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FASTIDIOUS, fas-tid'i-us, _adj._ affecting superior taste: over-nice: difficult to please.--_adv._ FASTID'IOUSLY.--_n._ FASTID'IOUSNESS. [L.

_fastidiosus_--_fastidium_, loathing--_fastus_, pride, _taedium_, loathing.]

FASTIGIATE, fas-tij'i-[=a]t, _adj._ pointed, sloping to a point or edge--also FASTIG'IATED.--_n._ FASTIG'IUM, the apex of a building: the pediment of a portico. [L. _fastig[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_fastigium_, a gable-end, roof.]

FAT, fat, _adj._ plump, fleshy: fruitful, esp. profitable: gross: thick, full-bodied, esp. of printing-types.--_n._ an oily substance under the skin: solid animal oil: the richest part of anything.--_v.t._ to make fat.--_v.i._ to grow fat:--_pr.p._ fat'ting; _pa.p._ fat'ted.--_adj._ FAT'BRAINED (_Shak._), dull of apprehension.--_ns._ FAT'-HEN (_prov._), any one of various plants of thick succulent foliage, esp. pigweed, orach, and ground-ivy; FAT'LING, a young animal fattened for slaughter.--_adj._ small and fat.--_n._ FAT'-LUTE, a mixture of pipe-clay and linseed-oil, for filling joints, &c.--_adv._ FAT'LY, grossly: in a lumbering manner.--_n._ FAT'NESS, quality or state of being fat: fullness of flesh: richness: fertility: that which makes fertile.--_v.t._ FAT'TEN, to make fat or fleshy: to make fertile.--_v.i._ to grow fat.--_ns._ FAT'TENER, he who, or that which, fattens; FAT'TENING, the process of making fat: state of growing fat; FAT'TINESS.--_adjs._ FAT'TISH, somewhat fat; FAT'-WITTED, dull, stupid; FAT'TY, containing fat or having the qualities of fat.--FAT IMAGES, those in relief.--THE FAT IS IN THE FIRE, things have gone to confusion. [A.S. _faet_; Ger. _fett_.]

FAT, fat, _n._ a vessel for holding liquids: a vat: a dry measure of nine bushels. [See VAT.]

FATA MORGANA, fa'ta mor-ga'na, a striking kind of mirage seen most often in the Strait of Messina. [Supposed to be caused by the fairy (_fata_) _Morgana_ of Arthurian romance.]

FATE, f[=a]t, _n._ inevitable destiny or necessity: appointed lot: ill-fortune: doom: final issue: (_pl._) the three goddesses of fate, Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos, who determined the birth, life, and death of men--the FATAL SISTERS.--_adj._ F[=A]T'AL, belonging to or appointed by fate: causing ruin or death: mortal: calamitous.--_ns._ F[=A]T'ALISM, the doctrine that all events are subject to fate, and happen by unavoidable necessity; F[=A]T'ALIST, one who believes in fatalism.--_adj._ F[=A]T'ALISTIC, belonging to or partaking of fatalism.--_n._ FATAL'ITY, the state of being fatal or unavoidable: the decree of fate: fixed tendency to disaster or death: mortality: a fatal occurrence.--_adv._ F[=A]T'ALLY.--_adjs._ F[=A]T'ED, doomed: destined: (_Shak._) invested with the power of destiny: (_Dryden_) enchanted; FATE'FUL, charged with fate.--_adv._ FATE'FULLY.--_n._ FATE'FULNESS. [L. _fatum_, a prediction--_fatus_, spoken--_f[=a]ri_, to speak.]

FATHER, fa'_th_[.e]r, _n._ a male parent: an ancestor or forefather: a fatherly protector: a contriver or originator: a title of respect applied to a venerable man, to confessors, monks, priests, &c.: a member of certain fraternities, as 'Fathers of the Oratory,' &c.: the oldest member of any profession or other body: one of a group of ecclesiastical writers of the early centuries, usually ending with Ambrose, Jerome, and Augustine: the first person of the Trinity.--_v.t._ to adopt: to ascribe to one as his offspring or production.--_ns._ FA'THERHOOD, state of being a father: fatherly authority; FA'THER-IN-LAW, the father of one's husband or wife; FA'THERLAND, the land of one's fathers--from the Ger. _Vaterland_; FA'THER-LASH'ER, a name applied to two bull-heads found on the British coasts, belonging to the Gurnard family.--_adj._ FA'THERLESS, destitute of a living father: without a known author.--_ns._ FA'THERLESSNESS; FA'THERLINESS.--_adj._ FA'THERLY, like a father in affection and care: paternal.--_n._ FA'THERSHIP.--HOLY FATHER, the Pope.--BE GATHERED TO ONE'S FATHERS (_B._), to die and be buried. [A.S. _faeder_; Ger. _vater_, L.

_pater_, Gr. _pat[=e]r_.]

FATHOM, fa_th_'um, _n._ a nautical measure=6 feet: depth: (_Shak._) penetration.--_v.t._ to try the depth of: to comprehend or get to the bottom of.--_adjs._ FATH'OMABLE; FATH'OMLESS.--_n._ FATH'OM-LINE, a sailor's line and lead for taking soundings. [A.S. _faethm_; Dut. _vadem_, Ger. _faden_.]

FATIDICAL, fa-tid'ik-al, _adj._ having power to foretell future events: prophetical.--_adv._ FATID'ICALLY. [L. _fatidicus_--_fatum_, fate, _dic[)e]re_, to tell.]

FATIGUE, fa-t[=e]g', _n._ weariness from labour of body or of mind: toil: military work, distinct from the use of arms.--_v.t._ to reduce to weariness: to exhaust one's strength: to harass.--_pr.p._ fatigu'ing; _pa.p._ fatigued'.--_adj._ FAT'IGATE (_Shak._), fatigued.--_n._ FATIGUE'-D[=U]'TY, the part of a soldier's work distinct from the use of arms--also in _fatigue-dress_, &c.--_adv._ FATIGU'INGLY. [Fr.,--L.

_fatig[=a]re_, to weary.]

FATISCENT, f[=a]-tis'ent, _adj._ gaping.--_n._ FATIS'CENCE.

FATTRELS, fat'relz, (_Scot._) ends of ribbon. [O. Fr. _fatraille_, trumpery.]

FATUOUS, fat'[=u]-us, _adj._ silly: imbecile: without reality--also FAT[=U]'ITOUS.--_n._ FAT[=U]ITY, unconscious stupidity: imbecility. [L.


FAUBOURG, f[=o]'b[=oo]rg, _n._ a suburb just beyond the walls, or a district recently included within a city. [O. Fr. _forbourg_, lit.

'out-town'--_fors_ (Fr. _hors_)--L. _foris_, out of doors, and O. Fr.

_bourg_, town.]

FAUCES, faw's[=e]z, the upper part of the throat, from the root of the tongue to the entrance of the gullet.--_adj._ FAU'CAL, produced in the fauces, as certain Semitic guttural sounds. [L.]

FAUCET, faw'set, _n._ a pipe inserted in a barrel to draw liquid. [Fr.


FAUGH, faw, _interj._ an exclamation of contempt or disgust. [Prob. from the sound.]

FAULCHION, an obsolete form of _falchion_.

FAULT, fawlt, _n._ a failing: error: blemish: imperfection: a slight offence: (_geol._, _min._) a displacement of strata or veins: (_tennis_) a stroke in which the player fails to serve the ball into the proper place.--_adj._ FAULT'FUL (_Shak._), full of faults or crimes.--_adv._ FAULT'ILY.--_n._ FAULT'INESS.--_adj._ FAULT'LESS, without fault or defect.--_adv._ FAULT'LESSLY.--_n._ FAULT'LESSNESS.--_adj._ FAULT'Y, imperfect, defective: guilty of a fault: blamable.--AT FAULT, open to blame: (of dogs) unable to find the scent; FIND FAULT (_with_), to censure for some defect. [O. Fr. _faute_, _falte_--L. _fall[)e]re_, to deceive.]

FAUNA, fawn'a, _n._ animals collectively, or those of a particular country, or of a particular geological period:--_pl._ FAUN'ae, FAUN'AS.--_n._ FAUN, a Roman rural deity, protector of shepherds.--_adj._ FAUN'AL.--_n._ FAUN'IST, one who studies a fauna. [L. _faunus_, from _fav[=e]re_, _fautum_, to favour.]

FAUTEUIL, f[=o]-tey', _n._ an arm-chair, esp. a president's chair, the seat of one of the forty members of the French Academy. [Fr.]

FAUTOR, faw'tor, _n._ a favourer or supporter. [O. Fr. _fauteur_--L.

_fautor_--_fav[=e]re_, to favour.]

FAVEOLATE, f[=a]-v[=e]'[=o]-l[=a]t, _adj._ honeycombed.--Also FAVOSE'.

FAUVETTE, f[=o]-vet', _n._ a name applied to warblers in general. [Fr.]

FAVONIAN, fav-[=o]'ni-an, _adj._ pertaining to the west wind, favourable.

[L. _Favonius_, the west wind.]

FAVOUR, f[=a]'vur, _n._ countenance: good-will: a kind deed: an act of grace or lenity: indulgence: partiality: advantage: a knot of ribbons worn at a wedding, or anything worn publicly as a pledge of a woman's favour: (_arch._) countenance, appearance: a letter or written communication: (_Shak._) an attraction or grace.--_v.t._ to regard with good-will: to be on the side of: to treat indulgently: to afford advantage to: (_coll._) to resemble.--_adj._ F[=A]'VOURABLE, friendly: propitious: conducive to: advantageous.--_n._ F[=A]'VOURABLENESS.--_adv._ F[=A]'VOURABLY.--_p.adj._ F[=A]'VOURED, having a certain appearance, featured--as in _ill-favoured_, _well-favoured_.--_ns._ F[=A]'VOUREDNESS; F[=A]'VOURER; F[=A]'VOURITE, a person or thing regarded with favour or preference: one unduly loved: a kind of curl of the hair, affected by ladies of the 18th century.--_adj._ esteemed, preferred.--_n._ F[=A]'VOURITISM, the practice of showing partiality.--_adj._ F[=A]'VOURLESS, without favour: (_Spens._) not favouring.--FAVOURS TO COME, favours still expected; CURRY FAVOUR (see CURRY). [O. Fr.,--L. _favor_--_fav[=e]re_, to favour, befriend.]

FAVUS, f[=a]v'us, _n._ a disease of the skin, chiefly of the hairy scalp.

[L. 'a honeycomb.']

FAW, faw, _n._ a gipsy. [From the surname _Faa_.]

FAWN, fawn, _n._ a young deer.--_adj._ resembling a fawn in colour.--_v.i._ to bring forth a fawn. [O. Fr. _faon_, through Low L. from L. _foetus_, offspring.]

FAWN, fawn, _v.i._ to cringe, to flatter in a servile way (with _upon_).--_n._ (_rare_) a servile cringe or bow: mean flattery.--_ns._ FAWN'ER, one who flatters to gain favour; FAWN'ING, mean flattery: sycophancy.--_adv._ FAWN'INGLY.--_n._ FAWN'INGNESS. [A variant of _fain_, to rejoice--A.S. _faegen_, glad.]

FAY, f[=a], _n._ a fairy. [O. Fr. _fee_--L. _fata_, a fairy--L. _fatum_, fate.]

FAY, f[=a], _n._ (_Shak._) faith.

FAY, f[=a], _v.i._ to fit, unite closely.--_v.t._ to fit together closely.

[A.S. _fegan_; Ger. _fugen_.]

FAY, FEY, f[=a], _v.t._ (_prov._) to clean out, as a ditch.

FEAGUE, f[=e]g, _v.t._ (_obs._) to whip: to perplex. [Cog. with Dut.

_vegen_, Ger. _fegen_.]

FEAL, f[=e]'al, _adj._ (_obs._) loyal, faithful.

FEAL, f[=e]l, _v.t._ (_prov._) to conceal.

FEALTY, f[=e]'al-ti, or f[=e]l'ti, _n._ the vassal's oath of fidelity to his feudal lord: loyalty. [O. Fr. _fealte_--L. _fidelitat-em_--_fidelis_, faithful--_fid[)e]re_, to trust.]

FEAR, f[=e]r, _n._ a painful emotion excited by danger: apprehension of danger or pain: alarm: the object of fear: aptness to cause fear: (_B._) deep reverence: piety towards God.--_v.t._ to regard with fear: to expect with alarm: (_B._) to stand in awe of: to venerate: (_obs._) to terrify: to make afraid.--_v.i._ to be afraid: to be in doubt.--_adj._ FEAR'FUL, timorous: exciting intense fear: terrible.--_adv._ FEAR'FULLY.--_n._ FEAR'FULNESS.--_adj._ FEAR'LESS, without fear: daring: brave.--_adv._ FEAR'LESSLY.--_ns._ FEAR'LESSNESS; FEAR'NOUGHT (same as DREADNAUGHT).--_adj._ FEAR'SOME, causing fear, frightful.--_adv._ FEAR'SOMELY. [A.S. _f['ae]r_, fear, _f['ae]ran_, to terrify; cf. Ger.

_gefahr_, Ice. _far_, harm, mischief.]

FEAR, f[=e]r, _n._ (_Spens._) a companion. [See FERE.]

FEASIBLE, f[=e]z'i-bl, _adj._ practicable.--_ns._ FEAS'IBLENESS, FEASIBIL'ITY.--_adv._ FEAS'IBLY. [Fr. _faisable_, that can be done--_faire_, _faisant_--L. _fac[)e]re_, to do.]

FEAST, f[=e]st, _n._ a day of unusual solemnity or joy: a festival in commemoration of some event--_movable_, such as occurs on a specific day of the week succeeding a certain day of the month, as _Easter_; _immovable_, at a fixed date, as Christmas: a rich and abundant repast: rich enjoyment for the mind or heart.--_v.i._ to hold a feast: to eat sumptuously: to receive intense delight.--_v.t._ to entertain sumptuously.--_ns._ FEAST'-DAY; FEAST'ER.--_adj._ FEAST'FUL, festive, joyful, luxurious.--_ns._ FEAST'ING; FEAST'-RITE, a rite or custom observed at feasts.--_adj._ FEAST'-WON (_Shak._), won or bribed by feasting.--FEAST OF FOOLS, FEAST OF ASSES, medieval festivals, held between Christmas and Epiphany, in which a burlesque bishop was enthroned in church, and a burlesque mass said by his orders, and an ass driven round in triumph.--DOUBLE FEAST (_eccles._), one on which the antiphon is doubled. [O. Fr. _feste_ (Fr. _fete_)--L.

_festum_, a holiday, _festus_, solemn, festal.]

FEAT, f[=e]t, _n._ a deed manifesting extraordinary strength, skill, or courage.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to fashion.--_adj._ neat, deft.--_adj._ FEAT'EOUS, dexterous, neat.--_adv._ FEAT'LY, neatly, dexterously--(_Spens._) FEAT'EOUSLY. [Fr. _fait_--L. _factum_--L.

_fac[)e]re_, to do.]

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