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RIPPLE, rip'l, _n._ the light fretting of the surface of water: a little curling wave.--_v.t._ to cause a ripple in.--_v.i._ to curl on the surface, as running water.--_ns._ RIPP'LE-BARR'EL, a drum used in theatres; RIPP'LE-GRASS, the rib-grass; RIPP'LE-MARK, a mark produced on sand at the bottom by the gentle flow of water: (_geol._) the mark left on a sea-beach by receding waves, and left impressed on the surface of rocks.--_adj._ RIPP'LE-MARKED.--_ns._ RIPP'LET, a small ripple: rippling: an eddy; RIPP'LING, an eddy caused by conflicting currents or tides--also _adj._--_adv._ RIPP'LINGLY.--_adj._ RIPP'LY, rippling. [Variant of earlier _rimple_, A.S. _hrimpan_, to wrinkle, pa.p. _hrumpen_.]

RIPPLE, rip'l, _v.t._ to pluck the seeds from stalks of flax by drawing them through an iron comb.--_n._ the comb for rippling.--_n._ RIPP'LER, an apparatus for rippling flax. [Low Ger. _repel_, _reppel_, a ripple, hoe, Ger. _riffel_.]

RIPRAP, rip'rap, _n._ broken stones used for walls.

RIPSACK, rip'sak, _n._ the Californian gray whale.

RIP-SAW, rip'-saw, _n._ a hand-saw, with large but narrow-set teeth, for sawing timber lengthwise.

RIPT=ripped. See RIP.

RIPUARIAN, rip-[=u]-[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ riparian.

RISALDAR, ris-al-dar', _n._ the native commander of a troop of cavalry in the British Indian army.--_n._ RIS'ALA, a troop of native irregular cavalry.

RISBAN, ris'ban, _n._ a piece of ground upon which a fort is constructed for defence of a post. [Fr.,--Ger. _rissbank_.]

RISBERM, ris-berm', _n._ a glacis in jetties to withstand the violence of the sea.

RISE, r[=i]z, _v.i._ to move from a lower to a higher position: to stand up: to ascend: to grow upward: to swell in quantity or extent: to take an upright position: to leave the place of rest: to tower up: to appear above the horizon: to break forth: to appear: to have its source: to increase in size, value, &c.: to become excited or hostile: to break forth into commotion or insurrection: to increase in rank, fortune, or fame: to be promoted: to be perceptible to other senses: to excavate upward: to come to mind: to close a session: (_B._) to ascend from the grave:--_pa.t._ r[=o]se; _pa.p._ risen (riz'n).--_n._ act of rising: ascent: degree of elevation: a steep: origin: increase: (_archit._) the upright piece of a step from tread to tread: (_mining_) a shaft excavated from below: (_mus._) elevation of the voice.--_n._ R[=I]'SER, a rebel: one who, or that which, rises.--RISE FROM THE RANKS, to win a commission; RISE TO THE OCCASION, to be equal to an emergency.--TAKE A RISE OUT OF, to take the conceit out of a person by making him ridiculous. [A.S. _risan_; Ice. _risa_, Goth.

_reisan_, Ger. _reisen_.]

RISE, r[=i]s, _n._ a twig, a small bush.--_ns._ RISE'BUSH, a faggot; R[=I]'SEL, a support for a climbing vine; RISE'-WOOD, small wood cut for hedging. [A.S. _hris_; Ger. _reis_.]

RISHI, rish'i, _n._ a sage or poet, the author of a Vedic hymn.--THE SEVEN RISHIS, the stars of the Great Bear. [Sans.]

RISIBLE, riz'i-bl, _adj._ capable of exciting laughter: laughable: amusing.--_ns._ RISIBIL'ITY, quality of being risible; RIS'IBLENESS.--_adv._ RIS'IBLY. [L. _risibilis_--_rid[=e]re_, _risum_, to laugh.]

RISING, r[=i]'zing, _n._ act of rising: a revolt: resurrection: the quantity of dough set to rise at one time: (_B._) a tumour.--_adj._ increasing in importance: advancing: approaching a specified amount, as rising three years old.--_ns._ R[=I]'SING-LARK, the skylark; R[=I]'SING-LINE, a line drawn to determine the sweep of the floor-heads throughout the ship's length; R[=I]'SING-MAIN, the column of pumps in a mine through which water is lifted to the surface; R[=I]'SING-SEAT, in a Friends' meeting, that occupied by ministers and elders.

RISK, risk, _n._ hazard: chance of loss or injury.--_v.t._ to expose to hazard: to venture, to take the chance of.--_n._ RISK'ER, one who risks.--_adj._ RISK'Y, dangerous: venturesome.--RUN A RISK, to incur hazard. [Fr. _risque_ (It. _risico_)--Sp. _risco_, a rock--L.

_resec[=a]re_, to cut off--_re-_, off, _sec[=a]re_, to cut.]

RISLEY, riz'li, _n._ a Risley performer is an acrobat who lies on his back and carries burdens on his feet.

RISORIAL, r[=i]-s[=o]'ri-al, _adj._ risible, causing laughter.--_n._ RIS[=O]'RIUS, the laughing muscle. [_Risible_.]

RISOTTO, ri-zot't[=o], _n._ a stew of onions, butter, rice. [It.]

RISP, risp, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to rasp.

RISP, risp, _n._ a branch, green stalks.

RISSA, ris'a, _n._ the genus of birds including the kittiwakes.

RISSOLE, ris'[=o]l, _n._ fish or meat minced and fried with bread-crumbs and egg. [Fr.]

RISTORI, ris-t[=o]'ri, _n._ a woman's loose open jacket--from Madame _Ristori_, the famous actress.

RISUS, r[=i]'sus, _n._ a laugh: a grin. [L.]

RIT, rit, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to strike.--_n._ a scratch, tear, &c. [Dut.

_ritten_, to tear.]

RITARDANDO, r[=e]-tar-dan'd[=o], _adj._ (_mus._) diminishing in speed.


RITE, r[=i]t, _n._ a religious usage or ceremony.--_adv._ RITE'LY, with due rites.--AMBROSIAN RITE, the Ambrosian office and liturgy; MOZARABIC RITE (see MOZARABIC). [L. _ritus_.]

RITHE, r[=i]_th_, _n._ (_prov._) a small stream. [A.S. _rith_.]

RITORNELLE, r[=e]-tor-nel', _n._ (_mus._) an instrumental prelude belonging to a vocal work.--Also RITORNEL'LO. [It.]

RITTER, rit'[.e]r, _n._ a knight.--_n._ RITT'-MAS'TER, a captain of cavalry. [Ger. _ritter_.]

RITTOCK, rit'ok, _n._ the common tern.--Also RiPP'OCK.

RITUAL, rit'[=u]-al, _adj._ consisting of or prescribing rites.--_n._ manner of performing divine service, or a book containing it: the body of rites employed in the church: the code of ceremonies observed by an organisation, as the ritual of the Freemasons.--_ns._ RIT'[=U]ALISM, systems of rituals or prescribed forms of religion: the observance of them: the name popularly given to the great increase of ceremonial and symbolism by means of special vestments, &c., in the Church of England since about 1860-65: RIT'[=U]ALIST, one skilled in or devoted to a ritual: one of the party devoted to ritualism in the Church of England.--_adj._ RIT[=U]ALIST'IC, pertaining to the ritual.--_adv._ RIT'[=U]ALLY. [L.

_ritualis_; cf. _Rite_.]

RIVA, r[=i]'va, _n._ a rift or cleft. [Ice. _rifa_.]

RIVAGE, riv'[=a]j, _n._ a bank, shore. [Fr.,--L. _ripa_, a bank.]

RIVAL, r[=i]'val, _n._ one pursuing the same object as another: one who strives to equal or excel another: a competitor.--_adj._ having the same claims: standing in competition.--_v.t._ to stand in competition with: to try to gain the same object as another: to try to equal or excel:--_pr.p._ r[=i]'valling; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ r[=i]'valled.--_n._ R[=I]'VALESS, a female rival.--_adj._ R[=I]'VAL-H[=A]T'ING, jealous.--_v.i._ R[=I]'VALISE, to enter into rivalry.--_ns._ RIVAL'ITY (_Shak._), rivalry, equality in rank or authority; R[=I]'VALRY, act of rivalling: competition: emulation; R[=I]'VALSHIP, emulation. [Fr.,--L. _rivalis_--_rivus_, a brook.]

RIVE, r[=i]v, _v.t._ to tear asunder: to split: to pierce: to explode.--_v.i._ to be split asunder:--_pa.t._ r[=i]ved; _pa.p._ r[=i]ved, riv'en.--_n._ that which is torn. [Scand., Ice. _rifa_, to rive; Dut.

_rijven_, Ger. _reiben_.]

RIVE, r[=i]v, _n._ a bank: shore.--_v.i._ to land.

RIVEL, riv'el, _v.t._ to wrinkle. [A.S. _rifian_, to wrinkle.]

RIVELING, riv'ling, _n._ a rough shoe once worn in Scotland: (_obs._) a Scotchman. [A.S. _rifeling_.]

RIVER, riv'[.e]r, _n._ a large running stream of water.--_adj._ RIV'ERAIN, riparian.--_ns._ RIV'ER-BANK, the bank of a river; RIV'ER-B[=A]S'IN, the whole region drained by a river and its affluents; RIV'ER-BED, the channel in which a river flows; RIV'ER-BIRCH, the red birch; RIV'ER-BOTT'OM, the alluvial land along the margin of a river; RIV'ER-CARP, the common carp; RIV'ER-CHUB, the horny-head or jerker; RIV'ER-COURSE, the bed of a river; RIV'ER-CRAB, a fresh-water crab; RIV'ER-CRAFT, small vessels which ply on rivers; RIV'ER-CRAY'FISH, a crayfish proper; RIV'ER-DOL'PHIN, a Gangetic dolphin; RIV'ER-DRAG'ON (_Milt._), a crocodile; RIV'ER-DUCK, a fresh-water duck; RIV'ERET, RIV'ERLING, a small river; RIV'ER-FLAT, alluvial land along a river; RIV'ER-GOD, the tutelary deity of a river; RIV'ER-HEAD, the spring of a river; RIV'ER-HOG, the capybara; RIV'ER-HORSE, the hippopotamus.--_adj._ RIV'ERINE, pertaining to, or resembling, a river.--_ns._ RIV'ER-JACK, the common water-snake of Europe; RIV'ER-MAN, one who makes his livelihood by dragging the river for sunken goods; RIVER-MUSS'EL, a fresh-water mussel; RIV'ER-OTT'ER, the common European otter; RIV'ER-PERCH, a Californian surf-fish; RIV'ER-PIE, the water-ousel; RIV'ER-SHORE, the shore or bank of a river; RIV'ER-SIDE, the bank of a river; RIV'ER-SMELT, the gudgeon; RIV'ER-SNAIL, a pond snail; RIV'ER-SWALL'OW, the sand-martin; RIV'ER-TIDE, the tide from the sea rising or ebbing in a river; RIV'ER-TOR'TOISE, a soft-shelled turtle; RIV'ER-WALL, a wall made to confine the waters of a river within definite bounds.--_adj._ RIV'ERY, pertaining to rivers, like rivers. [Fr. _riviere_ (It. _riviera_, shore, river)--Low L. _riparia_, a shore district--L.

_ripa_, a bank.]

RIVESALTES, r[=e]v'salt, _n._ a sweet wine made from Muscat grapes.

[_Rivesaltes_ in southern France.]

RIVET, riv'et, _n._ bearded wheat.


RIVET, riv'et, _n._ a bolt of metal fastened by being hammered at both ends.--_v.t._ to fasten with a rivet: to make firm or immovable:--_pr.p._ riv'eting; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ riv'eted.--_ns._ RIV'ET-CUT'TER, a tool for cutting off the ends of rivets; RIV'ETER, RIV'ETTER; RIV'ET-HEARTH, a light portable furnace for heating rivets; RIV'ETING; RIV'ETING-HAMM'ER; RIV'ETING-MACHINE', a power-machine for forcing hot rivets into position in metal-work, and heading them; RIV'ETING-SET, a hollow-faced punch for swaging rivet-heads; RIV'ET-KNOB, a tool for swaging rivet-heads; RIV'ET-MACHINE', a machine for making rivets from rod-iron. [O. Fr.

_rivet_; acc. to Diez from the root of Ice. _rifa_, Dan. _rive_, Ger.

_reiben_, Eng. _rive_.]

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