]
PACE, p[=a]s, _n._ a stride: the space between the feet in walking, 30 inches, a step: gait: rate of walking (of a man or beast): rate of speed in movement or work, often applied to fast living: mode of stepping in horses in which the legs on the same side are lifted together: amble: (_obs._) a passage.--_v.t._ to measure by steps: to cause to progress: to train in walking or stepping.--_v.i._ to walk: to walk slowly: to amble.--_adj._ PACED, having a certain pace or gait.--_ns._ PACE'-MAK'ER, one who sets the pace, as in a race; PAC'ER, one who paces: a horse whose usual gait is a pace.--KEEP, or HOLD, PACE WITH, to go as fast as: to keep up with. [Fr.
_pas_--L. _passus_, a step--_pand[)e]re_, _passum_, to stretch.]
PACE, p[=a]'s[=e], _prep._ with or by the leave of (expressing disagreement courteously). [L., abl. of _pax_, peace.]
PACHA, PACHALIC. See PASHA, PASHALIC.
PACHY-, pak'i-, thick, in combination, as _adjs._ PACHYDAC'TYL, -OUS, having thick digits; PACH'YDERM, thick-skinned--_n._ one of an order of non-ruminant, hoofed mammals, thick-skinned, as the elephant:--_pl._ PACH'YDERMS, or PACHYDER'MATA.--_adj._ PACHYDER'MATOUS, thick-skinned: insensible to impressions.--_n._ PACHYDER'MIA, a form of elephantiasis in which the skin becomes thick and warty.--_adj._ PACHYDER'MOID.--_ns._ PACHY[=E]'MIA, a thickening of the blood--also PACHYae'MIA; PACHY'MA, a genus of fungi consisting of tuber-like growths, some of which are now referred to the genus _Polyporus_--also _Tuckahoe_, _Tuckahoe truffle_, or _Indian bread_; PACHYM[=E]'NIA, a thickening of the skin.--_adj._ PACHYM[=E]'NIC.--_n._ PACHYM'ETER, an instrument for measuring small thicknesses, as of paper.--_adjs._ PACH'YODONT, with thick teeth; PACH'YOTE, with thick ears, as a bat--also _n._; PACH'YPOD, having thick feet; PACHYP'TEROUS, having thick wings or fins.--_ns._ PACHYTH[=E]'RIUM, a South American fossil genus of gigantic edentate mammals; PACHYT'YLUS, a genus of locusts, embracing the dreaded Migratory Locust (_Pachytylus migratorius_). [Gr. _pachys_, thick.]
PACIFY, pas'i-f[=i], _v.t._ to make peaceful: to appease: to bring back peace to: to calm; to soothe.--_adjs._ PAC'IFIABLE, that may be pacified; PACIF'IC, peacemaking: appeasing: peaceful: mild: tranquil.--_n._ the ocean between Asia and America, so called by its discoverer Magellan because he sailed peacefully over it after weathering Cape Horn.--_adj._ PACIF'ICAL, pacific (obs. except in phrase _Letters pacifical_, letters recommending the bearer as one in peace and fellowship with the church--also _Letters of peace_, _Pacificae_).--_adv._ PACIF'ICALLY.--_v.t._ PACIF'IC[=A]TE, to give peace to.--_ns._ PACIFIC[=A]'TION, the act of making peace, esp. between parties at variance; PACIF'IC[=A]TOR, PAC'IFIER, a peacemaker.--_adj._ PACIF'IC[=A]TORY, tending to make peace. [Fr. _pacifier_--L.
_pacific[=a]re_--_pax_, _pacis_, peace, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]
PACK, pak, _n._ a bundle made to be carried on the back: a collection, stock, or store: a bundle of some particular kind or quantity, as of wool, 480 or 240 lb.: the quantity of fish packed: a complete set of cards: a number of animals herding together or kept together for hunting: a number of persons combined for bad purposes: any great number: a large extent of floating and broken ice: a wet sheet for folding round the body to allay inflammation, fever, &c.--_v.t._ to press together and fasten up: to place in order: to crowd: to assort, bring together, select, or manipulate persons, cards, &c. for some unjust object: to send away, as from one's presence or employment: to surround a joint, &c., with any substance to prevent leaking, &c.--_v.i._ to store things away anywhere for safe keeping, &c.: to settle into a firm mass: to admit of being put into compact shape: to depart in haste.--_ns._ PACK'AGE, the act of packing, also something packed: a bundle or bale: a charge made for packing; PACK'-AN'IMAL, a beast of burden used to carry goods on its back; PACK'-CINCH (-sinsh), a wide girth of canvas, &c., having a hook and ring attached for adjusting the load of a pack-animal; PACK'-CLOTH, a cloth in which goods are tied up: packsheet; PACK'ER, one who packs: one who cures and packs provisions: any device to fill the space between the tubing and the sides of an oil-well, &c.; PACK'ET, a small package: a ship or vessel employed in carrying packets of letters, passengers, &c.: a vessel plying regularly between one port and another (also PACK'ET-BOAT, PACK'ET-SHIP, &c.).--_v.t._ to bind in a packet or parcel: to send in a packet.--_ns._ PACK'ET-DAY, the day of the departure or arrival of a mail-ship; PACK'ET-NOTE (see NOTE-PAPER); PACK'-HORSE, a horse used to carry goods in panniers: a drudge; PACK'-ICE, a collection of large pieces of floating ice; PACK'ING, the act of putting into packs or of tying up for carriage: material for packing: anything used to fill an empty space, or to make a joint close, as the elastic ring round a moving rod or piston to make it a tight fit; PACK'ING-BOX, -CASE, a box in which goods are packed: a hollow place round the opening of a steam cylinder, filled with some soft substance which, being pressed hard against the piston-rod, makes it a tight fit; PACK'ING-NEED'LE, or _Sack-needle_, a strong needle for sewing up packages; PACK'ING-P[=A]'PER, a strong and thick kind of wrapping-paper; PACK'ING-PRESS, a press for squeezing goods into small compass for packing; PACK'ING-SHEET, or PACK'SHEET, coarse cloth for packing goods; PACK'-LOAD, the load an animal can carry on its back; PACK'MAN, a peddler or a man who carries a pack; PACK'-MULE, a mule used for carrying burdens; PACK'-SADD'LE, a saddle for packs or burdens; PACK'-THREAD, a coarse thread used to sew up packages; PACK'-TRAIN, a train of loaded pack-animals; PACK'WAY, a narrow path fit for pack-horses.--PACK A JURY, MEETING, &c., to fill up with persons of a particular kind for one's own purposes.--SEND ONE PACKING, to dismiss summarily. [Prob. Celt.; Gael. and Ir. _pac_, Bret.
_pak_, a bundle; cf. Ger. _pack_, Dut. _pak_.]
PACK, pak, _adj._ (_Scot._) intimate, confidential.
PACKFONG, an incorrect form of _paktong_ (q.v.)
PACO, p[=a]'ko, _n._ same as ALPACA:--_pl._ P[=A]'COS.
PACT, pakt, _n._ that which is agreed on: an agreement: a contract--also PAC'TION.--_adj._ PAC'TIONAL.--PACTUM ILLICITUM, an unlawful agreement. [L.
_pactum_--_pacisci_, _pactus_, to contract.]
PAD, pad, _n._ a thief on the high-road (more commonly _Footpad_): (abbrev.
from _pad-horse_) a horse for riding on the road: an easy-paced horse.--_v.i._ to walk on foot: to trudge along: to rob on foot:--_pr.p._ pad'ding; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ pad'ded.--_adj._ PAD'-CLINK'ING, keeping company with thieves.--_n._ PAD'DING-KEN, a low lodging-house inhabited by thieves.--STAND PAD, to beg by the roadside. [Dut. _pad_, a path.]
PAD, pad, _n._ anything stuffed with a soft material, to prevent friction or pressure, or for filling out: a soft saddle, cushion, &c.: a number of sheets of paper or other soft material fastened together for writing upon: the fleshy, thick-skinned under-surface of the toes of many animals, as the fox: a fox's foot generally: the large floating leaf of an aquatic plant: (_pl._) thick watered ribbon for watch-guards.--_v.t._ to stuff with anything soft: to fix colours in cloth:--_pr.p._ pad'ding; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ pad'ded.--_ns._ PAD'-CLOTH, a cloth covering a horse's loins; PAD'DER, one who pads or cushions; PAD'DING, the soft stuffing of a saddle, &c.: matter of less value introduced into a book or article in order to make it of the length desired: the process of mordanting a fabric; PAD'-EL'EPHANT, a working elephant, distinguished from a war or hunting one; PAD'-SADD'LE, a treeless, padded saddle; PAD'-TREE, the wooden or metal frame to which harness-pads are attached. [A variant of _pod_, orig.
sig. 'a bag.']
PADDLE, pad'l, _v.i._ to dabble in water with the hands or the feet: to touch or toy with the fingers: to beat the water as with the feet: to row: to move in the water as a duck does: (_slang_) to make off.--_v.t._ to move by means of an oar or paddle: to finger, toy with.--_n._ a short, broad, spoon-shaped oar, used for moving canoes: the blade of an oar: one of the boards at the circumference of a paddle-wheel.--_ns._ PADD'LE-BEAM, one of the large timbers at the side of a paddle-wheel; PADD'LE-BOARD, one of the floats on the circumference of a paddle-wheel; PADD'LE-BOX, a wooden box covering the upper part of the paddle-wheel of a steamer; PADD'LER, one who paddles; PADD'LE-SHAFT, the axle on which the paddle-wheels of a steamer turn; PADD'LE-WHEEL, the wheel of a steam-vessel, which by turning in the water causes it to move forward; PADD'LE-WOOD, the light, strong wood of a Guiana tree of the dogbane family. [For _pattle_, freq. of _pat_.]
PADDLE, pad'l, _n._ (_B._) a little spade.--_n._ PADD'LE-STAFF, a spade for clearing a ploughshare. [Prob. from _spaddle_; cf. _Spade_.]
PADDOCK, pad'uk, _n._ a toad or frog.--_n._ PADD'OCK-STOOL, a toadstool.
[Dim. of M. E. _padde_, a toad--Ice. _padda_.]
PADDOCK, pad'uk, _n._ a small park under pasture, immediately adjoining the stables of a domain: a small field in which horses are kept. [A.S.
_pearroc_, a park--_sparran_ (Ger. _sperren_), to shut.]
PADDY, pad'i, _n._ rice in the husk.--_ns._ PADD'Y-BIRD, the Java sparrow or rice-bird; PADD'Y-FIELD, a field where rice is grown. [East Ind.]
PADDY, pad'i, _n._ a familiar name for an Irishman, from St _Patrick:_ a drill used in boring wells, with cutters that expand on pressure.--_n._ PADD'Y-WHACK, a nurse's word for a slap.
PADELLA, pa-del'la, _n._ a shallow vessel filled with fat, in the centre of which a wick has been placed--used in illuminations. [It., a frying-pan.]
PADEMELON, pad'[=e]-mel-on, _n._ a brush kangaroo or wallaby.--Also PAD'YMELON, PAD'DYMELON.