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KOFF, kof, _n._ a small Dutch sailing-vessel.

KOFTGAR, koft'gar, _n._ one who inlays steel with gold.--_n._ KOFT'GARI, such work--sometimes KOFT'WORK. [Hind.]

KOHELETH, k[=o]-hel'eth, _n._ the Preacher, supposed to be applied to Solomon in Eccles. i. 12.

KOHL, k[=o]l, _n._ a fine powder of antimony used in the East for staining the eyes. [Ar.]

KOHLRABI, k[=o]l'r[=a]-bi, _n._ the turnip-cabbage. [Ger.,--It. _cavolo rapa_, cole-turnip.]

KOKRA, kok'ra, _n._ an Indian wood used for making flutes, &c.--Also _Cocus-wood_.

KOLA, k[=o]'la, _n._ an African tree whose nuts or seeds have stimulant properties: a name given to an aerated non-alcoholic beverage.

KOLINSKY, ko-lin'ski, _n._ the Siberian polecat or mink.

KONISCOPE, kon'i-sk[=o]p, _n._ an instrument for indicating the quantity of dust in the atmosphere. [Gr. _konis_, dust, _skopein_, to look.]

KONISTRA, k[=o]-nis'tra, _n._ the orchestra or dancing-place in the ancient Greek theatre, a circular area between the stage and the auditorium.

KOODOO, k[=oo]'d[=oo], _n._ an African antelope with long spiral horns.

KOORBASH, k[=oo]r'bash, _n._ a whip of hippopotamus or rhinoceros hide, used in Egypt and elsewhere.--Also KOURBASH. [Ar. _kurb[=a]j_.]

KOORD, k[=oo]rd, _n._ Same as KURD.

KOPECK, k[=o]'pek, _n._ Same as COPECK.

KOPJE, kop'ye, _n._ a flat-topped hill. [Dut. _kop_, a top.]

KORAN, k[=o]'ran, _n._ the Mohammedan Scriptures: Alcoran.--_adj._ KORAN'IC. [Ar. _qur[=a]n_, reading.]

KOSHER, k[=o]'sh[.e]r, _adj._ pure, clean, according to the Jewish ordinances--as of meat killed and prepared by Jews. [Heb., from _y[=a]shar_, to be right.]


KOTO, k[=o]'t[=o], _n._ a Japanese musical instrument consisting of an oblong box over which thirteen silk strings are stretched.

KOTOW, k[=o]-tow', _n._ the Chinese ceremony of prostration.--_v.i._ to perform that ceremony, to abase one's self.--Also KOWTOW'. [Chin.]

KOTYLISKOS, kot-i-lis'kos, _n._ a small Greek toilet-vase with a small foot.

KOUMISS, k[=oo]'mis, _n._ a Kalmuck intoxicating beverage made from the soured and fermented milk of mares--supposed to be good for pulmonary phthisis. [Russ.,--Tartar.]

KRAAL, kral, _n._ a Hottentot village or hut [Dut. _kraal_--Port.

_curral_--L. _curr[)e]re_.]

KRAKEN, kra'ken, _n._ a fabled sea-animal of enormous size. [Scand.]

KRANG, krang, _n._ the carcass of a whale after the blubber has been removed.--Also KRENG. [Dut.]

KRASIS, kr[=a]'sis, _n._ the act of adding a little water to the wine used for the Eucharist.--Also called _Mixture_. [Gr.]



KREMLIN, krem'lin, _n._ a citadel, specially that of Moscow. [Russ.


KREOSOTE, kr[=e]'o-s[=o]t, _n._ Same as CREOSOTE.

KREUTZER, kroit'z[.e]r, _n._ a small copper coin of Austria, 100 to the florin or gulden--formerly also in South Germany. [Ger. _kreuzer_--_kreuz_, a cross, because formerly stamped with a cross.]

K'RI, kr[=e], _n._ a marginal reading in the Hebrew Bible, proposed in substitution for a k'thibh, or reading in the text. The word signifies _read_, and was originally a marginal direction. [Heb.]

KRIEGSPIEL, kr[=e]g'sp[=e]l, _n._ the 'war-game' played with metal blocks on a map, to train officers in military manoeuvres. [Ger. _krieg_, war, _spiel_, game.]


KRISHNA, krish'na, _n._ a deity in later Hindu mythology.

KRUMMHORN, krum'horn, _n._ a medieval clarinet-like instrument: a reed-stop in the organ. [Ger. _krumm_.]

KRUPSIS, kr[=oo]p'sis, _n._ (_theol._) the doctrine that Christ, during His state of humiliation, continued to possess in a veiled way the divine attributes of omnipotence, omniscience, &c. [Gr., _kryptein_, to conceal.]

KRYOMETER, kr[=i]-om'e-t[.e]r, _n._ a thermometer for measuring very low temperatures. [Gr. _kryos_, cold, _metron_, a measure.]

KSAR (_Milt._), a former spelling of _Czar_.

KSHATRIYA, kshat'ri-ya, _n._ the second or military caste among the Brahmanic Hindus.

K'THIBH, kth[=e]v, _n._ a textual reading in the Hebrew Scriptures:--opp.

to _K'ri_. The word signifies _written_, and was originally a marginal note calling attention to the textual form in distinction from the k'ri. [Heb.]

KUDOS, k[=u]'dos, _n._ credit, fame, generally used jocularly. [Gr.]



KUKLUX, k[=u]'kluks, or KUKLUX KLAN, a secret organisation in several Southern states after the Civil War of 1861-65, to oppose Northern influence in the South, and to prevent the negroes from enjoying their rights as freemen--crushed by United States forces in 1869. [Gr. _kuklos_, a circle.]


KuMMEL, kum'el, _n._ a liqueur flavoured with cumin and caraway seeds.


KURD, k[=oo]rd, _n._ an inhabitant of _Kurdistan_, a region on the east of the upper course of the Tigris.

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