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CONSTANTIA, kon-stan'shi-a, _n._ a wine produced around _Constantia_ in Cape Colony.

CONSTANTINIAN, kon-stan-tin'yan, _adj._ pertaining to the Roman emperor, _Constantine_ the Great (A.D. 274-337).

CONSTANTINOPOLITAN, kon-stan'ti-no-pol'it-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to _Constantinople_.

CONSTAT, kon'stat, _n._ a certificate of what appears (_constat_) on record touching a matter given by the auditors of the Exchequer: an attested copy of the enrolment of letters patent.

CONSTELLATE, kon'stel-[=a]t, or kon-stel'[=a]t, _v.t._ to cluster.--_v.i._ to be fated, according to the position of the stars: to cluster together.--_n._ CONSTELL[=A]'TION, a group of stars: an assemblage of persons distinguished in some way: (_astrol._) a particular disposition of the planets, supposed to influence the course of human life or character.--_adj._ CONSTEL'LATORY. [L. _constellatus_, studded with stars--_con_, with, _stell[=a]re_--_stella_, a star.]

CONSTERNATE, kon'ster-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to fill with dismay.--_n._ CONSTERN[=A]'TION, terror which throws into confusion: astonishment: dismay. [L. _constern[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, from _con_, wholly, _stern[)e]re_, to strew.]

CONSTIPATE, kon'stip-[=a]t, _v.t._ to stop up: to make costive: (_obs._) to press together.--_n._ CONSTIP[=A]'TION, costiveness, an irregular and insufficient action of the bowels. [L. _con_, together, _stip[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to pack.]

CONSTITUTE, kon'stit-[=u]t, _v.t._ to set up: to establish: to form or compose: to appoint: to determine.--_n._ CONSTIT'UENCY, the whole body of voters for a member of parliament.--_adj._ CONSTIT'UENT, constituting or forming: essential: elemental: component.--_n._ an essential or elemental part: one of those who elect a representative, esp. in parliament.--_n._ CONSTIT[=U]'TION, the act of constituting: the natural condition of body or mind: disposition: a system of laws and customs established by the sovereign power of a state for its own guidance: the established form of government: a particular law or usage.--_adj._ CONSTIT[=U]'TIONAL, inherent in the natural frame: natural: agreeable to the constitution or frame of government: essential: legal: of a sovereign who rules subject to fixed laws.--_n._ a walk for the sake of one's health.--_v.t._ CONSTIT[=U]'TIONALISE, to make constitutional.--_ns._ CONSTIT[=U]'TIONALISM, adherence to the principles of the constitution; CONSTIT[=U]'TIONALIST, CONSTIT[=U]'TIONIST, one who favours the constitution; CONSTITUTIONAL'ITY, the state or quality of being constitutional.--_adv._ CONSTIT[=U]'TIONALLY.--_adj._ CON'STITUTIVE, that constitutes or establishes: having power to enact, &c.: essential. [L.

_constitu[)e]re_, _constitutum_, from _con_, together, and _statu[)e]re_, to make to stand, to place.]

CONSTRAIN, kon-str[=a]n', _v.t._ to urge with irresistible power: to force, compel: to distress: to confine: to limit: to cause constraint.--_adj._ CONSTRAIN'ABLE.--_p.adj._ CONSTRAINED', forced, compelled: embarrassed.--_adv._ CONSTRAIN'EDLY.--_n._ CONSTRAINT', irresistible force: compulsion: confinement: repression of one's feelings: embarrassment. [O.

Fr. _constraindre_--L. _constring[)e]re_--_con_, together, _string[)e]re_, to press. See STRAIN.]

CONSTRICT, kon-strikt', _v.t._ to press together: to contract: to cramp.--_p.adj._ CONSTRICT'ED, narrowed: cramped: (_bot._) contracted or tightened, so as to be smaller in some parts than in others.--_n._ CONSTRIC'TION, a pressing together: contraction: tightness.--_adj._ CONSTRICT'IVE.--_n._ CONSTRICT'OR, that which constricts or draws together: a large serpent which crushes its prey in its folds--the Boa-constrictor (q.v.). [L. _constring[)e]re_, _constrictum_.]

CONSTRINGE, kon-strinj', _v.t._ to draw together: to cause to contract.--_v.i._ to contract.--_n._ CONSTRIN'GENCY.--_adj._ CONSTRIN'GENT, having the quality of contracting. [L. _constring[)e]re_.]

CONSTRUCT, kon-strukt', _v.t._ to build up: to compile: to put together the parts of a thing: to make: to compose.--_adj._ constructed.--_adjs._ CONSTRUCT'ABLE, CONSTRUCT'IBLE, able to be constructed.--_ns._ CONSTRUCT'ER, CONSTRUCT'OR; CONSTRUC'TION, the act of constructing: anything piled together, building: manner of forming: (_gram._) the arrangement of words in a sentence: interpretation: meaning.--_adjs._ CONSTRUC'TIONAL, pertaining to construction; CONSTRUCT'IVE, capable of constructing: not direct or expressed, but inferred.--_adv._ CONSTRUCT'IVELY.--_ns._ CONSTRUCT'IVENESS, the faculty of constructing; CONSTRUCT'URE.--CONSTRUCT STATE, in Hebrew and other Semitic languages, the state of a noun depending on another noun, which in Aryan languages would be in the genitive case--e.g. House of God--house being in the construct state.--BEAR A CONSTRUCTION, to allow of a particular interpretation. [L.

_constru[)e]re_, _-structum_--_con_, _stru[)e]re_, to build.]

CONSTRUE, kon'str[=oo], or kon-str[=oo]', _v.t._ to exhibit the arrangement in another language: to translate: to explain: to interpret: to infer.--_v.i._ to admit of grammatical analysis.--CON'STER, an old form.

[L. _constru[)e]re_, _constructum_, to pile together.]

CONSTUPRATE, kon'st[=u]-pr[=a]t, _v.t._ (_obs._) to deflower.--_n._ CONSTUPR[=A]'TION.

CONSUBSIST, kon-sub-sist', _v.i._ to subsist together.

CONSUBSTANTIAL, kon-sub-stan'shal, _adj._ of the same substance, nature, or essence, esp. of the Trinity.--_ns._ CONSUBSTAN'TIALISM, the doctrine of consubstantiation; CONSUBSTAN'TIALIST, one who believes in consubstantiation; CONSUBSTANTIAL'ITY.--_adv._ CONSUBSTAN'TIALLY, with sameness of substance.--_v.t._ CONSUBSTAN'TI[=A]TE, to unite in one common substance or nature.--_v.i._ to become so united.--_adj._ united in one common substance.--_ns._ CONSUBSTANTI[=A]'TION (_theol._), the Lutheran doctrine of the actual, substantial presence of the body and blood of Christ co-existing in and with the bread and wine used at the Lord's Supper; CONSUBSTANTI[=A]'TIONIST. [L. _con_, with, and SUBSTANTIAL.]

CONSUETUDE, kon'swe-t[=u]d, _n._ custom: familiarity.--_adj._ CONSUET[=U]'DINARY, customary.--_n._ an unwritten law established by usage, derived by immemorial custom from antiquity: a ritual of customary devotions. [L. _consuetudo_, custom.]

CONSUL, kon'sul, _n._ one of the two chief-magistrates in the Roman republic: one commissioned to reside in a foreign country as an agent for, or representative of, a government.--_n._ CON'SULAGE, duty paid to a consul for protection of goods.--_adj._ CON'SULAR, pertaining to a consul.--_n._ a man of consular rank.--_ns._ CON'SULATE, the office, residence, or jurisdiction of a consul; CON'SULSHIP, the office, or term of office, of a consul. [L.]

CONSULT, kon-sult', _v.t._ to ask advice of: to decide or act in favour of: to look up to for information or advice: to discuss: to consider: to take measures for the advantage of any one.--_v.i._ to consider in company: to take counsel.--_n._ (kon-sult', or kon'sult) the act of consulting: a meeting for consultation: a council: a meeting for conspiracy or intrigue.--_ns._ CONSUL'TA, a meeting of council; CONSULT[=A]'TION, deliberation, or a meeting for such, esp. of physicians or lawyers.--_adj._ CONSULT'ATIVE, of or pertaining to consultation, esp. of bodies taking part in a consultation without voting on the decision.--_ns._ CONSULTEE', the person consulted; CONSULT'ER, one who consults.--_adjs._ CONSULT'ING, of a physician or lawyer who gives advice; CONSULT'IVE, pertaining to consultation; CONSULT'ORY, CONSULT'ATORY. [L. _consult-[=a]re_, inten. of _consul-[)e]re_, to consult.]

CONSUME, kon-s[=u]m', _v.t._ to destroy by wasting, fire, evaporation, &c.: to use up: to devour: to waste or spend: to exhaust.--_v.i._ to waste away.--_adj._ CONSUM'ABLE.--_adv._ CONSUM'EDLY, exceedingly--originally a fantastic variant of _confoundedly_, and prob. influenced in meaning by _consummately_.--_ns._ CONSUM'ER, as opposed to _producer_, he who uses an article produced; CONSUM'ING, wasting or destroying. [L. _consum-[)e]re_, to destroy--_con_, sig. completeness, _sum-[)e]re_, _sumptum_, to take.]

CONSUMMATE, kon'sum-[=a]t, or kon-sum'[=a]t, _v.t._ to raise to the highest point: to perfect or finish: to make marriage legally complete by sexual intercourse.--_adj._ complete, supreme, perfect of its kind.--_adv._ CONSUMM'ATELY, perfectly.--_n._ CONSUMM[=A]'TION, act of completing: perfection: conclusion of life or of the universe: the subsequent intercourse which makes a marriage legally valid.--_adj._ CONSUMM'ATIVE.--_n._ CON'SUMMATOR.--_adj._ CONSUMM'ATORY. [L. _consummare_, to perfect--_con_, with, and _summus_, highest, perfect.]

CONSUMPTION, kon-sum'shun, _n._ the act of using up or consuming--the converse of _production_--also CONSUMPT'; _pulmonary consumption_, a more or less rapidly advancing process of lung destruction, with progressive emaciation--phthisis, tuberculosis.--_adj._ CONSUMP'TIVE, wasting away: inclined to the disease consumption.--_adv._ CONSUMP'TIVELY.--_ns._ CONSUMP'TIVENESS, a tendency to consumption; CONSUMPTIV'ITY. [See CONSUME.]

CONSUTE, kon's[=u]t, _adj._ (_entom._) marked as if with stitches, as the wing-covers of some beetles.--_adj._ CONS[=U]'TILE (_obs._), stitched together. [L. _consu[)e]re_, _-sutum_, to sew together.]

CONTABESCENT, kon-tab-es'ent, _adj._ wasting away, atrophied.--_n._ CONTABES'CENCE. [L. _contabescentem_--_contabesc[)e]re_, to waste away.]

CONTABULATE, kon-tab'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.t._ to floor with boards.--_n._ CONTABUL[=A]'TION. [L., _con_, with, _tabula_, a board.]

CONTACT, kon'takt, _n._ touching or close union: meeting: (_math._) coincidence, as of two curves, in two or more successive points.--_adj._ CONTACT'UAL, pertaining to contact.--BE IN CONTACT (_with_), to be touching anything; MAKE CONTACT, to complete an electrical current. [L.

_conting-[)e]re_, _contactum_, to touch--_con_, wholly, _tang[)e]re_, to touch.]

CONTADINA, kon-ta-d[=e]'na, _n._ an Italian peasant woman:--_pl._ CONTADI'NE (-ne), CONTADI'NAS. [It.]

CONTAGION, kon-t[=a]'jun, _n._ transmission of a disease from the sick to the healthy, either by direct contact of a part affected with the disease, or through the medium of the excretions or exhalations of the body.--_n._ CONT[=A]'GIONIST, one who believes that certain diseases are contagious.--_adj._ CONT[=A]'GIOUS, that may be communicated by contact.--_adv._ CONT[=A]'GIOUSLY.--_ns._ CONT[=A]'GIOUSNESS; CONT[=A]'GIUM, the supposed morbific matter by means of which disease spreads.--CONTAGIOUS DISEASES ACTS, a series of laws passed in 1865 and succeeding years for the better regulation of prostitutes in certain seaport and military towns. [L. _contagion-em_--_con_, together, _tang[)e]re_, to touch.]

CONTAIN, kon-t[=a]n', _v.t._ to comprise, to include: (_B._) to restrain, esp. the sexual appetite.--_adj._ CONTAIN'ABLE, that may be contained.--_ns._ CONTAIN'ANT, CONTAIN'ER. [Through Fr. from L.

_contin[=e]re_--_con_, together, _ten[=e]re_, to hold.]

CONTAMINATE, kon-tam'i-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to defile by touching or mixing with: to pollute: to corrupt: to infect.--_adj._ CONTAM'INABLE.--_n._ CONTAMIN[=A]'TION, pollution.--_adj._ CONTAM'INATIVE. [L. _contamin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_contamen_ (for _contagmen_), pollution. See CONTACT.]

CONTANGO, kon-tang'go, _n._ a percentage paid by the buyer to the seller of stock for keeping back its delivery to the next settling-day, continuation--opp. to _Backwardation_. [From CONTINUE.]

CONTECK, kon'tek, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as CONTEST. [O. Fr. _contek_, prob.

conn. with _contekier_, to touch.]

CONTEMN, kon-tem', _v.t._ to despise: to neglect, to disregard.--_n._ CONTEM'NER. [Fr.,--L. _contemn[)e]re_, _-temptum_, to value little--_con_, inten., _temn[)e]re_, to slight.]

CONTEMPER, kon-temp'[.e]r, _v.t._ to blend together, to qualify by mixture: to adapt to anything.--_ns._ CONTEMPER[=A]'TION (_obs._), CONTEM'PERATURE.

[L. _contemper[=a]re_.]

CONTEMPLATE, kon'tem-pl[=a]t, or kon-tem'pl[=a]t, _v.t._ to consider or look at attentively: to meditate on or study: to intend.--_v.i._ to think seriously: to meditate (with _on_, _upon_).--_adj._ CONTEMP'LABLE.--_ns._ CONTEM'PLANT, CONTEMP'LATIST; CONTEMPL[=A]'TION, continued study of a particular subject: a meditation written, or a subject for such.--_adj._ and _n._ CONTEM'PLATIVE, given to contemplation.--_adv._ CONTEM'PLATIVELY.--_ns._ CONTEM'PLATIVENESS; CON'TEMPL[=A]TOR, one who contemplates: a student. [L. _contempl[=a]ri_, _-[=a]tus_, to mark out carefully a _templum_ or place for auguries--_con_, sig. completeness, and _templum_. See CONSIDER and TEMPLE.]

CONTEMPORANEOUS, kon-tem-po-r[=a]'ne-us, _adj._ living, happening, or being at the same time.--_n._ CONTEMPORAN[=E]'ITY (_geol._), does not imply that two systems were precisely synchronous, but merely that each occupies the same relative position in the succession of systems.--_adv._ CONTEMPOR[=A]'NEOUSLY.--_ns._ CONTEMPOR[=A]'NEOUSNESS; CONTEM'PORARINESS.--_adj._ CONTEM'PORARY, contemporaneous, occupying the same period (_with_).--_n._ one who lives at the same time: a rival newspaper or magazine.--_v.t._ CONTEM'PORISE, to make contemporary in mind.

[L. _con_, together, and _temporaneus_--_tempus_, time.]

CONTEMPT, kon-tempt', _n._ scorn: disgrace: (_law_) disregard of the rules or an offence against the dignity of a court (with _of_, _for_).--_ns._ CONTEMPTIBIL'ITY, CONTEMPT'IBLENESS.--_adj._ CONTEMPT'IBLE, despicable.--_adv._ CONTEMPT'IBLY.--_adj._ CONTEMPT'UOUS, haughty, scornful.--_adv._ CONTEMPT'UOUSLY.--_n._ CONTEMPT'UOUSNESS. [See CONTEMN.]

CONTEND, kon-tend', _v.i._ to strive: to struggle in emulation or in opposition: to dispute or debate (with _against_, _for_, _with_, _about_): to urge one's course.--_ns._ CONTEND'ENT, CONTEND'ER, one who contends.--_p.adj._ CONTEND'ING, striving.--_n._ CONTEN'TION, a violent straining after any object: strife: debate.--_adj._ CONTEN'TIOUS, quarrelsome.--_adv._ CONTEN'TIOUSLY.--_n._ CONTEN'TIOUSNESS. [L.

_contend[)e]re_, _-tentum_--_con_, with, _tend[)e]re_, to stretch.]

CONTENEMENT, kon-ten'[=e]-ment, _n._ land connected with a tenement.

CONTENT, kon-tent', or kon'tent, _n._ that which is contained: the capacity or extent of anything: the substance: (_pl._) the things contained: the list of subjects treated of in a book. [See CONTAIN.]

CONTENT, kon-tent', _adj._ having the desires limited by present enjoyment: satisfied.--_n._ satisfaction--often 'heart's content.'--_interj._ = I am content, agreed!--the formula of assent in the House of Lords.--_v.t._ to make content: to satisfy the mind: to make quiet: to please.--_n._ CONTENT[=A]'TION (_obs._).--_adj._ CONTENT'ED, content.--_adv._ CONTENT'EDLY.--_ns._ CONTENT'EDNESS, CONTENT'MENT.--_adj._ CONTENT'LESS, without content: discontented. [Fr.,--L. _contentus_, contained, hence satisfied--_con_, and _ten[=e]re_, to hold.]

CONTERMINOUS, kon-t[.e]r'min-us, _adj._ having a common boundary: coincident with: co-extensive with in time, substance, &c.--Also CONTER'MINABLE, CONTER'MINAL, CONTER'MINANT, CONTER'MINATE. [L.

_conterminus_, neighbouring--_con_, together, and _terminus_, a boundary.]

CONTEST, kon-test', _v.t._ to call in question or make the subject of dispute: to strive for.--_n._ CON'TEST, a struggle for superiority: strife: debate.--_adj._ CONTEST'ABLE.--_ns._ CONTEST'ANT, one who contests; CONTEST[=A]'TION, the act of contesting: contest: strife: emulation.--_p.adj._ CONTEST'ED.--_adv._ CONTEST'INGLY, by contest.--CONTESTED ELECTION, an election for a member of parliament or the like, where more than one competitor offer themselves. [Fr.,--L.

_contest[=a]ri_, to call to witness--_con_, and _test[=a]ri_, to be a witness--_testis_, a witness.]

CONTEXT, kon'tekst, _n._ the parts of a discourse or treatise which precede and follow a special passage and fix its true meaning.--_adj._ CONTEXT'UAL--_adv._ CONTEXT'UALLY.--_n._ CONTEXT'URE, the interweaving of parts into a whole: the structure or system of anything: any interwoven fabric: the composition of a writing.--_v.t._ (_Carlyle_) to weave. [L.

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