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KING, king, _n._ the chief ruler of a nation: a monarch: a playing-card having the picture of a king: the most important piece in chess: a crowned man in draughts: one who is pre-eminent among his fellows:--_fem._ QUEEN.--_v.t._ to play king.--_ns._ KING'-AT-ARMS, or KING'-OF-ARMS, a chief officer of the Heralds' Colleges, whose designations are, for England, Norroy, Clarencieux, and Garter; for Scotland, Lyon; and for Ireland, Ulster; KING'-BIRD, an American tyrant fly-catcher; KING'CRAB, the chief or largest of the crab genus, most common in the Molucca Islands; KING'CRAFT, the art of governing, mostly in a bad sense; KING'CUP, the buttercup or upright meadow crowfoot; KING'DOM, the state or attributes of a king: the territory of a king: government: a region: one of the three grand divisions of Natural History, as the animal, vegetable, or mineral.--_adj._ KING'DOMED (_Shak._), endowed with kingly power, proud.--_ns._ KING'FISHER, a bird with very brilliant plumage, feeding on fish, the halcyon; KING'HOOD, kingship: kingliness.--_adj._ KING'LESS.--_ns._ KING'LET, KING'LING, a little or petty king: the golden-crested wren.--_ns._ KING'LIHOOD, KING'LINESS.--_adj._ KING'-LIKE.--_adj._ KING'LY, belonging or suitable to a king: royal: noble--also _adv._--_ns._ KING'-MAK'ER, one who has the creating of kings in his power; KING'POST, a perpendicular beam in the frame of a roof rising from the tie-beam to the ridge; KING'S'-CUSH'ION, a seat formed by two people's hands; KING'S'-[=E]'VIL, a scrofulous disease or evil formerly supposed to be healed by the touch of the king; KING'SHIP, the state, office, or dignity of a king; KING'S'-HOOD, the second stomach of a ruminant, sometimes humorously for the human stomach; KING'S'-SPEAR, a plant of the genus Asphodel; KING'S'-YELL'OW, arsenic trisulphide or orpiment; KING'-VUL'TURE, a large tropical brilliantly-coloured American vulture; KING'WOOD, a beautiful Brazilian wood--also _Violet-wood_.--KING CHARLES SPANIEL (see SPANIEL); KING LOG, a do-nothing king, as opp. to KING STORK, one who devours his frog-subjects--from aesop's fable; KING MOB, the vulgar multitude; KING OF BEASTS, the lion; KING OF METALS, gold; KING OF TERRORS, death; KING OF THE FOREST, the oak; KING'S BENCH, the bench or seat of the king: one of the high courts of law, so called because the king used to sit there, called _Queen's_ Bench during a queen's reign; KING'S COUNSEL an honorary rank of barristers; KING'S EVIDENCE, a criminal allowed to become a witness against an accomplice.--KINGDOM COME (_slang_), the state after death.--THREE KINGS OF COLOGNE, the three Wise Men of the East, Gaspar, Melchior, and Balthazar. [A.S. _cyning_--_cyn_, a tribe, with suffix _-kin_; cog. with _kin_.]

KINIC, kin'ik, _adj._ pertaining to cinchona, cinchonic.

KINK, kingk, _n._ a twist in a string, rope, &c.--also KINK'LE.--_v.i._ and _v.t._ to twist.--_adj._ KINK'Y, full of kinks: woolly: crotchety. [Scand.; Sw. and Norw. _kink_.]

KINK, kingk, _v.i._ to cough loudly, gasp for breath.--_n._ a convulsive cough or gasp.--_n._ KINK'COUGH, whooping-cough, chincough (q.v.).

KINKAJOU, kin'ka-j[=oo], _n._ a South American quadruped allied to the raccoon.

KINO, k[=e]'no, _n._ an astringent vegetable exudation resembling catechu.

[East Indian.]

KINSFOLK, kinz'f[=o]k, _n._ folk or people kindred or related to one another.--_ns._ KIN'SHIP, relationship; KINS'MAN, a man of the same kin or race with another:--_fem._ KINS'WOMAN.

KIOSK, ki-osk', _n._ an Eastern garden pavilion: a small shop like a sentry-box for the sale of papers, &c. [Turk.,--Pers. _kushk_.]

KIP, kip, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to play truant.

KIP, kip, _n._ the skin of a young animal.--_n._ KIP'SKIN, leather made from the skin of young cattle, intermediate between calf-skin and cow-hide.

KIP, kip, _n._ a level or slight incline at the end of an underground way, on which the tubs of coal stand till hoisted up the shaft.

KIP, kip, _n._ a house of ill-fame.--Also KIP'SHOP.

KIPE, k[=i]p, _n._ (_prov._) an osier basket for catching pike.

KIPPAGE, kip'[=a]j, _n._ (_Scot._) a fit of temper, a rage.

KIPPER, kip'[.e]r, _n._ a male salmon after the spawning season: a salmon split open, seasoned, and dried.--_v.t._ to cure or preserve, as a salmon or haddock. [Dut. _kippen_, to seize; Norw. _kippa_.]

KIRBEH, kir'be, _n._ a skin for holding water. [Ar.]

KIRIMON, k[=e]'ri-mon, _n._ one of the two imperial crests of Japan, bearing three leaves and three flowers of paulownia.

KIRK, k[.e]rk, _n._ in Scotland, a church--sometimes 'the Kirk' means the Established Church specially.--_ns._ KIRK'IN, the first attendance of a pair after marriage, of a magistrate after election; KIRK'-SESS'ION, the lowest court in Presbyterian churches, being the governing body of a particular congregation; KIRK'TON (_Scot._), the village in which the parish church stands; KIRK'YARD, a graveyard.--AULD KIRK, the Established Church in Scotland--by association of ideas, (_coll._) the whisky bottle, whisky. [A Northern Eng. form of _church_.]

KIRSCHWASSER, k[=e]rsh'vas-ser, _n._ a liqueur made from the wild cherry.

[Ger., 'cherry water.']

KIRTLE, k[.e]r'tl, _n._ a sort of gown or outer petticoat: a mantle.--_adj._ KIR'TLED. [A.S. _cyrtel_; Dan. _kiortel_; Ice. _kyrtill_: perh. conn. with _skirt_ and _shirt_.]

KISMET, kis'met, _n._ fate, destiny. [Turk. _qismet_.]

KISS, kis, _v.t._ to press one's lips to in affection or reverence: to treat with fondness: to touch gently: to collide (of two billiard-balls).--_v.i._ to salute with the lips.--_n._ a salute with the lips.--_ns._ KISS'-CURL, a small curl at the side of the forehead; KISS'ER; KISS'ING-COM'FIT, a perfumed comfit for sweetening the breath; KISS'ING-CRUST, that part of the upper crust of the loaf which, while baking, overhangs the edge and touches KISS'ING-STRINGS, cap or bonnet strings tied under the chin.--_n._ KISS'-ME, the wild form of _Viola tricolor_, the pansy: a short veil: a small bonnet--also KISS'-ME-QUICK.--KISS HANDS, to kiss the sovereign's hands on a minister's acceptance of office; KISS OF PEACE, a kiss of greeting exchanged between the members of the early Church, a shadow of which survives in the kissing of the pax at high mass; KISS THE BOOK, to kiss a copy of the New Testament, in England, after taking a legal oath; KISS THE DUST, to be felled to the ground, to be slain or vanquished; KISS THE GUNNER'S DAUGHTER, to get a flogging, tied to the breech of a cannon; KISS THE ROD, to submit to punishment. [A.S. _cyssan_, to kiss--_coss_, a kiss; Ger.

_kussen_, Dan. _kys_; allied to _choose_ and _gust_.]

KIST, kist, _n._ (_Scot._) a chest.--KIST O' WHISTLES, an organ. [A.S.


KISTVAEN, kist'v[=a]-en, _n._ a burial-chamber made of flat stones, and shaped like a chest. [W. _cist_, chest, _maen_, stone.]

KIT, kit, _n._ a small wooden tub: the outfit of necessaries of a soldier, sailor, or mechanic. [Old Dut. _kitte_, a hooped beer-can.]

KIT, kit, a small pocket violin. [Contracted from A.S. _cytere_--L.

_cythara_, a _guitar_.]

KIT, kit, _n._ a contraction of kitten.--_n._ KIT'-CAT, a game played with sticks and a small piece of wood called a cat.

KIT, kit, _n._ a family, in phrase 'the whole kit.' [_Kith_.]

KITCAT, kit'kat, _n._ the name of a Whig London literary club, which existed from 1700 to about 1720, meeting for some time in the house of a pastry-cook named Christopher _Katt_: a portrait 36 by 28 inches in size, so called from the portraits of the _Kitcat_ Club painted by Sir G.


KITCHEN, kich'en, _n._ a room where food is cooked: a utensil with a stove for dressing food, &c.: anything eaten as a relish with bread, potatoes, &c.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to regale in the cook-room: to serve as relish to food, to make palatable, to use sparingly, as one would a relish--to make it last.--_ns._ KITCH'ENDOM, the domain of the kitchen; KITCH'ENER, a person employed in the kitchen: a cooking-stove; KITCH'EN-FEE, the fat which falls from meat in roasting; KITCH'EN-GAR'DEN, a garden where vegetables are cultivated for the kitchen; KITCH'EN-KNAVE, a scullion; KITCH'EN-MAID, a maid or servant whose work is in the kitchen; KITCH'EN-MID'DEN (Dan. _kjokkenmodding_), a prehistoric rubbish-heap in Denmark, the north of Scotland, &c.; KITCH'EN-PHYS'IC, substantial fare (_Milt._); KITCH'EN-RANGE, a kitchen grate with oven, boiler, &c. attached, for cooking; KITCH'EN-STUFF, material used in kitchens: kitchen refuse, esp. fat from pots, &c.; KITCH'EN-WENCH, a kitchen-maid. [A.S. _cicen_; Ger. _kuche_, Fr. _cuisine_, all from L. _coquina_--_coqu[)e]re_, to cook.]

KITE, k[=i]t, _n._ a rapacious bird of the hawk kind: a rapacious person: a light frame covered with paper for flying in the air, attached to a long cord, by means of which it is steered: a light and lofty sail: an accommodation bill, esp. a mere paper credit.--_n._ KITE'-FLY'ING, the dealing in fictitious accommodation paper to raise money. [A.S. _cta_; cf.

W. _cud_, Bret. _kidel_, a hawk.]

KITE, k[=i]t, _n._ (_Scot._) the belly.--Also KYTE. [A.S. _cwith_, the womb.]

KITH, kith, _n._ kindred, acquaintance, obsolete except in the phrase KITH AND KIN, acquaintances and relatives. [A.S. _cu_--_cunnan_, to know.]

KITTEN, kit'n, _n._ a young cat.--_v.i._ to bring forth young cats.--_n._ (_Scot._) KIT'LING.--_adj._ KITT'ENISH, frolicsome.--_v.i._ KITT'LE (_Scot._), to bring forth kittens. [M. E. _kitoun_, dim. of _cat_.]

KITTIWAKE, kit'i-w[=a]k, _n._ a species of gull with long wings and rudimentary hind-toe. [Imit.]

KITTLE, kit'l, _adj._ (_Scot._) ticklish, intractable.--_v.t._ (_Scot._) to tickle.--_adj._ KITT'LY, easily tickled, sensitive.--_n._ KITT'LY-BEND'ERS (_Amer._), running on thin bending ice.

KIWI, k[=e]'wi, _n._ a bird of the genus Apteryx found in New Zealand.

KLANG, klang, _n._ (_mus._) a complex tone, composed of fundamental and harmonics, as opposed to a simple tone. [Ger.]

KLEPHT, kleft, _n._ a Greek or Albanian brigand. [Gr., from _kleptein_, to steal.]

KLEPTOMANIA, klep-to-m[=a]'ni-a, _n._ a mania for stealing: a morbid impulse to secrete things.--_n._ KLEPTOM[=A]'NIAC. [Gr. _kleptein_ to steal, _mania_, madness.]


KLIPDAS, klip'das, _n._ the rock badger.

KLIPSPRINGER, klip'spring-[.e]r, _n._ a small South African antelope.

KLOOF, kl[=oo]f, _n._ a mountain cleft. [S. African Dutch.]

KNACK, nak, _n._ a petty contrivance: a toy: a nice trick: dexterity, adroitness.--_n._ KNACK'INESS.--_adjs._ KNACK'ISH, KNACK'Y, cunning, crafty. [Orig. imit.; cf. Gael. _cnac_, Dut. _knak_, a crack, Ger.

_knacken_, to crack.]

KNACKER, nak'[.e]r, _n._ anything that knocks: (_pl._) castanets or clappers, bones.

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