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MACRAMe, mak-ra-m[=a]', _n._ a fringe or trimming of knotted thread--also knotted bar-work. [It.]

MACROBIOTIC, mak-r[=o]-bi-ot'ik, _adj._ long-lived.--_ns._ MACROBI[=O]'SIS, long life; MACR[=O]'BIOTE, one who lives long; MACROBIOT'ICS, the study of longevity.

MACROCEPHALOUS, mak-ro-sef'a-lus, _adj._ having a large or long head.--Also MACROCEPHAL'IC. [Gr. _makros_, long or great, _kephal[=e]_, a head.]

MACROCOSM, mak'ro-kozm, _n._ the great world: the whole universe:--opp. to _Microcosm_.--_adj._ MACROCOS'MIC. [Gr. _makros_, long, _kosmos_, world.]

MACRODACTYL, mak-ro-dak'til, _adj._ having long toes.--_n._ a wading-bird having such:--_pl._ MACRODAC'TYL[=I], and -A. [Gr. _makros_, long, _daktylos_, finger.]

MACROLOGY, mak-rol'o-ji, _n._ much talk with little to say. [Gr. _makros_, long, _logos_, a word.]

MACRON, mak'ron, _n._ a straight line placed over a vowel to show that it is long:--opp. to _Breve_, the mark of a short vowel. [Gr., 'long.']

MACROPOD, mak'ro-pod, _adj._ having long feet.--_n._ a long-legged or long-footed animal: one of the spider-crabs.--_adjs._ MACROP'ODAL, MACROP'ODAN, MACROP[=O]'DIAN, MACROP'ODOUS (_bot._). [Gr. _makros_, long, _pous_, _podos_, a foot.]

MACROPTEROUS, mak-rop'te-rus, _adj._ long-winged. [Gr. _makros_, long, _pteron_, a wing.]

MACROSCIAN, mak-ros'i-an, _adj._ casting a long shadow.--_n._ an inhabitant of the Arctic or Antarctic zones. [Gr. _makros_, long, _skia_, shadow.]

MACROSCOPIC, mak-ro-skop'ik, _adj._ visible to the naked eye:--opp. to _Microscopic_.--_adv._ MACROSCOP'ICALLY. [Gr. _makros_, long, _skopein_, to see.]

MACROSPORE, mak'ro-sp[=o]r, _n._ a more than usually large spore of a flowerless plant, as in club-mosses, &c.--_n._ MACROSPORAN'GIUM, a sporangium containing macrospores. [Gr. _makros_, long, _spora_, a seed.]

MACRUROUS, mak-r[=oo]'rus, _adj._ long-tailed.--Also MACRU'RAL. [Gr.

_makros_, long, _oura_, tail.]

MACULA, mak'[=u]-la, _n._ a spot, as on the skin, or on the surface of the sun, moon, or planets:--_pl._ MACULae (mak'[=u]-l[=e]).--_v.t._ MAC'UL[=A]TE, to spot, to defile.--_n._ MACUL[=A]'TION, act of spotting, a spot.--_adj._ MACULOSE (mak'[=u]-l[=o]z), spotted. [L. _macul[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_macula_, a spot.]

MAD, mad, _adj._ (_comp._ MAD'DER; _superl._ MAD'DEST) disordered in intellect: insane: proceeding from madness, rabid: troubled in mind: excited with any violent passion or appetite: furious with anger.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to drive mad.--_adjs._ MAD'BRAIN, MAD'BRAINED (_Shak._), disordered in brain or mind: rash: hot-headed; MAD'-BRED (_Shak._), bred in madness or heat of passion.--_n._ MAD'CAP, a person who acts madly: a wild, rash, hot-headed person.--_adj._ fond of wild and reckless action.--_v.t._ MAD'DEN, to make mad: to enrage.--_v.i._ to become mad: to act as one mad.--_adj._ MAD'DING, distracted, acting madly.--_advs._ MAD'DINGLY, MAD'LY.--_ns._ MAD'-DOC'TOR, a doctor who studies and treats the diseases of mad people; MAD'HOUSE, a house for mad persons: a lunatic asylum; MAD'LING, a mad person; MAD'MAN, a man who is mad: a maniac; MAD'NESS; MAD'WORT, a plant believed to cure canine madness.--GO MAD, to become demented; LIKE MAD, madly, furiously. [A.S. _ge-m['ae]d_; Old Sax. _ge-med_, foolish, Ice. _meidd-r_, hurt.]

MADAM, mad'am, _n._ a courteous form of address to a lady, esp. an elderly or a married one: a woman of fashion:--_pl._ MAD'AMS, or MESDAMES (m[=a]-dam'). [Fr.,--_ma_, my, _dame_, lady--L. _mea domina_.]

MAD-APPLE, mad'-ap-l, _n._ the egg-plant.

MADAROSIS, mad-a-r[=o]'sis, _n._ loss of the hair, esp. of the eyelashes.

[Gr.,--_madaros_, bald, _madan_, to fall off.]

MADDER, mad'[.e]r, _n._ a plant whose root affords a red dye.--_ns._ MADD'ER-LAKE, a colour mixed either with oil or water, made from madder; MADD'ER-WORT, any plant of the _Rubiaceae_ or madder family. [A.S. _maederu_; Ice. _mara_, Dut. _meed_.]

MADE, m[=a]d, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _make_.--MADE CONTINUALLY (_Pr. Bk._), established for ever; MADE DISH, a dish of meat, &c., recooked: an entree; MADE UP, put together, finished: dressed for a part, disguised: perfect: artificial, invented.

MADEIRA, ma-d[=e]'ra, _n._ a rich wine of the sherry class produced in _Madeira_.

MADEMOISELLE, mad-mwa-zel', _n._ a courteous form of address to a young lady: Miss. [Fr., _ma_, my, and _demoiselle_.]

MADGE, maj, _n._ a leaden hammer.

MADGE, maj, _n._ the magpie.

MADIA, m[=a]'di-a, _n._ a genus of American herbs of the aster family, the tarweeds--a Chilian species yielding a valuable oil.

MADID, mad'id, _adj._ wet, dank. [L. _madidus_--_mad[=e]re_, to be wet; akin to Gr. _madaein_.]

MADONNA, MADONA, ma-don'a, _n._ a name given to the Virgin, esp. as seen in works of art: (_Shak._) my lady.--_adv._ MADONN'A-WISE, after the fashion of the Madonna, esp. in the arrangement of a woman's hair. [It., lit. 'my lady'--L. _mea domina_.]

MADRAS, ma-dras', _n._ a large handkerchief of silk and cotton, usually in bright colours, worn on the head by West Indian negroes.

MADREPORE, mad're-p[=o]r, _n._ the common coral. [Fr.,--It., from _madre_, mother--L. _mater_, and _-pora_--Gr. _p[=o]ros_, a soft stone.]

MADRIGAL, mad'ri-gal, _n._ (_mus._) a piece of music for the voice in five or six parts: a short poem expressing a graceful and tender thought.--_adj._ MADRIG[=A]'LIAN.--_n._ MAD'RIGALIST. [It., from _mandra_, a sheep-fold--L. _mandra_.]

MADROnO, ma-dr[=o]'ny[=o], _n._ a handsome evergreen tree of North California.--Also MADR[=O]'nA.

MaeCENAS, m[=a]-s[=e]'nas, _n._ a Roman knight who befriended the poets Virgil and Horace: any rich patron of art or literature.

MAELSTROM, m[=a]l'strom, _n._ a celebrated whirlpool off the coast of Norway: any resistless overpowering influence for destruction. [Norw., 'grinding stream.']

MaeNAD, m[=e]'nad, _n._ a female follower of Bacchus, a woman beside herself with frenzy.--_adj._ MaeNAD'IC, bacchanalian: furious. [Gr. _mainas_, _-ados_, raving--_mainesthai_, to be mad.]

MAESTOSO, m[=a]-es-t[=o]'zo, _adj._ and _adv._ (_mus._) with dignity or majesty. [It.]

MAESTRO, ma-es'tr[=o], _n._ a master, esp. an eminent musical composer or conductor. [It.]

MAFFLED, maf'ld, _adj._ (_prov._) confused in the intellect.--_n._ MAFF'LING, a simpleton.

MAG, mag, _n._ a halfpenny.--Also MAIK, MAKE.

MAG, mag, _v.i._ (_prov._) to chatter.--_v.t._ to tease.--_n._ chatter: the magpie: the long-tailed titmouse.

MAG, mag, _v.t._ (_slang_) to steal.--_n._ MAGS'MAN, a street swindler.

MAGAZINE, mag-a-z[=e]n', _n._ a storehouse: a place for military stores: the gunpowder-room in a ship: a pamphlet or small book published from time to time, containing compositions on various subjects.--_ns._ MAGAZINE'-GUN, or -R[=I]'FLE, a gun or rifle from which many shots can be fired one after another without reloading. [Fr. _magasin_--It. _magazzino_--Ar. _makhzan_, a storehouse.]

MAGDALEN, mag'da-len, _n._ a repentant prostitute.--Also MAG'DALENE. [From Mary _Magdalene_ (Luke, viii. 2), confused with the woman of Luke vii.


MAGDEBURG HEMISPHERES, mag'de-b[=oo]rg hem'i-sf[=e]rz, two hemispherical cups from within which, when placed together, the air can be removed by an air-pump to show the pressure of the air on the outside.

[Invented at _Magdeburg_ in Germany.]

MAGE, m[=a]j, _n._ a magician, enchanter (see MAGI).

MAGENTA, ma-jen'ta, _n._ a colour between pink and red. [From the battle of _Magenta_ in North Italy, 1859.]

MAGGOT, mag'ut, _n._ a worm or grub: a whim.--_adj._ MAGG'OTY, full of maggots. [W. _maceiad_, akin to _magiaid_, worms, _magu_, to breed.]

MAGI, m[=a]'j[=i], priests of the ancient Persians: the Wise Men of the East.--_adj._ M[=A]'GIAN, pertaining to the Magi.--_n._ one of the Magi.--_ns._ M[=A]'GIANISM, or M[=A]'GISM, the philosophy or doctrines of the Magi. [L.,--Gr. _magos_, orig. a title given to the wise men of Chaldea, astrologers and wizards.]

MAGIC, maj'ik, _n._ the pretended art of producing marvellous results by the aid of spirits, or of the secret forces of nature: enchantment: sorcery.--_adjs._ MAG'IC, -AL, pertaining to, used in, or done by magic: causing wonderful or startling results.--_adv._ MAG'ICALLY.--_ns._ MAGIC'IAN, one skilled in magic: a wizard: an enchanter; MAG'IC-LAN'TERN (see LANTERN).--MAGIC SQUARE, a square filled with rows of figures so arranged that the sums of all the rows will be the same, perpendicularly or horizontally--as 2, 7, 6; 9, 5, 1; 4, 3, 8, &c.; there are also MAGIC CIRCLES, CUBES, CYLINDERS, and SPHERES similarly arranged.--BLACK MAGIC, the black art, magic by means of union with evil spirits; NATURAL MAGIC, the art of working wonders by a superior knowledge of the powers of nature; WHITE MAGIC, magic without the aid of the devil. [O. Fr.

_magique_--L.,--Gr. See MAGI.]

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