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CROZE, kr[=o]z, _n._ the groove in the staves of a cask in which the edge of the head is set.


CRUCIAL, kr[=oo]'shi-al, _adj._ testing, searching, from the practice of marking a testing instance with a cross to draw attention to it.--_adj._ CRU'CI[=A]TE (_bot._), arranged in the form of a cross, as leaves or petals. [Fr. _crucial_, from L. _crux_, _crucis_, a cross.]

CRUCIAN, CRUSIAN, kroo'shi-an, _n._ the German carp, having no barbels.

CRUCIBLE, kr[=oo]'si-bl, _n._ an earthen pot for melting ores, metals, &c.

[Low L. _crucibulum_, most prob. from L. _crux_.]

CRUCIFERae, kroo-sif'[.e]r-[=e], _n._ a natural order of exogenous plants (many edible), having a corolla of four petals arranged in the form of a cross.--_n._ CRUC'IFER, a cross-bearer in a procession.--_adj._ CRUCIF'EROUS (_bot._), bearing four petals in the form of a cross. [L.

_crux_, _crucis_, a cross, _ferre_, to bear.]

CRUCIFY, kr[=oo]'si-f[=i], _v.t._ to put to death by fixing the hands and feet to a cross: to subdue completely: to mortify: to torment:--_pa.p._ cru'cified.--_ns._ CRUCIF[=I]'ER, one who crucifies; CRU'CIFIX, a figure or picture of Christ fixed to the cross; CRUCIFIX'ION, death on the cross, esp. that of Christ.--_adjs._ CRU'CIFORM, in the form of a cross; CRUCIG'EROUS, bearing a cross. [O. Fr. _crucifier_--L. _crucifig[)e]re_, _crucifixum_--_crux_, and _fig[)e]re_, to fix.]

CRUDE, kr[=oo]d, _adj._ raw, unprepared: not reduced to order or form: unfinished: undigested: immature.--_adv._ CRUDE'LY.--_ns._ CRUDE'NESS; CRUD'ITY, rawness: unripeness: that which is crude.--_adj._ CRUD'Y (_Shak._), crude, raw. [L. _crudus_, raw.]

CRUEL, kr[=oo]'el, _adj._ disposed to inflict pain, or pleased at suffering: void of pity, merciless, savage: severe.--_adj._ CRU'EL-HEART'ED, delighting in cruelty: hard-hearted: unrelenting.--_adv._ CRU'ELLY.--_ns._ CRU'ELNESS (_obs._); CRU'ELTY. [Fr. _cruel_--L.


CRUET, kr[=oo]'et, _n._ a small jar or phial for sauces and condiments.--_n._ CRU'ET-STAND, a stand or frame for holding cruets. [Acc.

to Skeat, prob. formed from Dut. _kruik_, a jar = Eng. _crock_; and acc. to E. Muller, dim. of O. Fr. _cruye_ (mod. Fr. _cruche_, _cruchette_, a jar), from root of _crock_.]

CRUISE, kr[=oo]z, _v.i._ to sail to and fro: to rove on the sea.--_n._ a sailing to and fro: a voyage in various directions in search of an enemy, or for the protection of vessels.--_n._ CRUIS'ER. [Dut. _kruisen_, to cross--_kruis_, a cross.]


CRUISKEN, kroos'ken, _n._ (_Ir._) a small bottle.--Also CRUIS'KEEN.

CRUIVE, CRUVE, kr[=oo]v, _n._ (_Scot._) a sty, hovel: a wattled hedge built on tidal flats for catching fish.

CRULLER, krul'[.e]r, _n._ a cake cut from rolled dough made of eggs, butter, sugar, flour, &c., fried crisp in boiling lard. [Cf. Dut.

_krullen_, to curl.]

CRUMB, krum, _n._ a small bit or morsel of bread: a small particle of anything: the soft part of bread.--_v.t._ to break into crumbs: to fill with crumbs.--_ns._ CRUMB'-BRUSH, a brush for sweeping crumbs off the table; CRUMB'-CLOTH, a cloth laid under a table to keep falling crumbs from the carpet.--_adjs._ CRUMB'Y, CRUM'MY, in crumbs: soft. [A.S. _cruma_; Dut.

_kruim_; Ger. _krume_; allied to _crimp_.]

CRUMBLE, krum'bl, _v.t._ to break into crumbs: to scatter in crumbs.--_v.i._ to fall into small pieces: to decay.--_n._ a crumb: that which crumbles easily.--_adj._ CRUMB'LY, apt to crumble, brittle. [Orig.

dim. of CRUMB; Dut. _kruimelen_; Ger. _krumeln_.]

CRUMENAL, kr[=oo]'me-nal, _n._ (_Spens._) a purse. [From L. _crumena_, a purse.]

CRUMP, krump, _adj._ crooked: wrinkled.--_ns._ CRUM'MY, a cow with a crumpled horn; CRUMP'ET, a kind of crumby or soft cake or muffin.--_adj._ CRUMP'Y, crump: easily broken. [A.S. _crump_--_crumb_, crooked; Ger.

_krumm_. Cf. CRAMP, CRIMP.]

CRUMPLE, krump'l, _v.t._ to contort: to mark with or draw into folds or wrinkles: to crease.--_v.i._ to become wrinkled: to contract or shrink.--_adj._ CRUMP'LED.--_n._ CRUMP'LING. [Formed from CRUMP.]

CRUNCH, krunsh, _v.t._ to crush with the teeth: to chew anything hard, and so make a noise.--_n._ the act of crunching. [From the sound; cf. Fr.


CRUNKLE, krunk'l, _v.i._ to crumple.

CRUNT, krunt, _n._ (_Scot._) a blow on the head.

CRUOR, kr[=oo]'or, _n._ coagulated blood.--_n._ CRU'ORINE, the red colouring matter of blood corpuscles.

CRUP, krup, _adj._ (_prov._) brittle.

CRUPPER, krup'[.e]r, _n._ a strap of leather fastened to the saddle and passing under the horse's tail to keep the saddle in its place: the hind part of a horse. [Fr. _cropiere_--_crope_, the croup.]

CRURAL, kr[=oo]'ral, _adj._ belonging to or shaped like a leg. [L.

_cruralis_, from _crus_, _cruris_, the leg.]

CRUSADE, kroo-s[=a]d', _n._ a military expedition under the banner of the cross to recover the Holy Land from the Turks: any daring or romantic undertaking.--_v.i._ to go on a crusade.--_n._ CRUSAD'ER, one engaged in a crusade. [Fr. _croisade_--Prov. _crozada_--_croz_, a cross--L. _crux_, a cross.]

CRUSADO, kroo-s[=a]'do, _n._ a Portuguese coin, so called because marked with a cross. [Port. _cruzado_.]

CRUSE, kr[=oo]z, _n._ an earthen pot: a small cup or bottle. [Cf. Ice.

_krus_; Dan. _kruus_; Ger. _krause_.]

CRUSET, kr[=oo]'set, _n._ a goldsmith's crucible. [Fr. _creuset_.]

CRUSH, krush, _v.t._ to break or bruise: to squeeze together: to beat down or overwhelm: to subdue: to ruin.--_v.i._ to become broken under pressure.--_n._ a violet squeezing: a vast crowd of persons or things.--_adj._ CRUSHED, broken by pressure: subdued: oppressed.--_ns._ CRUSH'ER, he who, or that which, crushes or subdues: (_slang_) a policeman; CRUSH'-HAT, a hat so constructed as to collapse and become flat: an opera-hat.--_adj._ CRUSH'ING, bruising: overwhelming.--_adv._ CRUSH'INGLY.--_n._ CRUSH'-ROOM, a room in a theatre, &c., where the audience may promenade during the intervals of the entertainment.--CRUSH A CUP, to empty a cup: to quaff.--CRUSHED STRAWBERRY, of the colour of strawberries that have been crushed. [O. Fr. _croissir_; per. cog. with Mid. High Ger. _krosen_, to crunch.]

CRUSIE, CRUSY, kr[=oo]z'i, _n._ (_Scot._) a lamp which burns oil. [From CRUSET.]

CRUST, krust, _n._ the hard rind or outside coating of anything: the outer part of bread: covering of a pie, &c.: (_geol._) the solid exterior of the earth.--_v.t._ to cover with a crust or hard case.--_v.i._ to gather into a hard crust.--_adj._ CRUST[=A]T'ED, covered with a crust.--_n._ CRUST[=A]'TION, an adherent crust.--_adv._ CRUST'ILY.--_n._ CRUST'INESS.--_adj._ CRUST'Y, of the nature of or having a crust, as port or other wine: having a hard or harsh exterior: hard: snappy: surly. [O.

Fr.,--L. _crusta_, rind.]

CRUSTA, krus'ta, _n._ something, as a gem, prepared for inlaying: a hard coating: a cocktail served in a glass, its rim encrusted in sugar:--_pl._ CRUSTae ([=e]).

CRUSTACEA, krus-t[=a]'shi-a, a large class of Arthropod animals, almost all aquatic, including crabs, lobsters, shrimps, sand-hoppers, wood-lice, water-fleas, barnacles, acorn-shells, &c.--_n._ CRUST[=A]'CEAN, one of the crustacea.--_adj._ CRUSTACEOLOG'ICAL.--_ns._ CRUSTACEOL'OGIST; CRUSTACEOL'OGY, the science which treats of the crustacea.--_adjs._ CRUST[=A]'CEOUS, CRUST[=A]'CEAN, pertaining to the crustacea, or shellfish.

CRUT, krut, _n._ (_prov._) a dwarf.

CRUTCH, kruch, _n._ a staff with a cross-piece at the head to place under the arm of a lame person: any support like a crutch.--_v.t._ to support: to prop.--_v.i._ to go on crutches.--_adj._ CRUTCHED, marked by the sign of or wearing a CRUTCHED'-FR[=I]'ARS, an order of friars so called from the sign of the cross which they wore--_Crouched-_ or _Crossed-friars_. [From root of CROOK; perh. modified by L. _crux_.]

CRUX, kruks, _n._ a cross: (_fig._) something that occasions difficulty.

[L. _crux_, a cross.]

CRWTH, kroth, _n._ an old Welsh stringed instrument, four of its six strings played with a bow, two twitched by the thumb. [W.]

CRY, kr[=i], _v.i._ to utter a shrill loud sound, esp. one expressive of pain or grief: to lament: to weep: to bawl.--_v.t._ to utter loudly: to proclaim or make public:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ cried.--_n._ any loud sound, esp. of grief or pain: a fit of weeping: a pack of hounds, hence of people: particular sound uttered by an animal: bawling: lamentation: prayer: clamour:--_pl._ CRIES.--_ns._ CR[=I]'ER; CRY'ING, act of calling loudly: weeping.--_adj._ calling loudly: claiming notice: notorious.--CRY AGAINST, to protest against; CRY DOWN, to condemn: to decry; CRY OFF, to withdraw from a bargain; CRY ON, to call upon: to invoke; CRY UP, to praise: extol.--A FAR CRY, a great distance; GREAT CRY AND LITTLE WOOL, appearance without reality: much ado about nothing; HUE AND CRY (see HUE); IN FULL CRY, in full pursuit, used of dogs in hunt; WITHIN CRY OF, within hearing distance. [Fr. _crier_--L. _quirit[=a]re_, to scream--freq. of L. _queri_, to lament.]

CRYOLITE, kr[=i]'o-l[=i]t, _n._ a mineral found on the coast of Greenland, consisting mainly of a fluoride of aluminium in combination with fluoride of sodium. [Gr. _kryos_, frost, and _lithos_, a stone.]

CRYOPHORUS, kr[=i]-of'o-rus, _n._ an instrument for showing the decrease of temperature in water by evaporation. [Gr. _kryos_, frost, and _pherein_, to bear.]

CRYPT, kript, _n._ an underground cell or chapel, esp. one used for burial.--_adjs._ CRYP'TIC, -AL, hidden: secret: unseen. [L. _crypta_--Gr.

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