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CLUSTER, klus't[.e]r, _n._ a number of things of the same kind growing or joined together: a bunch: a mass: a crowd.--_v.i._ to grow or gather into clusters.--_v.t._ to collect into clusters; to cover with clusters.--_adjs._ CLUS'TERED, grouped; CLUS'TERING, CLUS'TERY.--CLUSTERED COLUMN, a pier which consists of several columns or shafts clustered together. [A.S. _clyster_; Low Ger. _kluster_; cf. CLOT.]

CLUTCH, kluch, _v.t._ to close the hand: to carry off: to hold firmly: to seize or grasp.--_n._ a grasp; CLUTCH'ES, the hands or paws: cruelty: rapacity. [M. E. _cloche_, _cloke_, claw; prob. allied to M.

E. _clechen_--A.S. _gelaeccan_. Cf. LATCH.]

CLUTCH, kluch, _n._ (_prov._) a brood of chickens, a 'sitting' of eggs.--_v.t._ to hatch.

CLUTTER, klut'[.e]r, _n._ confusion: stir: noise.--_v.i._ to crowd together: to go about noisily.--_v.t._ to pack. [A variant of CLATTER.]

CLY, kl[=i], _v.t._ (_slang_) to seize, steal.--_ns._ CLY'-FAK'ER, a pickpocket; CLY'-FAK'ING, pocket-picking. [Prob. related to CLAW; referred by some to Dut. _kleed_, a garment, 'to fake a cly' = to take a garment.]

CLYPEUS, klip'[=e]-us, _n._ the shield-like part of an insect's head.--_adjs._ CLYP'[=E]AL, CLYP'[=E]ATE, CLYP'[=E]IFORM, in the shape or form of a shield. [L. _clipeus_, _clypeus_, a shield.]

CLYSTER, klis't[.e]r, _n._ a liquid injected into the intestines to wash them out.--_n._ CLYS'TER-PIPE (_Shak._), a pipe or syringe for injecting a clyster. [Fr.,--L.,--Gr. _klyzein_, to wash out.]

CNIDA, kn[=i]'da, _n._ one of the thread-cells of the _Coelenterata_, whence is their power of stinging:--_pl._ CN[=I]'Dae. [Late L.,--Gr.

_knid[=e]_, a nettle.]

CO., k[=o], an abbreviation for COMPANY.

CO-, k[=o], a common prefix, signifying jointness, accompaniment, connection. [L. _cum_, with.]

COACH, k[=o]ch, _n._ a large, close, four-wheeled carriage: a private tutor: a professional trainer in athletics.--_v.t._ to carry in a coach: to tutor, instruct, prepare others for, as an examination or a rowing contest, &c.--_v.t._ to study under a tutor.--_ns._ COACH'-BOX, the seat on which the driver of a coach sits; COACH'DOG, a spotted dog, kept chiefly as an attendant on coaches, called also _Dalmatian Dog_; COACH'EE, COACH'Y, a coachman; COACH'-FELL'OW, a yoke-fellow, comrade; COACH'-HIRE, money paid for the use of a hired coach; COACH'-HORSE, a horse used for drawing a coach; COACH'-HOUSE, a house to keep a coach in; COACH'ING, travelling by coach: tutoring: instruction; COACH'MAN, the driver of a coach; COACH'-OFF'ICE, a booking-office for passengers and parcels by stage-coach; COACH'-STAND, a place where coaches stand for hire; COACH'-WHEEL; COACH'-WHIP.--_adj._ COACH'Y, pertaining to a coach. [Fr. _coche_--Hung.

_kocsi_ (pron. kot'shi), from _Kocs_, a place south of Komorn.]

COACT, k[=o]-akt', _v.i._ (_Shak._) to act together.--_adj._ COACT'IVE (_Shak._), acting together.--_n._ COACTIV'ITY.

COACT, k[=o]-akt', _v.t._ to compel.--_n._ COAC'TION, compulsion.--_adj._ COACT'IVE, compulsory. [L. _cog[)e]re_, _coactum_, to compel.]

COADJACENT, k[=o]-ad-j[=a]s'ent, _adj._ contiguous.--_n._ COADJAC'ENCY.


COADJUTANT, k[=o]-ad-j[=oo]'tant, or ko-ad'joo-tant, _adj._ mutually helping or assisting.--_n._ one of several who help another.--_ns._ COADJU'TOR, a helper or assistant: an associate:--_fem._ COADJU'TRESS, COADJU'TRIX; COADJU'TORSHIP. [L. _co_, with, _adjutor_, a helper--_ad_, to, _juv-[=a]re_, to help.]

COADUNATE, k[=o]-ad'[=u]-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to unite: to combine.--_n._ COADUN[=A]'TION.--_adj._ COAD'UN[=A]TIVE. [CO-, and L. _adun[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to unite.]

CO-AGENCY, k[=o]-[=a]'jen-si, _n._ agency with another.--_n._ CO-[=A]'GENT, one acting with another.

COAGULATE, k[=o]-ag'[=u]-l[=a]t, _v.t._ to make to curdle or congeal.--_v.i._ to curdle or congeal.--_adj._ clotted: congealed.--_n._ COAGULABIL'ITY.--_adj._ COAG'ULABLE.--_ns._ COAG[=U]'LANT, a substance which causes coagulation, as rennet; COAGUL[=A]'TION.--_adjs._ COAG'UL[=A]TIVE; COAG'UL[=A]TORY.--_n._ COAG'ULUM, what is coagulated. [L.

_coagul[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, _co-_, together, _ag-[)e]re_, to drive.]

COAITA, k[=o]-[=i]'ta, _n._ a small South American monkey--the red-faced Spider Monkey.

COAL, k[=o]l, _n._ a solid, black, combustible substance used for fuel, dug out of the earth: cinder.--_v.i._ to take in coal.--_v.t._ to supply with coal.--_n._ COAL'-BED, a stratum of coal.--_adj._ COAL'-BLACK, black as coal, very black.--_ns._ COAL'-BOX, a box for holding coal; COAL'-BRASS, a name applied to the pyrites in the coal-measures; COAL'FIELD, a field or district containing coal strata; COAL'-FISH, a fish of the cod family, so named from the black colour of its back; COAL'-GAS, the mixture of gases produced by the destructive distillation of coal, chiefly carburetted hydrogen--giving the gaslight in common use; COAL'-HEAV'ER, one employed in carrying coal; COAL'-HOUSE, a covered-in place for keeping coal; COAL'MAN, one who has to do with coals; COAL'-MAS'TER, the owner or lessee of a coalfield; COAL'-MEAS'URE, a measure by which the quantity of coal is ascertained: (_pl._) the group of carboniferous strata in which coal is found (_geol._); COAL'-MINE, COAL'-PIT, a pit or mine from which coal is dug; COAL'-OWN'ER, one who owns a colliery; COAL'-PLANT, a fossil plant of the carboniferous strata; COAL'-SCUTT'LE, a vessel for holding coal; COAL'-TAR, or _Gas-tar_, a thick, black, opaque liquid which condenses in the pipes when coal or petroleum is distilled; COAL'-TRIM'MER, one who stores or shifts coal on board vessels; COAL'-WHIP'PER, one employed in unloading coal from vessels at anchor to barges which convey it to the wharves.--_adj._ COAL'Y, of or like coal.--COALING STATION, a port at which steamships take in coal; COAL-SCUTTLE BONNET, a woman's bonnet, shaped like a coal-scuttle upside down.--BLIND or ANTHRACITE COAL, that which does not flame when kindled; BITUMINOUS COAL, that which does; BROWN COAL (see BROWN); CAKING COAL, a bituminous coal which cakes or fuses into one mass in the fire; CANNEL or PARROT COAL (see CANNEL); CHERRY or SOFT COAL, coal breaking off easily into small, irregular cubes, having beautiful shining lustre; SPLINT, HARD, or BLOCK COAL, plentiful in Scotland, hard, breaking into cuboidal blocks.--BLOW THE COALS, to excite passion; CARRY COALS TO NEWCASTLE, to take a thing where it is least needed; HAUL OVER THE COALS, reprimand--from the discipline applied to heretics; HEAP COALS OF FIRE ON THE HEAD, to excite remorse by returning good for evil (Rom. xii. 20).

[A.S. _col_; cog. with Ice. _kol_, Ger. _kohle_.]

COALESCE, k[=o]-al-es', _v.i._ to grow together or unite into one body: to associate.--_adj._ COALES'CENT, uniting.--_n._ COALES'CENCE, union. [L.

_coalesc[)e]re_, _co-_, together, and _alesc[)e]re_, to grow up.]

COALITION, k[=o]-al-ish'un, _n._ act of coalescing, or uniting into one body: a union of persons, states, &c., which agree to sink their differences and act in common: alliance.--_v.i._ C[=O]'ALISE, to make an alliance.--_n._ COALI'TIONIST, one of a coalition.

COAMINGS, k[=o]m'ingz, (_naut._) raised work about the edges of the hatches of a ship to prevent the water from running into the apartments below. [Der. unknown.]

COAPTATION, ko-ap-t[=a]'shun, _n._ adaptation of parts to each other. [L.]


COARCTATE, k[=o]-ark't[=a]t, _adj._ compressed.--_n._ COARCT[=A]'TION. [L.

_coart[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to compress together.]

COARSE, k[=o]rs, _adj._ rough: rude: uncivil: vulgar: harsh: gross.--_adj._ COARSE'-GRAINED, coarse in the grain, as wood: (_fig._) inelegant, gross.--_adv._ COARSE'LY.--_v.t._ COARS'EN, to make coarse.--_n._ COARSE'NESS.--_adj._ COARS'ISH, somewhat coarse. [From phrase 'in course,'

hence _ordinary_.]

COAST, k[=o]st, _n._ side or border of land next the sea: the seashore: limit or border of a country.--_v.i._ to sail along or near a coast: to travel downhill on a bicycle with the feet on the foot-rests.--_v.t._ to sail by or near to.--_ns._ COAST'ER, a vessel that sails along the coast; COAST'-GUARD, a body of men organised to act as a guard along the coast, originally intended to prevent smuggling.--_adj._ COAST'ING, keeping near the coast: trading between ports in the same country.--_n._ the act of sailing, or of trading, along the coast: advances towards acquaintance, courtship: riding downhill on a bicycle with the feet up.--_ns._ COAST'-LINE, the line or boundary of a coast: shore-line; COAST'-WAIT'ER, a custom-house officer who waits upon and superintends the cargoes of vessels engaged in the coasting trade.--_advs._ COASTWARD, -S, toward the coast; COAST'WISE, along the coast.--_adj._ carried on along the coast. [O. Fr.

_coste_ (Fr. _cote_)--L. _costa_, a rib, side.]

COAT, k[=o]t, _n._ a kind of outer garment: the hair or wool of a beast: vesture or habit: any covering: a garment worn by women and children, and hanging from the waist downwards: a membrane or layer, such as paint, &c.: a coat of arms.--_v.t._ to clothe: to cover with a coat or layer.--_ns._ COAT'-ARM'OUR, coat of arms: armorial devices; COAT'-CARD, a card bearing the representation of a coated figure, the king, queen, or knave--now, less correctly, called _Court-card_; COATEE', a close-fitting coat with short tails; COAT'ING, a covering: cloth for coats.--COAT OF ARMS, the family insignia embroidered on the surcoat worn over the hauberk, or coat of mail: the heraldic bearings of a gentleman; COAT OF MAIL, a piece of armour for the upper part of the body, made of metal scales or rings linked one with another.--TURN ONE'S COAT, to change one's principles, or to turn from one party to another. [O. Fr. _cote_ (Fr. _cotte_)--Low L. _cottus_, _cotta_, a tunic; the further ety. is uncertain.]

COATI, k[=o]-a'ti, or k[=o]'a-ti, _n._ an American plantigrade carnivorous mammal allied to the raccoons.--Also COa'TI-MUN'DI. [Tupi.]

COAX, k[=o]ks, _v.t._ to persuade by fondling or flattery: to humour or soothe: to pet.--_ns._ COAX, COAX'ER, one who coaxes.--_adv._ COAX'INGLY.

[M. E. _cokes_, a simpleton; of obscure origin.]

CO-AXIAL, k[=o]-ak'si-al, _adj._ having the same axis.--_adv._ COAX'IALLY.

COB, kob, _n._ a head of maize: a short-legged strong horse for heavy weights: a male swan--also COB'-SWAN.--_ns._ COB'LOAF, a large loaf: (_Shak._) an expression of contempt; COB'NUT, a large variety of the hazel-nut: a game played by children with nuts. [Prob. conn. with COP.]

COB, kob, _n._ a kind of composition of clay and straw for building.--_n._ COB'-WALL, a wall built of this.

COB, kob, _v.t._ to strike, to thump the buttocks.

COBALT, k[=o]'bawlt, _n._ a metal the ores of which are sparingly distributed--in the metallic state found in meteoric stones or aerolites, generally occurring combined with arsenic: a blue pigment, prepared from the foregoing--also C[=O]'BALT-BLUE.--_adj._ of this deep-blue colour.--_adjs._ COBALT'IC; COBALTIF'EROUS.--_n._ C[=O]'BALTITE, a sulpharsenide of cobalt. [Ger. _kobalt_, from _kobold_, a demon, a nickname given by the German miners, because they supposed it to be a mischievous and hurtful metal.]

COBBLE, kob'l, _n._ a stone worn smooth by water.--_n._ COBB'LE-STONE, a rounded stone used in paving.--_v.t._ to pave with such. [Ety. dub.]

COBBLE, kob'l, _v.t._ to patch up or mend coarsely, as shoes.--_ns._ COBB'LER, one who cobbles or mends shoes: a drink made up of wine, sugar, &c., and sucked through a straw; COBBLER'S PUNCH, a warm drink made of beer, with the addition of spirit, sugar, and spice. [Der. unknown.]

CO-BELLIGERENT, k[=o]-be-lij'e-rent, _adj._ and _n._ co-operating in warfare.

COBLE, COBBLE, kob'l, _n._ a small flat-bottomed fishing-boat. [Cf. W.

_ceubal_, a hollow trunk, a boat.]

COBRA, COBRA DA CAPELLO, k[=o]'bra da ka-pel'o, _n._ a poisonous snake, native of the East Indies, which dilates the back and sides of the neck so as to resemble a hood. [Port., lit. 'snake of the hood.']

COBURG, k[=o]'burg, _n._ a thin fabric of worsted with cotton or silk, twilled on one side. [_Coburg_, a town in Germany.]

COBWEB, kob'web, _n._ the spider's web or net: any snare or device intended to entrap: anything flimsy or easily broken: anything that obscures.--_n._ COBWEB'BERY.--_adj._ COB'WEBBY. [Prob. shortened from M. E.

_atter-cop-web_--A.S. _ator_, poison, and _coppa_--W. _cop_, a head, tuft.

See also WEB.]

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