_clam_, mud. See CLAY.]
CLOBBER, klob'[.e]r, _n._ a paste used by shoemakers to hide the cracks in leather. [Ety. dub.]
CLOCK, klok, _n._ a machine for measuring time, marking the time by the position of its 'hands' upon the dial-plate, or by the striking of a hammer on a bell: (_Shak._) the striking of the hour.--_n._ CLOCK'WORK, the works or machinery of a clock: machinery steady and regular like that of a clock.--_adj._ automatic.--GO LIKE CLOCKWORK, to go along smoothly and without a hitch.--KNOW WHAT O'CLOCK IT IS, to be wide awake, to know how things are. [M. E. _clokke_, prob. through O. Fr. from Low L. _cloca_, _clocca_, a bell; mod. Fr. _cloche_, Dut. _klok_; Ger. _glocke_, a bell.]
CLOCK, klok, _n._ an ornament worked on the side of a stocking.--_adj._ CLOCKED, ornamented with clocks.
CLOCK, klok, _n._ a beetle--common name in Scotland.
CLOCK, klok, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to cluck: to hatch.--_n._ CLOCK'ER, a clocking hen. [A.S. _cloccian_; Dut. _klokken_.]
CLOD, klod, _n._ a thick round mass or lump, that sticks together, esp. of earth or turf: a concreted mass: the ground: the body of man, as formed of clay: a stupid fellow.--_v.t._ to pelt.--_v.i._ to throw clods: (_Scot._) to throw:--_pr.p._ clod'ding; _pa.p._ clod'ded.--_adjs._ CLOD'DISH; CLOD'DY, abounding in clods: earthy.--_n._ CLOD'HOPPER, a countryman: a peasant: a dolt.--_adj._ CLODHOP'PING, boorish.--_adv._ CLOD'LY.--_ns._ CLOD'PATE, CLOD'POLL, a stupid fellow.--_adj._ CLODPAT'ED, stupid. [A later form of CLOT.]
CLOFF, klof, _n._ a cleft. [Cf. Ice. _klof_.]
CLOFF, klof, _n._ an allowance, on buying goods wholesale, of 2 lb. in every 3 cwt., after tare and tret have been deducted. [Der. unknown.]
CLOG, klog, _n._ a piece of wood: anything hindering motion: an obstruction: an impediment: a shoe with a wooden sole.--_v.t._ to fasten a piece of wood to: to accumulate in a mass and cause a stoppage: to obstruct: to encumber: to put clogs on.--_ns._ CLOG'-AL'MANAC, an early form of almanac having the indicating characters notched on wood, horn, &c.; CLOG'-DANCE, a dance performed with clogs, the clatter keeping time to the music.--_adj._ CLOGGED, encumbered.--_ns._ CLOG'GER, one who makes clogs; CLOG'GINESS.--_adj._ CLOG'GY, lumpy, sticky. [Ety. dub.; prob.
related to CLAY; cf. Scot. _clag_, to cover with mud; _claggy_, muddy, sticky.]
CLOISON, kloi'son, _n._ a partition, dividing fillet or band.--_n._ CLOI'SONNAGE, the process of executing cloisonne work.--_adj._ CLOISONNe, partitioned--of a surface decoration in enamel, the outlines of the design formed by small fillets of metal, the interstices filled with coloured enamel paste, vitrified.--_n._ work of this kind. [Fr.]
CLOISTER, klois't[.e]r, _n._ a covered arcade forming part of a monastic or collegiate establishment: a place of religious retirement, a monastery or nunnery: an enclosed place.--_v.t._ to confine in a cloister: to confine within walls.--_adjs._ CLOIS'TERAL, CLOIS'TRAL, CLAUS'TRAL, pertaining or confined to a cloister: secluded; CLOIS'TERED, dwelling in cloisters.--_ns._ CLOIS'TERER, one belonging to a cloister; CLOIS'TER-GARTH, the court or yard enclosed by a cloister; CLOIS'TRESS (_Shak._), a nun.--THE CLOISTER, the monastic life. [O. Fr. _cloistre_ (A.S. _clauster_)--L. _claustrum_--_claud[)e]re_, _clausum_, to shut.]
CLOKE, kl[=o]k, _n._ Same as CLOAK.
CLOMB, kl[=o]m, old _pa.t._ of CLIMB.
CLONIC, klon'ik, _adj._ pertaining to clonus, with alternate convulsive contractions and relaxations of the muscles (of spasms)--opp. to _Tonic_.--_n._ CL[=O]'NUS, a clonic spasm. [Gr.]
CLOOP, kloop, _n._ the sound made when the cork is drawn from a bottle.
[From the sound.]
CLOOT, kloot, _n._ a cloven hoof: (_pl._) the devil.--_n._ CLOOT'IE, the devil, because of his cloven hoof. [Scot.; ety. dub.]
CLOSE, kl[=o]s, _adj._ shut up: with no opening: confined, unventilated: stifling: narrow: stingy: near, in time or place: intimate: compact, as opposed to _discursive_: crowded: hidden: reserved: private: secret.--_adv._ in a close manner: tightly; nearly: densely.--_n._ an enclosed place: a small enclosed field: a narrow passage of a street: the precinct of a cathedral.--_adjs._ CLOSE'-BAND'ED, closely united; CLOSE'-BARRED, firmly closed; CLOSE'-BOD'IED, fitting close to the body.--_n._ CLOSE'-CORPOR[=A]'TION, a corporation which fills up its own vacancies, without outside interference.--_adjs._ CLOSE'-FIST'ED, CLOSE'-HAND'ED, penurious, covetous; CLOSE'-GRAINED, with the fibres, &c., close together, compact; CLOSE'-HAULED, noting the trim of a ship when sailing as near as possible to the wind.--_adv._ CLOSE'LY.--_ns._ CLOSE'NESS; CLOSE'-STOOL, a chamber utensil enclosed in a box or stool; CLOSE'-SEA'SON, CLOSE'-TIME, a time of the year when it is against the law to kill certain animals, esp. game.--_adj._ CLOSE'-TONGUED (_Shak._), cautious in speaking. [Fr. _clos_, shut--L. _claud[)e]re_, _clausum_, to shut.]
CLOSE, kl[=o]z, _v.t._ to make close: to draw together and unite: to finish.--_v.i._ to come together: to grapple: to come to an end (_with_).--_n._ the manner or time of closing: a pause or stop: the end: junction: (_Shak._) encounter.--_ns._ CLOS'ER, one who concludes; CLOS'ING, enclosing: ending: agreement; CLOS'URE, the act of closing: the end: the stopping of a debate in the House of Commons by the vote of the House.--CLOSE A BARGAIN, to make an agreement; CLOSE WITH, to accede to: to grapple with.--WITH CLOSED DOORS, in private, the public being excluded, as in special cases in court, &c.
CLOSET, kloz'et, _n._ a small private room: a recess off a room: a privy: the private chamber of a sovereign, an apartment for private audience or council, or for private or domestic devotions.--_v.t._ to shut up in or take into a closet: to conceal:--_pr.p._ clos'eting; _pa.p._ clos'eted.--_n._ BED'-CLOS'ET, a small recess for a bed. [O. Fr. _closet_, dim. of _clos_. See CLOSE.]
CLOT, klot, _n._ a mass of soft or fluid matter concreted, as blood.--_v.i._ to form into clots: to coagulate:--_pr.p._ clot'ting; _pa.p._ clot'ted.--_n._ CLOT'POLL (_Shak._), a clodpoll, a blockhead.--_v.t._ CLOT'TER, to coagulate.--_ns._ CLOT'TINESS; CLOT'TING, coagulation.--_adj._ CLOT'TY.--CLOTTED (also CLOUTED) CREAM, a famous Devonshire dainty, skimmed off milk that has been 'scalded' or heated after standing 24 hours, with a little sugar thrown on the top. [A.S. _clott_, a clod of earth; cf. Dut. _klos_, block; Dan. _klods_; Ger. _klotz_.]
CLOTH, kloth, _n._ woven material from which garments or coverings are made: clothing: the usual dress of a trade or profession, esp. the clerical:--_pl._ CLOTHS.--_v.t._ CLOTHE (kl[=o]_th_), to cover with a garment: to provide with clothes: (_fig._) to invest as with a garment: to cover:--_pr.p._ cl[=o]th'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ cl[=o]thed or clad.--_n.pl._ CLOTHES (kl[=o]_th_z, _coll._ kl[=o]z), garments or articles of dress: blankets for a bed.--_ns._ CLOTHES'-BAS'KET, a large basket for holding and carrying clothes; CLOTHES'-BRUSH, a brush for clothes; CLOTHES'-HORSE, CLOTHES'-SCREEN, a frame for hanging clothes on to dry; CLOTHES'-LINE, a rope or wire for hanging clothes on to dry; CLOTHES'-MOTH, one of various tineas whose larvae feed on furs, woollens, &c., spinning cases out of these; CLOTHES'-PIN, a forked piece of wood to secure clothes on a line; CLOTHES'-PRESS, a place for holding clothes; CLOTH'-HALL, a cloth-exchange building or market; CLOTH'IER, one who makes or sells cloth; CLOTH'ING, clothes, garments: covering; CLOTH'-YARD, formerly the yard by which cloth was measured.--CLOTH OF GOLD, a tissue consisting of threads of gold and silk or wool; CLOTH OF STATE, a canopy; CLOTH-YARD SHAFT, an arrow a cloth-yard long.--CLOTHE IN WORDS, to express ideas in words; CLOTHE ON, or UPON, to invest: to cover.--AMERICAN CLOTH, a kind of enamelled cloth, used for covering chairs, &c.--THE CLOTH, the clerical profession: the clergy. [A.S. _clath_, cloth; Ger. _kleid_, a garment.]
CLOTURE, klot'[=u]r, _n._ Same as CLOSURE. [Fr. _cloture_--L.
_claud[)e]re_, _clausum_, to shut.]
CLOUD, klowd, _n._ a mass of fog, consisting of minute particles of water, often in a frozen state, floating in the atmosphere: (_fig._) anything unsubstantial: a great number or multitude of anything, as the New Test.
'cloud of witnesses:' anything that obscures, as a cloud: a dark spot on a lighter material: a great volume of dust or smoke: anything gloomy, overhanging, or bodeful.--_v.t._ to overspread with clouds: to darken: to defame: to stain with dark spots or streaks.--_v.i._ to become clouded or darkened.--_ns._ CLOUD'AGE; CLOUD'-BERR'Y, a low plant related to the bramble, found on elevated moors in Britain, with an orange-red berry of delightful flavour.--_adj._ CLOUD'-BUILT, made of clouds, unsubstantial.--_n._ CLOUD'-BURST, a sudden flood of rain over a small area.--_adjs._ CLOUD'-CAPT (_Shak._), capped with or touching the clouds; CLOUD'-COMPEL'LING, driving or collecting the clouds, an epithet of Jupiter; CLOUD'ED, hidden by clouds: (_fig._) darkened: indistinct: variegated with spots, as a 'clouded cane,' &c.--_n._ CLOUD'ERY.--_adv._ CLOUD'ILY.--_ns._ CLOUD'INESS; CLOUD'ING, a cloudy appearance.--_adj._ growing dim.--_adjs._ CLOUD'-KISS'ING (_Shak._), touching the clouds; CLOUD'LESS, unclouded, clear.--_adv._ CLOUD'LESSLY.--_n._ CLOUD'LET, a little cloud.--_adjs._ CLOUD'-TOPPED, covered with or touching the clouds; CLOUD'Y, darkened with, or consisting of, clouds: obscure: gloomy: stained with dark spots: (_coll._) 'shady.'--WAIT TILL THE CLOUDS ROLL BY, to wait for more favourable circumstances.--UNDER A CLOUD, in trouble or disfavour.
[A.S. _clud_, a hill, then a cloud, the root idea being a mass or ball.
CLOD and CLOT are from the same root.]
CLOUGH, kluf, or klow, _n._ a ravine: a valley. [Scot. _cleuch_; ety. dub.]
CLOUR, kl[=oo]r, _n._ a knock: a swelling caused by a knock.--_v.t._ to knock: to raise a bump. [Scot.; cf. Ice. _klor_.]
CLOUT, klowt, _n._ a piece of cloth used for mending: a rag: a piece of cloth used by archers to shoot at, then the shot itself: a blow: a cuff.--_v.t._ to mend with a patch: to cover with a cloth: to cuff.--_p.adj._ CLOUT'ED (_Shak._), heavy and patched, as shoes having nails in the soles: covered with a clout.--_adj._ CLOUT'ERLY, clownish.--_ns._ CLOUT'-NAIL, a large-headed nail used for the soles of boots; CLOUT'-SHOE, a shoe having the sole protected by clout-nails. [A.S.
_clut_; cf. Ice. _klutr_, a kerchief; Dan. _klud_, rag.]
CLOUTED, klowt'ed, _p.adj._ clotted, as cream. [See CLOT.]
CLOVE, kl[=o]v, _pa.t._ of CLEAVE.--_n._ CLOVE'-HITCH (see HITCH.)
CLOVE, kl[=o]v, _n._ the unexpanded flower-bud of the clove-tree, a native of the Moluccas, used as a spice.--_ns._ CLOVE'-GILL'YFLOWER, a clove-scented species of pink; CLOVE'-PINK, a variety of pink which has an odour like that of cloves. [Fr. _clou_, in full _clou de girofle_, nail of the girofle, so called from the shape of the bud and its stalk--L.
_clavus_, a nail.]
CLOVEN, cl[=o]v'n, _p.adj._ split: divided.--_adjs._ CLOV'EN-FOOT'ED, CLOV'EN-HOOFED, having the hoof divided, as the ox or sheep.--THE CLOVEN HOOF, applied to any indication of devilish agency or temptation, from the early representation of the devil with cloven hoofs--prob. from Pan, some of whose characteristics he shares. [Pa.p. of CLEAVE, to divide.]
CLOVER, kl[=o]v'[.e]r, _n._ a genus of plants containing a great number of species, natives chiefly of temperate climates, affording rich pasturage.--_adj._ CLOV'ERED, covered with clover.--_n._ CLOV'ER-GRASS, clover.--_adj._ CLOV'ERY, abounding in clover.--LIVE IN CLOVER, to live luxuriously or in abundance. [A.S. _clafre_; Dut. _klaver_; Dan. _klover_; Ger. _klee_.]
CLOWN, klown, _n._ a rustic or country-fellow: one with the rough manners of a countryman: an ill-bred fellow: a fool or buffoon.--_ns._ CLOWN'ERY, a clown's performance; CLOWN'ING, acting the clown.--_adj._ CLOWN'ISH, of or like a clown: coarse and awkward: rustic.--_adv._ CLOWN'ISHLY.--_ns._ CLOWN'ISHNESS; CLOWN'SHIP. [Prob. conn. with CLOD, and CLOT.]
CLOY, kloi, _v.t._ to fill to loathing: to satiate: (_Spens._) to gore:--_pr.p._ cloy'ing; _pa.p._ cloyed.--_adjs._ CLOYED, clagged: cumbered; CLOY'ING, satiating; CLOY'LESS (_Shak._) that cannot cloy.--_n._ CLOY'MENT (_Shak._), satiety, surfeit.--_adj._ CLOY'SOME, satiating. [Fr.
_clouer_, to drive a nail into, to spike or stop, as a gun, from L.
_clavus_, a nail.]
CLOY, kloi, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to stroke with a claw. [Perh. a corr. of CLAW.]
CLUB, klub, _n._ a heavy tapering stick, knobby or massy at one end, used to strike with: a cudgel: a bat used in certain games: an instrument for playing golf, variously with wooden heads, iron heads, and wooden heads with brass soles: a bunch; one of the four suits of cards: a combination: a clique, set: an association of persons for the joint study of literature, politics, &c., or for social ends: an association of persons who possess a building as a common resort for the members: a club-house, or the house occupied by a club.--_v.t._ to beat with a club: to gather into a bunch: to combine: to throw soldiers into confusion.--_v.i._ to join together for some common end: to combine together: to share in a common expense.--_adjs._ CLUB'BABLE, sociable; CLUBBED, like a club.--_n._ CLUB'BING, beating: combination: a disease in some plants.--_adj._ CLUB'BISH, given to clubs.--_ns._ CLUB'BISM, the club system; CLUB'BIST, CLUB'-FOOT, a deformed foot.--_adj._ CLUB'-FOOT'ED.--_n._ CLUB'-GRASS, a species of grass having a club-shaped articulation.--_v.t._ CLUB'-HAUL, (_naut._), to tack by dropping the lee anchor and slipping the cable.--_adj._ CLUB'HEAD'ED, having a thick head.--_ns._ CLUB'-HOUSE, a house for the accommodation of a club; CLUB'-LAW, government by violence; CLUB'-MAN, one who carries a club: a member of a club; CLUB'-MAS'TER, the manager of, or purveyor for, a club; CLUB'-MOSS, one of the four genera of _Lycopodiaceae_; CLUB'-ROOM, the room in which a club meets; CLUB'-RUSH, a plant of many varieties of the genus _Scripus_ or rush.--_n.pl._ CLUBS (see CLUMPS). [Ice. and Sw. _klubba_; same root as CLUMP.]
CLUCK, kluk, _n._ the call of a hen to her chickens: any similar sound.--_v.i._ to make the sound of a hen when calling on her chickens.--_n._ CLUCK'ING, the noise made by a hen when calling her chickens.--_adj._ that clucks. [From the sound, like Dut. _klokken_, Ger.
_glucken_, Dan. _klukke_.]
CLUE, kl[=oo] (see CLEW).--_adj._ CLUE'LESS, without trace.
CLUMBER, klumb'[.e]r, _n._ a kind of spaniel. [_Clumber_, in Notts, a seat of the Duke of Newcastle.]
CLUMP, klump, _n._ a thick, short, shapeless piece of anything: a cluster of trees or shrubs: a thick sole put on in addition.--_v.i._ to walk heavily.--_v.t._ to put in a clump.--_n.pl._ CLUMPS, a parlour game of question and answer--also CLUBS.--_adj._ CLUMP'Y, abounding in clumps: heavy. [Prob. Scand.; Dan. _klump_, a lump. Cf. Ger. _klump_, and CLUB.]
CLUMSY, klum'zi, _adj._ shapeless: ill-made: unwieldy: awkward: ungainly.--_adj._ CLUM'SILY.--_n._ CLUM'SINESS. [M. E. _clomsen_, to be stiff or benumbed; most prob. Scand.; allied to CLAMP.]
CLUNCH, klunsh, _n._ the miner's name for tough indurated clay, sometimes found in the coal-measures. [Ety. dub.; prob. related to CLUMP.]
CLUNG, klung, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of CLING.
CLUNK, klungk, _n._ the sound of a liquid coming out of a bottle when the cork has been quickly drawn.--_v.i._ to make such a sound. [Scot.; from the sound.]
CLUPEOID, kl[=oo]'p[=e]-oid, _n._ a kind of herring. [L. _clupea_, a kind of fish.]