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CONDESCEND, kon-de-send', _v.i._ to descend willingly from a superior position: to act kindly to inferiors: to deign: to comply: to lower one's self.--_n._ CONDESCEND'ENCE, condescension: (_Scots law_) an articulate statement annexed to a summons, setting forth the allegations in fact upon which an action is founded.--_adj._ CONDESCEND'ING, yielding to inferiors: courteous: obliging: patronising.--_adv._ CONDESCEND'INGLY.--_n._ CONDESCENS'ION, affability to inferiors: courtesy: graciousness.--CONDESCEND UPON, to specify: to mention. [L. _con_, inten., and _descend[)e]re_, to descend.]

CONDIDDLE, kon-did'l, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to steal.

CONDIGN, kon-d[=i]n', _adj._ well merited: adequate (of punishment).--_adv._ CONDIGN'LY.--_n._ CONDIGN'NESS. [L.

_condignus_--_con_, wholly, _dignus_, worthy.]

CONDIMENT, kon'di-ment, _n._ a seasoning used at table to give a flavour to the ordinary solid or liquid food.--_v.t._ to pickle. [L.

_condimentum_--_cond[=i]re_, to preserve, to pickle.]

CONDITION, kon-dish'un, _n._ state in which things exist: a particular manner of being: quality: rank, as 'a person of condition:' pre-requisite: temper: a term of a contract: proposal: arrangement: (_logic_) that which must precede the operation of a cause: (_law_) a provision that upon the occurrence of an uncertain event an obligation shall come into force, or shall cease, or that the obligation shall not come into force until a certain event.--_v.i._ to make terms.--_v.t._ to agree upon: to restrict, limit: to determine.--_adj._ CONDI'TIONAL, depending on conditions.--_n._ CONDITIONAL'ITY.--_adv._ CONDI'TIONALLY.--_v.t._ CONDI'TIONATE, to condition: to qualify.--_adj._ CONDI'TIONED, having a certain condition, state, or quality: circumstanced: depending: relative--the opposite of _absolute_.--CONDITIONING HOUSE, an establishment in which the true weight, length, and condition of articles of trade and commerce are determined scientifically--the first in England established at Bradford in 1891. [L.

_condicio_, _-nis_, a compact (later false spelling _conditio_)--_condic[)e]re_--_con_, together, _dic[)e]re_, to say.]

CONDOLE, kon-d[=o]l', _v.i._ to grieve with another: to sympathise in sorrow: (_Shak._) to grieve.--_adj._ CONDOL'ATORY, expressing condolence.--_ns._ CONDOLE'MENT, CONDOL'ENCE, expression of grief for another's sorrow.--_adj._ CONDOL'ENT, sympathetic. [L. _con_, with, _dol[=e]re_, to grieve.]

CONDONE, kon-d[=o]n', _v.t._ to forgive: to pass over.--_n._ CONDON[=A]'TION, forgiveness: in the legal phraseology of Britain and the United States, forgiveness granted by the injured party, which may be urged by the guilty party as a defence against an action of divorce on the ground of adultery. [L. _con_, inten., _don[=a]re_, to give. See DONATION.]

CONDOR, kon'dor, _n._ a large vulture found among the Andes of South America. [Sp.,--Peruv. _cuntur_.]

CONDOTTIERE, kon-dot-ti-[=a]'re, _n._ a leader of a band of military adventurers who sold their services to any party in any contest:--_pl._ CONDOTTIERI (-[=a]'r[=e]). [It.,--_condotto_, way--L. _con_, and _duc[)e]re_, to lead.]

CONDUCE, kon-d[=u]s', _v.i._ to tend to some end: to contribute.--_ns._ CONDUCE'MENT (_Milt._), CONDUC'IBLENESS, CONDUC'IVENESS.--_adjs._ CONDUC'IBLE, CONDUC'IVE, leading or tending: having power to promote: advantageous.--_advs._ CONDUC'IBLY, CONDUC'IVELY. [L. _con_, together, _duc[)e]re_, _ductum_, to lead.]

CONDUCT, kon-dukt', _v.t._ to lead or guide: to convey (water): to direct: to manage: to behave: (_elect._) to carry or transmit.--_ns._ CON'DUCT, act or method of leading or managing: guidance: escort: guide: management: behaviour; CONDUCTIBIL'ITY.--_adjs._ CONDUCT'IBLE, capable of conducting heat, &c.: capable of being conducted or transmitted.--_n._ CONDUC'TION, act or property of conducting or transmitting: transmission by a conductor, as heat.--_adj._ CONDUCT'IVE, having the quality or power of conducting or transmitting.--_ns._ CONDUCTIV'ITY, a power that bodies have of transmitting heat and electricity; CONDUCT'OR, the person or thing that conducts: a leader: a manager: a leader of an orchestra: one in charge of a bus, &c.: that which has the property of transmitting electricity, heat, &c.--_n.fem._ CONDUCT'RESS. [L. _conductus_--_conduc[)e]re_. See CONDUCE.]

CONDUIT, kun'dit, or kon'-, _n._ a channel or pipe to lead or convey water, &c.: a kind of fountain. [Fr. _conduit_--L. _conductus_--_conduc[)e]re_, to lead.]

CONDYLE, kon'dil, _n._ a protuberance at the end of a bone serving for articulation with another bone, esp. that by which the occipital bone of the skull is articulated to the spine.--_adj._ CON'DYLOID.--_n._ CONDYL[=O]'MA, a growth about the anus or generative organs.

[Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _kondylos_, knuckle.]


CONE, k[=o]n, _n._ a solid pointed figure with a circular base: fruit shaped like a cone, as that of the pine, fir, &c.: anything shaped like a cone.--_ns._ CONE'-SHELL, a family of Gasteropod molluscs, with substantial conical shells; CONE'-WHEAT, a variety of wheat, with conical-shaped spike.--_adjs._ CONIC, -AL, having the form of or pertaining to a cone.--_adv._ CON'ICALLY.--_ns._ CON'ICALNESS, CONIC'ITY.--_adj._ CON'ICO-CYLIN'DRICAL.--_n._ CON'ICS, that part of geometry which deals with the cone and its sections.--_adj._ C[=O]'NIFORM, in the form of a cone.--CONIC SECTION, a figure made by the section of a cone by a plane.

[Fr. _cone_--L.,--Gr. _k[=o]nos_, a peak, a peg.]


CONFAB, kon-fab', _v._ and _n._ coll. forms of CONFAB'UL[=A]TE, CONFABUL[=A]'TION.--_adj._ CONFAB'ULAR.--_n._ CONFAB'UL[=A]TOR.--_adj._ CONFAB'UL[=A]TORY.

CONFABULATE, kon-fab'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.i._ to talk familiarly together: to chat.--_n._ CONFABUL[=A]'TION. [L. _con_, together, _fabul[=a]ri_, to talk--_fabula_, a tale, fable.]

CONFARREATION, kon-far-re-[=a]'shun, _n._ a Roman mode of marriage, made in the presence of the high-priest and ten witnesses, at which bread made of spelt was eaten together.--_adj._ CONFAR'REATE. [L.

_confarreatio_--_confarre[=a]re_, to unite by bread, to marry--_con_, with, _far_, a species of grain.]

CONFECT, kon'fekt, _n._ fruit, &c., prepared with sugar: a sweetmeat: a comfit.--_v.t._ CONFECT', to prepare: to preserve.--_n._ CONFEC'TION, composition, compound: a composition of drugs: a sweetmeat: the French word for a ready-made article of dress for women's wear.--_v.t._ to make a confection, in its various uses.--_ns._ CONFEC'TIONARY (_B._), a confectioner: a sweetmeat: a place where confections are made: confectionery; CONFEC'TIONER, one who makes confections; CONFEC'TIONERY, a confectioner's shop: the business of a confectioner: sweetmeats in general.

[L. _confic[)e]re_, _confectum_, to make up together--_con_, together, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

CONFEDERATE, kon-fed'[.e]r-[=a]t, _adj._ leagued together: allied.--_n._ one united in a league: an ally: an acomplice.--_v.i._ and _v.t._ to league together or join in a league.--_ns._ CONFED'ERACY, a league or mutual engagement: persons or states united by a league: a conspiracy; CONFEDER[=A]'TION, a league: alliance, esp. of princes, states, &c.--_adj._ CONFED'ER[=A]TIVE, of or belonging to a confederation. [L.

_confoeder[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_con_, together, _foedus_, _foed[)e]ris_, a league.]

CONFER, kon-f[.e]r', _v.t._ to give or bestow: to compare (notes), collate--abbrev. CF.--_v.i._ to talk or consult together:--_pr.p._ confer'ring; _pa.p._ conferred'.--_ns._ CONFEREE', one conferred with; CON'FERENCE, the act of conferring: an appointed meeting for instruction or discussion.--_adjs._ CONFEREN'TIAL; CONFER'RABLE.--_n._ CONFER'RER, one who confers. [Fr.,--L. _conferre_--_con_, together, _ferre_, to bring.]

CONFERVA, kon-f[.e]r'va, _n._ a genus of lower fresh-water Algae, forming slimy masses or tufts in ponds and stagnent pools, easily recognised by their unbranched filaments.--_adj._ CONFER'VOID. [L. _conferva_, a kind water-plant.]

CONFESS, kon-fes', _v.t._ to acknowledge fully, esp. something wrong: to own or admit: to make known, as sins to a priest: to hear a confession, as a priest.--_v.i._ to make confession.--_ns._ CONFES'SION, acknowledgment of a crime or fault: avowal; a statement of one's religious belief: acknowledgment of sin to a priest; CONFES'SIONAL, the seat or enclosed recess where a priest hears confessions.--_adj._ pertaining to confession.--_ns._ CONFES'SIONALISM; CONFES'SIONALIST.--_adj._ CONFES'SIONARY, of or belonging to confession.--_n._ a confessional.--_ns._ CONFESS'OR, one who professes the Christian faith, or a priest who hears confessions and grants absolution: one who endures persecution but not death:--_fem._ CONFESS'ORESS; CONFESS'ORSHIP.--_adjs._ CONFESSED', CONFEST', admitted: avowed: evident.--_advs._ CONFESS'EDLY, CONFEST'LY.--CONFESSION OF FAITH, a formulary embodying the religious beliefs of a church or sect: a creed.--CONFESS TO, to admit, acknowledge; STAND CONFESSED, to be revealed. [Fr. _confesser_--L. _confit[=e]ri_, _confessus_--_con_, sig. completeness, and _fat[=e]ri_--_f[=a]ri_, to speak.]

CONFIDE, kon-f[=i]d', _v.i._ to trust wholly or have faith (with _in_): to rely.--_v.t._ to entrust, or commit to the charge of.--_ns._ CONFIDANT', one confided in or entrusted with secrets: a bosom-friend:--_fem._ CONFIDANTE'; CON'FIDENCE, firm trust or belief: faith: self-reliance: firmness: boldness: presumption; CON'FIDENCY.--_adj._ CON'FIDENT, trusting firmly: having full belief: positive: bold.--_n._ a confidential friend.--_adj._ CONFIDEN'TIAL, (given) in confidence: admitted to confidence: private.--_advs._ CONFIDEN'TIALLY; CON'FIDENTLY.--_n._ CONFID'ER, one who confides.--_adj._ CONFID'ING, trustful.--_adv._ CONFID'INGLY.--_n._ CONFID'INGNESS.--CONFIDENCE TRICK, a swindler's trick, whereby a person is induced to hand over money as a mark of confidence in the swindler; CONFIDANT PERSON, in Scots law, a confidential person, partner, agent, &c. [L. _confid[)e]re_--_con_, sig. completeness, and _fid[)e]re_, to trust.]

CONFIGURATION, kon-fig-[=u]-r[=a]'shun, _n._ external figure or shape: outline: relative position or aspect, as of planets.--_vs.t._ CONFIG'URATE, CONFIG'URE, to shape. [L. _configuratio_--_con_, together, and _figur[=a]re_, to form. See FIGURE.]

CONFINE, kon'f[=i]n, _n._ border, boundary, or limit--generally in _pl._: (kon-f[=i]n') confinement: (_Shak._) a prison.--_v.t._ CONFINE', to border; to be adjacent to: to limit, enclose: to imprison.--_adjs._ CONFIN'-ABLE; CONFINED', limited: imprisoned: narrow; CONFINE'LESS (_Shak._), without bound: unlimited.--_ns._ CONFINE'MENT, state of being shut up: restraint: imprisonment: restraint from going abroad by sickness, and esp. of women in childbirth; CONFIN'ER. one within the confines: (_Shak._) an inhabitant.--_adj._ CONFIN'ING, bordering: limiting.--BE CONFINED, to be limited: to be in child-bed. [Fr. _confiner_--L. _confinis_, bordering--_con_, together, _finis_, the end.]

CONFIRM, kon-f[.e]rm', _v.t._ to strengthen: to fix or establish: to ratify: to verify: to assure: to admit to full communion.--_adj._ CONFIRM'ABLE.--_n._ CONFIRM[=A]'TION, a making firm or sure: convincing proof: the rite by which persons are admitted to full communion in the R.C., Greek, Lutheran, Anglican, and other Churches.--_adjs._ CONFIRM'ATIVE, tending to confirm; CONFIRM'ATORY, giving additional strength to: confirming; CONFIRMED', settled: inveterate.--_ns._ CONFIRMEE', one to whom anything is confirmed; CONFIRM'ER; CONFIRM'ING. [O.

Fr. _confermer_--L. _confirm[=a]re_--_con_, inten., and _firm[=a]re_--_firmus_, firm.]

CONFISCATE, kon'fis-k[=a]t, or kon-fis'-, _v.t._ to appropriate to the state, as a penalty: to take possession of.--_adj._ forfeited to the public treasury.--_adjs._ CONFIS'CABLE, CONFIS'CATORY, of the nature of confiscation.--_ns._ CONFISC[=A]'TION, the act of confiscating; CON'FISC[=A]TOR, one who confiscates. [L. _confisc[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_con_, together, _fiscus_, a basket.]

CONFIT, kon'fit, _n._ (_obs._). Same as COMFIT.

CONFITEOR, kon-fit'[=e]-or, _n._ a form of prayer or confession used in the Latin Church. [L. _confiteor_, I confess.]

CONFITURE, kon'fit-[=u]r, _n._ (_obs._). Same as COMFITURE.

CONFIX, kon-fiks', _v.t._ (_Shak._) to fix firmly. [L. _config[)e]re_, _-fixum_--_con_, inten., _fig[)e]re_, to fix.]

CONFLAGRATE, kon'fla-gr[=a]t, _v.t._ and _v.i._ to burn up.--_adj._ CONFLAG'RANT (_Milt._) burning.--_n._ CONFLAGR[=A]'TION, a great burning or fire. [L. _conflagr[=a]re_--_con_, inten., and _flagr[=a]re_, to burn. See FLAGRANT.]

CONFLATE, kon-fl[=a]t', _v.t._ to blow together: to produce: to combine two variant readings of a text into one.--_n._ CONFL[=A]'TION. [L.

_conflatus_--_confl[=a]re_, to blow together--_con_, and _fl[=a]re_, to blow.]

CONFLICT, kon'flikt, _n._ violent collision: a struggle or contest: a battle: a mental struggle.--_v.i._ CONFLICT', to fight: contend: to be in opposition: to clash.--_adj._ CONFLICT'ING, clashing: contradictory.--_n._ CONFLIC'TION.--_adj._ CONFLICT'IVE, tending to conflict. [L.

_conflig[)e]re_--_con_, together, and _flig[)e]re_, to strike.]

CONFLUENCE, kon'floo-ens, _n._ a flowing together: the place of meeting, as of rivers: a concourse: the act of meeting together.--_adj._ CON'FLUENT, flowing together: uniting.--_n._ a stream uniting and flowing with another.--_adv._ CON'FLUENTLY.--_n._ CON'FLUX, a flowing together. [L.

_conflu[)e]re_, _confluxum_, from _con_, together, _flu[)e]re_, to flow.]

CONFORM, kon-form', _v.t._ to make like or of the same form with: to adapt.--_v.i._ to be of the same form; to comply: to obey.--_n._ CONFORMABIL'ITY, state of being conformable.--_adj._ CONFORM'ABLE, corresponding in form: suitable: compliant.--_adv._ CONFORM'ABLY.--_ns._ CONFORM[=A]'TION, particular form, shape, or structure: adaptation; CONFORM'ER, CONFORM'IST, one who conforms, esp. with the worship of the Established Church; CONFORM'ITY, likeness: compliance: consistency.--IN CONFORMITY WITH, in accordance with. [L. _conform[=a]re_--_con_, with, and _form[=a]re_--_forma_, form.]

CONFOUND, kon-fownd', _v.t._ to overthrow, defeat: to mingle so as to make the parts indistinguishable: to throw into disorder: to perplex: to astonish.--_p.adj._ CONFOUND'ED, confused: astonished: (_coll._) consummate, egregious (a term of disapprobation).--_advs._ CONFOUND'EDLY (_coll._), hatefully, shamefully: cursedly; CONFOUND'INGLY, astonishingly.--CONFOUND YOU, an execration or curse. [O. Fr.

_confondre_--L. _confund[)e]re_, _-fusum_--_con_, together, _fund[)e]re_, to pour.]

CONFRATERNITY, kon-fra-t[.e]r'ni-ti, _n._ a brotherhood: clan: brotherly friendship.

CONFReRE, kong-fr[=a]r, _n._ a colleague: a fellow-member or associate.

[Fr.,--L. _con_, together, _frater_, a brother.]

CONFRONT, kon-frunt', _v.t._ to stand in front of: to face: to oppose: to bring face to face: to compare.--_n._ CONFRONT[=A]'TION, the bringing of people face to face. [Fr. _confronter_--Low L.,--L. _con_, together, and _frons_, the front. See FRONT.]

CONFUCIAN, kon-f[=u]'shyan, _adj._ of or belonging to _Confucius_, the Chinese philosopher (551-479 B.C.).--_ns._ CONF[=U]'CIANISM; CONF[=U]'CIANIST.

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