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KID, kid, _n._ a fagot, a bundle of sticks. [Prob. W. _cidys_, fagots.]

KID, kid, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_slang_) to hoax--also KID'DY.--_n._ a deception. [Perh. conn. with _kid_, a child.]

KIDDER, kid'er, _n._ a forestaller, huckster.

KIDDERMINSTER, kid'[.e]r-min-st[.e]r, _n._ a kind of carpet (_two-ply_ or _ingrain carpet_), from the town.

KIDDLE, kid'l, _n._ a stake-fence set in a stream for catching fish.--Also KID'EL, KETT'LE. [O. Fr. _quidel_; prob. Bret. _kidel_.]

KIDNAP, kid'nap, _v.t._ to steal, as a human being:--_pr.p._ kid'napping; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ kid'napped.--_n._ KID'NAPPER. [Vulgar _kid_ (old thieves' cant, _kinchin_--Ger. _kindchen_), a child, and vulgar _nab_, to steal.]

KIDNEY, kid'ni, _n._ one of two flattened glands, on each side of the loins, which secrete the urine: temperament, humour, disposition--hence, sort or kind, as in 'of the same kidney,' &c.--_ns._ KID'NEY-BEAN, a kind of bean shaped like a kidney; KID'NEY-POT[=A]'TO, one of various kidney-shaped varieties of the common potato; KID'NEY-VETCH, a genus of leguminous plants, the only British species being called Lady's Fingers; KID'NEY-WORT, a plant of the genus Saxifrage. [M. E. _kidnere_--Ice.

_kvir_, the womb, the belly, Ice. _nra_ (Ger. _niere_, a kidney).]

KIE-KIE, k[=i]'k[=i], _n._ a New Zealand high-climbing shrub.

KIESELGUHR, k[=e]'zl-g[=u]r, _n._ the mineral remains of a species of algae, used in the manufacture of dynamite. [Ger.,--_kiesel_, flint, _guhr_, fermentation.]

KIKUMON, kik'[=oo]-mon, _n._ a badge or crest of the imperial family of Japan, consisting of an open chrysanthemum flower.

KILDERKIN, kil'd[.e]r-kin, _n._ a small barrel: a liquid measure of 18 gallons. [Old Dut. _kindeken_, _kinneken_ (Scot. _kinken_), dim. of Dut.

_kind_, a child.]

KILERG, kil'erg, _n._ a thousand ergs.

KILEY, k[=i]'le, _n._ a boomerang.--Also KY'LEY.

KILL, kil, _v.t._ to put to death, to slay: to nullify or neutralise, to weaken or dilute, to render inactive: to reject, discard: to fascinate, overcome.--_n._ the act of killing, as game.--_ns._ KILL'-COURT'ESY (_Shak._), a discourteous, boorish person; KILL'-CROP, a changeling; KILL'ER, one who kills, a slaughterer or butcher: a club for killing fish: a ferocious delphinid which sometimes attacks the whale.--_p.adj._ KILL'ING, depriving of life: destructive: deadly, irresistible: completely fascinating.--_n._ and _adj._ KILL'JOY, a mar-sport, austere.--KILL BY INCHES, by gradual means, as by torture; KILL OFF, to exterminate; KILL TIME, to consume spare time, as with amusements, &c.; KILL TWO BIRDS WITH ONE STONE, to effect one thing by the way, or by the same means with which another thing is done; KILL UP (_Shak._), to exterminate.--KILLING TIMES, the days of the persecution of the Covenanters.--DO A THING TO KILL, in an irresistible manner. [M. E. _killen_ or _cullen_--Ice. _kolla_, to hit on the head--_kollr_, the head; not a doublet of _quell_.]

KILLADAR, kil'a-dar, _n._ the commandant of a fort or garrison. [Hind.]

KILLAS, kil'as, _n._ clay slate, in Cornwall.

KILLDEE, kil'd[=e], _n._ the largest variety of North American ring-plover.


KILLOCK, kil'ok, _n._ a small anchor, the fluke of such.

KILLOGIE, ki-l[=o]'gi, _n._ (_Scot._) the furnace of a kiln.

KILLUT, kil'ut, _n._ in India, a robe of honour given: any ceremonial present.--Also KELL'AUT.

KILMARNOCK, kil-mar'nok, _n._ a kind of closely woven broad bonnet, having a peak of the same material at the top, originally made at _Kilmarnock_.--KILMARNOCK COWL, a kind of nightcap.

KILN, kil, _n._ a large oven in which corn, bricks, hops, &c. are dried: bricks placed for burning.--_v.t._ KILN'-DRY, to dry in a kiln.--_n._ KILN'-HOLE, the mouth of a kiln. [A.S. _cyln_ (Ice. _kylna_, a drying-house for corn)--L. _culina_, a kitchen.]

KILOGRAMME, kil'o-gram, _n._ a French measure of weight, equal to 1000 grammes, or 2-1/5 lb. avoirdupois. [Gr. _chilioi_, 1000, _gramma_, a weight.]

KILOLITRE, kil'o-l[=e]-tr, _n._ 1000 litres.

KILOMETRE, kil'o-m[=e]-tr, _n._ a French measure, being 1000 metres, or nearly 5/8 of a mile. [Fr.,--Gr. _chilioi_, 1000, _metron_, a measure.]

KILT, kilt, _n._ a kind of short petticoat or plaited skirt, forming part of the Highland dress.--_v.t._ (_Scot._) to truss up.--_adj._ KILT'ED, dressed in a kilt.--_n._ KILT'IE, one wearing a kilt, a soldier in a Highland regiment. [Northern Eng. _kilt_, to tuck up, from Dan. _kilte_, to tuck up: cf. Ice. _kilting_, a skirt.]

KILT, kilt, (_Spens._) _pa.p._ of kill.

KILTER, kil't[.e]r, _n._ order, proper condition--in phrase, 'out of kilter.'--Also KEL'TER.

KIMBO, kim'bo, _n._ Same as AKIMBO.

KIMONO, ki-m[=o]'n[=o], _n._ a loose robe, fastening with a sash, the principal outer garment in Japan.

KIN, kin, _n._ persons of the same family: relatives: relationship: affinity.--_adj._ related.--_adj._ KIN'LESS, without relations.--NEXT OF KIN, the relatives (lineal or collateral) of a deceased person, among whom his personal property is distributed if he dies intestate; Of kin, of the same kin. [A.S. _cynn_; Ice. _kyn_, Goth. _kuni_, family, race; cog. with L. _genus_, Gr. _genos_.]

KINCHIN, kin'chin, _n._ a child in thieves' slang.--_n._ KIN'CHIN-MORT, a child, generally a girl.--KINCHIN LAY, the robbing of children. [Cf.


KINCOB, kin'kob, _n._ a rich silk-stuff made in India.

KIND, k[=i]nd, _n._ those of kin, a race: sort or species, a particular variety: nature: style, method of action, character: produce, as distinguished from money.--_adj._ having the feelings natural for those of the same family: disposed to do good to others: benevolent.--_adj._ KIND'-HEART'ED.--_n._ KIND'-HEART'EDNESS.--_adj._ KIND'LESS (_Shak._), destitute of kindness, unnatural.--_n._ KIND'NESS.--_adj._ KIND'-SPOK'EN, spoken kindly: given to speaking kindly.--KIND OF (_coll._), somewhat, to some extent--used adverbially with adjectives and even verbs.--DO ONE'S KIND (_Shak._), to act according to one's nature; IN A KIND, in a way, to some extent; IN KIND, payment in goods instead of money. [A.S.

_cynde_--_cynn_, kin.]

KIND, kind, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to beget. [From _kin_.]

KINDERGARTEN, kin'd[.e]r-gar'tn, _n._ an infant school on Froebel's principle (1826), in which object-lessons and games figure largely.--_n._ KINDERGART'NER, a teacher in a kindergarten. [Ger. _kinder_, children, _garten_, garden.]

KINDLE, kin'dl, _v.t._ to set fire to: to light: to inflame, as the passions: to provoke: to excite to action.--_v.i._ to take fire: to begin to be excited: to be roused.--_ns._ KIN'DLER; KIN'DLING, the act of causing to burn: the materials for commencing a fire. [Ice. _kyndyll_, a torch--L.

_candela_, candle.]

KINDLE, kin'dl, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to bring forth (young). [M. E.

_kindlen_--_kinde_, kind.]

KINDLY, k[=i]nd'li, _adj._ natural: benevolent: (_orig._) belonging to the kind or race.--_n._ KIND'LINESS.--_adv._ KIND'LY.--_adj._ KIND'LY-N[=A]'TURED.--KINDLY TENANT (_Scot._), a tenant of the same stock as his landlord, or who held his lands in succession, from father to son, for several generations.

KINDRED, kin'dred, _n._ relationship by blood, less properly, by marriage: relatives: (_pl._, _B._) families.--_adj._ related: congenial. [M. E.

_kinrede_--A.S. _cynn_, kin, and the suffix _-raeden_, expressing mode or state.]

KINE, k[=i]n, (_B._) cows. [M. E. _ky-en_, a doubled plural of A.S.

_cu_, a cow, the plural of which is _c_; cf. Scotch _kye_.]

KINEMATICS, kin-e-mat'iks, _n._ the science which treats of motion without reference to force.--_adjs._ KINEMAT'IC, -AL. [Gr. _kin[=e]ma_, _-atos_, motion--_kinein_, to move.]

KINEMATOGRAPH, kin-e-mat'o-graf, _n._ an arrangement by which a numerous series of photographs, taken at rapid intervals, and representing some moving scene, is shown on a screen at the same rapid rate at which they were taken, giving a moving representation of the original scene--less correct but more common form, CINEMAT'OGRAPH (sin-). [Gr. _kin[=e]ma_, _kin[=e]matos_, motion, _graphein_, to write.]

KINESIPATHY, kin-[=e]-sip'a-thi, _n._ a mode of treating disease by muscular movements, movement-cure---also KINESITHER'APY.--_adjs._ KINESIAT'RIC, KINESIPATH'IC.--_n._ KINESIP'ATHIST.

KINETICS, ki-net'iks, _n._ the science which treats of the action of force in producing or changing motion.--_adjs._ KINET'IC, -AL.--_ns._ KINET'OGRAPH, a device by which a series of photographs of a moving object can be thrown on a screen so as to imitate the motion of the original; KINET'OSCOPE, an instrument for illustrating the production of kinematic curves by the combination of circular movements of different radii. [Gr.

_kin[=e]tikos_--_kinein_, to move.]

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