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MONANDRIA, mon-an'dri-a. _n._ the first class in Linnaeus's system of plants, including all genera having only one stamen.--_n._ MONAN'DER.--_adjs._ MONAN'DRIAN, MONAN'DROUS (_bot._), having only one stamen. [Gr. _monos_, single, _an[=e]r_, _andros_, a male.]

MONANDRY, m[=o]-nan'dri, _n._ the practice of having only one husband.

MONARCH, mon'ark, _n._ a sole or supreme ruler: sovereign: the chief of its kind.--_adj._ supreme: superior to others.--_adjs._ MONARCH'AL, pertaining to a monarch: regal; MONARCH'IAL, MONARCH'IC, -AL, relating to a monarch or to monarchy: vested in a single ruler.--_ns._ MONARCH'IAN, a Christian who denied the personal independent subsistence of Christ--_dynamic_, when regarding the divinity of Christ as only a power (_dynamis_) communicated to Him; _modalistic_, when regarding Christ as God Himself incarnate, the Father who had assumed flesh, a mere _modus_ of the Godhead; MONARCH'IANISM, the doctrine of the _Monarchians_, in opposition to _Subordinationalism_.--_adj._ MONARCHIANIS'TIC.--_v.t._ MON'ARCHISE, to rule over, as a monarch: to convert into a monarchy.--_ns._ MON'ARCHISM, the principles of monarchy: love of monarchy; MON'ARCHIST, an advocate of monarchy: a believer in monarchy; MONARCH'O (_Shak._), a fantastic Englishman who assumed Italian airs, any fantastic person; MON'ARCHY, a state or a people ruled over by one person: a kind of government of which the chief power is in the hands of a monarch: the territory of a monarch.

[Fr. _monarque_, through L., from Gr. _monarch[=e]s_--_monos_, alone, _archein_, to rule.]

MONASTERY, mon'as-t[.e]r-i, _n._ a house for monks: an abbey: a convent.--_adjs._ MONAST[=E]'RIAL, MONAS'TIC, -AL, pertaining to monasteries, monks, and nuns: recluse: solitary.--_n._ MONAS'TIC, a monk.--_adv._ MONAS'TICALLY.--_ns._ MONAS'TICISM, the corporate monastic life or system of living; MONAS'TICON, a book about monasteries and monks.--MONASTIC VOWS, the vows which a person takes when entering a monastery--of _poverty_, _chastity_, _obedience_. [L. _monasterium_--Gr.

_monast[=e]rion_--_monast[=e]s_, a monk--_monos_, alone.]

MONDAY, mun'd[=a], _n._ the second day of the week.--_adj._ MON'DAYISH, fagged--of preachers, after their Sunday exercitations.--BLACK MONDAY, Easter Monday, the 14th of April 1360: any Easter Monday; HANDSEL MONDAY, the first Monday of the year, when presents are given. [A.S. _monandaeg_, _monan_, gen. of _mona_, moon, _daeg_, day.]

MONDAYNE, mun'd[=a]n, _adj._ an old form of _mundane_.

MONDE, mond, _n._ the world (of fashion).--BEAU MONDE, DEMI-MONDE (see BEAU and DEMI). [Fr.]

MONERA, m[=o]-n[=e]'ra, a class of Protozoans of the simplest characters.--_ns.sing._ M[=O]'NER, MON[=E]'RON.--_adjs._ MON[=E]'RAL, MON[=E]'RAN.

MONERGISM, mon'[.e]r-jizm, _n._ (_theol._) the doctrine that regeneration is entirely the work of the Holy Spirit, the natural will being incapable of co-operation. [Gr. _monos_, alone, _ergon_, work.]

MONETARY, mun'e-tar-i, _adj._ relating to money or moneyed affairs: consisting of money.--_n._ MONETIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ MON'ETISE, to give the character of money to, to coin as money.--MONETARY UNIT, the unit of currency--the pound sterling.

MONEY, mun'i, _n._ coin: pieces of stamped metal used in commerce: any currency used as the equivalent of money: wealth:--_pl._ MON'EYS.--_ns._ MON'EY-BILL, a bill introduced into parliament or congress for raising revenue or otherwise dealing with money; MON'EY-BROK'ER, MON'EY-CHANG'ER, MON'EY-SCRIV'ENER, a broker who deals in money or exchanges.--_adj._ MON'EYED, having money: rich in money: consisting in money.--_ns._ MON'EYER, MON'IER, one who coins money: a master of a mint.--_adj._ MON'EYLESS, having no money.--_ns._ MON'EY-MAK'ER, a coiner of counterfeit money; MON'EY-MAK'ING, act of gaining wealth.--_adj._ lucrative, profitable.--_ns._ MON'EY-MAR'KET, the market or field for the investment of money; MON'EY-OR'DER, an order for money deposited at one post-office, and payable at another; MON'EY-SP[=I]'DER, or -SPIN'NER, a small spider of family _Attidae_, supposed to bring luck; MON'EY'S-WORTH, something as good as money: full value; MON'EY-TAK'ER, one who receives payments of money, esp. at an entrance-door.--HARD MONEY, coin; POT OF MONEY, a large amount of money; READY MONEY, money paid for a thing at the time at which it is bought: money ready for immediate payment. [O. Fr. _moneie_ (Fr.

_monnaie_)--L. _moneta_, a mint, _Moneta_ being a surname of Juno, in whose temple at Rome money was coined.]

MONGER, mung'g[.e]r, _n._ a trader: a dealer, chiefly in composition, sometimes depreciatory.--_v.t._ to trade in. [A.S. _mangere_--_mang_, a mixture.]

MONGOL, mong'gol, _n._ and _adj._ one of an Asiatic people belonging to the Ural-Altaic branch of the human family, mainly inhabiting _Mongolia_.--_adjs._ MONG[=O]'LIAN, MONGOL'IC.

MONGOOSE, mong'g[=oo]s, _n._ a common ichneumon of India, often domesticated to destroy snakes.--Also Mung'oose. [Marathi _mangus_.]

MONGREL, mung'grel, _adj._ of a mixed breed, impure.--_n._ an animal, esp.

a dog, of a mixed breed.--_v.t._ MONG'RELISE.--_n._ MONG'RELISM. [A double dim. from A.S. _mang_, mixture.]

MONIED, mun'id, _adj._ moneyed.

MONILIFORM, m[=o]-nil'i-form, _adj._ like a string of beads. [L. _monile_, a necklace, _forma_, form.]

MONIMENT, mon'i-ment, _n._ (_Spens._) a monument, memorial: superscription, image. [L. _monimentum_, _monumentum_, monument.]

MONIPLIES, mon'i-pl[=i]z. See MANIPLIES.

MONISM, mon'izm, _n._ a philosophical theory that all being may ultimately be referred to one category; thus _Idealism_, _Pantheism_, _Materialism_ are monisms--as opposed to the Dualism of matter and spirit.--_n._ MON'IST.--_adjs._ MON'ISTIC, -AL. [Gr. _monos_, alone, and _-ism_.]

MONITION, mon-ish'un, _n._ a reminding or admonishing: warning: notice: (_law_) a summons to appear and answer.--_adj._ MON'ITIVE, conveying admonition.--_n._ MON'ITOR, one who admonishes: an adviser: an instructor: a senior pupil who assists a schoolmaster: an ironclad steamship armed with heavy guns in revolving turrets: a raised part of a roof, with openings for light and ventilation: a kind of lizard:--_fem._ MON'ITRESS, MON'ITRIX.--_adj._ MONIT[=O]'RIAL, relating to a monitor: performed or taught by a monitor.--_adv._ MONIT[=O]'RIALLY.--_n._ MON'ITORSHIP.--_adj._ MON'ITORY, giving admonition or warning. [L.,--_mon[=e]re_, _-itum_, to remind.]

MONK, mungk, _n._ formerly, one who retired alone to the desert to lead a religious life: one of a religious community living in a monastery: an inky blotch in print: a fuse for firing mines.--_ns._ MONK'ERY, the life of monks: monasticism; MONK'-FISH, the angel-fish; MONK'HOOD, the state or character of a monk.--_adj._ MONK'ISH, pertaining to a monk: like a monk: monastic.--_ns._ MONK'S'-HOOD, the aconite, a poisonous plant with a flower like a monk's hood; MONK'S'-SEAM (_naut._), a strong seam formed by laying the selvage-edges of two pieces of canvas over each other and stitching on each side and down the middle--also _Middle-stitching_. [A.S. _munec_--L.

_monachus_--Gr. _monachos_--_monos_, alone.]

MONKEY, mungk'i, _n._ a quadrumanous mammal of the order Primates--the term is loose, and may be conveniently restricted only to all the Primates exclusive of the Anthropoid Apes, thus including the _Platyrrhini_, or New-World monkeys, and the _Catarrhiini_, or Old-World monkeys: an ape: a name of contempt, esp. for a mischievous person, also of playful endearment: a heavy weight for driving piles: a large hammer for driving bolts: in betting slang, a sum of 500 pounds, or dollars in U.S.: a fluid consisting of chlor-hydric acid and zinc--generally called _spirits of salt_--used in the process of soldering:--_pl._ MONK'EYS.--_v.i._ to meddle with anything.--_v.t._ to imitate as a monkey does.--_ns._ MONK'EY-BAG, a small money-bag, hung round the sailor's neck; MONK'EY-BLOCK, a small swivel-block used in guiding running rigging; MONK'EY-BOARD, the omnibus conductor's foot-board; MONK'EY-BOAT, a narrow, half-decked river-boat; MONK'EY-BREAD, the baobab-tree or its fruit; MONK'EY-EN'GINE, a kind of pile-driver having a ram or monkey working in a wooden frame; MONK'EY-FLOW'ER, a flower of the _mimulus_ kind; MONK'EY-GAFF, a small gaff above the spanker-gaff for the flag; MONK'EY-GRASS, a coarse fibre yielded by the leaf-stalks of _Attalea funifera_, used for brooms, street sweeping-machine brushes, &c.; MONK'EY-HAMM'ER, a drop-press with a ram, which is raised and let drop freely; MONK'EYISM, the qualities of the monkey; MONK'EY-JACK'ET, a close-fitting jacket, generally made of some stout, coarse material; MONK'EY-POT, the seed-vessel of several species of _Lecythis_, having a round lid; MONK'EY-PUMP, a straw let through a gimlet-hole into a cask for the purpose of sucking the liquor; MONK'EY-PUZZ'LE, the Chili pine, _Araucaria imbricata_; MONK'EY-RAIL, a light rail above the quarter-rail; MONK'EY-SHINE (_U.S._), a piece of tomfoolery; MONK'EY-TAIL, a short lever for training carronades: a piece of knotted rope by which to attach a hook, to save the hand from jamming; MONK'EY-WHEEL, a tackle-block over which runs a hoisting-rope; MONK'EY-WRENCH, a screw-key having a movable jaw.--HAVE, or GET, ONE'S MONKEY UP, to be angry; SUCK THE MONKEY, to drink liquor from a cask through an inserted tube: to drink from a coco-nut, filled surreptitiously with rum, &c. [Old It. _monicchio_, dim. of Old It. _monna_, nickname for an old woman, an ape, contr. of It. _madonna_, mistress.]

MONOBASIC, mon-[=o]-b[=a]'sik, _adj._ having one base, of an acid combining with a univalent basic radical to form a neutral salt.

MONOBLASTIC, mon-[=o]-blas'tik, _adj._ pertaining to that condition of the metazoic embryo in which a single germinal layer is alone represented.

MONOBLEPSIS, mon-[=o]-blep'sis, _n._ a condition of vision more distinct when one eye only is used. [Gr. _monos_, single, _blepsis_, sight.]

MONOCARBONATE, mon-[=o]-kar'b[=o]-n[=a]t, _n._ a carbonate in which both hydrogen atoms of the acid are replaced by basic elements.

MONOCARDIAN, mon-[=o]-kar'di-an, _adj._ having a single heart, as fishes and reptiles. [Gr. _monos_, single, _kardia_, the heart.]

MONOCARPOUS, mon-[=o]-karp'us, _adj._ bearing fruit only once, as wheat, and all annual plants.--_n._ MON'OCARP. [Gr. _monos_, single, _karpos_, fruit.]

MONOCENTRIC, mon-[=o]-sen'trik, _adj._ having a single centre only: unipolar.

MONOCEPHALOUS, mon-[=o]-sef'al-us, _adj._ having but one head or capitulum.

MONOCEROS, m[=o]-nos'[.e]r-os, _n._ a one-horned animal: the unicorn: (_Spens._) perhaps the sword-fish.--_adj._ MONOC'EROUS. [Gr. _monos_, single, _keras_, a horn.]

MONOCHLAMYDEOUS, mon-[=o]-kla-mid'[=e]-us, _adj._ (_bot._) having a single instead of a double perianth. [Gr. _monos_, single, _chlamys_, a cloak.]

MONOCHORD, mon'[=o]-kord, _n._ a musical instrument of one chord or string.

MONOCHROMATIC, mon-[=o]-kro-mat'ik, _adj._ of one colour only--also MONOCHR[=O]'IC.--_ns._ MON'OCHROME, a painting in one colour only; MON'OCHROMY, this art.

MONOCHRONIC, mon-[=o]-kron'ik, _adj._ contemporaneous.--_adj._ MONOCH'RONOUS, monosemic.

MONOCLE, mon'o-kl, _n._ a one-eyed animal: a single eyeglass.

MONOCLINAL, mon'[=o]-kl[=i]-nal, _adj._ (_geol._) dipping in one direction.

MONOCLINIC, mon'[=o]-klin-ik, _adj._ (_mineral_) crystallising in three unequal axes, two intersecting each other at an oblique angle, and at right angles to the third.--Also MON'OCL[=I]NATE. [Gr. _monos_, single, _klinein_, to incline.]

MONOCLINOUS, mon'[=o]-kl[=i]-nus, _adj._ (_bot._) hermaphrodite.

MONO-COMPOUND, mon'[=o]-kom'pownd, _n._ (_chem._) a compound containing one atom of any particular element.

MONOCOTYLEDON, mon-[=o]-kot-i-l[=e]'don, _n._ a plant with only one cotyledon.--_adj._ MONOCOTYL[=E]'DONOUS.

MONOCRACY, mon-ok'ra-si, _n._ rule or government by a single person.--_n._ MON'OCRAT. [Gr. _monos_, single, _kratos_, strength.]

MONOCULAR, mon-ok'[=u]-lar, _adj._ with one eye only: fitted only for one eye at a time.--Also MONOC'ULOUS.

MONODACTYLOUS, mon-[=o]-dak'ti-lus, _adj._ having only one toe or finger.

MONODELPHIA, mon-[=o]-del'fi-a, one of the three primary divisions of mammals, the placental mammals.--_adj._ MONODEL'PHIAN.

MONODON, mon'[=o]-don, _n._ a genus of delphinoid odontocete cetaceans, containing only the narwhal.

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