RESIDUE, rez'i-d[=u], _n._ that which is left behind after a part is taken away: the remainder: the residuum of an estate after payment of debts and legacies.--_adj._ RESID'UAL, remaining as residue.--_n._ that which remains after a subtraction, as the difference between one of a series of observed values and the mean of the series, &c.--_ns._ RESID'UAL-AIR, that portion of air which cannot be expelled by the most violent efforts from the lungs; RESID'UAL-CHARGE, a charge of electricity spontaneously acquired by coated glass; RESID'UAL-MAG'NETISM, remanent magnetism; RESID'UAL-QUAN'TITY, a binomial connected with the sign - (_minus_).--_adj._ RESID'UARY, pertaining to the residue: receiving the remainder, as residuary estate.--_ns._ RESID'UARY-CLAUSE, that part of a will which disposes of whatever may be left after satisfying the other provisions of the will; RESID'UARY-LEGAT[=EE]', the legatee to whom is bequeathed the residuum.--_v.t._ RESID'UATE, to find the residual of.--_ns._ RESIDU[=A]'TION, the act of finding the residual; RESID'UENT, a by-product left after the removal of a principal product.--_adj._ RESID'UOUS, residual.--_n._ RESID'[=U]UM, that which is left after any process of purification: a residue. [O. Fr. _residu_--L. _residuum_--_resid[=e]re_, to remain behind.]
RESIGN, r[=e]-s[=i]n', _v.t._ to sign again.
RESIGN, r[=e]-z[=i]n', _v.t._ to yield up to another: to submit calmly: to relinquish: to entrust.--_v.i._ to submit one's self: to give up an office, &c.--_n._ RESIGN[=A]'TION, act of giving up: state of being resigned or quietly submissive: acquiescence: patience: (_Scots law_) the form by which a vassal returns the feu into the hands of a superior.--_p.adj._ RESIGNED', calmly submissive: uncomplaining.--_adv._ RESIGNED'LY, with submission.--_ns._ RESIGN[=EE]', the person to whom a thing is resigned; RESIGN'ER; RESIGN'MENT. [O. Fr.,--L. _resign[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to annul--_re-_, sig. reversal, _sign[=a]re_--_signum_, a mark.]
RESILE, r[=e]-z[=i]l', _v.i._ to leap back: to fly from: to recoil, to recede:--_pr.p._ res[=i]l'ing; _pa.p._ res[=i]led'.--_ns._ RESILE'MENT; RESIL'IENCE, RESIL'IENCY, act of springing back or rebounding.--_adj._ RESIL'IENT, springing back or rebounding.--_ns._ RESILI'TION; RESILU[=A]'TION, renewed attack. [O. Fr.,--L. _resil[=i]re_, to leap back--_re-_, back, _sal[=i]re_, to leap.]
RESIN, rez'in, _n._ an amorphous substance that exudes from plants, supposed to be the product of oxidation of volatile oils secreted by the plant: the precipitate obtained from a vegetable tincture by treatment with water.--_v.t._ to coat with resin.--_adj._ RESIN[=A]'CEOUS, resinous.--_n._ RES'IN[=A]TE, a salt of the acids obtained from turpentine.--_adj._ RESINIF'EROUS, yielding resin.--_n._ RESINIFIC[=A]'TION, the process of treating with resin.--_adj._ RES'INIFORM.--_vs.t._ RES'INIFY, to change into resin; RES'INISE, to treat with resin.--_adjs._ RES'INO-ELEC'TRIC, containing negative electricity; RES'INOID; RES'INOUS, having the qualities of, or resembling, resin.--_adv._ RES'INOUSLY.--_n._ RES'INOUSNESS.--_adj._ RES'INY, like resin.--GUM RESINS, the milky juices of certain plants solidified by exposure to air; HARD RESINS, at ordinary temperatures solid and brittle, easily pulverised, containing little or no essential oil (_copal_, _lac_, _jalap_, &c.); SOFT RESINS, mouldable by the hand--some are viscous and semi-fluid _balsams_ (_turpentine_, _storax_, _Canada balsam_, &c.). [Fr.,--L. _res[=i]na_.]
RESINATA, rez-i-n[=a]'ta, _n._ the common white wine in Greece, its peculiar odour due to the resin of the wine.--_v.t._ RES'IN[=A]TE.
RESIPISCENCE, res-i-pis'ens, _n._ change to a better frame of mind.--_adj._ RESIPIS'CENT, right-minded. [Fr.,--L. _resipiscentia_--_resipisc[)e]re_, to repent--_re-_, again, _sap[)e]re_, to be wise.]
RESIST, r[=e]-zist', _v.t._ to strive against: to oppose.--_v.i._ to make opposition.--_n._ a composition applied to a surface to enable it to resist chemical action: a material, as a paste, applied to a fabric to prevent the action of a dye or mordant from affecting the parts not to be coloured.--_ns._ RESIS'TAL (_obs._); RESIS'TANCE, act of resisting: opposition: (_mech._) the power of a body which acts in opposition to the impulse of another: (_electr._) that property of a conductor in virtue of which the passage of a current through it is accompanied with a dissipation of energy; RESIS'TANCE-BOX, a box containing one or more resistance-coils; RESIS'TANCE-COIL, a coil of wire which offers a resistance to the passage of a current of electricity; RESIS'TANT, one who, or that which, resists.--_adjs._ RESIS'TANT, RESIS'TENT, making resistance.--_ns._ RESIS'TER; RESISTIBIL'ITY, RESIS'TIBLENESS.--_adj._ RESIS'TIBLE.--_advs._ RESIS'TIBLY; RESIS'TINGLY.--_adj._ RESIS'TIVE.--_adv._ RESIS'TIVELY.--_n._ RESISTIV'ITY.--_adj._ RESIST'LESS, irresistible: unresisting, unable to resist.--_adv._ RESIST'LESSLY.--_ns._ RESIST'LESSNESS; RESIST'-STYLE, in calico printing, the process of dyeing in a pattern by the use of a resist; RESIST'-WORK, calico printing, in which the pattern is produced by means of resist which preserves parts uncoloured. [Fr.,--L. _resist[)e]re_--_re-_, against, _sist[)e]re_, to make to stand.]
RESMOOTH, r[=e]-sm[=oo]_th_', _v.t._ to smooth again.
RESOLDER, r[=e]-sol'd[.e]r, _v.t._ to solder again.
RESOLUBLE, rez'[=o]-l[=u]-bl, _adj._ that may be resolved, soluble.--_n._ RES'OLUBLENESS.
RESOLUTE, rez'[=o]-l[=u]t, _adj._ resolved: determined: having a fixed purpose: constant in pursuing a purpose: bold.--_n._ a determined person.--_adv._ RES'OL[=U]TELY.--_n._ RES'OL[=U]TENESS.
RESOLUTION, rez-o-l[=u]'shun, _n._ act of resolving: analysis: solution: state of being resolved: fixed determination: steadiness: that which is resolved: certainty: (_mus._) the relieving of a discord by a following concord: a formal proposal put before a public assembly, or the formal determination of such on any matter: (_math._) reduction, solution: (_med._) the disappearance or dispersion of a tumour or inflammation.--_n._ RESOL[=U]'TIONER, one of a party in Scotland who approved of the resolutions of the Commission of General Assembly (1650) admitting to take part in the struggle against Cromwell all persons except those excommunicate and hostile to the Covenant--opp. to the _Protesters_.--_adj._ RES'OL[=U]TIVE.--RESOLUTION OF FORCES, OR OF VELOCITIES, the application of the principle of the parallelogram of forces or velocities to the separation of a force or velocity into parts.
RESOLVE, r[=e]-zolv', _v.t._ to separate into parts: to analyse: to free from doubt or difficulty: to explain: to decide: to fix by resolution or formal declaration: (_math._) to solve: (_med._) to disperse, as a tumour: (_mus._) to carry a discord into a concord.--_v.i._ to determine.--_n._ anything resolved or determined: resolution: fixed purpose.--_n._ RESOLVABIL'ITY.--_adj._ ROSOL'VABLE, that may be resolved or reduced to its elements.--_n._ RESOL'VABLENESS.--_adv._ RESOL'VABLY.--_adj._ RESOLVED', fixed in purpose.--_adv._ RESOL'VEDLY, firmly: clearly.--_n._ RESOL'VEDNESS.--_adj._ RESOL'VENT, having power to resolve.--_n._ that which causes solution: (_med._) a substance which resolves tumours: (_math._) an equation upon whose solution the solution of a given problem depends.--_n._ RESOL'VER. [Fr.,--L. _resolv[)e]re_, _resolutum_--_re-_, inten., _solv[)e]re_, to loose.]
RESONANCE, rez'[=o]-nans, _n._ act of resounding: the returning of sound by reflection or by the production of vibrations in other bodies: the sound discovered by means of auscultation--also RES'ONANCY.--_n._ RES'ONANCE-BOX, a chamber in a musical instrument for increasing its sonority.--_adj._ RES'ONANT, returning sound: vibrating.--_adv._ RES'ONANTLY.--_v.i._ RES'ON[=A]TE, to resound.--_n._ RESON[=A]'TOR, a vessel for the analysis of complex sounds. [L. _reson[=a]re_, _re-_, back, _son[=a]re_, to sound.]
RESORB, r[=e]-sorb', _v.t._ to reabsorb, to swallow up.--_adj._ RESORB'ENT.
[L. _resorb[)e]re_, to suck back.]
RESORCIN, r[=e]-sor'sin, _n._ a colourless crystalline phenol.--_adj._ RESOR'CINAL.--_n._ RESOR'CINISM. [Fr.]
RESORPTION, r[=e]-sorp'shun, _n._ the disappearance of an organ by absorption.--_adj._ RESORP'TIVE.
RESORT, r[=e]-zort', _v.i._ to go: to betake one's self: to have recourse: to apply.--_n._ act of resorting: a place much frequented: a haunt: resource: company.--_n._ RESORT'ER, a frequenter.--LAST RESORT, the last means of relief, the final tribunal--the French _dernier ressort_. [Fr.
_ressortir_--L. _re-_, back, _sort[=i]ri_, to cast lots--_sors_, _sortis_, a lot.]
RESOUND, r[=e]-zownd', _v.t._ to sound back: to echo: to praise or celebrate with sound: to spread the fame of.--_v.i._ to be sent back or echoed: to echo: to sound loudly: to be much mentioned.--_ns._ RESOUND'; RESOUND'ER, a monotelephone.
RESOURCE, re-s[=o]rs', _n._ a source of help: an expedient: (_pl._) means of raising money: means of any kind: funds.--_adj._ RESOURCE'FUL, shifty.--_n._ RESOURCE'FULNESS.--_adj._ RESOURCE'LESS. [O. Fr.
_resource_--_resourdre_--L. _resurg[)e]re_, to rise again.]
RESOW, r[=e]-s[=o]', _v.t._ to sow again.
RESPEAK, r[=e]-sp[=e]k', _v.i._ to speak again, echo.
RESPECT, r[=e]-spekt', _v.t._ to esteem for merit: to honour: to relate to: to regard unduly: to heed.--_n._ act of esteeming highly: regard: expression of esteem: deportment arising from esteem: relation: reference: point of view, any particular: (_B._) good-will, also undue regard: partiality: reflection: decency: reputation.--_n._ RESPECTABIL'ITY, state or quality of being respectable.--_adj._ RESPEC'TABLE, worthy of respect or regard: moderate in excellence or number: not mean or despicable: reputable: moderately well-to-do.--_n._ RESPEC'TABLENESS.--_adv._ RESPEC'TABLY, moderately: pretty well.--_adj._ RESPEC'TANT (_her._), facing one another--said of figures of animals.--_n._ RESPEC'TER.--_adj._ RESPECT'FUL, full of respect: marked by civility.--_adv._ RESPECT'FULLY.--_n._ RESPECT'FULNESS.--_prep._ RESPEC'TING, regarding: considering.--_n._ RESPEC'TION, respect.--_adj._ RESPEC'TIVE, having respect or reference to: relative: relating to a particular person or thing: particular.--_adv._ RESPEC'TIVELY.--_ns._ RESPEC'TIVENESS; RESPEC'TIVIST (_obs._), a captious critic.--_adjs._ RESPECT'LESS, regardless; RESPEC'T[=U]OUS (_obs._), causing respect: respectful.--HAVE RESPECT OF PERSONS, unduly to favour certain persons, as for their wealth, &c.; IN RESPECT OF, in comparison with; WITH RESPECT TO, with regard to.
[O. Fr.,--L. _respic[)e]re_, _respectum_--_re-_, back, _spec[)e]re_, to look.]
RESPELL, r[=e]-spel', _v.t._ to spell again, or in new form.
RESPERSE, r[=e]-spers', _v.t._ to sprinkle.--_n._ RESPER'SION.
RESPIRE, r[=e]-sp[=i]r', _v.i._ to breathe again and again: to breathe: to take rest.--_v.t._ to breathe out--in the higher animals there is an absorption of oxygen and a discharge of carbonic acid, also in plants.--_n._ RESP[=I]RABIL'ITY, quality of being respirable.--_adj._ RESP[=I]R'ABLE, that may be breathed: fit for respiration.--_n._ RESP[=I]R'ABLENESS; RESPIR[=A]'TION, the function of breathing: relief from toil.--_adjs._ RESPIR[=A]'TIONAL; RESP[=I]R'ATIVE.--_ns._ RES'PIR[=A]TOR, a network of fine wire for respiring or breathing through; RESPIRAT[=O]'RIUM, a gill-like organ used by certain insects to draw water from the air.--_adj._ R[=E]SPI'RATORY (or res'pi-r[=a]-t[=o]-ri), pertaining to, or serving for, respiration.--_ns._ RESP[=I]R'ING; RESPIROM'ETER, an apparatus for supplying air to a diver under water.--Artificial respiration, respiration induced by artificial means. [Fr.,--L. _respir[=a]re_--_re-_, sig. repetition, _spir[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to breathe.]
RESPITE, res'pit, _n._ temporary cessation of anything: pause: interval of rest: (_law_) temporary suspension of the execution of a criminal.--_v.t._ to grant a respite to: to relieve by a pause: to delay.--_adj._ RES'PITELESS. [O. Fr. _respit_ (Fr. _repit_)--L. _respectus_, respect.]
RESPLENDENT, r[=e]-splen'dent, _adj._ very splendid, shining brilliantly: very bright: (_her._) issuing rays.--_ns._ RESPLEN'DENCE, RESPLEN'DENCY, state of being resplendent.--_adv._ RESPLEN'DENTLY. [L.
_resplend[=e]re_--_re-_, inten., _splend[=e]re_, to shine.]
RESPLIT, r[=e]-split', _v.t._ to split again.
RESPOND, r[=e]-spond', _v.i._ to answer or reply: to correspond to or suit: to be answerable: to make a liturgical response: to be liable for payment.--_v.t._ to satisfy.--_n._ a versicle, &c., occurring at intervals, as in the responses to the commandments in the Anglican service: (_archit._) a pilaster, &c., in a wall for receiving the impost of an arch.--_ns._ RESPON'DENCE, RESPON'DENCY, act of responding: reply: (_Spens._) correspondence.--_adj._ RESPON'DENT, answering: corresponding to expectation.--_n._ one who answers, esp. in a law-suit: one who refutes objections.--_ns._ RESPONDEN'TIA, a loan on the cargo of a vessel; RESPON'SAL, a liturgical response: a proctor for a monastery; RESPONSE', a reply: an oracular answer: the answer made by the congregation to the priest during divine service: reply to an objection in a formal disputation: a short anthem sung at intervals during a lection; RESPONSIBIL'ITY, RESPON'SIBLENESS, state of being responsible: what one is responsible for: a trust.--_adj._ RESPON'SIBLE, liable to be called to account or render satisfaction: answerable: capable of discharging duty: able to pay.--_adv._ RESPON'SIBLY.--_n.pl._ RESPON'SIONS, the first of the three examinations for the B.A. degree at Oxford, familiarly called 'smalls.'--_adj._ RESPON'SIVE, inclined to respond: answering: correspondent.--_adv._ RESPON'SIVELY.--_n._ RESPON'SIVENESS, the state of being responsive.--_adj._ RESPONS[=O]'RIAL, responsive.--_n._ an office-book containing the responsories.--_adj._ RESPON'SORY, making answer.--_n._ a portion of a psalm sung between the missal lections: the answer of the people to the priest in church service: a response book.--_n._ RESPON'S[=U]RE (_obs._), response. [Fr.,--L. _respond[=e]re_, _responsum_--_re-_, back, _spond[=e]re_, to promise.]
RESSAUT, res-awt', _n._ (_archit._) a projection of one part from another.
[Fr.,--L. _resil[=i]re_, to leap back.]
REST, rest, _n._ cessation from motion or disturbance: peace: quiet: sleep: the final sleep, or death: place of rest, as an inn, &c.: repose: release: security: tranquillity: stay: that on which anything rests or is supported: a pause of the voice in reading: (_mus._) an interval between tones, also its mark: in ancient armour, a projection from the cuirass to support the lance: a quick and continued returning of the ball at tennis: in the game of primero, the final stake made by the player.--_v.i._ to cease from action or labour: to be still: to repose: to sleep: to be dead: to be supported: to lean or trust: to be satisfied: to come to an end: to be undisturbed: to take rest: to lie: to trust: (_law_) to terminate voluntarily the adducing of evidence: to be in the power of, as 'it rests with you.'--_v.t._ to lay at rest: to quiet: to place on a support.--_n._ REST'-CURE, the treatment of exhaustion by isolation in bed.--_adj._ REST'FUL (_Shak._), being at rest, quiet, giving rest.--_adv._ REST'FULLY, in a state of rest.--_ns._ REST'FULNESS, the state or quality of being restful: quietness; REST'-HOUSE a house of rest for travellers in India, a dak-bungalow REST'INESS (_obs._), sluggishness.--_adj._ REST'ING-OW'ING (_Scots law_), indebted.--_ns._ REST'ING-PLACE, a place of security, or of rest, the grave: in building, a landing in a staircase; REST'ING-SPORE, a spore which germinates after a period of dormancy; REST'ING-STAGE, -STATE, a state of suspended activity, as of woody plants, bulbs; REST'ING-WHILE, a period of leisure.--AT REST, applied to a body, means, having no velocity with respect to that on which the body stands. [A.S. _rest_, _raest_; Ger.
_rast_, Dut. _rust_.]
REST, rest, _n._ that which remains after the separation of a part: remainder: others: balance of assets above liabilities.--_v.i._ to remain.--FOR THE REST, as regards other matters. [Fr. _reste_--L.
_rest[=a]re_, to remain--_re-_, back, _st[=a]re_, to stand.]
REST, rest, _v.t._ (_coll._) to arrest.
RESTANT, res'tant, _adj._ remaining persistent.
RESTATE, r[=e]-st[=a]t', _v.t._ to state again.--_n._ RESTATE'MENT.
RESTAUR, res-tawr', _n._ the remedy which assurers have against each other, or a person has against his guarantor. [Fr.]
RESTAURANT, res't[=o]-rang, or res't[=o]-rant, _n._ a house for the sale of refreshments: an eating-house.--_n._ RESTAURATEUR (res-t[=o]'ra-t[.e]r), the keeper of a restaurant. [Fr.,--restaurer, to restore.]
RESTEM, r[=e]-stem', _v.t._ (_Shak._) to force back against the current: to move back against, as a current.
REST-HARROW, rest'-har'[=o], _n._ a half-shrubby plant with a spiny stem and tough, woody roots, common in ill-cleaned land: a small moth.
RESTIBRACHIUM, res-ti-br[=a]'ki-um, _n._ (_anat._) the inferior peduncle of the cerebellum.--_adj._ RESTIBR[=A]'CHIAL.
RESTIFF, an obsolete form of _restive_.
RESTIFORM, res'ti-form, _adj._ cord-like.--RESTIFORM BODY, the inferior peduncle of the cerebellum. [L. _restis_, a net, _forma_, form.]
RESTILY, res'ti-li, _adv._ stubbornly, sluggishly.
RESTINCTION, r[=e]-stingk'shun, _n._ the act of extinguishing.--_v.t._ RESTING'UISH, to quench.