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JUNKER, y[=oo]ng'k[.e]r, _n._ a young German noble or squire.--_n._ JUNK'ERISM, the narrow political and social ideas of the aristocratic party in Prussia called _Junkers_.

JUNKET, jung'ket, _n._ any sweetmeat or delicacy: curds mixed with cream, sweetened and flavoured: a feast or merrymaking, a picnic, a spree.--_v.i._ to feast, banquet, take part in a convivial entertainment or spree.--_v.t._ to feast, regale, entertain:--_pr.p._ junketing; _pa.p._ jun'keted.--_n._ JUNK'ETING, a merry feast or entertainment, picnicking. [It. _guincata_--L.

_juncus_, a rush.]

JUNO, j[=oo]'n[=o], _n._ in Roman mythology, the wife of Jupiter, parallel with the Greek Hera, regarded as the special protectress of marriage and the guardian of woman from birth to death: a queenly woman.--_adj._ JUN[=O]'NIAN.

JUNTA, jun'ta, _n._ a meeting, council: a Spanish grand council of state.

[Sp.,--L. _jung[)e]re_, to join.]

JUNTO, jun't[=o], _n._ a body of men joined or united for some secret intrigue: a confederacy: a cabal or faction:--_pl._ JUN'TOS. [Sp. _junta_.]

JUPATI-PALM, j[=oo]'pa-t[=e]-pam, _n._ a South American palm yielding the raphia-fibre.

JUPITER, j[=oo]'pi-t[.e]r, _n._ the chief god among the Romans, the parallel of the Greek Zeus--also JOVE: the largest and, next to Venus, the brightest of the planets.--JUPITER'S BEARD, the house-leek. [L., Gr. _Zeus pat[=e]r_, Sans. _Dyaus pitar_, lit. 'Jove (Zeus) father.']

JUPON, j[=oo]'-pon, _n._ a sleeveless jacket or close-fitting coat, extending down over the hips: a petticoat.--_n._ JUPETTE', a jupon with very short skirt. [Fr. _jupon_, _jupe_, a petticoat.]

JURAL, j[=oo]'ral, _adj._ pertaining to natural or positive right.--_adv._ JU'RALLY.

JURASSIC, j[=oo]-ras'sik, _adj._ (_geol._) one of the three divisions of the Mesozoic rocks, including the Lias and Oolites, and so called from its well-developed strata in the _Jura_ Mountains.

JURAT, j[=oo]'rat, _n._ the official memorandum at the end of an affidavit, showing the time when and the person before whom it was sworn.

JURAT, j[=oo]'rat, _n._ a sworn officer, as a magistrate.

JURANT, j[=oo]'rant, _adj._ taking an oath.--_n._ one who takes an oath.--_adj._ JU'RATORY, pertaining to an oath.

JURIDICAL, j[=oo]-rid'ik-al, _adj._ relating to the distribution of justice: pertaining to a judge: used in courts of law.--_adv._ JURID'ICALLY. [L. _juridicus_--_jus_, _juris_, law, _dicere_[typo: _dic[)e]re_], to declare.]

JURISCONSULT, j[=oo]-ris-kon'sult, _n._ one who is consulted on the law: a lawyer who gives opinions on cases put to him: a jurist. [L. _jus_, _juris_, law, _consultus_--_consultere_, to consult.]

JURISDICTION, j[=oo]-ris-dik'shun, _n._ the distribution of justice: legal authority: extent of power: district over which any authority extends.--_adjs._ JURISDIC'TIONAL, JURISDIC'TIVE. [Fr.,--L. _jurisdictio_.]

JURISPRUDENCE, j[=oo]-ris-pr[=oo]'dens, _n._ the science or knowledge of law.--_adj._ JURISPRU'DENT, learned in law.--_n._ one who is learned in law.--_adj._ JURISPRUDEN'TIAL.--MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE, forensic medicine (see FORENSIC). [Fr.--L., _jurisprudentia_--_jus_, _juris_, law, _prudentia_, knowledge.]

JURIST, j[=oo]'rist, _n._ one who is versed in the science of law, esp.

Roman or civil law: a civilian.--_adjs._ JURIST'IC, -AL.--_adv._ JURIST'ICALLY. [Fr. _juriste_.]

JURY, j[=oo]'ri, _n._ a body of not less than twelve men, selected and sworn, as prescribed by law, to declare the truth on evidence before them: a committee for deciding prizes at a public exhibition.--_ns._ JU'ROR, one who serves on a jury--also JU'RYMAN; JU'RY-BOX, the place in which the jury sit during a trial.--JURY OF MATRONS, a jury of 'discreet' women impanelled to try a question of pregnancy, as where a widow alleges herself to be with child by her late husband, or a woman sentenced to death, to stay execution, pleads that she is with child. [Fr. _jure_, sworn--_jurer_--L.

_jur[=a]re_, to swear.]

JURYMAST, j[=oo]'ri-mast, _n._ a temporary mast raised instead of one lost.--_adj._ JU'RY-RIGGED, rigged in a temporary way.--_n._ JU'RY-RUDD'ER, a temporary rudder for one lost. [Not _injury-mast_, but O. Fr. _ajurie_, aid--L. _adjut[=a]re_, to aid.]

JUS, jus, _n._ law right.--JUS CIVILE, the civil law; JUS DIVINUM, the divine right of kings; JUS GENTIUM, law of nations; JUS MARITI, the right of a husband; JUS NATURALE, the law of nature, the common sense of justice; JUS PRIMae NOCTIS, the alleged right of a feudal superior to deflower a young bride.

JUSSIVE, jus'iv, _adj._ expressing command.--_n._ a grammatical form or construction expressing commands.

JUST, just, _n._ a tilt. Same as JOUST.

JUST, just, _adv._ lawful: upright: exact: regular: true: righteous.--_adv._ precisely, almost exactly, very lately, (_coll._) quite, barely.--_adv._ JUST'LY, in a just manner: equitably: uprightly: accurately: by right.--_n._ JUST'NESS, equity: propriety: exactness.

[Fr.,--L. _justus_--_jus_, law.]

JUSTICE, jus'tis, _n._ quality of being just: integrity: impartiality: desert: retribution: a judge: a magistrate.--_ns._ JUS'TICESHIP, office or dignity of a justice or judge; JUSTIC'IARY, JUSTIC'IAR, an administrator of justice: a chief-justice.--JUSTICE OF THE PEACE (abb. J.P.), an inferior magistrate; JUSTICES' JUSTICE, a term sarcastically applied to the kind of justice sometimes administered by the unpaid and amateur magistracy of England.--LORD CHIEF-JUSTICE, the chief judge of the King's (or Queen's) Bench Division of the High Court of Justice; LORD JUSTICE-CLERK, the Scottish judge ranking next to the Lord-Justice-general, presiding over the Outer House or Second Division of the Court of Session, vice-president of the High Court of Justiciary; LORD JUSTICE-GENERAL, the highest judge in Scotland, called also the Lord President of the Court of Session.--HIGH COURT OF JUSTICIARY, the supreme criminal court of justice in Scotland.

[Fr.,--L. _justitia_.]

JUSTIFY, jus'ti-f[=i], _v.t._ to make just: to prove or show to be just or right: to vindicate: to absolve:--_pr.p._ jus'tifying; _pa.p._ jus'tified.--_adj._ JUSTIF[=I]'ABLE, that may be justified or defended.--_n._ JUSTIF[=I]'ABLENESS.--_adv._ JUSTIF[=I]'ABLY.--_n._ JUSTIFIC[=A]'TION, vindication: absolution: a plea of sufficient reason for.--_adjs._ JUS'TIFIC[=A]TIVE, JUS'TIFIC[=A]TORY, having power to justify.--_n._ JUS'TIFIER, one who defends, or vindicates: he who pardons and absolves from guilt and punishment.--JUSTIFICATION BY FAITH, the doctrine that men are justified by faith in Christ. [Fr.,--L.

_justific[=a]re_--_justus_, just, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

JUSTLE, jus'l, _v.t._ Same as JOSTLE.

JUT, jut, _v.i._ to project:--_pr.p._ jut'ting; _pa.p._ jut'ted.--_adv._ JUT'TINGLY, projectingly.--_n._ JUT'-WIN'DOW, a projecting window. [A form of _jet_.]

JUTE, j[=oo]t, _n._ the fibre of an Indian plant resembling hemp, used in the manufacture of coarse bags, mats, &c. [Orissa _jhot_, Sans. _jhat_.]

JUTTY, jut'i, _n._ a projecting part of a building: a pier, a jetty.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ (_Shak._) to jut. [_Jut_.]

JUVENAL, j[=oo]'ve-nal, _n._ (_Shak._) a youth. [L.]

JUVENESCENT, j[=oo]-ven-es'ent, _adj._ becoming young.--_n._ JUVENESC'ENCE.

[L. _juvenesc[)e]re_, to grow young.]

JUVENILE, j[=oo]'ve-n[=i]l, or -nil, _adj._ young: pertaining or suited to youth: puerile.--_n._ a young person: a book written for such: an actor who plays youthful parts.--_ns._ JU'VENILENESS, JUVENIL'ITY. [Fr.,--L.

_juvenilis_--_juvenis_, young.]

JUXTAPOSITION, juks-ta-p[=o]-zish'un, _n._ a placing or being placed near: contiguity.--_v.t_. JUXTAPOSE', to place side by side. [L. _juxta_, near, and _position_.]

JYMOLD, j[=i]'mold, _adj._ (_Shak._). Same as GIMMAL.

K the eleventh letter in our alphabet, its sound that of the sharp guttural mute, formed by raising the tongue to the back of the palate: (_chem._) the symbol for potassium: (_math._) generally a constant coefficient: also a unit vector perpendicular to _i_ and _j_: as a medieval numeral, 250.

KAABA, ka'ba, or k[=a]'a-ba, _n._ Same as CAABA (q.v.).

KABALA, kab'a-la, _n._ Same as CABALA.

KABYLE, ka-b[=i]l', _n._ one of a branch of the great Berber race of North Africa: a dialect of Berber spoken by many of the Kabyles. [Fr.,--Ar.

_Qab[=a]il_, pl. of _qab[=i]la_, a tribe.]

KADDISH, kad'ish, _n._ a Jewish form of thanksgiving and prayer, used at funerals, &c. [Heb.]

KADI, k[=a]'di, _n._ Same as CADI.

KAE, k[=a], _n._ (_Scot._) a jackdaw.--Also KA.

KAFFIYEH, kaf'i-ye, _n._ a small shawl worn about the head in Syria.

KAFILA, kaf'i-la, _n._ a camel train, caravan.

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