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KURSAAL, k[=oo]r'sal, _n._ the reception-room of a German spa. [Ger., lit.


KVASS, kvas, _n._ rye-beer. [Russ. _kvas[)u]_.]

KYANISE, k[=i]'an-[=i]z, _v.t._ to preserve from dry-rot by injecting corrosive sublimate into the pores of the wood. [From John H. _Kyan_ (1774-1830).]

KYANITE, k[=i]'a-n[=i]t, _n._ Same as CYANITE.

KYE, Ky, k[=i], Scotch form of the plural of _cow_. [See KINE.]

KYLIX, k[=i]'liks, _n._ a broad and shallow Greek drinking-vase.

KYLLOSIS, kil-l[=o]'sis, _n._ club-foot.

KYLOE, k[=i]'l[=o], _n._ one of the cattle of the Hebrides.

KYMOGRAPH, k[=i]'m[=o]-graf, _n._ an instrument for measuring the pressure of fluids, esp. of blood in a blood-vessel.--_adj._ KYMOGRAPH'IC. [Gr.

_kyma_, a wave, _graphein_, to write.]

KYRIE, kir'i-[=e], _n._ the _Kyrie eleson_='Lord have mercy,' including both the words and the music to which they are sung: one of the responses to the commandments in the Anglican ante-communion service.--KYRIE ELESON, a form of prayer which occurs in all the ancient Greek liturgies, and retained in the R.C. mass, following immediately after the introit. [Voc.

case of Gr. _kyrios_, lord.]

KYRIOLOGIC, -al, kir-i-o-loj'ik, -al, _adj._ denoting objects by alphabetical characters or conventional signs. [Gr. _kyrios_, literal, proper, _logos_, discourse.]

KYTHE, k[=i]_th_, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to make known.--_v.i._ to show one's self, to appear. [A.S. _cyan_, to make known. See UNCOUTH.]

L the twelfth letter in our alphabet, usually termed a liquid, but more correctly designated as a front palatal: (_chem._) the symbol for lithium: in Roman numerals, for 50, but [=L]=50,000.

LA, la, _interj._ lo! see! behold! ah! indeed!--_n._ (_mus._) in solmisation, the syllable used for the sixth tone of the scale. [A.S.


LAAGER, la'g[.e]r, _n._ in South African campaigning, a camp made by a ring of ox-wagons set close together, the spaces beneath being filled up with the baggage of the company.--_v.t._ to arrange in such a defensive enclosure. [Dut., a variant of _leger_, a camp.]


LABARUM, lab'a-rum, _n._ a Roman military standard adopted as the imperial standard after Constantine's conversion. It bore the Greek letters XP (Chr), joined in a monogram, to signify the name of Christ: a similar ecclesiastical banner borne in processions: any moral standard or guide.

[Late Gr. _labaron_, origin unknown. Some make bold to derive from Basque _labaria_, a standard.]


LABEFACTION, lab-e-fak'shun, _n._ a weakening decay--also LABEFACT[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ LAB'EFY, to impair. [L. _labefac[)e]re_, to shake.]

LABEL, l[=a]'bel, _n._ a small slip of writing affixed to anything to denote its contents, ownership, &c.: (_law_) a paper annexed to a will, as a codicil: (_her._) a fillet with pendants: (_archit._) the dripstone over a Gothic window or doorway arch.--_v.t._ to affix a label to: to describe by or on a label:--_pr.p._ l[=a]'belling; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ l[=a]'belled.

[O. Fr. _label_ (Fr. _lambeau_); perh. from Old High Ger. _lappa_ (Ger.


LABELLUM, la-bel'um, _n._ the lower petal of a flower, esp. an orchis. [L., dim. of _labium_, a lip.]

LABIAL, l[=a]'bi-al, _adj._ pertaining to the lips: formed by the lips.--_n._ a sound formed by the lips: a letter representing a sound formed either by both the lips, or by the upper lip and under teeth--_p_, _b_, _m_, _f_, _v_.--_v.t._ L[=A]'BIALISE.--_adv._ L[=A]' LABI[=A]'Tae, a natural order of gamopetalous plants, the mint family having four-cornered stems and opposite branches.--_adjs._ L[=A]'BIATE, -D (_bot._), having two unequal divisions, as in the monopetalous corolla of the mints.--_adj._ and _n._ LABIODEN'TAL, of a sound pronounced both by the lips and teeth: a letter representing such (_f_, _v_.).--_n._ L[=A]'BIUM, a lip or lip-like part:--_pl._ L[=A]'BIA. [Fr.,--L. _labium_, _labrum_, a lip.]

LABIS, l[=a]'bis, _n._ the cochlear or eucharistic spoon. [Late Gr. from _lambanein_, to take.]

LABORATORY, lab'or-a-tor-i, _n._ a chemist's workroom: a place where scientific experiments are systematically carried on: a place for the manufacture of arms and war material: a place where anything is prepared for use. [L. _labor[=a]re_--_labor_, work.]

LABOUR, l[=a]'bur, _n._ toil or exertion, esp. when fatiguing: work: pains: duties: a task requiring hard work: the pangs of childbirth.--_v.i._ to undergo labour: to work: to take pains: to be oppressed: to move slowly: to be in travail: (_naut._) to pitch and roll heavily.--_adj._ LAB[=O]'RIOUS, full of labour: toilsome: wearisome: devoted to labour: industrious.--_adv._ LAB[=O]'RIOUSLY.--_n._ LAB[=O]'RIOUSNESS.--_adj._ L[=A]'BOURED, bearing marks of labour or effort in the execution.--_ns._ L[=A]'BOURER, one who labours: one who does work requiring little skill; L[=A]'BOURIST, one who contends for the interests of workmen.--_adjs._ L[=A]'BOUR-SAV'ING, intended to supersede or lessen the labour of men; L[=A]'BOURSOME (_Shak._), made with labour and diligence.--LABOUR DAY, a legal holiday in some parts of the United States, as in New York (the first Monday in September); LABOUR MARKET, the supply of unemployed labour in relation to the demand for it; LABOUR OF LOVE, work undertaken merely as an act of friendliness, and without hope of emolument; LABOUR WITH, to take pains to convince.--HARD LABOUR, compulsory work imposed on certain criminals in addition to imprisonment. [O. Fr. _labour_, _labeur_--L.


LABRADORITE, lab'ra-d[=o]r-[=i]t, _n._ one of the group of the Feldspars, and a very important rock-forming mineral. [_Labrador_.]

LABRET, l[=a]'bret, _n._ a piece of bone, shell, &c. inserted into the lip by savages for ornament.--_adj._ L[=A]'BROSE, having thick lips.--_n._ L[=a]'brum, a lip or lip-like part:--_pl._ L[=A]'BRA. [L. _labrum_, _labium_, a lip.]

LABURNUM, la-bur'num, _n._ a small tree with large pendulous racemes of beautiful yellow flowers, a native of the Alps. [L.]

LABYRINTH, lab'i-rinth, _n._ a place full of inextricable windings: (_orig._) a building consisting of halls connected by intricate passages: an arrangement of tortuous passages in which it is difficult to find the way out: an inexplicable difficulty, a perplexity: (_anat._) the cavities of the internal ear.--_adjs._ LABYRINTH'AL, LABYRINTH'IAN, LABYRINTH'INE, pertaining to or like a labyrinth: winding: intricate: perplexing; LABYRINTH'IFORM, having the form of a labyrinth: intricate.--_n._ LABYRINTH'ODON, a race of extinct gigantic amphibians found in the Permian, Carboniferous, and Triassic strata, so called from the mazy pattern exhibited on a transverse section of the teeth of some genera. [Fr.

_labyrinthe_--L. _labyrinthus_--Gr. _labyrinthos_; akin to _laura_, a passage.]

LAC, lak, _n._ the term used in India for 100,000 rupees, the nominal value of which is 10,000.--Also LAKH. [Hind. _lak_--Sans. _laksha_, 100,000, a mark.]

LAC, lak, _n._ a dark-red transparent resin produced on the twigs of trees in the East by the lac insect, used in dyeing.--_adj._ LACCIC (lak'sik).--_ns._ LACCINE (lak'sin), a brittle, translucent, yellow substance, obtained from shell-lac; LAC'-DYE, LAC'-LAKE, scarlet colouring matters obtained from STICK'-LAC, the twigs, with attached resin, enclosed insects, and ova; SEED'-LAC, the granular portion remaining after removing the resin, triturating with water, and drying; SHELL'-LAC, SHEL'LAC, thin plates of resin prepared by melting the seed-lac in cotton-cloth bags, straining, and allowing it to drop on to sticks or leaves. [Pers.

_lak_--Sans. _laksha_, the lac insect--_ranj_, to dye.]

LACE, l[=a]s, _n._ a plaited string for fastening: an ornamental fabric of linen, cotton, silk, or gold and silver threads, made by looping, knotting, plaiting, or twisting the thread into definite patterns, of contrasted open and close structure; three distinct varieties are made, two by handiwork, known respectively as _Needle_ or _Point lace_ and _Pillow_ or _Bobbin Lace_, and one by machinery.--_v.t._ to fasten with a lace: to adorn with lace: to streak: to mark with the lash: to intermix, as coffee with brandy, &c.: to intertwine.--_v.i._ to be fastened with a lace.--_ns._ LACE'-BARK TREE, a lofty West Indies tree, the inner bark like coarse lace; LACE'-BOOT, a boot fastened by a lace.--_p.adj._ LACED, fastened or adorned with lace.--_ns._ LACE'-FRAME, a machine used in lace-making; LACE'-LEAF (see LATTICE-LEAF); LACE'-MAN, one who deals in lace; LACE'-MEND'ER, one who repairs lace; LACE'-P[=A]'PER, paper stamped or cut by hand with an open-work pattern like lace; LACE'-PILL'OW, a cushion on which many various kinds of lace are made, held on the knees.--_adj._ L[=A]'CY, like lace.--ALENcON LACE, a very fine point-lace, the most important made in France; APPLIQUe LACE, lace having sprigs or flowers sewed on net; BALLOON-NET LACE, a form of woven lace in which the freeing threads are peculiarly twisted about the warps; BRUSSELS LACE, an extremely fine lace with sprigs applied on a net ground; DUCHESSE LACE, a Belgian pillow-lace having beautiful designs with cord outlines, often in relief; GUIPURE LACE, any lace without a net ground, the pattern being held together by bars or brides; HONITON LACE, a lace made at _Honiton_ in Devonshire, remarkable for the beauty of its figures and sprigs; IMITATION LACE, any lace made by machinery; MECHLIN LACE, a lace with bobbin ground and designs outlined by thread or flat cord; SPANISH LACE, needle-point lace brought from Spanish convents since their dissolution--but probably of Flemish origin: cut and drawn work made in convents in Spain, of patterns usually confined to simple sprigs and flowers: a modern black-silk lace with large flower-patterns, mostly of Flemish make: a modern needle-point lace with large square designs; TAMBOUR LACE, a modern kind of lace made with needle-embroidery on machine-made net; TORCHON LACE, peasants' bobbin laces of loose texture and geometrical designs, much imitated by machinery; VALENCIENNES LACE, a fine bobbin lace having the design made with the ground and of the same thread. [O. Fr. _las_, a noose--L. _laqueus_, a noose.]

LACERATE, las'[.e]r-[=a]t, _v.t._ to tear: to rend: to wound: to afflict.--_adjs._ LAC'ERABLE, that may be lacerated; LAC'ERANT, harrowing; LAC'ERATE, -D, rent, torn: (_bot._) having the edges cut into irregular segments.--_n._ LACER[=A]'TION, act of lacerating: the rent made by tearing.--_adj._ LAC'ERATIVE, tearing: having power to tear. [L.

_lacer[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to tear--_lacer_, torn.]

LACERTA, la-s[.e]r'ta, _n._ a genus of saurian reptiles, the name properly restricted to slender, active lizards.--_n._ and _adj._ LACER'TIAN, an animal belonging to the genus Lacerta.--_n._ LACERTIL'IA, an order of reptiles, including the lizards proper, &c.--_adjs._ LACERTIL'IAN; LACERTIL'IOID; LACER'TINE. [L.]

LACHES, lash'[=e]z, _n._ (_law_) negligence or undue delay, such as to disentitle a person to a certain remedy, any negligence. [O. Fr.


LACHESIS, lak'e-sis, _n._ the one of the three Fates who assigned to each mortal his destiny--she spun the thread of life from the distaff held by Clotho. [Gr.]

LACHRYMAL, LACRYMAL, lak'ri-mal, _adj._ of or pertaining to tears, secreting tears, as in 'lachrymal duct,' the nasal duct, conveying tears from the eye to the nose.--_n._ one of the bones of the face, the _os unguis_, or nail-bone, in man.--_adj._ LACH'RYMARY, containing tears.--_n._ LACH'RYM[=A]TORY, a small slender glass vessel found in ancient sepulchres, apparently filled with the tears of mourners.--_adj._ LACH'RYMOSE, LAC'RYMOSE, shedding tears, or given to do so: lugubrious, mournful.--_adv._ LACH'RYMOSELY.--LACHRYMA CHRISTI, a wine of a sweet but piquant taste, produced from grapes grown on Mount Vesuvius, the best light red. [L. _lacryma_ (properly _lacrima_), a tear; Gr. _dakru_, Eng. _tear_.]

LACING, l[=a]s'ing, _n._ a fastening with a lace or cord through eyelet-holes: a cord used in fastening: in bookbinding, the cords by which the boards of a book are fastened to the back: in shipbuilding, the _knee of the head_, or _lace-piece_, a piece of compass or knee timber secured to the back of the figure-head: in mining, _lagging_, or cross-pieces of timber or iron placed to prevent ore from falling into a passage.

LACINIA, l[=a]-sin'i-a, _n._ a long incision in a leaf, &c.--also a narrow lobe resulting from such: in entomology, the apex of the maxilla.--_adjs._ LACIN'I[=A]TE, -D, cut into narrow lobes, fringed; LACIN'IFORM, fringe-like; LACIN'IOL[=A]TE, finely fringed. [L., a flap.]

LACK, lak, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to want: to be in want: to be destitute of: to miss.--_n._ want: destitution.--_ns._ LACK'-ALL, one who is destitute; LACK'-BRAIN (_Shak._), a fool.--_adjs._ LACK'-LIN'EN (_Shak._), wanting linen; LACK'-LUS'TRE, wanting brightness.--_n._ a want of brightness. [From an old Low Ger. root found in Dut. _lak_, blemish; cf. Ice. _lakr_, defective.]

LACKADAISICAL, lak-a-d[=a]'zi-kal, _adj._ affectedly pensive, sentimental.--_interj._ LACK'ADAISY=LACK-A-DAY. [_Alack-a-day_. See ALACK.]

LACK-A-DAY, lak-a-d[=a]', _interj._ See ALACK-A-DAY.


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