_contextus_, _contex[)e]re_--_con_, together, _tex[)e]re_, _textum_, to weave.]
CONTICENT, kon'tis-ent, _adj._ (_Thackeray_) silent. [L. _conticent-em_, _con_, and _tac[=e]re_, to be silent.]
CONTIGNATION, kon-tig-n[=a]'shun, _n._ joining together: any structure so joined: a framework or stage. [L.
_contignation-em_--_contign[=a]re_--_con_, _tignum_, wood.]
CONTIGUOUS, kon-tig'[=u]-us, _adj._ touching, adjoining: near.--_ns._ CONTIG[=U]'ITY, CONTIG'UOUSNESS.--_adv._ CONTIG'UOUSLY. [L.
_contiguus_--_conting[)e]re_, to touch on all sides--_con_, wholly, _tang[)e]re_, to touch.]
CONTINENT, kon'ti-nent, _n._ a large extent of land not broken up by seas: the mainland of Europe: one of the great divisions of the land surface of the globe.--_adj._ restraining the indulgence of pleasure, esp. sexual: temperate: virtuous.--_ns._ CON'TINENCE, CON'TINENCY, the restraint imposed by a person upon his desires and passions: self-restraint in sexual indulgence, often absolute: chastity.--_adj._ CONTINENT'AL, characteristic of a continent, as of climate, &c.: pertaining to the European continent, or to the colonies of North America at the period of independence.--_n._ CONTINENT'ALISM, anything peculiar to the usage of the Continent.--_adv._ CON'TINENTLY.--CONTINENTAL SYSTEM, the name given to Napoleon's plan for shutting out England from all commercial connection with Europe. [L.
_continentem_--_contin[=e]re_, to contain--_con_, together, _ten[)e]re_, to hold.]
CONTINGENT, kon-tin'jent, _adj._ dependent on something else: liable but not certain to happen: accidental.--_n._ an event which is liable but not certain to occur: a share or proportion, esp. of soldiers.--_ns._ CONTIN'GENCE, CONTIN'GENCY.--_adv._ CONTIN'GENTLY. [L.
_contingent-em_--_con_, _tang[)e]re_, to touch.]
CONTINUE, kon-tin'[=u], _v.t._ to draw out or prolong: to extend or increase in any way: to unite without break: to persist in.--_v.i._ to remain in the same place or state: to last or endure: to persevere.--_adjs._ CONTIN'UABLE, that may be continued; CONTIN'UAL, without interruption: unceasing.--_adv._ CONTIN'UALLY.--_n._ CONTIN'UANCE, duration: uninterrupted succession: stay.--_adjs._ CONTIN'UANT; CONTIN'U[=A]TE, close united: (_Shak._) unbroken.--_ns._ CONTINU[=A]'TION, constant succession: extension; CONTINU[=A]'TION-DAY, the same as CONTANGO-DAY, that on which contangoes are fixed.--_adj._ CONTIN'U[=A]TIVE, continuing.--_n._ CONTIN'U[=A]TOR, one who continues or keeps up a series or succession.--_adj._ CONTIN'UED, uninterrupted: unceasing: extended.--_adv._ CONTIN'UEDLY.--_ns._ CONTIN'UEDNESS; CONTIN'UER, one who continues, or has the power of persevering; CONTIN[=U]'ITY, state of being continuous: uninterrupted connection.--_adj._ CONTIN'UOUS, joined together without interruption.--_adv._ CONTIN'UOUSLY.--_ns._ CONTIN'UOUSNESS; CONTIN'[=U]UM, a continuous thing:--_pl._ CONTIN'UA. [Fr.,--L.
_continu[=a]re_--_continuus_, joined, connected, from _contin[=e]re_.]
CONTLINE, kont'l[=i]n, _n._ in the stowage of casks the space between them: the spiral intervals formed between the strands of a rope, by their being twisted together. [Prob. _cant_.]
CONTO, kont'o, _n._ a Portuguese money of account, a million reis = 220.
CONTORNIATE, kon-tor'ni-[=a]t, _n._ a coin or medal with a deep groove round the disc.--_adj._ having this.
CONTORNO, kon-tor'no, _n._ contour or outline. [It.]
CONTORT, kon-tort', _v.t._ to twist or turn violently: to writhe.--_adj._ CONTORT'ED, twisted: folded or twisted back upon itself, as some parts of plants.--_ns._ CONTOR'TION, a violent twisting; CONTOR'TIONIST, a gymnast who practises contorted postures: one who twists words and phrases.--_adj._ CONTORT'IVE, expressing contortion. [L. _con_, inten., and _torqu[=e]re_, _tortum_, to twist.]
CONTOUR, kon't[=oo]r, or kon-t[=oo]r', _n._ the outline: the line which bounds the figure of any object.--_v.t._ to mark with contour lines.--CONTOUR LINES, lines drawn in a map through points all at the same height above sea-level--usually on the British Ordnance Survey maps at intervals of 50 feet. [Fr. _con_, and _tour_, a turning--L. _tornus_--Gr.
_tornos_, a lathe.]
CONTRA, kon'tra, _adv._ and _prep._ against, opposite: in front of: to the contrary: a doublet of COUNTER- (_mus._), signifying an octave lower than the typical form, as in _contrabass_, &c. See Appendix.
CONTRABAND, kon'tra-band, _adj._ contrary to law: prohibited.--_n._ illegal traffic: prohibition: prohibited goods.--_ns._ CON'TRABANDISM, trafficking in contraband goods; CON'TRABANDIST, a smuggler.--CONTRABAND OF WAR, a name applied to certain commodities, as military stores, and even coal in an age of war steamers, not to be supplied by neutral to belligerent powers. [Sp.
_contrabanda_--It. _contrabbando_--L. _contra_, against, L. L. _bandum_, ban.]
CONTRABASS, kon'tra-b[=a]s, _n._ the double-bass viol, giving the lower octave to the bass in the orchestra.--_adj._ applied to other instruments taking a similar part.--Also CONTRABAS'SO and COUNT'ERBASE.
CONTRACT, kon-trakt', _v.t._ to draw together: to lessen: to shorten: to acquire: to incur: to bargain for: to betroth.--_v.i._ to shrink: to become less.--_n._ CON'TRACT, an agreement on fixed terms: a bond: a betrothment: the writing containing an agreement.--_adj._ CONTRACT'ED, drawn together: narrow: mean.--_adv._ CONTRACT'EDLY.--_ns._ CONTRACT'EDNESS; CONTRACTIBIL'ITY, CONTRACT'IBLENESS.--_adjs._ CONTRACT'IBLE, capable of being contracted; CONTRACT'ILE, tending or having power to contract.--_ns._ CONTRACTIL'ITY; CONTRAC'TION, act of contracting: a word shortened by rejecting a part of it: a symbol for shortening in palaeography, &c.--_adj._ CONTRACT'IVE, tending to contract.--_n._ CONTRACT'OR, one of the parties to a bargain or agreement: one who engages to execute work or furnish supplies at a fixed rate.--_adj._ CONTRACT'UAL.--CONTRACT ONE'S SELF OUT OF, to get rid of some general obligation by making a special contract; CONTRACT WORK, work done for a fixed sum estimated beforehand and paid down for the whole job. [L. _contractus_--_con_, together, _trah[)e]re_, to draw.]
CONTRA-DANCE. See COUNTRY-DANCE.
CONTRADICT, kon-tra-dikt', _v.t._ to oppose by words: to assert the contrary: to deny: to be contrary to in character.--_adj._ CONTRADICT'ABLE.--_n._ CONTRADIC'TION, act of contradicting: a speaking against: denial: inconsistency.--_adj._ CONTRADIC'TIOUS.--_advs._ CONTRADIC'TIOUSLY (_rare_), CONTRADIC'TORILY.--_adjs._ CONTRADICT'IVE, CONTRADICT'ORY, affirming the contrary: inconsistent.--_n._ CONTRADICT'ORINESS, the quality of being contradictory, [L.
CONTRADISTINCTION, kon-tra-dis-tingk'shun, _n._ distinction by contrast.--_adj._ CONTRADISTINCT'IVE, distinguishing by opposite qualities.--_v.t._ CONTRADISTIN'GUISH, to mark the difference between two things by contrasting their different qualities.
CONTRAFISSURE, kon'tra-fish-[=u]r, _n._ (_surg._) a fracture or contusion of the skull at a place opposite that on which the blow was received.
CONTRAHENT, kon'tra-hent, _adj._ entering into a contract.--_n._ a contracting party. [L. _contrahent-em_--_contrah[)e]re_.]
CONTRA-INDICATE, kon'tra-in'di-k[=a]t, _v.t._ of a disease, to show symptoms adverse to a particular treatment.--_ns._ CON'TRA-IN'DICANT, CON'TRA-INDIC[=A]'TION.
CONTRAIRE, kon-tr[=a]r, _adj._ an obsolete form of CONTRARY.
CONTRALATERAL, kon-tra-lat'e-ral, _adj._ occurring on the opposite side.
CONTRALTO, kon-tral't[=o], _n._ the deepest or lowest species of musical voice in boys, in eunuchs, and best of all in women. [See ALTO and COUNTER (1).]
CONTRAPLEX, kon'tra-pleks, _adj._ (_teleg._) having two currents or messages passing in opposite directions at the same time.
CONTRAPOSITION, kon'tra-po-zish'un, _n._ opposition, contrast: (_logic_) an immediate inference, which consists in denying the original subject of the contradictory of the original predicate.--_adj._ CON'TRA-POS'ITIVE.
CONTRAPTION, kon-trap'shun, _n._ (_U.S._) a contrivance.
CONTRAPUNTAL. See COUNTERPOINT.
CONTRA-ROTATION, kon'tra-r[=o]-t[=a]'shun, _n._ rotation in a contrary direction.
CONTRARY, kon'tra-ri, _adj._ opposite: contradictory--CONTRA'RIANT (_rare_).--_n._ a thing that is contrary or of opposite qualities.--_n.pl._ CON'TRARIES, things opposite in quality: (_logic_) propositions which destroy each other.--_n._ CONTRAR[=I]'ETY, opposition: inconsistency.--_adv._ CON'TRARILY.--_n._ CON'TRARINESS.--_adj._ CONTR[=A]'RIOUS, showing contrariety: repugnant: opposite.--_advs._ CONTR[=A]'RIOUSLY, contrarily; CON'TRARIWISE, on the contrary way or side: on the other hand. [L. _contrarius_--_contra_, against.]
CONTRAST, kon-trast', _v.i._ to stand in opposition to.--_v.t._ to set in opposition, in order to show superiority or give effect.--_n._ CON'TRAST, opposition or unlikeness in things compared: exhibition of differences.--_adj._ CONTRAST'IVE. [Fr. _contraster_--L. _contra_, opposite to, _st[=a]re_, to stand.]
CONTRATE, kon'tr[=a]t, _adj._ having cogs or teeth arranged in a manner contrary to the usual one, or projecting parallel to the axis.
CONTRA-TENOR. Same as COUNTER-TENOR (q.v. under COUNTER, 1).
CONTRAVALLATION, kon-tra-val-[=a]'shun, _n._ a fortification built by besiegers about the place invested. [L. _contra_, opposite, _vall[=a]re_, _[=a]tum_, to fortify.]
CONTRAVENE, kon-tra-v[=e]n', _v.t._ to oppose.--_n._ CONTRAVEN'TION, act of contravening: opposition: obstruction. [L. _contra_, against, _ven[=i]re_, to come.]
CONTRAYERVA, kon-tra-y[.e]r'va, _n._ a stimulating and tonic aromatic root of tropical America. [Sp. _contrayerba_--L. _contra_, against, _herba_, a herb.]
CONTRETEMPS, kon-tr-tang', _n._ something happening inopportunely or at the wrong time, anything embarrassing, a hitch. [Fr. _contre_--L. _contra_, against, and Fr. _temps_--L. _tempus_, time.]
CONTRIBUTE, kon-trib'[=u]t, _v.t._ to give along with others: to give for a common purpose: to furnish an article to a newspaper, &c.: to pay a share.--_v.i._ to give or bear a part.--_adj._ CONTRIB'UTARY, paying a share, contributable, subject to contribution.--_n._ CONTRIB[=U]'TION, a collection: a levy or charge imposed upon a people: anything furnished to a common stock: a written composition supplied to a jointly written book, newspaper, &c.--_adjs._ CONTRIB'UTIVE, CONTRIB'UTORY, giving a share: helping.--_n._ CONTRIB'UTOR. [L. _con_, with, _tribu[)e]re_, _-utum_, to give.]
CONTRIST, kon-trist', _v.t._ (_obs._) to sadden.--_n._ CONTRIST[=A]'TION.
[Fr.,--L. _contrist[=a]re_--_con_, inten., and _tristis_, sad.]
CONTRITE, kon'tr[=i]t, _adj._ broken-hearted for sin: penitent.--_adv._ CON'TRITELY.--_ns._ CON'TRITENESS; CONTRI'TION, deep sorrow for sin: remorse. [L. _contritus_--_conter-[)e]re_--_con_, wholly, _ter-[)e]re_, to bruise.]
CONTRITURATE, kon-trit'[=u]-r[=a]t, _v.t._ to pulverise together.
CONTRIVE, kon-tr[=i]v', _v.t._ to plan: to invent: to bring about or effect: to plot.--_adj._ CONTRIV'ABLE, that may be contrived.--_ns._ CONTRIV'ANCE, CONTRIVE'MENT, act of contriving: the thing contrived: invention: design: artifice; CONTRIV'ER, a schemer, a manager. [O. Fr.
_controver_--_con-_, _trover_, to find--L. _turb[=a]re_, to disturb.]
CONTRIVE, kon-triv', _v.t._ (_obs._) to spend, as time. [L.
_conter-[)e]re_, _contritum_, perf. _contr[=i]vi_, to wear out.]