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CULEX, k[=u]'leks, _n._ the typical genus of _Culicidae_ or gnats--_adj._ CULIC'IFORM, gnat-like. [L.]

CULINARY, k[=u]'lin-ar-i, _adj._ pertaining to the kitchen or to cookery: used in the kitchen. [L. _culinarius_--_culina_, a kitchen.]

CULL, kul, _v.t._ to select, pick out.--_ns._ CULL'ER; CULL'ING. [Fr.

_cueillir_, to gather--L. _collig[)e]re_--_col_, together, _leg[)e]re_, to gather. Doublet of COLLECT.]


CULLET, kul'et, _n._ refuse glass.

CULLION, kul'yun, _n._ a wretch: a cowardly fellow.--_adj._ CULL'IONLY (_Shak._), mean, base. [Fr. _couillon_, a poltroon (It. _coglione_)--L.

_coleus_, a leather bag.]

CULLIS, kul'is, _n._ a gutter in a roof: a groove, as for a side-scene in a theatre. [Fr. _coulisse_.]

CULLY, kul'i, _n._ a mean dupe.--_v.t._ to deceive meanly:--_pa.p._ cull'ied.--_ns._ CULL, a dupe; CULL'YISM, state of being a cully. [Prob. a contr. of CULLION.]

CULM, kulm, _n._ the stalk or stem of corn or of grasses.--_v.i._ to form a culm.--_adj._ CULMIF'EROUS, having a culm. [L. _culmus_, a stalk.]

CULM, kulm, _n._ coal-dust: name given in some parts of England to anthracite or stone-coal.--_adj._ CULMIF'EROUS, producing culm. [See COOM.]

CULMEN, kul'men, _n._ highest point: the median length-wise ridge of a bird's upper mandible. [L.]

CULMINATE, kul'min-[=a]t, _v.i._ (_astron._) to be vertical or at the highest point of altitude: to reach the highest point (with _in_).--_adj._ CUL'MINANT, at its highest point.--_n._ CULMIN[=A]'TION, act of culminating: the top: (_astron._) transit of a body across the meridian or highest point for the day. [Low L. _culmin[=a]re_, from L. _culmen_, properly _columen_, a summit.]

CULOTTIC, kul-ot'ic, _adj._ wearing trousers: (_Carlyle_) respectable. [Fr.

_culotte_, breeches.]

CULPABLE, kul'pa-bl, _adj._ faulty: criminal.--_ns._ CULPABIL'ITY, CUL'PABLENESS, liability to blame.--_adv._ CUL'PABLY.--_adj._ CUL'PATORY, expressive of blame. [O. Fr. _coupable_--L. _culpabilis_--_culpa_, a fault.]

CULPRIT, kul'prit, _n._ one in fault: a criminal: (_Eng. law_) a prisoner accused but not yet tried. [From the fusion in legal phraseology of _cul._ (_culpable_, _culpabilis_), and _prit_, _prist_ (O. Fr. _prest_), ready.

Not _culpate_--law L. _culpatus_, a person accused.]

CULT, kult, _n._ a system of religious belief, worship.--Also CULT'US. [L.

_cultus_--_col[)e]re_, to worship.]

CULTER, kul't[.e]r, _n._ obsolete form of COULTER.--_adjs._ CULTIROS'TRAL, CULTUROS'TRAL; CUL'TRATE, -D, shaped like a pruning-knife; CUL'TRIFORM, in the form of a pruning-knife: sharp-edged.

CULTISM, kult'ism, _n._ a style of writing after the manner of Luis de Gongora y Argote (1561-1627), a Spanish lyric poet--_estilo culto_, being florid, pedantic, often obscure.--_ns._ CULT'IST, CULT'ORIST. [Sp. _culte_, elegant--L. _cultus_.]

CULTIVATE, kul'ti-v[=a]t, _v.i._ to till or produce by tillage: to prepare for crops: to devote attention to: to civilise or refine.--_adjs._ CUL'TIVABLE, CULTIVAT'ABLE, capable of being cultivated.--_ns._ CULTIV[=A]'TION, the art or practice of cultivating: civilisation: refinement; CUL'TIVATOR.--CULTIVATE A PERSON'S FRIENDSHIP, to endeavour to get his good-will. [Low L. _cultiv[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--L. _col[)e]re_, to till, to worship.]

CULTURE, kul't[=u]r, _n._ cultivation: the state of being cultivated: refinement the result of cultivation.--_v.t._ to cultivate: to improve.--_adjs._ CUL'TURABLE; CUL'TURAL.--_p.adj._ CUL'TURED, cultivated: well educated: refined.--_adj._ CUL'TURELESS. [L.



CULVER, kul'v[.e]r, _n._ a dove: a pigeon.--_n._ CUL'VER-KEY, an herb, probably the columbine, having key-shaped flowerets.--_adj._ CUL'VERTAILED, dovetailed. [A.S. _culfre_, prob. from L. _columba_.]

CULVERIN, kul'v[.e]r-in, _n._ one of the earlier forms of cannon of great length, generally an 18-pounder, weighing 50 cwt.--_ns._ CUL'VERINEER; DEM'I-CUL'VERIN, a 9-pounder, weighing 30 cwt. [Fr. _coulevrine_, from _couleuvre_, a serpent.]

CULVER'S PHYSIC, ROOT, _n._ popular name of a kind of speedwell, the rhizome of _Veronica virginica_, used medicinally. [Prob. from one Dr _Culver_.]

CULVERT, kul'v[.e]rt, _n._ an arched channel of masonry for carrying water beneath a road, railway, &c. [Perh. from Fr. _couler_, to flow--L.


CULVERTAGE, kul'ver-t[=a]j, _n._ degradation of a vassal to the position of a serf. [O. Fr. _culvert_, a serf.]

CUMBENT, kum'bent, _adj._ lying down; reclining. [L. _cumbens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _cumb[)e]re_, to lie down.]

CUMBER, kum'b[.e]r, _v.t._ to trouble or hinder with something useless: to retard, trouble.--_n._ encumbrance: cumbering.--_adj._ CUM'BERED, hampered: obstructed.--_ns._ CUM'BERER; CUM'BER-GROUND, a useless thing, from Luke, xiii. 7.--_adj._ CUM'BERLESS, unencumbered.--_ns._ CUM'BERMENT, CUM'BRANCE, encumbrance.--_adjs._ CUM'BERSOME, unwieldy: heavy; CUM'BROUS, hindering: obstructing: heavy.--_adv._ CUM'BROUSLY.--_n._ CUM'BROUSNESS. [O. Fr.

_combrer_, to hinder--Low L. _cumbrus_, a heap; corr. of L. _cumulus_, a heap.]

CUMBRIAN, kum'bri-an, _adj._ (_geol._) of or pertaining to a system of slaty rocks best developed in Cumberland and Westmorland, now merged in the Cambrian or Silurian system.

CUMIN, CUMMIN, kum'in, _n._ an umbelliferous plant, common in Egypt, and cultivated in southern Europe and India--its seeds, resembling the caraway, valuable as carminatives. [L. _cuminum_--Gr. _kyminon_, cog. with Heb.


CUMMER, kum'[.e]r, KIMMER, kim'[.e]r, _n._ a gossip: a woman: (_Scot._) a girl. [Fr. _commere_--L. _con_, with, _mater_, mother.]

CUMMERBUND, kum'[.e]r-bund, _n._ a waist-belt, a sash. [Anglo-Ind.--Pers.

_kamarband_, a loin-band.]

CUMSHAW, kum'shaw, _n._ a gift, a tip. [Pidgin-English.]

CUMULATE, k[=u]m'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.t._ to heap together: to accumulate.--_adjs._ CUM'ULATE, -D, heaped up.--_n._ CUMUL[=A]'TION (= _Accumulation_).--_adj._ CUM'ULATIVE, increasing by successive additions.--_adv._ CUM'ULATIVELY. [L. _cumul[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_cumulus_, a heap.]

CUMULUS, k[=u]'m[=u]-lus, _n._ a heap; a kind of cloud common in summer, consisting of rounded heaps with a darker horizontal base.--_adjs._ C[=U]'MULIFORM; C[=U]'MULOSE.--_n._ C[=U]'MULO-STR[=A]'TUS, a cloud looking like a combination of the _cumulus_ and _stratus_. [L. _cumulus_, a heap, and _stratus_.]

CUNABULA, k[=u]-nab'ul-a, a cradle. [L.]

CUNARDER, k[=u]n-ard'[.e]r, _n._ one of a certain line of steamships between England and America. [Founded by Sir Samuel _Cunard_ (1787-1865).]

CUNCTATOR, kungk-t[=a]'tor, _n._ one who delays or puts off.--_n._ CUNCT[=A]'TION, delay.--_adjs._ CUNCT[=A]'TIOUS, CUNCT[=A]'TIVE, CUNCT[=A]'TORY, inclined to delay. [L.,--_cunct[=a]ri_, to delay.]

CUNEAL, k[=u]'ne-al, CUNEATE, k[=u]'ne-[=a]t, _adj._ of the form of a wedge.--_adjs._ CUN[=E]'IFORM, C[=U]'NIFORM, wedge-shaped--specially applied to the old Babylonian and Assyrian writing, of which the characters have a wedge-shape. [L. _cuneus_, a wedge.]


CUNNING, kun'ing, _adj._ knowing: skilful: artful: crafty.--_n._ knowledge: skill: faculty of using stratagem to accomplish a purpose: artifice.--_adv._ CUNN'INGLY.--_n._ CUNN'INGNESS, quality of being cunning: artfulness, slyness. [A.S. _cunnan_, to know.]

CUP, kup, _n._ a vessel used to contain liquid: a drinking-vessel: the liquid contained in a cup: that which we must receive or undergo: afflictions: blessings.--_v.i._ to extract blood from the body by means of cupping-glasses: (_Shak._) to make drunk:--_pr.p._ cup'ping; _pa.p._ cupped.--_ns._ CUP'-BEAR'ER, one who attends at a feast to fill out and hand the wine; CUPBOARD (kub'urd), a place for keeping victuals, dishes, &c.--_v.t._ to store.--_ns._ CUP'BOARD-LOVE, -FAITH, love or faith indulged in for a material end; CUP'FUL, as much as fills a cup:--_pl._ CUP'FULS; CUP'-GALL, a cup-shaped gall in oak-leaves; CUP'-L[=I]'CHEN, or -MOSS, a species of _Cladonia_; CUP'MAN, a boon companion; CUP'PER, a cup-bearer: one professionally engaged in cupping; CUP'PING, the application of cups from which the air has been exhausted to a scarified part of the skin for the purpose of drawing blood; CUP'PING-GLASS, a glass used in the operation of cupping; DRY'-CUP'PING, the application of cups without previous scarification; LOV'ING-CUP, a cup (from which all drink) passed round at the close of a feast.--CRY CUPBOARD, to cry for food; IN HIS CUPS, under the influence of liquor; MANY A SLIP BETWEEN THE CUP AND THE LIP, a proverb signifying that something adverse may occur at the last moment. [A.S.

_cuppe_ (Fr. _coupe_, It. _coppa_, a cup, the head); all from L. _cupa_, _cuppa_, a tub.]

CUPEL, k[=u]'pel, _n._ a small vessel used by goldsmiths in assaying precious metals.--_v.t._ to assay in a cupel.--_n._ CUPELL[=A]'TION, the process of assaying precious metals. [L. _cupella_, dim. of _cupa_. See CUP.]

CUPIDITY, k[=u]-pid'i-ti, _n._ covetousness.--_n._ C[=U]'PID, the god of love. [L. _cupiditas_--_cup[)e]re_, to desire.]

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