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FANON, fan'on, _n._ a cloth for handling the holy vessels or the offertory bread: a maniple or napkin used by the celebrant at mass: an orale: a fannel: one of the lappets of a mitre: (_surg._) a fold of linen laid under a splint. [O. Fr.]

FANTASIA, fan-ta'zi-a, _n._ a musical composition, not governed by the ordinary musical rules. [It., from Gr. _phantasia_. See FANCY.]

FANTASY, PHANTASY, fan'ta-si, _n._ fancy: imagination: mental image: love: whim, caprice.--_v.t._ to fancy, conceive mentally.--_adj._ FAN'TASIED, filled with fancies.--_n._ FAN'TASM (same as PHANTASM).--_adj._ FAN'TASQUE, fantastic.--_ns._ FAN'TAST, a person of fantastic ideas; FANTAS'TIC, one who is fantastical.--_adjs._ FANTAS'TIC, -AL, fanciful: not real: capricious: whimsical: wild.--_adv._ FANTAS'TICALLY.--_n._ FANTAS'TICALNESS.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ FANTAS'TICATE.--_ns._ FANTAS'TICISM; FANTAS'TICO (_Shak._), a fantastic. [O. Fr.,--Low L. _phantasticus_--Gr.

_phantastikos_, _phantazein_, to make visible. _Fancy_ is a doublet.]

FANTOCCINI, fan-to-ch[=e]'n[=e], puppets worked by machinery: dramatic performances by puppets. [It., pl. of _fantoccino_, dim. of _fantoccio_, a puppet--_fante_, a boy.]

FANTOM, fan'tom, _n._ Same as PHANTOM.

FAP, fap, _adj._ (_Shak._) fuddled, drunk.

FAQUIR, fak-[=e]r', _n._ Same as FAKIR.

FAR, far, _adj._ remote: more distant of two: remote from or contrary to purpose or design.--_adv._ to a great distance in time, space, or proportion: remotely: considerably or in great part: very much: to a great height: to a certain point, degree, or distance.--_v.t._ (_prov._) to remove to a distance.--_adjs._ FAR'-AWAY', distant: abstracted, absent-minded; FAR'-FETCHED, fetched or brought from a remote place: forced, unnatural--(_obs._) FAR'FET.--_advs._ FAR'-FORTH (_Spens._), very far; FAR'MOST, most distant or remote.--_n._ FAR'NESS, the state of being far: remoteness, distance.--_adj._ and _adv._ FAR'-OFF, distant.--_adjs._ FAR'-REACH'ING, exerting influence to a great distance and for a long time; FAR'-SIGHT'ED, seeing to a great distance: having defective eyesight for near objects; FAR'-SOUGHT, sought for at a distance; FAR'-SPENT, far advanced.--FAR AND AWAY, by a great deal; BY FAR, in a very great degree; I'LL SEE YOU FAR (or FARTHER) FIRST, I will not do it by any means; IN SO FAR AS, to the extent that. [A.S. _feor_; Dut. _ver_; Ice. _fiarre_; Ger.


FAR, far, _n._ (_prov._) a litter of pigs.

FARAD, far'ad, _n._ the name of the practical unit of electrical capacity--the capacity of a conductor which when raised to a potential of one volt has a charge of one coulomb.--_adj._ FARAD'IC.--_n._ FARADIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ FAR'ADISE.--_ns._ FAR'ADISM; MICROFAR'AD, the millionth part of a farad. [From Michael _Faraday_ (1791-1867).]

FARAND, FARRAND, far'and, _adj._ (_Scot._) having a certain favour or appearance, esp. in such compound forms as _auld-farand_, old-fashioned; _ill-faured_, ill-favoured, &c. [M. E. _farand_, comely. Origin obscure; most prob. the verb _fare_ (q.v.).]

FARCE, fars, _n._ a style of comedy marked by low humour and extravagant wit: ridiculous or empty show.--_n._ FAR'CEUR, a joker.--_adj._ FAR'CICAL.--_n._ FARCICAL'ITY, farcical quality.--_adv._ FAR'CICALLY.--_v.t._ FAR'CIFY, to turn into a farce. [Fr. _farce_, stuffing, from L. _farc[=i]re_, to stuff, applied, acc. to H. Bradley, to words put between _Kyrie_ and _Eleison_ in religious services, then to the interpolated _gag_ in a religious play, next a buffoon performance.]

FARCE, fars, _v.t._ to cram: to stuff, fill with stuffing: (_Shak._) to swell out.--_n._ FAR'CING, stuffing. [O. Fr. _farsir_--L. _farc[=i]re_, to cram.]

FARCY, far'si, _n._ a disease of horses like glanders--(_obs._) FAR'CIN.--_adj._ FAR'CIED.--_n._ FAR'CY-BUD, a swollen lymphatic gland, as in farcy. [Fr. _farcin_--Low L. _farciminum_.]

FARD, fard, _n._ white paint for the face.--_v.t._ to paint with such, to embellish. [Fr., of Teut. origin, Old High Ger. _farwjan_, to colour.]

FARDAGE, far'd[=a]j, _n._ (_naut._) loose wood or other material stowed among the cargo to keep it from shifting, or put under it to keep it above the bilge. [Fr.]

FARDEL, far'del, _n._ a pack: anything cumbersome or irksome.--_adj._ FAR'DEL-BOUND, constipated, esp. of cattle and sheep, by the retention of food in the third stomach. [O. Fr. _fardel_ (Fr. _fardeau_), dim. of _farde_, a burden--Ar. _fardah_, a package (Devic).]

FARDING-BAG, far'ding-bag, _n._ the first stomach of a cow or other ruminant.

FARE, f[=a]r, _v.i._ to get on or succeed: to happen well or ill to: to be in any particular state, to be, to go on: to feed.--_n._ the price of passage--(_orig._) a course or passage: those conveyed in a carriage: food or provisions for the table.--_interj._ FAREWELL', may you fare well! a wish for safety or success.--_n._ well-wishing at parting: the act of departure.--_adj._ parting: final. [A.S. _faran_; Ger. _fahren_.]

FARINA, fa-r[=i]'na, or fa-r[=e]'na, _n._ ground corn: meal: starch: pollen of plants.--_adjs._ FARIN[=A]'CEOUS, mealy; FARINOSE', yielding farina.


FARL, farl, _n._ (_Scot._) the quarter of a round cake of flour or oatmeal.

[_Fardel_, a fourth part.]

FARM, farm, _n._ land let or rented for cultivation or pasturage, with the necessary buildings: (_Spens._) habitation: (_Shak._) a lease.--_v.t._ to let out as lands to a tenant: to take on lease: to grant certain rights in return for a portion of what they yield, as to farm the taxes: to cultivate, as land.--_adj._ FARM'ABLE.--_ns._ FARM'-BAI'LIFF; FARM'ER, one who farms or cultivates land: the tenant of a farm: one who collects taxes, &c., for a certain rate per cent.:--_fem._ FARM'ERESS; FARM'ERING, the business of a FARM'ERS-GEN'ERAL, the name given before the French Revolution to the members of a privileged association in France, who leased the public revenues of the nation.--_ns._ FARM'ERY, the buildings of a farm; FARM'-HOUSE, a house attached to a farm in which the farmer lives; FARM'ING, the business of cultivating land; FARM'-L[=A]' FARM'-OFF'ICES, the offices or outbuildings on a farm.--_ns._ FARM'STEAD, a farm with the buildings belonging to it; FARM'-YARD, the yard or enclosure surrounded by the farm buildings. [A.S. _feorm_, goods, entertainment, from Low L. _firma_--L. _firmus_, firm. The Low L. _firma_ meant a fixed payment, also a signature (whence our 'firm' in business); from 'rent'

_farm_ passed to 'lease,' then to 'a tract of land held on lease.' _Farm_ is therefore a doublet of _firm_.]

FARO, f[=a]r'o, _n._ a game of chance played by betting on the order in which certain cards will appear when taken singly from the top of the pack.

[Perh. from King _Pharaoh_ on one of the cards.]

FARRAGO, far-r[=a]'g[=o], _n._ a confused mass.--_adj._ FARR[=A]'GINOUS, miscellaneous, jumbled. [L., _far_, grain.]

FARRIER, far'i-[.e]r, _n._ one who shoes horses: one who cures the diseases of horses.--_n._ FARR'IERY, the art of curing the diseases of cattle. [O.

Fr. _ferrier_, through Low L. _ferrarius_, from L. _ferrum_, iron.]

FARROW, far'[=o], _n._ a litter of pigs.--_v.i._ or _v.t._ to bring forth pigs. [A.S. _fearh_, a pig; Ger. _ferkel_.]

FARROW, far'r[=o], _adj._ not producing young in a particular season, said of cows. [Ety. dub.; with _farrow cow_ cf. Flem. _verwekoe_, _varwekoe_.]

FARSE, fars, _n._ an explanation of the Latin epistle in the vernacular.--_v.t._ to extend by interpolation.

FART, fart, _v.i._ to break wind.--_n._ a noisy expulsion of wind. [A.S.

_feortan_; Ger. _farzen_.]

FARTHER, far'_th_[.e]r, _adj._ (_comp._ of FAR) more far or distant: tending to a greater distance: longer: additional.--_adv._ at or to a greater distance; more remotely: beyond: moreover.--_adjs._ and _advs._ FAR'THERMORE, furthermore; FAR'THERMOST, furthermost.--_adj._ FARTHEST (_superl._ of FAR), most far, distant, or remote.--_adv._ at or to the greatest distance. [A rather recent form, comp. of _far_, the euphonic _th_ being inserted from the analogy of _further_.]

FARTHING, far'_th_ing, _n._ the fourth of a penny: anything very small: (_B._) the rendering for two names of coins, one the fourth part of the other--_assarion_, used as the Gr. equivalent of the L. _as_, and _kodrantes_ (L. _quadrans_), a coin equivalent to two _lepta_.--_n._ FAR'THINGFUL. [A.S. _feorthing_, a fourth part--_feortha_, fourth, and dim.

_-ing_, or _-ling_.]

FARTHINGALE, far'_th_ing-g[=a]l, _n._ a kind of crinoline of whalebone for distending women's dress. [O. Fr. _verdugale_--Sp. _verdugado_, hooped, _verdugo_, rod.]

FASCES, fas'[=e]z, a bundle of rods with an axe in the middle, borne before the ancient Roman principal magistrates. [L. _fascis_, a bundle.]

FASCIA, fash'i-a, _n._ (_archit._) a flat space or band between mouldings: (_anat._) a layer of condensed connective tissue between some muscle and any other tissue.--_adjs._ FAS'CIAL; FAS'CIATED.--_n._ FASCI[=A]'TION (_bot._), a form of monstrosity by the flattening of a single stem, or the lateral union of several stems. [L.]

FASCICLE, fas'i-kl, _n._ a little bundle: (_bot._) a close cluster, the flowers crowded together, as in the sweet-william--also FAS'CICULE.--_adjs._ FAS'CICLED, FASCIC'ULAR, FASCIC'ULATE, -D, united as in a bundle.--_n._ FASCIC'ULUS, a fascicle: a part of a book issued in parts. [L. _fasciculus_, dim. of _fascis_, a bundle.]

FASCINATE, fas'i-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to control by the glance: to charm: to captivate: to enchant, esp. by the evil eye.--_adj._ FAS'CINATING, charming, delightful.--_n._ FASCIN[=A]'TION, the act of charming: power to harm by looks or spells: mysterious attractive power exerted by a man's words or manner: irresistible power of alluring: state of being fascinated.

[L. _fascin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_; perh. allied to Gr. _baskainein_, to bewitch.]

FASCINE, fas-s[=e]n', _n._ (_fort._) a brushwood faggot bound together with wire, yarn, or withes, used to fill ditches, &c. [Fr.,--L.

_fascina_--_fascis_, a bundle.]

FASH, fash, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to trouble, annoy.--_v.i._ to be vexed at, to take trouble or pains.--_n._ pains, trouble.--_adj._ FASH'IOUS, troublesome, vexatious.--_ns._ FASH'IOUSNESS, FASH'ERY. [O. Fr. _fascher_ (Fr. _facher_)--L. _fastidium_, _fastidiosus_, fastidious.]

FASHION, fash'un, _n._ the make or cut of a thing: form or pattern: prevailing mode or shape of dress: a prevailing custom: manner: genteel society: appearance.--_v.t._ to make: to mould according to a pattern: to suit or adapt.--_adj._ FASH'IONABLE, made according to prevailing fashion: prevailing or in use at any period: observant of the fashion in dress or living: moving in high society: patronised by people of fashion.--_n._ a person of fashion.--_n._ FASH'IONABLENESS.--_adv._ FASH'IONABLY.--_ns._ FASH'IONER; FASH'IONIST.--_adjs._ FASH'IONMONGERING, FASH'IONMONGING (_Shak._), behaving like a fop.--AFTER, or IN, A FASHION, in a way: to a certain extent; IN THE FASHION, in accordance with the prevailing style of dress, &c.--opp. to _Out of fashion_. [O. Fr. _fachon_--L.

_faction-em_--_fac[)e]re_, to make.]

FAST, fast, _adj._ firm: fixed: steadfast: fortified: (of sleep) sound (_Shak._).--_adv._ firmly, unflinchingly: soundly or sound (asleep): quickly: close, near.--_n._ FAST-AND-LOOSE, the name of a cheating game practised at fairs--called also _Prick-the-garter_.--_adj._ FAST'-HAND'ED, close-fisted.--_adv._ FAST'LY (_Shak._), firmly.--_n._ FAST'NESS, fixedness: a stronghold, fortress, castle.--FAST BY, close to.--PLAY FAST AND LOOSE (from the foregoing), to be unreliable, to say one thing and do another; HARD-AND-FAST (see HARD). [A.S. _faest_; Ger. _fest_.]

FAST, fast, _adj._ quick: rapid: rash: dissipated.--_adv._ swiftly: in rapid succession: extravagantly.--_adj._ FAST'ISH, somewhat fast. [A special use of _fast_, firm, derived from the Scand., in the sense of urgent.]

FAST, fast, _v.i._ to keep from food: to go hungry: to abstain from food in whole or part, as a religious duty.--_n._ abstinence from food: special abstinence enjoined by the church: the day or time of fasting.--_ns._ FAST'-DAY, a day of religious fasting: (_Scot._) a day for humiliation and prayer, esp. before celebrations of the Lord's Supper; FAST'ENS, short for _Fastens-eve_ (Scot. _Fasten-e'en_ and _Fastern's-e'en_), _Fastens Tuesday_, Shrove Tuesday; FAST'ER, one who fasts: FAST'ING, religious abstinence. [A.S. _faestan_, to fast; Ger. _fasten_, to keep: perh. allied with _fast_, firm, in the sense of making strict.]

FASTEN, fas'n, _v.t._ to make fast or tight: to fix securely: to attach firmly one thing to another: to confirm.--_v.i._ to fix itself.--_n._ FAS'TENING, that which fastens.

FASTI, fas't[=i], those days among the ancient Romans on which it was lawful to transact legal or public business--opp. to _Nefasti_: an enumeration of the days of the year, a calendar. [L.]

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