CONFUSE, kon-f[=u]z', _v.t._ to pour or mix together so that things cannot be distinguished: to throw into disorder: to perplex.--_v.i._ to be confused.--_adj._ CONFUSED', perplexed: disordered.--_adv._ CONFUS'EDLY, in a confused manner: disorderly.--_ns._ CONFUS'EDNESS, state of being confused: disorder; CONF[=U]'SION, the state of being confused: disorder: shame: overthrow: perplexity: embarrassment: turmoil.--_adj._ CONF[=U]'SIVE. [A doublet of CONFOUND.]
CONFUTE, kon-f[=u]t', _v.t._ to prove to be false: to refute: to put an end to.--_adj._ CONF[=U]T'ABLE.--_n._ CONFUT[=A]'TION.--_adj._ CONF[=U]T'ATIVE, tending to confute.--_n._ CONFUTE'MENT. [L. _confut[=a]re_--_con_, inten., and _futis_, a water-vessel, from _fund[)e]re_, to pour: to overthrow. See FUTILE.]
CONGe. See CONGEE.
CONGEAL, kon-j[=e]l', _v.t._ to freeze: to change from fluid to solid by cold: to solidify, as by cold.--_v.i._ to pass from fluid to solid, as by cold: to stiffen: to coagulate.--_adj._ CONGEAL'ABLE.--_ns._ CONGEAL'ABLENESS; CONGEAL'MENT, CONGEL[=A]'TION, act or process of congealing: anything congealed. [L. _congel[=a]re_, from _con_, and _gelu_, frost.]
CONGEE, kon'j[=e], CONGe, kong'j[=a], _n._ a bow: dismissal: leave to depart.--_v.i._ to take leave: to bow.--CONGe D'eLIRE (_Fr._), permission to elect: permission given by the crown to a dean and chapter to elect a bishop. [Fr. _conge_--L. _commeatus_, leave of absence--_com_, together, and _me[=a]re_, to go.]
CONGENER, kon'je-n[.e]r, or kon-j[=e]'n[.e]r, _n._ a person or thing of the same kind or nature.--_adj._ akin.--_adjs._ CONGENER'IC, -AL, of the same genus, origin, or nature; CONGEN'EROUS, of the same nature or kind; CONGENET'IC, alike in origin. [L.,--_con_, with, and _genus_, _generis_, kind.]
CONGENIAL, kon-j[=e]'ni-al, _adj._ of the same genius, spirit, or tastes: kindred, sympathetic: suitable.--_n._ CONGENIAL'ITY.--_adv._ CONG[=E]'NIALLY. [L. _con_, with, and _genialis_, genial. See GENIAL.]
CONGENITAL, kon-jen'i-tal, _adj._ begotten or born with, said of diseases or deformities dating from birth.--_adv._ CONGEN'ITALLY. [L. _congenitus_, from _con_, together, _gign[)e]re_, _genitum_, to beget.]
CONGER, kong'g[.e]r, _n._ a marine bony fish in the eel family, 3 to 6 feet long--also CON'GER-EEL: a company of co-operating booksellers. [L.,--Gr.
CONGERIES, kon-j[=e]'ri-[=e]z, _n._ a collection of particles or small bodies in one mass. [L.,--_con_, together, _ger[)e]re_, _gestum_, to bring.]
CONGEST, kon-jest', _v.t._ to bring together, or heap up: to accumulate.--_adjs._ CONGEST'ED, affected with an unnatural accumulation of blood: overcrowded; CONGEST'IBLE.--_n._ CONGEST'ION, an accumulation of blood in any part of the body: fullness: an overcrowded condition.--_adj._ CONGEST'IVE, indicating or tending to congestion. [L. _conger[)e]re_, _congestum_--_con_, together, and _ger[)e]re_, _gestum_, to bring.]
CONGIARY, kon'ji-ar-i, _n._ a gift to the Roman people or soldiery, originally in corn, oil, &c., each receiving a _congius_ or gallon--afterwards given in money. [L. _congiarium_--_congius_, the Roman gallon.]
CONGLOBE, kon-gl[=o]b', _v.t._ or _v.i._ to collect together into a globe or round mass:--_pr.p._ congl[=o]b'ing; _pa.p._ congl[=o]bed'.--_adj._ CONGLOB'ATE, formed into a globe or ball.--_v.t._ to form into a globe or ball.--_n._ CONGLOB[=A]'TION.--_v.i._ CONGLOB'[=U]LATE, to gather into a globule or small globe. [L. _con_, together, and _glob[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_globus_, a ball, globe.]
CONGLOMERATE, kon-glom'[.e]r-[=a]t, _adj._ gathered into a clew or mass.--_v.t._ to gather into a ball.--_n._ a rock composed of pebbles cemented together.--_n._ CONGLOMER[=A]'TION, state of being conglomerated: a collection of things. [L. _conglomer[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_con_, together, and _glomus_, _glomeris_, a clew, akin to _globus_.]
CONGLUTINATE, kon-gl[=oo]'tin-[=a]t, _v.t._ to glue together: to heal by uniting.--_v.i._ to unite or grow together.--_p.adj._ CONGLU'TINANT.--_n._ CONGLUTIN[=A]'TION, a joining by means of some sticky substance: healing.--_adj._ CONGLU'TIN[=A]TIVE, having power to conglutinate.--_n._ CONGLU'TIN[=A]TOR. [L. _conglutin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_con_, together, and _gluten_, glue.]
CONGOU, kong'g[=oo], _n._ a kind of black tea.--Also CONGO. [Chinese _kung-fu_, labour, referring to the labour expended in producing the tea.]
CONGRATULATE, kon-grat'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.t._ to wish joy to on any fortunate event: to felicitate: to consider one's self fortunate in some matter.--_adj._ CONGRAT'ULANT, expressing congratulation.--_n._ a congratulator.--_ns._ CONGRATUL[=A]'TION, act of congratulating: an expression of joy or sympathy; CONGRAT'ULATOR.--_adj._ CONGRAT'ULATORY. [L.
_congratul[=a]ri_, _-[=a]tus_--_con_, inten., _gratul[=a]ri_--_gratus_, pleasing.]
CONGREE, kon-gr[=e]', _v.i._ (_Shak._) to agree together: to accord. [L.
_con_, together, and Fr. _gre_, good-will--L. _gratus_, pleasing.]
CONGREET, kon-gr[=e]t', _v.t._ (_Shak._) to salute mutually. [L. _con_, together, and GREET.]
CONGREGATE, kong'gre-g[=a]t, _v.t._ to gather together: to assemble.--_v.i._ to flock together.--_p.adj._ CONGREGAT'ED, assembled: aggregated.--_n._ CONGREG[=A]'TION, the act of congregating: an assemblage of persons or things: (_O.T._) a name given to the children of Israel: a body of people united to worship in a particular church: the name given to the body of Protestant Reformers in Scotland in the time of Mary.--_adj._ CONGREG[=A]'TIONAL, pertaining to a congregation.--_ns._ CONGREG[=A]'TIONALISM, a form of church government in which each congregation is independent in the management of its own affairs--also called _Independency_; CONGREG[=A]'TIONALIST, adherent of Congregationalism. [L. _congreg[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_con_, together, and _grex_, _gregis_, a flock.]
CONGRESS, kong'gres, _n._ a meeting together or assembly, as of ambassadors, &c., for political purposes: the federal legislature of the United States.--_v.i._ to meet in congress.--_adj._ CONGRES'SIONAL.--_n._ CON'GRESSMAN, a member of congress. [L. _con_, together, and _gradi_, _gressus_, to step, to go.]
CONGREVE, kong'gr[=e]v, _n._ a rocket for use in war, invented by Sir William _Congreve_ (1772-1828).--_n._ CON'GREVE-MATCH, a kind of lucifer match, invented by Congreve.
CONGRUE, kong-gr[=oo]', _v.i._ (_Shak._) to agree.--_ns._ CONG'RUENCE, CONG'RUENCY, agreement: suitableness.--_adj._ CONG'RUENT, agreeing: suitable: congruous: used of two numbers which, when divided by the same number, give the same remainder.--_n._ CONGRU'ITY, agreement between things: consistency: fitness.--_adj._ CONG'RUOUS, suitable: fit: consistent.--_adv._ CONG'RUOUSLY.--_n._ CONG'RUOUSNESS. [L. _congru[)e]re_, to run together.]
CONIA. See CONIUM.
CONIC, -AL; CONICS. See CONE.
CONIFERae, kon-if'[.e]r-[=e], _n.pl._ an order of exogenous plants, including pines, firs, &c., which bear cones, in which the seed is contained.--_n._ CON'IFER, one of the foregoing.--_adj._ CONIF'EROUS, cone-bearing, as the fir, &c. [CONE, and L. _ferre_, to bear.]
CONIFORM. See CONE.
CONIMA, kon'i-ma, _n._ a fragrant resin for making pastilles.
CONINE, k[=o]'nin, _n._ an alkaloid forming the poisonous principle of hemlock.--Also C[=O]'NIA, C[=O]'NICINE. [Gr. _k[=o]neion_, hemlock.]
CONIROSTRAL, k[=o]n-i-ros'tral, _adj._ having a strong conical beak.--_n.pl._ CONIROS'TRES, a group of insessorial birds with such. [CONE, and L. _rostralis_--_rostrum_, a beak.]
CONJECT, kon-jekt', _v.i._ (_Shak._) to conjecture.
CONJECTURE, kon-jekt'[=u]r, _n._ a forecast: an opinion formed on slight or defective evidence: an opinion without proof: a guess: an idea.--_v.t._ to make conjectures regarding: to infer on slight evidence: to guess.--_adjs._ CONJECT'URABLE, that may be conjectured; CONJECT'URAL, involving conjecture: given to conjecture.--_adv._ CONJECT'URALLY. [L.
_conjic[)e]re_, _conjectum_, to throw together--_con_, together, and _jac[)e]re_, to throw.]
CONJEE, CONGEE, kon'j[=e], _n._ water in which rice has been boiled, much used for invalids. [Anglo-Indian--Tamil _kanji_. Origin unknown.]
CONJOIN, kon-join', _v.t._ to join together: to combine.--_v.i._ to unite.--_adjs._ CONJOINED', united: in conjunction; CONJOINT', joined together: united.--_adv._ CONJOINT'LY. [Fr. _conjoindre_--L. _con_, together, and _jung[)e]re_, _junctum_, to join. See JOIN.]
CONJUGAL, kon'joo-gal, _adj._ pertaining to marriage.--_n._ CONJUGAL'ITY.--_adv._ CON'JUGALLY. [L. _conjugalis_--_conjux_, one united to another, a husband or wife--_con_, and _jugum_, a yoke.]
CONJUGATE, kon'joo-g[=a]t, _v.t._ (_gram._) to give the various inflections or parts of a verb.--_adj._ joined: connected.--_n._ a word agreeing in derivation with another word.--_adjs._ CON'JUGATED, CONJUG[=A]'TIONAL, CON'JUGATIVE, conjugate.--_ns._ CON'JUGATENESS; CON'JUGATING; CONJUG[=A]'TION, the act of joining: union: (_gram._) a term applied to a connected view or statement of the inflectional changes of form that a verb undergoes in its various relations: a class of verbs inflected in the same manner.--CONJUGATE AXES, two axes in a conic section, such that each is parallel to the tangent at the extremity of the other; CONJUGATE FOCI (see FOCUS); CONJUGATE MIRRORS, two mirrors set face to face so that the rays emitted from the focus of one are first reflected from it to the and thence to its focus; CONJUGATION OF CELLS, a mode of reproduction in which two apparently similar cells unite, as in Amoeba, Diatoms, &c. [L.
_conjug[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_con_, together, and _jug[=a]re_--_jugum_, a yoke.]
CONJUNCT, kon-junkt', _adj._ conjoined: concurrent.--_n._ CONJUNC'TION, connection, union: (_gram._) a word that connects sentences, clauses, and words: one of the aspects of the planets, when two heavenly bodies have the same longitude--i.e. when the same perpendicular to the ecliptic passes through both.--_adj._ CONJUNC'TIONAL, relating to a conjunction.--_adv._ CONJUNC'TIONALLY.--_adj._ CONJUNC'TIVE, closely united: serving to unite: connective: (_gram._) introduced by a conjunction.--_adv._ CONJUNC'TIVELY.--_n._ CONJUNC'TIVENESS.--_adv._ CONJUNC'TLY, conjointly: in union.--_n._ CONJUNC'TURE, combination of circumstances: important occasion, crisis.--GRAND CONJUNCTIONS, those where several planets or stars are found together. [L.,--_conjung[)e]re_. See CONJOIN.]
CONJURE, kun'j[.e]r and kon-j[=oo]r' (_con'jure_, generally of the art of legerdemain, &c.; _conjure'_, of actions treated as religious or solemn), _v.i._ to practise magical arts: to make an invocation: (_obs._) to conspire.--_v.t._ to call on or summon by a sacred name or in a solemn manner: to implore earnestly: to compel (a spirit) by incantations: to enchant: to raise up or frame needlessly; to effect by jugglery:--_pr.p._ con'juring; _pa.p._ con'jured.--_ns._ CONJUR[=A]'TION, act of summoning by a sacred name or solemnly: enchantment; CON'JUR[=A]TOR, a conspirator; CONJURE'MENT, adjuration; CON'JURER, -OR, one who practises magic: an enchanter: (kon-j[=oo]'ror) one bound by oath with others; CON'JURING, magic-working: the production of effects apparently miraculous by natural means; CON'JURY, magic. [Fr.,--L. _con_, together, and _jur[=a]re_, to swear.]
CONK, kongk, _n._ the nose.--_n._ CONK'Y (_slang_), a person with a large nose. [Mr F. Hindes Groome suggests that it may be back slang, _conk_ being the illiterate spelling of the Gipsy _knoc_, nose.]
CONNASCENT, kon-nas'ent, _adj._ born or produced at the same time.--_ns._ CONNAS'CENCE, CONNAS'CENCY. [L. _con_, with _nasci_, to be born.]
CONNATE, kon'[=a]t, _adj._ born with one's self: innate: allied: congenial.--_adj._ CONNAT'URAL, of the same nature with another.--_v.t._ CONNAT'URALISE.--_n._ CONNAT'URALITY.--_adv._ CONNAT'URALLY.--_ns._ CONNAT'URALNESS; CONN[=A]'TURE. [L. _con_, with, and _nasci_, _natus_, to be born.]
CONNE, kon, _v.t._ (_Spens._) form of CON, to know.
CONNECT, kon-ekt', _v.t._ to tie or fasten together: to establish a relation between: to associate.--_p.adj._ CONNECT'ED, joined: united.--_adv._ CONNECT'EDLY, in a connected manner.--_ns._ CONNECT'ER, -OR, one who or that which connects.--_adj._ CONNECT'IBLE, capable of being connected.--_ns._ CONNEC'TION, CONNEX'ION, act of connecting: that which connects: a body or society held together by a bond: coherence: intercourse: context: relation: intimacy: a relative.--_adjs._ CONNECT'IVE, CONNEX'IVE (_obs._), binding together.--_n._ a word that connects sentences and words.--_adv._ CONNECT'IVELY.--CONNECTIVE TISSUE, one of the four sets of the commonest classification of animal tissues, including a great variety--e.g. bone, cartilage, ligaments, and enswathing membranes. [L.
_con_, together, and _nect[)e]re_, to tie.]
CONNICTATION, kon-ik-t[=a]'shun, _n._ the act of winking. [L. _con_, and _nictare_, _-[=a]tum_, to wink.]
CONNIVE, kon-[=i]v', _v.i._ to wink at a fault: to take no notice: to have a private understanding.--_ns._ CONNIV'ANCE, CONNIV'ANCY, CONNIV'ENCE, CONNIV'ENCY.--_adj._ CONNIV'ENT.--_n._ CONNIV'ER. [Fr.,--L. _conniv[=e]re_, to wink.]
CONNOISSEUR, kon-es-sehr', or kon-is-[=u]r', _n._ one who knows a subject well; a critical judge in art, music, &c.--_n._ CONNOISSEUR'SHIP, the skill of a connoisseur. [Fr. _connoitre_--L. _cognosc[)e]re_, to know.]
CONNOTE, kon-[=o]t', _v.t._ to signify secondarily: to imply along with an object the inherent attributes: to include.--_v.t._ CON'NOT[=A]TE, to connote.--_n._ CONNOT[=A]'TION, implication of something more than the denotation of an object: the aggregation of attributes connoted by a term.--_adjs._ CONNOT'[=A]TIVE, CONN[=O]'TIVE. [L. _con_, with, and NOTE.]