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COIL, koil, _v.t._ to wind in rings as a rope, a serpent, &c.: to twist: to entangle.--_v.i._ to twist one's self.--_n._ a rope which has been gathered into rings: one of the rings into which a rope is gathered: a wire wound spirally to conduct electricity.--COIL UP, of a serpent, to get into a position for springing: to gather into a ball. [O. Fr. _coillir_ (Fr.

_cueillir_)--L. _collig[)e]re_--_col_, together, _leg[)e]re_, to gather.]

COIL, koil, _n._ tumult: hubbub: noise: fuss.--MORTAL COIL, the toil and trouble of human life. [Der. unknown; prob. Celt.; Gael. and Ir. _goill_, war.]

COIN, koin, _n._ (_Shak._) a corner-stone: a piece of metal legally stamped and current as money.--_v.t._ to convert a piece of metal into money: to stamp; to make, invent, fabricate: (_fig._) to make into.--_ns._ COIN'AGE, the act of coining money: the currency: the pieces of metal coined: the invention, or fabrication, of something new: what is invented; COIN'ER, one who coins money: a maker of counterfeit coins: an inventor; COIN'ING, minting: invention.--COIN MONEY, to make money rapidly.--PAY A MAN IN HIS OWN COIN, to give tit for tat: to give as good as one got. [Fr. _coin_, a wedge, also the die to stamp money--L. _cuneus_, a wedge.]

COINCIDE, k[=o]-in-s[=i]d', _v.i._ to fall in with, or agree, in opinion: to correspond: to be identical.--_ns._ COIN'CIDENCE, act or condition of coinciding: the occurrence of an event at the same time as another event, without any apparent connection; COIN'CIDENCY.--_adjs._ COIN'CIDENT, COINCIDENT'AL.--_adv._ COIN'CIDENTLY. [L. _co-_, together, _incid[)e]re_--_in_, in, _cad[)e]re_, to fall.]

CO-INHERE, k[=o]-in-h[=e]r', _v.i._ to inhere together.--_n._ CO-INHER'ENCE.

CO-INHERITOR, k[=o]-in-her'it-or, _n._ a joint heir.--_n._ CO-INHER'ITANCE.

CO-INSTANTANEOUS, k[=o]-in-stan-t[=a]n'e-us, _adj._ exactly simultaneous.--_ns._ CO-INSTANTAN[=E]'ITY, CO-INSTANTAN'EOUSNESS.--_adv._ CO-INSTANTAN'EOUSLY.

COIR, koir, _n._ the strong fibre of the husk of the coco-nut, used for making door-mats. [Malay, _k[=a]yar_, cord--_k[=a]yaru_, to be twisted.]

COISTRIL, kois'tril, _n._ a groom: (_Shak._) a knave. [See CUSTREL.]

COITION, k[=o]-ish'un, _n._ sexual intercourse. [L. _coitio_--_co-_, together, _[=i]re_, _[=i]tum_, to go.]

COJOIN, k[=o]-join', _v.t._ (_Shak._). Same as CONJOIN.

COKE, k[=o]k, _n._ a form of fuel obtained by the heating of coal in confined spaces whereby its more volatile constituents are driven off.--_v.t._ to make into coke. [Ety. dub.; not before 17th century.]

COL, kol, _n._ (_geog._) a depression or pass in a mountain-range.

[Fr.,--L. _collum_, a neck.]

COLANDER, CULLENDER, kul'end-[.e]r, _n._ a vessel having small holes in the bottom, used as a strainer in cookery.--_ns._ COL[=A]'TION, COL'ATURE, straining. [L. _col[=a]re_, to strain--_colum_, a strainer.]

COLBERTINE, kol'ber-tin, _n._ a kind of lace, so called after Jean Baptiste _Colbert_ (1619-83), Minister of Finance to Louis XIV., a great patron of the arts.

COLCANNON, kol-kan'on, _n._ an Irish dish, being a stew of pounded cabbage and potatoes with butter. [COLE, cabbage; _cannon_ unknown.]

COLCHICUM, kol'chi-kum, _n._ a genus of _Liliaceae_--the meadow saffron, its corm or seed used for gout and rheumatism. [L.,--Gr. _colchicon_, meadow saffron--_Colchicus_, relating to _Colchis_, the native country of the sorceress Medea.]

COLCOTHAR, kol'k[=o]-thar, _n._ a dark-red iron peroxide formed by calcining copperas.

COLD, k[=o]ld, _adj._ the opposite of hot: shivering: without passion or zeal: spiritless: unfriendly: indifferent: reserved.--_n._ a relative want of sensible heat: the feeling or sensation caused by the absence of heat: coldness: a spell of cold weather: a disease caused by cold, a catarrhal inflammation of the mucous membrane of the respiratory organs, usually accompanied by hoarseness and coughing: catarrh: chillness.--_adj._ COLD'-BLOOD'ED, having cold blood, as fishes: without feeling: hard-hearted--of persons or actions.--_adv._ COLD'-BLOOD'EDLY.--_ns._ COLD'-BLOOD'EDNESS; COLD'-CHIS'EL, a strong and finely-tempered chisel for cutting cold metal, as distinguished from a blacksmith's chisel for cutting hot iron; COLD'-CREAM, the name applied to a creamy ointment, usually made of almond-oil, spermaceti, white wax, and rose-water, used as a cooling dressing for the skin.--_adjs._ COLD'-HEART'ED, wanting feeling: indifferent; COLD'ISH, somewhat cold.--_adv._ COLDLY.--_ns._ COLD'NESS; COLD'-PIG (_coll._), the application of cold water to wake a person.--_adj._ COLD'-SHORT, brittle when cold: (_fig._) of the temper.--_ns._ COLD'-WAT'ER, water at its natural temperature; COLD'-WITHOUT', brandy with cold water and no sugar.--COLD AS CHARITY, a proverbial phrase expressing ironically great coldness or indifference.--CATCH COLD, TAKE COLD, to acquire the malady--a cold.--GIVE THE COLD SHOULDER, to show indifference: to give a rebuff.--IN COLD BLOOD, with deliberate intent, not under the influence of passion.--LEAVE OUT IN THE COLD, to neglect, ignore.--THROW COLD WATER ON, to discourage. [A.S.

_ceald_; Scot, _cauld_, Ger. _kalt_; cog. also with Eng. _cool_, Ice.

_kala_, to freeze, L. _gelidus_--_gelu_, frost.]

COLE, k[=o]l, _n._ a general name for all sorts of cabbage.--_ns._ COLE'-GARTH, a cabbage garden; COLE'-SEED, the seed of rape; COLE'-WORT, a species of cabbage. [A.S. _cawel_; Ger. _kohl_, Scot. _kail_; all from L.

_colis_, _caulis_, a stem, esp. of cabbage; cf. Gr. _kaulos_.]

COLEOPTERA, kol-e-op't[.e]r-a, an order of insects having two pairs of wings, the outer pair being hard or horny, serving as wing-cases for the true wings: the beetles.--_adjs._ COLEOP'TERAL, COLEOP'TEROUS.--_n._ COLEOP'TERIST. [Gr. _koleos_, a sheath, and _pteron_ (pl. _ptera_), a wing.]

COLEORHIZA, kol-[=e]-[=o]-r[=i]'za, _n._ the root-sheath in endogens. [Gr.

_koleos_, sheath, _rhiza_, root.]

COLIBRI, kol'ib-r[=e], _n._ a kind of humming-bird. [Sp. and Fr. _colibri_, said to be the Carib. name.]

COLIC, kol'ik, _n._ a disease attended with severe pain and flatulent distension of the abdomen, without diarrhoea.--_adj._ COL'ICKY, suffering or causing colic.--_n._ COL[=I]'TIS (see COLONITIS under COLON).

[Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _kolikos_--_kolon_, the large intestine.]

COLIN, kol'in, the American quail or partridge. [Ety. dub.]


COLL, kol, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to embrace or fondle by taking round the neck.--_n._ COLL'ING, embracing. [Fr. _col_--L. _collum_, the neck.]

COLLABORATOR, kol-ab'[=o]-r[=a]-tor, COLLABORATEUR, kol-ab'[=o]-ra-t[=a]r, _n._ an associate or assistant in labour, particularly literary or scientific.--_n._ COLLABOR[=A]'TION. [Coined from L. _col_, with, and _labor[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to labour.]

COLLAPSE, kol-aps', _n._ a falling away or breaking down: any sudden or complete breakdown or prostration.--_v.i._ to fall together, to contract: to fall or break down: to go to ruin: to lose heart.--_adj._ COLLAPS'IBLE, capable of collapsing. [L. _collapsus_--_col_, together, and _labi_, _lapsus_, to slide or fall.]

COLLAR, kol'ar, _n._ something worn round the neck: the part of a garment at the neck: a band round a dog's neck: that part of a horse's harness worn round the neck, to which the traces are attached: a ring: a band.--_v.t._ to seize by the collar: to put a collar on: to capture.--_ns._ COLL'AR-BEAM, a horizontal piece of timber connecting or bracing two opposite rafters, to prevent sagging; COLL'AR-BONE, in man and most mammals the only bone directly connecting the upper extremity with the skeleton of the trunk.--_p.adj._ COLL'ARED, having, or ornamented with, a collar: rolled up and bound with a string, as a piece of meat having the bones removed: captured.--_ns._ COLL'ARETTE, a small collar; COLL'AR-WORK, hard work against the collar: drudgery. [O. Fr. _colier_--L.

_coll[=a]re_--_collum_, the neck.]

COLLARD, kol'ard, _n._ cole-wort. [See COLE.]

COLLATE, kol-[=a]t', _v.t._ to bring together for comparison: to examine and compare, as books, and esp. old manuscripts: to place in or confer a benefice upon: to place in order, as the sheets of a book for binding.--_adj._ COLL[=A]'TABLE.--_ns._ COLL[=A]'TION, act of collating: a bringing together for examination and comparison: presentation to a benefice: a repast between meals, from the habit of reading the _collationes_ or lives of the Fathers during meals in monasteries.--_adj._ COLL[=A]'TIVE, having the power of conferring: of livings where the bishop and patron are one and the same person.--_n._ COLL[=A]'TOR, one who collates or compares: one who bestows or presents. [L. _conferre_, _collatum_--_con_, together, _ferre_, to bring.]

COLLATERAL, kol-at'[.e]r-al, _adj._ side by side: running parallel or together; corresponding; descended from the same ancestor, but not directly, as the children of brothers.--_n._ a collateral relation: a contemporary: a rival.--_adv._ COLLAT'ERALLY. [L. _col_, and _latus_, _lateris_, a side.]

COLLEAGUE, kol'[=e]g, _n._ one associated with others in some employment--not of partners in business.--_n._ COLL'EAGUESHIP. [Fr.

_collegue_--L. _collega_--_col_, together, and _leg[)e]re_, to choose.]

COLLEAGUE, kol'[=e]g, _v.i._ to join or unite: to conspire:--_pr.p._ colleaguing (kol-[=e]g'ing); _pa.p._ colleagued (kol-[=e]gd'). [From O. Fr.

_colliguer_, to join in alliance--L. _collig[=a]re_, to bind together.]

COLLECT, kol-ekt', _v.t._ to assemble or bring together: to infer: to put one's thoughts in order.--_v.i._ to run together: to accumulate.--_ns._ COL'LECT, a short form of prayer, peculiar to the liturgies of the Western Church, consisting of a single sentence, conveying one main petition; COLLECT[=A]'NEA, a selection of passages from various authors: a miscellany.--_adj._ COLLECT'ED, gathered together: having one's senses gathered together: cool: firm--_adv._ COLLECT'EDLY.--_ns._ COLLECT'EDNESS, self-possession: coolness; COLLEC'TION, act of collecting: collecting of money at a religious or public meeting: the money collected: a number of anything: an assemblage: a book of selections: composure: an examination at the end of the terms in certain colleges.--_adj._ COLLECT'IVE, considered as forming one mass or sum: congregated: common: (_Milt._) inferential: (_gram._) expressing a number or multitude.--_adv._ COLLECT'IVELY.--_ns._ COLLECT'IVISM, the economic theory of socialism, that industry should be carried on with a collective capital; COLLECT'IVIST, a socialist--also _adj._; COLLECT'OR, one who collects, as tickets, money, &c.; COLLECT'ORATE, COLLECT'ORSHIP. [L. _collig[)e]re_, _collectum_, from _col_, together, and _leg[)e]re_, to gather.]

COLLEEN, kol'[=e]n, _n._ a girl. [Irish _cailin_.]

COLLEGE, kol'ej, _n._ an incorporation, company, or society of persons joined together generally for literary or scientific purposes, and often possessing peculiar or exclusive privileges: a member of the body known as the university: (_U.S._) often used as the equivalent of university: a seminary of learning: a literary, political, or religious institution: the edifice appropriated to a college.--_n._ COLL'EGER, inmate of a college: one of the seventy foundationers at Eton College.--_adj._ COLL[=E]'GIAL, pertaining to a college.--_ns._ COLL[=E]'GIAN, a member or inhabitant of a college: (_slang_) inmate of a prison; COLL[=E]'GIANER, a member of a college, a student.--_adj._ COLL[=E]'GIATE, pertaining to or resembling a college: containing a college, as a town; instituted like a college: corporate.--_n._ inmate of a prison, &c.--COLLEGE OF ARMS, HERALDS'

COLLEGE, a collegiate body incorporated in 1483, presided over by the Earl Marshal, and including Garter, principal King-of-arms, Clarenceux, and Norroy, besides six heralds and four pursuivants: COLLEGE OF JUSTICE, in Scotland, a great forensic society, composed of judges, advocates, writers to the signet, and solicitors.--COLLEGIATE CHURCH, COLLEGIAL CHURCH, a church so called from having a college or chapter, consisting of a dean or provost and canons, attached to it (in Scotland, a church occupied by two or more pastors of equal rank--also COLLEGIATE CHARGE). [Fr. _college_--L.

_collegium_, from _col_, and _leg[)e]re_, to gather.]

COLLET, kol'et, _n._ a ring or collar: the part of a ring which contains the stone. [Fr.,--L. _collum_.]

COLLIDE, kol-[=i]d', _v.i._ to dash together: to clash.--_p.adjs._ COLLID'ED, COLLID'ING.--_ns._ COLLI'SION, state of being struck together: conflict: opposition: clashing; COLLI'SION-MAT; a mat for covering a hole in a ship's side caused by a collision. [L. _collid[)e]re_, _collisum_--_col_, together, _laed[)e]re_, to strike.]

COLLIE, COLLY, kol'i, _n._ a shepherd's dog. [Ety. dub.]

COLLIER, kol'y[.e]r, _n._ one who works in a coal-mine: a ship that carries coal: a sailor in such a ship.--_n._ COLL'IERY, a coal-mine.

COLLIGATE, kol'i-g[=a]t, _v.t._ to bind together. [L. _collig[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_col_, together, _lig[=a]re_, to bind.]

COLLIMATION, kol-li-m[=a]'shun, _n._ the adjustment of the line of sight of a telescope.--_v.t._ COL'LIM[=A]TE.--_n._ COLLIM[=A]'TOR, a subsidiary telescope used to detect errors in collimation, when adjusting for transit observations. [L. _collim[=a]re_ for _colline[=a]re_, to bring into line with--_col_, together, _linea_, a line.]

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