RECTIGRADE, rek'ti-gr[=a]d, _adj._ walking straight forward. [L. _rectus_, straight, _gradi_, to step.]
RECTILINEAL, rek-ti-lin'[=e]-al, _adj._ bounded by straight lines: straight--also RECTILIN'EAR.--_adv._ RECTILIN'EALLY.--_n._ RECTILINEAR'ITY, the state or quality of being right-lined.--_adv._ RECTILIN'EARLY, in a right line.--_n._ RECTILIN'EARNESS. [L. _rectus_, straight, _linea_, a line.]
RECTINERVED, rek'ti-nervd, _adj._ (_bot._) straight or parallel nerved.
RECTION, rek'shun, _n._ (_gram._) the influence of a word in regard to the number, case, &c. of another word in a sentence.
RECTIPETALITY, rek-ti-pe-tal'i-ti, _n._ (_bot._) the natural tendency of stems to grow in a straight line.
RECTIROSTRAL, rek'ti-ros'tral, _adj._ having a straight bill. [L. _rectus_, straight, _rostrum_, a beak.]
RECTISERIAL, rek-ti-s[=e]'ri-al, _adj._ placed in a straight line: (_bot._) arranged in one or more straight ranks.
RECTITIS, rek't[=i]-tis, _n._ inflammation of the rectum.--_adj._ RECTIT'IC.
RECTITUDE, rek'ti-t[=u]d, _n._ uprightness: correctness of principle or practice: integrity: correctness. [Fr.,--L. _rectitudo_--_rectus_, straight.]
RECTO, rek't[=o], _n._ (_print._) the right-hand page--opp. to _Reverso_ or _Verso_: (_law_) a writ of right.
RECTOR, rek'tor, _n._ a ruler: in the Church of England, a clergyman who has the charge and cure of a parish where the tithes are not impropriate, and who accordingly has the whole right to the ecclesiastical dues therein: a common name for all incumbents in the Episcopal churches of the United States and (since 1890) Scotland: the head-master of a superior public school in Scotland, Germany, &c.: the chief elective officer of certain Scotch and French universities: the head of Lincoln and of Exeter Colleges, Oxford, &c.: (_R.C._) an ecclesiastic in charge of a congregation, a college, or religious house, esp. the head of a Jesuit seminary.--_adjs._ REC'TORAL, RECT[=O]'RIAL, pertaining to a rector or to a rectory--_ns._ REC'TORATE, REC'TORSHIP; REC'TORESS, a female rector: a governess; REC'TORY, the province or mansion of a rector.--RECTOR MAGNIFICUS, the head of a German university.--LAY RECTOR, a layman who enjoys the great tithes of a parish; MISSIONARY RECTOR (_R.C._), a priest appointed to the charge of some important mission in England. [L.,--_reg[)e]re_, _rectum_, to rule.]
RECTRIX, rek'triks, _n._ one of the long tail-feathers of a bird, so called because used in steering the bird in its flight:--_pl._ RECTRICES (rek'tri-s[=e]z).
RECTUM, rek'tum, _n._ the lowest part of the large intestine:--_pl._ REC'TA.--_adj._ REC'TAL.--_ns._ REC'TOSCOPE, a speculum for rectal examination; RECTOT'OMY, the operation for dividing a rectal stricture.--_adjs._ REC'TO-UR[=E]'THRAL, pertaining to the rectum and to the urethra; REC'TO-[=U]'TERINE, to the rectum and the uterus; REC'TO-VAG'INAL, to the rectum and the vagina; REC'TO-VES'ICAL, to the rectum and the bladder. [L. _rectus_, straight.]
RECTUS, rek'tus, _n._ a muscle so called from the straightness of its course:--_pl._ REC'TI.
RECUBANT, rek'[=u]-bant, _adj._ reclining, recumbent--_n._ RECUB[=A]'TION.
[L. _recub[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to lie back.]
RECUIL, RECULE, r[=e]-k[=u]l' (_Spens._). Same as RECOIL.
RECULTIVATE, r[=e]-kul'ti-v[=a]t, _v.t._ to cultivate again.--_n._ RECULTIV[=A]'TION.
RECUMBENT, r[=e]-kum'bent, _adj._ lying back: reclining: idle.--_ns._ RECUM'BENCE, RECUM'BENCY.--_adv._ RECUM'BENTLY. [L. _recumb[)e]re_--_re-_, back, _cub[=a]re_, to lie down.]
RECUPERATIVE, r[=e]-k[=u]'p[.e]r-a-tiv, _adj._ tending to recovery--also REC[=U]'PERATORY.--_adj._ R[=E]C[=U]'PERABLE, recoverable.--_v.t._ REC[=U]'PER[=A]TE, to recover, to regain strength.--_ns._ RECUPER[=A]'TION, recovery, as of something lost; REC[=U]'PER[=A]TOR, one who, or that which, recuperates. [L. _recuperativus_--_recuper[=a]re_, to recover.]
RECUR, r[=e]-kur', _v.i._ to return, resort: to happen at a stated interval:--_pr.p._ recur'ring; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ recurred'.--_ns._ RECUR'RENCE, RECUR'RENCY, return.--_adj._ RECUR'RENT, returning at intervals: (_anat._) running back in the opposite to a former direction: (_entom._) turned back toward the base.--_adv._ RECUR'RENTLY.--RECURRING DECIMAL, a decimal in which after a certain point the digits are continually repeated--_repeating_, if but one recurring figure; circulating, if more than one. [Fr.,--L. _recurr[)e]re_--_re-_, back, _curr[)e]re_, to run.]
RECURE, r[=e]-k[=u]r', _v.t._ to cure again: to recover--also _n._--_adjs._ RECURE'FUL; RECURE'LESS, incurable.
RECURSANT, r[=e]-kur'sant, _adj._ (_her._) turned backwards, of an animal with its back toward the spectator. [L. _re-_, back, _cursans_, _-antis_, pr.p. of _curs[=a]re_, to run.]
RECURVE, r[=e]-kurv', _v.t._ to curve or bend back--also RECUR'VATE.--_ns._ RECURV[=A]'TION, RECUR'VITY, RECUR'VATURE, the act of recurving: the state of being recurved: a bending backwards.--_adjs._ RECURVED'; RECURVIROS'TRAL, having a recurved bill; R[=E]CUR'VOUS, bent backward.
RECUSANT, rek'[=u]-zant, or r[=e]-k[=u]'zant, _adj._ obstinate in refusal, esp. to comply with the Anglican ritual.--_n._ a nonconformist: one who refuses to acknowledge the supremacy of the sovereign in religious matters.--_ns._ REC'[=U]SANCE, REC'[=U]SANCY, state of being a recusant: nonconformity, or its tenets; RECUS[=A]'TION.--_adj._ REC[=U]'SATIVE.
[Fr.,--L. _recusans_, pr.p. of _recus[=a]re_--_re-_, against, _causa_, a cause.]
RECUSE, r[=e]-k[=u]z', _v.t._ (_law_) to reject.--_adj._ REC[=U]'SATIVE.
RECUSSION, r[=e]-kush'un, _n._ the act of beating or striking back. [L.
_recut[)e]re_, _recussum_, to beat back--_re-_, back, _quat[)e]re_, to shake.]
RED, red, _adj._ (_comp._ RED'DER; _superl._ RED'DEST) of a colour like blood: ultra-radical, revolutionary.--_n._ one of the primary colours, of several shades, as scarlet, pink, carmine, vermilion, &c.: a red cent, the smallest coin of the United States.--_adjs._ RED'-BACKED, having a red back; RED'-BEAKED, -BILLED, having a red beak or bill; RED'-BELL'IED, having the under parts red.--_n._ RED'-BELL'Y, the United States slider, a terrapin: the Welsh torgoch, a char.--_adj._ RED'-BELT'ED, having a red band or bands.--_n._ RED'-BIRD, the common European bullfinch: the United States grosbeak, also the tanager.--_adj._ RED'-BLOOD'ED, having reddish blood.--_ns._ RED'-BOOK, a book containing the names of all persons in the service of the state: the peerage; RED'BREAST, a favourite song-bird, so called from the red colour of its breast, the robin; RED'-BUD, the Judas-tree of America; RED'-CABB'AGE, a variety of cabbage, with purplish heads, used for pickling; RED'-CAP, a species of goldfinch, having a conical crest of red feathers on the top of the head: a ghost with long teeth who haunts some Scotch castles; RED'-CENT, a copper cent; RED'-CHALK, -CLAY (see REDDLE); RED'-COAT, a British soldier, so called from his red coat; RED'-COCK (_slang_), an incendiary fire; RED'-COR'AL, the most important kind of coral in commerce, found off the coasts of Algiers and Tunis and the Italian islands.--_adj._ RED'-CORPUS'CLED, having red blood-discs.--_n._ RED'-CRAG, a division of the Pliocene.--_adjs._ RED'-CREST'ED, having a red crest; RED'-CROSS, wearing or distinguished by a cross of a red colour.--_n._ the badge and flag adopted by every society, of whatever nation, formed for the aid of the sick and wounded in time of war, recognised by the military authorities of its own nation, and enjoying certain privileges and immunities under the Convention of Geneva (1864).--_n._ RED'-DEER, a species of deer which is reddish-brown in summer: the common stag.--_v.t._ RED'DEN, to make red.--_v.i._ to grow red: to blush.--_adj._ RED'DISH, somewhat red: moderately red.--_ns._ RED'DISHNESS; RED'-DOG, the lowest grade of flour in high milling; RED'-DRUM, the southern red-fish, or red-bass, of the southern Atlantic coast of the United States; RED'-EARTH, the reddish loam frequently found in regions composed of limestones; RED'-EYE, or RUDD, a fresh-water fish of the same genus as the roach, chub, and minnow.--_adjs._ RED'-FACED (_Shak._), having a red face; RED'-FIG'URED, relating to an ancient Greek ceramic ware, in which a black glaze was painted over the surface so as to leave the design in the red of the body.--_n._ RED'-GUM, strophulus, a skin disease usually occurring in infants about the time of teething, and consisting of minute red pimples with occasional red patches.--_adjs._ RED'-HAIRED, RED'-HEAD'ED, having red hair.--_n._ RED'-HAND, a bloody hand: (_her._) a sinister hand, erect, open, and 'couped,' the distinguishing badge of baronets.--_adj._ RED'-HAND'ED, in the very act, as if with bloody hands.--_n._ RED'-HEAD, a person with red hair: the pochard, a red-headed duck.--_adj._ RED'-HOT, heated to redness.--_ns._ RED'-LAC, the Japan wax-tree; RED'-LATT'ICE (_Shak._), an alehouse window, then usually painted red; RED'-LEAD, a preparation of lead of a fine red colour, used in painting, &c.--_adj._ RED'-LEGGED, having red legs or feet, as a bird.--_n._ RED'-LEGS, the European red-legged partridge: the turnstone: the red-shank: (_bot._) the bistort.--_adj._ RED'-LETT'ER, having red letters: auspicious or fortunate, as a day, the holidays or saints' days being indicated by red letters in the old calendars.--_n._ RED'-LIQ'UOR, a crude aluminium acetate, used as a mordant in calico-printing.--_adjs._ RED'-LITT'EN, showing a red light; RED'-LOOKED (_Shak._), having a red look.--_adv._ RED'LY.--_adj._ RED'-MAD (_prov._), quite mad.--_n._ RED'-MET'AL, one of several alloys of copper used in silver-ware: a Japanese alloy used in decorative metal-work.--_adj._ RED'-NECKED, having a red neck.--_n._ RED'NESS.--_adjs._ RED'-NOSE, -NOSED, having a red nose, like a habitual drunkard.--_ns._ RED'-OAK, an oak with heavy and durable reddish wood, rising to ninety feet high in eastern North America; RED'-PLAGUE, a form of the plague marked by a red spot or bubo; RED'-POLL, a small northern finch: the common European linnet: the North American palm-warbler.--_adjs._ RED'-POLLED; RED'-RIBBED (_Tenn._), having red ribs.--_ns._ RED'-ROOT, a genus of plants of the natural order _Rhamnaceae_--_New Jersey Tea_; REDS, or RED REPUBLICANS (see REPUBLIC); RED'-SAUN'DERS, the sliced or rasped heart-wood of _Pterocarpus santalinus_, used for giving colour to alcoholic liquors &c.--_v.i._ RED'SEAR, to break when too hot.--_ns._ RED'SEED, small crustaceans which float on the sea; RED'-SHANK, an aquatic bird of the snipe family, with legs of a bright-red colour: a name given in ridicule to the Scottish Highlanders, and to the Irish.--_adj._ RED'-SHORT, noting iron that is brittle at red-heat.--_ns._ RED'-SHORT'NESS; RED'SKIN, a Red Indian; RED'-STAFF, a miller's straight-edge, used in dressing millstones; RED'START, a bird belonging to the family of the warblers, appearing in Britain as a summer bird of passage; RED'STREAK, an apple, so called from the colour of its skin; RED'-TAIL, the red-tailed buzzard, one of the commonest hawks of North America.--_adj._ RED'-TAILED (_Shak._), having a red tail.--_ns._ RED'-THRUSH, the red-wing; RED'-TOP, a kind of bent grass; RED'-WA'TER, a disease of cattle, named from the urine being reddened with the red globules of the blood.--_adj._ RED'-WAT'-SHOD (_Scot._), walking in blood over the shoes.--_ns._ RED'-WEED, the common poppy; RED'-WING, a species of thrush well known in Britain as a winter bird of passage, having an exquisite, clear, flute-like song; RED'WOOD, a Californian timber-tree, growing to nearly three hundred feet high.--_adj._ RED'-WUD (_Scot._), stark mad.--RED-CROSS KNIGHT, a knight having on his shield a red cross; RED ENSIGN, the British flag for all vessels not belonging to the navy, consisting of a plain red flag, having the canton filled by the Union-jack (before 1864 also the special flag of the Red Squadron); RED-GUM TREE, a species of Eucalyptus attaining the height of 200 feet; RED PHEASANT, a tragopan; RED SNOW, snow coloured by the minute alga _Protococcus nivalis_, found in large patches in arctic and alpine regions.--INDIAN RED, a permanent red pigment, orig. a natural earth rich in oxide of iron, now prepared artificially.--ROYAL RED CROSS, a decoration for nurses, instituted by Queen Victoria in 1883. [A.S. _read_; Ger. _roth_, L.
_ruber_, Gr. _e-rythros_, Gael. _ruath_.]
RED, red, _v.t._ to put in order, make tidy: to disentangle: (_coll._) to separate two men in fighting.--_ns._ RED'DER (_Scot._), one who endeavours to settle a quarrel; RED'DING, the process of putting in order; RED'DING-COMB, a large-toothed comb for dressing the hair; RED'DING-STRAIK (_Scot._), a stroke received in trying to separate fighters.
RED, REDD, red (_Spens._), _pa.t._ of _read_, declared.
REDACTION, r[=e]-dak'shun, _n._ the act of arranging in systematic order, esp. literary materials: the digest so made: an editorial staff.--_v.t._ REDACT', to edit, work up into literary form.--_n._ REDACT'OR, an editor.--_adj._ REDACT[=O]'RIAL. [Fr.,--L. _redactus_, pa.p. of _redig[)e]re_, to bring back.]
REDAN, r[=e]-dan', _n._ (_fort._) the simplest form of fieldwork, consisting of two faces which form a salient angle towards the enemy, serving to cover a bridge or causeway--quite open at the gorge. [O. Fr.
_redan_, _redent_--L. _re-_, back, _dens_, a tooth.]
REDARGUE, r[=e]-dar'g[=u], _v.t._ to disprove.--_n._ REDARG[=U]'TION. [O.
Fr. _redarguer_--L. _redargu[)e]re_--_re-_, back, _argu[)e]re_, to argue.]
REDDENDUM, re-den'dum, _n._ (_law_) the clause by which the rent is reserved in a lease:--_pl._ REDDEN'DA.--_n._ REDDEN'DO (_Scots law_), a clause in a charter specifying the services to be rendered by a vassal to his superior. [L., fut. part. pass. of _redd[)e]re_.]
REDDING. See RED (2).
REDDITION, re-dish'un, _n._ a giving back of anything: surrender: a rendering of the sense: explanation.--_adj._ REDD'ITIVE, returning an answer. [Fr.,--L. _reddition-em_--_redd[)e]re_, _redditum_, to restore.]
REDDLE, red'l, _n._ an impure peroxide of iron (ferric oxide) associated with very variable proportions of clay or chalk--also RED'-CLAY, RADD'LE, RED'-CHALK.--_n._ REDD'LEMAN, a dealer in red clay.
REDE, r[=e]d, _v.t._ to counsel or advise.--_n._ advice: a phrase: a motto.--_n._ REDE'CRAFT, logic.--_adj._ REDE'LESS, without counsel or wisdom. [_Read_.]
REDECORATE, r[=e]-dek'o-r[=a]t, _v.t._ to decorate again.
REDEDICATION, r[=e]-ded-i-k[=a]'shun, _n._ a second or renewed dedication.
REDEEM, r[=e]-d[=e]m', _v.t._ to ransom: to relieve from captivity by a price: to rescue, deliver: to pay the penalty of: to atone for: to perform, as a promise: to improve, put to the best advantage: to recover, as a pledge.--_adj._ REDEEM'ABLE, that may be redeemed.--_ns._ REDEEM'ABLENESS; REDEEM'ER, one who redeems or ransoms, esp. Jesus Christ, the Saviour of the world.--_adjs._ REDEEM'ING, saving: good, as exceptional to what is bad; REDEEM'LESS, incurable; REDEMP'TIVE, pertaining to redemption: serving or tending to redeem; REDEMP'TORY, serving to redeem: paid for ransom. [O.
Fr. _redimer_--L. _redim[)e]re_--_red-_, back, _em[)e]re_, to buy.]
REDELIBERATE, r[=e]-de-lib'[.e]r-[=a]t, _v.i._ to deliberate again.
REDELIVER, r[=e]-de-liv'[.e]r, _v.t._ to deliver back or again: to liberate a second time.--_ns._ REDELIV'ERANCE; REDELIV'ERY, the act of delivering back: a second delivery or liberation.
REDEMAND, r[=e]-d[=e]-mand', _v.t._ to demand back or again.--_n._ the repetition of a demand: a demand for the return of a thing.
REDEMISE, r[=e]-d[=e]-m[=i]z', _v.t._ to convey back, as an estate.--_n._ such a transfer.
REDEMPTION, r[=e]-demp'shun, _n._ act of redeeming or buying back: ransom: release: the deliverance of mankind from sin and misery by Christ.--_ns._ REDEMP'TIONARY, one who is set at liberty, or released from a bond, by paying a compensation or fulfilling some stipulated conditions; REDEMP'TIONER, one who redeemed himself from debt, or the like, by service; REDEMP'TIONIST, one of an order of monks devoted to the redemption of Christian captives from slavery; REDEMP'TORIST, one of a congregation of R.C. missionary priests, founded by Alfonso Liguori in 1732, whose object is the religious instruction of the people and the reform of public morality, by periodically visiting, preaching, and hearing confessions.
[Fr.,--L.,--_redemptus_, pa.p. of _redim[)e]re_, to redeem.]
REDENTED, r[=e]-den'ted, _adj._ formed like the teeth of a saw. [O. Fr.