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RIGOL, rig'ol, _n._ (_Shak._) a ring, a circle of a crown or coronet. [It.

_rigolo_--Teut.; Ger. _ringel_, a ring.]

RIGOLETTE, rig-[=o]-let', _n._ a light head-wrap.

RIGOR, r[=i]'gur, _n._ the same as RIGOUR: (_med._) a sense of chilliness with contraction of the skin, a preliminary symptom of many diseases.--_n._ R[=I]'GOR-MOR'TIS, the characteristic stiffening of the body caused by the contraction of the muscles after death.

RIGOUR, rig'ur, _n._ the quality of being rigid or severe: stiffness of opinion or temper: strictness: exactness: violence: relentlessness: severity of climate: _(med._, spelt RIGOR; see above).--_adj._ RIG'OROUS, exercising rigour: allowing no abatement: marked by severity: harsh: scrupulously accurate: very severe.--_adv._ RIG'OROUSLY.--_ns._ RIG'OROUSNESS; RIG'OURISM (_R.C._), the opposite of _Probalilism_; RIG'OURIST, a person of strict principles: a purist. [L.


RIGSDAG, rigz'dag, _n._ the parliament of Denmark.

RIGVEDA, rig-v[=a]'da, _n._ the first of the four Vedas. [Sans., _rich_, a hymn, _veda_, knowledge.]

RIGWIDDIE, rig-wid'i, _n._ (_Scot._) the rope that goes over a horse's back to support the shafts of the vehicle it draws. [_Rig_, the back, _widdie_, _withy_, a rope.]

RILE, r[=i]l, _v.t._ to make angry, to vex--a form of _roil_.


RILL, ril, _n._ a small murmuring brook: a streamlet.--_v.i._ to flow in small streams.--_ns._ RILL'ET (_Tenn._), a rivulet, a little rill; RILL'-MARK, a marking produced by the oozing of water on sand. [Low Ger.

_rille_, a channel; Ger. _rille_, a furrow.]

RIM, rim, _n._ a raised margin, border, brim: in a wheel, the circular part farthest from the nave.--_v.t._ to put a rim to:--_pr.p._ rim'ming; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ rimmed.--_n._ RIM'-FIRE, a cartridge which has a detonating substance placed in some part of the rim of its base.--_adjs._ RIM'IFORM; RIM'LESS.--_ns._ RIM'MER, an instrument for ornamenting pastry; RIM'-PL[=A]N'ER, a machine for dressing wheel-fellies; RIM'-SAW, a saw, the cutting part of which is annular. [A.S. _rima_.]

RIM, rim, _n._ a membrane: the peritoneum. [A.S. _reoma_.]

RIMBASE, rim'b[=a]s, _n._ a short cylinder connecting a trunnion with the body of a cannon.

RIME, r[=i]m, _n._ hoar-frost: frozen dew.--_adj._ R[=I]'MY. [A.S. _hrim_; Dut. _rijm_, Ger. _reif_.]

RIME, r[=i]m, _n._ a rent, chink, or fissure--also R[=I]'MA:--_pl._ R[=I]'Mae.--_adj._ R[=I]MOSE', full of rimes or chinks: having numerous minute fissures, mostly parallel, like the bark of a tree.--_n._ RIMOS'ITY, state of being rimose or chinky.--_adj._ R[=I]'MOUS, rimose. [L. _rima_.]

RIMPLE, rim'pl, _v.i._ to wrinkle.

RIMULA, rim'[=u]-la, _n._ (_conch._) a genus of fossil keyhole limpets.--_adjs._ RIM'[=U]LIFORM, shaped like a crack; RIM'[=U]LOSE. [L., dim. of _rima_, a crack.]

RINABOUT, rin'a-bowt, _n._ (_Scot._) a vagrant.

RIND, r[=i]nd, _n._ the external covering, as the skin of fruit, the bark of trees, &c.--_v.t._ to strip the rind from.--_adj._ RIND'ED.--_n._ RIND'-GALL, a defect in timber. [A.S. _rinde_; Dut. and Ger. _rinde_; prob.

Old High Ger. _rinta_, _rinda_.]

RINDERPEST, rin'd[.e]r-pest, _n._ a malignant and contagious disease of cattle. [Ger., 'cattle-plague.']

RINE, r[=i]n, _v.t._ to touch.--_n._ the same as RIND. [A.S. _hrinan_; Ice.

_hrina_, to hurt.]

RINE, r[=i]n, _n._ (_prov._) a ditch or water-course.--Also RHINE, RONE, RUNE. [A.S. _ryne_, a run, flow--_rinnan_, to run; Ger. _ronne_, a channel.]

RINFORZANDO, rin-for-tsan'd[=o], _adj._ (_mus._) with special emphasis.


RING, ring, _n._ a circle: a small hoop, usually of metal, worn on the finger or in the ear as an ornament: a circular area for races, &c.: a circular course, a revolution: a clique organised to control the market: an arena or prize-ring: the commercial measure of staves for casks: (_archit._) a cincture round a column: (_anat._) an annulus: a group or combination of persons.--_v.t._ to encircle: to fit with a ring: to surround: to wed with a ring: (_hort._) to cut out a ring of bark from a tree.--_v.i._ to move in rings.--_ns._ RING'-AR'MATURE, an armature in which the coils of wire are wound round a ring; RING'-ARM'OUR, armour made of metal rings (see CHAIN-MAIL).--_v.t._ RING'-BARK, to strip a ring of bark round a tree to kill it.--_ns._ RING'BILL, the ring-necked duck; RING'-BOLT, an iron bolt with a ring through a hole at one end; RING'BONE, in farriery, a bony callus on a horse's pastern-bone, the result of inflammation: the condition caused by this; RING'-BUNT'ING, the reed-bunting; RING'-CARR'IER, a go-between; RING'-D[=I]'AL, a portable sun-dial; RING'-DOG, an iron apparatus for hauling timber; RING'-DOTT'EREL, the ringed plover; RING'DOVE, the cushat or wood-pigeon, so called from a white ring or line on the neck; RING'-DROP'PING, a trick practised by rogues upon simple people.--_adj._ RINGED, surrounded as with a ring, annulose, annulate: wearing a wedding-ring.--_ns._ RINGED'-CAR'PET, a British geometrid moth; RING'-FENCE, a fence continuously encircling an estate, a limit; RING'-FING'ER, the third finger of the left hand, on which women wear their marriage-ring.--_adj._ RING'-FORMED, annular.--_ns._ RING'-FRAME, any one of a class of spinning-machines with vertical spindles; RING'-GAUGE, a measure consisting of a ring of fixed size used for measuring spherical objects; RING'LEADER, the head of a riotous body: one who opens a ball; RING'LET, a little ring: a curl, esp. of hair.--_adj._ RING'LETED.--_ns._ RING'LOCK, a puzzle-lock; RING'-MAIL, chain-armour; RING'MAN, the third finger of the hand: one interested in the prize-ring; RING'-MAS'TER, one who has charge of a circus-ring and the performances in it; RING'-MON'EY, rudely formed rings anciently used for money; RING'-NECK, a kind of ring-plover: the ring-necked duck; RING'-NET, a net for catching butterflies; RING'-OU'SEL, a species of thrush, with a white band on the breast; RING'-PARR'OT, a common Indian parrot; RING'-PERCH, the perch of North America; RING'-PLOV'ER, a ring-necked plover; RING'-ROPE, a rope for hauling the cable in rough weather; RING'-SAW, a scroll-saw with annular web; RING'-SMALL, broken stones of such a size as to pass through a ring two inches in diameter; RING'-SNAKE, the collared snake, a harmless serpent of the United States; RING'STER, a member of a ring; RING'-STOP'PER, a piece of rope by which the ring of an anchor is secured to the cat-head.--_adjs._ RING'-STRAKED (_B._), -STREAKED, streaked with rings.--_n._ RING'-TAIL (_naut._), a studding-sail set upon the gaff of a fore-and-aft sail: a light sail set abaft and beyond the spanker: the female of the hen-harrier, named from a rust-coloured ring formed by the tips of the tail-feathers when expanded.--_adj._ RING'-TAILED, having the tail marked with bars or rings of colour, as a lemur: having a tail curled at the end.--_ns._ RING'-THRUSH, the ring-ousel; RING'-TIME (_Shak._), time for marrying; RING'-VALVE, a hollow cylindrical valve; RING'-WORK, a material composed of rings interlinked; RING'WORM, a skin disease in which itchy pimples appear in rings.--RING THE CHANGES (see CHANGE).--RIDE, or TILT, AT THE RING, to practise the sport of riding rapidly, spear in hand, and carrying off with it a ring hung up; THE RING, pugilism and the persons connected with it. [A.S. _hring_; Ice.

_hring-r_, Ger., Dan., and Sw. _ring_.]

RING, ring, _v.i._ to sound as a bell when struck: to tinkle: to practise the art of ringing bells: to continue to sound: to be filled with report: to resound: to echo.--_v.t._ to cause to sound, as a metal: to produce by ringing:--_pa.t._ rang, rung; _pa.p._ rung.--_n._ a sound, esp. of metals: the sound of many voices: a chime of many bells.--_ns._ RING'ER; RING'ING, the act of causing to sound, as music-bells: resounding.--_adv._ RING'INGLY.--RING BACKWARD, to change the order of ringing; RING DOWN, to conclude; RING IN (_theat._), to signal the conductor to begin; RINGING OF THE EARS, a sound in the ears; RING UP, to rouse by the ringing of a bell.

[A.S. _hringan_; cog. with Ice. _hringja_, to ring bells, _hringla_, to clink, Dan. _ringle_, to tinkle.]

RINGE, rinj, _n._ a whisk made of heather.

RINGENT, rin'jent, _adj._ gaping.

RINGICULA, rin-jik'[=u]-la, _n._ a genus of tectibranchiates.

RINK, ringk, _n._ the area where a race is run or games are played: a place artificially prepared for skating: a certain piece of ice marked off for curling--about 40 yards in length, and 9 in breadth. [Simply a variant of _ring_, a circle.]

RINSE, rins, _v.t._ to cleanse by introducing water: to cleanse with clean water.--_ns._ RINS'ER; RINS'ING-MACHINE', in cotton manufacture, a series of tanks for cleansing. [O. Fr. _rinser_ (Fr. _rincer_)--Ice. _hreinsa_; Ger. and Dut. _rein_, pure.]

RINTHEREOUT, rin'th[=a]r-[=oo]t, _n._ (_Scot._) a vagrant: a vagabond.

RIO, RIYO, r[=a]-[=o]', _n._ a Japanese ounce, esp. of silver: a tael.

RIOT, r[=i]'ot, _n._ uproar: tumult: a disturbance of the peace: excessive feasting: luxury.--_v.i._ to brawl: to raise an uproar: to run to excess in feasting, behaviour, &c.: to be highly excited: to throw into a tumult: to annoy.--_ns._ R[=I]'OTER; R[=I]'OTING; R[=I]'OTISE (_Spens._), riot, extravagance.--_adj._ R[=I]'OTOUS, engaging in riot: seditious: tumultuous: luxurious: wanton.--_adv._ R[=I]'OTOUSLY.--_ns._ R[=I]'OTOUSNESS; R[=I]'OTRY.--RIOT ACT, a statute designed to prevent riotous assemblies.--RUN RIOT, to act without restraint or control. [Fr. _riotte_; ety. dub.]

RIP, rip, _v.t._ to divide by cutting or tearing: to cut open: to take out by cutting or tearing: to tear up for search or alteration: to explode, give vent to.--_v.i._ to break out violently.--_v.t._ to utter violently (with _out_):--_pr.p._ rip'ping; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ ripped.--_n._ a tear: a rent: a place torn: (_slang_) a vicious person: a worthless horse: a ripple. [Scand., Norw. _ripa_, to scratch; Ice. _rifa_, to rive.]

RIP, rip, _n._ (_Scot._) a handful of grain not thrashed.

RIPARIAN, r[=i]-p[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ belonging to a river-bank: of animals, shore-loving.--_adj._ RIP[=A]'RIAL.--RIPARIAN NATIONS, nations possessing opposite banks of the same river; RIPARIAN PROPRIETOR, an owner who has property in the soil to the centre of the stream; RIPARIAN RIGHTS, the right of fishery belonging to the proprietor of a stream. [L. _ripa_, a river-bank.]

RIPE, r[=i]p, _adj._ ready for harvest: arrived at perfection: fit for use: developed to the utmost: finished: ready: resembling ripe fruit: mature, as ripe judgment.--_v.i._ to grow ripe, to ripen.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to make ripe.--_adv._ RIPE'LY.--_v.i._ R[=I]'PEN, to grow ripe: to approach or reach perfection.--_v.t._ to make ripe: to bring to perfection.--_n._ RIPE'NESS. [A.S. _ripe_, conn. with _rip_, harvest; cog. with Dut. _riip_, Ger. _reif_; akin to A.S. _ripan_, to reap.]

RIPE, r[=i]p, _v.t._ to search, to rummage. [_Rip._]

RIPIDOLITE, r[=i]-pid'[=o]-l[=i]t, _n._ the commonest member of the chlorite family of minerals.

RIPIENO, ri-py[=a]'n[=o], _adj._ (_mus._) supplementary.--_n._ a supplementary instrument or performer:--_pl._ RIPIE'NI.--_n._ RIPIENIST (ri-py[=a]'nist), a supplementary instrumentalist. [It.]

RIPON, RIPPON, rip'on, _n._ a spur. [_Ripon_, city.]

RIPOSTE, ri-p[=o]st', _n._ a quick short thrust in fencing: a repartee.


RIPPER, rip'[.e]r, _n._ a tool used in shaping roof-slates: a ripping-tool: one who does his work well: a robber.

RIPPER, rip'[.e]r, _n._ one who brings fish from the coast inland. [L.


RIPPER, rip'[.e]r, _n._ a fog-horn.

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