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COLLINEAR, ko-lin'e-ar, _adj._ in the same straight line.

COLLIESHANGIE, kol-i-shang'i, _n._ (_Scot._) noisy wrangling or fighting.

[Ety. dub.; but perh. from _collie_, a dog, and _shangie_, something attached to his tail.]

COLLINGUAL, ko-ling'gwal, _adj._ speaking the same tongue.

COLLIQUATE, kol'i-kw[=a]t, _v.t._ to melt.--_adjs._ COLLIQ'UABLE, COLL'IQUANT, melting, wasting; COLLIQ'UATIVE, profuse in flow. [L. _com-_, together, _liqu[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to make melt.]

COLLOCATE, kol'[=o]-k[=a]t, _v.t._ to place together: to set: to arrange.--_n._ COLLOC[=A]'TION, act of collocating: disposition in place: arrangement. [L. _colloc[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, _col_, together, _loc[=a]re_, to place.]


COLLODION, kol-[=o]'di-on, _n._ a gluey solution of gun-cotton in alcohol and ether, used in surgery and photography. [Gr. _koll[=o]d[=e]s_--_kolla_, glue, _eidos_, form, appearance.]

COLLOGUE, ko-log', _v.i._ to simulate belief: to conspire: to converse confidentially.--_v.t._ to coax; to flatter. [Prob. from L. _colloqui_, to speak together.]

COLLOID, kol'oid, _n._ a name given by Graham, in contradistinction to _crystalloids_, to any soluble substance, which, when exposed to dialysis, does not pass through the porous membrane.--_adj._ COLLOID'AL. [Gr.

_kolla_, glue, and _eidos_, form.]

COLLOP, kol'op, _n._ a slice of meat, fried or otherwise: (_Shak._) a child.--COLLOP MONDAY, the day before Shrove Tuesday, when collops-and-eggs was eaten.--MINCED COLLOPS (_Scot._), minced meat.

COLLOQUY, kol'o-kwi, _n._ a speaking together: mutual discourse: conversation.--_v.i._ (_rare_) to converse.--_n._ COLLOC'[=U]TOR.--_adj._ COLLOC'[=U]TORY.--_v.i._ COLLOQUE', to hold colloquy.--_adj._ COLL[=O]'QUIAL, pertaining to or used in common conversation.--_ns._ COLL[=O]'QUIALISM, a form of expression used in familiar talk; COLL[=O]'QUIALIST.--_adv._ COLL[=O]'QUIALLY.--_v.i._ COLL'OQUISE, to converse.--_n._ COLL'OQUIST, a speaker in a colloquy. [L. _colloquium_, _col_, together, _loqui_, to speak.]

COLLOTYPE, kol'o-t[=i]p, _n._ a photographic process much used for book illustrations and advertising purposes. [Gr. _kolla_, glue, and TYPE.]

COLLUCTATION, kol-uk-t[=a]'shun, _n._ strife: opposition. [L.

_colluct[=a]ri_--_col-_, _luct[=a]ri_, to wrestle.]

COLLUDE, kol-[=u]d', _v.i._ to play into each other's hand: to act in concert, esp. in a fraud.--_ns._ COLLUD'ER; COLL[=U]'SION, act of colluding: a secret agreement to deceive: deceit.--_adj._ COLL[=U]'SIVE, fraudulently concerted: deceitful.--_adv._ COLL[=U]'SIVELY. [L.

_collud[)e]re_, _collusum_, from _col_, and _lud[)e]re_, to play.]

COLLUVIES, ko-l[=u]'vi-[=e]s., _n._ filth: a rabble. [L.

'washings'--_collu[)e]re_, to wash thoroughly.]

COLLY, kol'li, _v.t._ to begrime with coal-dust: (_Shak._) to darken.--_p.adj._ COL'LIED. [See COAL.]

COLLYRIUM, ko-lir'i-um, _n._ a term for various kinds of eye-salve or eye-wash. [L.,--Gr. _kollyrion_, eye-salve, dim. of _kollyra_, a roll of bread.]

COLOCYNTH, kol'[=o]-sinth, _n._ the dried and powdered pulp of a kind of cucumber, much used as a purgative. [L.,--Gr. _kolokynthis_.]

COLOGNE-EARTH, ko-l[=o]n'-[.e]rth, _n._ a brown earth prepared from lignite, found originally near _Cologne_, a German city on the Rhine.--COLOGNE WATER, or EAU DE COLOGNE, a perfumed spirit first made at Cologne in 1709 by Jean Farina.

COLON, k[=o]'lon, _n._ the mark (:) used to indicate a distinct member or clause of a sentence. [Gr. _k[=o]lon_, a limb, member.]

COLON, k[=o]'lon, _n._ that portion of the large intestine which extends from the caecum to the rectum, which is the terminal portion of the intestinal canal.--_n._ COLON[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the colon. [L.,--Gr.

_kolon_, the large intestine.]

COLONEL, kur'n[.e]l, _n._ an officer who has command of a regiment;--_ns._ COL'ONELCY, his office or rank; COL'ONELLING, playing the colonel; COL'ONELSHIP, colonelcy: quality of a colonel. [Fr. and Sp. _coronel_; a corr. of It. _colonello_, the leader of a _colonna_, or column--L.


COLONNADE, kol-on-[=a]d', _n._ a range of columns placed at regular intervals: a similar row, as of trees. [Fr.,--L. _columna_.]

COLONY, kol'on-i, _n._ a name somewhat vaguely applied to the foreign dependencies of a state (a Roman colony was a military settlement planted in subject territory; a Greek colony consisted of a band of emigrants impelled to seek a new home, and connected with their mother-city by no stronger tie than that of sentiment): a body of persons who form a fixed settlement in another country: the settlement so formed: the place they inhabit.--_adj._ COL[=O]N'IAL, pertaining to a colony.--_n._ an inhabitant of a colony, a colonist.--_ns._ COL[=O]N'IALISM, a trait of colonial life or speech; COLONIS[=A]'TION, act or practice of colonising: state of being colonised.--_v.t._ COL'ONISE, to plant or establish a colony in: to form into a colony.--_v.i._ to settle.--_n._ COL'ONIST, an inhabitant of a colony.--COLONIAL ANIMALS, organisms which cannot be fairly regarded as unities, but consist of numerous individuals united in a common life; COLONIAL SYSTEM, the theory that the settlements abroad were to be treated as proprietary domains exploited for the benefit of the mother-country. [L.

_colonia_--_colonus_, a husbandman--_col[)e]re_, to till.]

COLOPHON, kol'o-fon, _n._ in early printing, the inscription at the end of a book with name, date, &c. [L. _colophon_--Gr. _koloph[=o]n_, the finish.]

COLOPHONY, kol-of'o-ni, _n._ the dark-coloured resin got from the distillation of turpentine with water. [Gr., from _Colophon_, in Asia Minor.]

COLOQUINTIDA, kol-o-kwin'ti-da, _n._ the colocynth.

COLOSSUS, kol-os'us, _n._ a gigantic statue, esp. that of Apollo astride the entrance of the harbour of Rhodes.--_adjs._ COLOSS'AL, like a colossus: gigantic; COLOSS'ALWISE, astride (_Shak._).--_ns._ COLOSS[=E]'UM, COLIS[=E]'UM, Vespasian's amphitheatre at Rome, which was the largest in the world. [L.,--Gr. _kolossos_.]

COLOSTRUM, ko-los'trum, _n._ the first milk of a mammal after parturition.--_n._ COLOSTR[=A]'TION, a disease of infants due to colostrum.--_adjs._ COLOS'TRIC, COLOS'TROUS. [L.]

COLOUR, kul'ur, _n._ a property of light which causes bodies to have different appearances to the eye: the hue or appearance which bodies present to the eye: appearance of blood in the face: appearance: pretext: tint: paint: false show: kind: (_pl._) a flag, ensign, or standard: paints.--_v.t._ to put colour on: to stain: to paint: to set in a fair light: to exaggerate: to misrepresent.--_v.i._ to show colour: to blush.--_adjs._ COLORIF'IC, containing or producing colours; COL'OURABLE, having a fair appearance: designed to conceal.--_adv._ COL'OURABLY.--_n._ COLOUR[=A]'TION.--_adj._ COL'OUR-BLIND, unable to distinguish between colours.--_n._ COL'OUR-BLIND'NESS.--_adjs._ COL'OURED, having colour: (_Spens._) having a specious appearance, deceitful: of the complexion, other than white.--_ns._ COL'OURING, any substance used to give colour: manner of applying colours: specious appearance; COL'OURIST, one who colours or paints: one who excels in colouring.--_adj._ COL'OURLESS, without colour: transparent: neutral.--_ns._ COL'OURMAN, one who prepares and sells colours; COL'OUR-SER'GEANT, the sergeant who guards the colours of a regiment.--_adj._ COL'OURY, having much colour.--COLOUR A PIPE, to cause a tobacco-pipe, esp. a meerschaum, to take on a brown or black colour, by smoking.--A PERSON OF COLOUR, a person of negro blood.--CHANGE COLOUR, to turn pale: to blush; COME OFF WITH FLYING COLOURS, to do something with great eclat; COME OUT IN ONE'S TRUE COLOURS, to appear in one's real character; DESERT ONE'S COLOURS, to abandon one's post or duty; FAST COLOUR, a colour which does not fade when washed; FIGHT UNDER FALSE COLOURS, to put forward a false pretence as a cover for one's actions; GIVE COLOUR, to give plausibility: HANG OUT FALSE COLOURS, to put up another's flag, to pretend to belong to another party than one really does; HIGH COLOUR, pronounced redness of complexion; LOSE COLOUR, to lose one's good looks; NAIL ONE'S COLOURS TO THE MAST, to commit one's self to some party or plan of action; OFF COLOUR, faded: past one's best; PAINT IN BRIGHT COLOURS, to embellish: to exaggerate; PRIMARY COLOURS, the three colours, red, green, and violet, from which the others, called SECONDARY COLOURS, can be obtained; SHOW ONE'S COLOURS, to show what are one's inclinations, opinions, or character; STICK TO ONE'S COLOURS, to adhere to one's party or opinions; UNDER COLOUR OF, under the pretext of; WITHOUT COLOUR, without disguise: colourless: without individuality. [Fr.,--L. _color_; akin to _cel[=a]re_, to cover, to conceal.]

COLPORTEUR, kol'p[=o]rt-[=a]r, or kol'p[=o]rt-[.e]r, _n._ a peddler, esp.

one selling tracts and religious books.--_n._ COL'PORT[=A]GE, the distribution of books by colporteurs. [Fr. _colporteur_, from _col_--L.

_collum_, the neck, and _porter_--L. _port[=a]re_, to carry.]

COLT, k[=o]lt, _n._ a young horse: an awkward fellow: an inexperienced youth: (_B._) a young camel or ass: (_naut._) a rope's end.--_v.i._ (_Spens._) to frisk like a colt.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to cheat: to give the rope's end, to beat.--_adj._ COLT'ISH, like a colt: frisky: wanton.--_ns._ COLT'S'-FOOT, a composite plant with large soft leaves once used for asthma and coughing; COLT'S'-TOOTH, one of a horse's first set of teeth; (_Shak._) love of youthful pleasures: wantonness. [A.S. _colt_; Sw. _kult_, a young boar, a stout boy.]

COLTER, COULTER, k[=o]lt[.e]r, _n._ the fore-iron of a plough. [A.S.

_culter_--L. _culter_, a knife.]

COLUBER, kol'ub-[.e]r, _n._ a genus of non-venomous snakes, of almost world-wide distribution.--_n._ COLUB'RIAD (_Cowper_).--_adj._ COL'UBRINE.

[L. _coluber_, a snake.]

COLUMBIAN, k[=o]-lum'bi-an, _adj._ pertaining to _Columbia_, a name of America.--_ns._ COLUM'BATE, a salt or compound of columbic acid with a base; COLUM'BITE, the native ore of columbium; COLUM'BIUM, a metallic element now called _niobium_. [_Columbia_, America, from Columbus (1447-1506), its discoverer.]

COLUMBINE, kol'um-b[=i]n, _adj._ of or like a dove: dove-coloured.--_n._ a genus of plants (_Aquilegia_) having five coloured sepals, which soon fall off, and five petals, each terminating below in a horn-shaped spur or nectary: in pantomimes, the sweetheart of Harlequin (q.v.).--_ns._ COLUMB[=A]'RIUM, a dovecot or pigeon-house: one of the niches or pigeon-holes in a particular kind of sepulchral chamber in which the urns containing the ashes of dead bodies burned were deposited; COL'UMBARY, a pigeon-house or dovecot. [L. _columba_, a dove.]


COLUMN, kol'um, _n._ a long, round body, used to support or adorn a building: any upright body or mass like a column: a body of troops drawn up in deep files: a perpendicular row of lines in a book.--_ns._ COL'[=U]MEL, a small column; COL[=U]MEL'LA, the central axis of a spiral univalve; the auditory ossicle of the amphibian ear: the central axis of the spore-case of mosses: in the opening of fruits, what remains in the centre after the carpels have split away.--_adjs._ COLUM'NAL, COLUM'NAR, formed in columns.--_n._ COLUMNA'RITY.--_adjs._ COL'UMNED, COLUM'NI[=A]TED, COLUM'NATED, having columns.--_n._ COLUM'NI[=A]TION. [L. _columen_, _columna_, akin to _celsus_, high; Gr. _kol[=o]n[=e]_, a hill.]

COLURE, k[=o]-l[=u]r', _n._ (_astron._) one of two great circles supposed to intersect each other at right angles in the poles of the equator. [Gr.

_kolourus_--_kolos_, docked, _oura_, tail.]

COLZA, kol'za, _n._ a kind of cabbage whose seeds yield oil for lamps.

[Dut. _koolzaad_, cabbage-seed.]

COMA, k[=o]'ma, _n._ deep sleep: stupor.--_adj._ COM'ATOSE, affected with coma: drowsy. [Gr. _k[=o]ma_.]

COMA, k[=o]'ma, _n._ (_bot._) a tuft or bunch of hairy-like appendages as on some seeds: the leafy branches forming the head of a tree: (_astron._) the nebulous envelope surrounding the nucleus of a comet. [L.--Gr.

_kom[=e]_, hair of the head.]

COMARB, k[=o]'marb, _n._ the head of one of the families composing an old Irish sept: the successor in an ecclesiastical office, abbot, vicar, &c.--Better C[=O]'ARB. [Ir. _comharba_, successor.]

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