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STEREOBATE, ster'[=e]-[=o]-b[=a]t, _n._ the substructure on which a building is based.--_adj._ STEREOBAT'IC. [Gr. _stereos_, solid, _batos_, verbal of _bainein_, to go.]

STEREOCHROMY, ster'[=e]-[=o]-kr[=o]-mi, _n._ a process of painting on stone or plaster-work, the colours rendered permanent by a solution of fluoric acid.--_n._ ST[=E]'REOCHROME, a picture of this kind.--_adj._ STEREOCHR[=O]'MIC.--_adv._ STEREOCHR[=O]'MICALLY. [Gr. _stereos_, hard, _chr[=o]ma_, colour.]

STEREOELECTRIC, ster'[=e]-[=o]-[=e]-lek'trik, _adj._ pertaining to electric currents produced when two solids are brought together at different temperatures.

STEREOGRAPH, st[=e]'r[=e]-[=o]-graf, _n._ a double photograph for viewing in a stereoscope--also ST[=E]'R[=E][=O]GRAM.--_adjs._ STER[=E]OGRAPH'IC, -AL, pertaining to stereography: made according to stereography: delineated on a plane.--_adv._ STER[=E]OGRAPH'ICALLY.--_n._ STER[=E]OG'RAPHY, the art of showing solids on a plane. [Gr. _stereos_, hard, _graphein_, to write.]

STEREOMETER, st[=e]-re-om'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring the specific gravity of bodies solid and liquid.--_adjs._ STER[=E]OMET'RIC, -AL.--_adv._ STER[=E]OMET'RICALLY.--_n._ STER[=E]OM'ETRY, the art of measuring the solid contents of solid bodies. [Gr. _stereos_, hard, _metron_, measure.]

STEREOPTICON, ster-[=e]-op'ti-kon, _n._ a double magic-lantern, by means of which the one picture appears to dissolve gradually into the other.

STEREOSCOPE, ster'[=e]-[=o]-sk[=o]p, _n._ an instrument in which each of two pictures is examined by a separate lens, and the two lenses are inclined so as to shift the images towards one another, and thus to ensure or to facilitate the blending of the two images into one, standing out in relief with solidity.--_adjs._ STER[=E]OSCOP'IC, -AL, pertaining to the stereoscope.--_adv._ STER[=E]OSCOP'ICALLY.--_ns._ ST[=E]'R[=E]OSCOPIST; STER[=E]OS'COPY. [Gr. _stereos_, solid, _skopein_, see.]

STEREOTOMY, ster-[=e]-ot'[=o]-mi, _n._ the art of cutting solids into figures by certain sections.--_adjs._ STER[=E]O TOM'IC, -AL. [Gr.

_stereos_, solid, _temnein_, to cut.]

STEREOTROPE, ster'[=e]-[=o]-tr[=o]p, _n._ an optical contrivance by which an object is brought into relief and made to appear as if in motion. [Gr.

_stereos_, solid, _trop[=e]_, a turning.]

STEREOTYPE, st[=e]'r[=e]-[=o]-t[=i]p, _n._ a solid metallic plate for printing, cast from an impression of movable types, taken on some plastic substance: art of fabricating solid casts in type-metal from pages of movable type.--_adj._ pertaining to, or done with, stereotypes.--_v.t._ to make a stereotype of: to print with stereotypes.--_p.adj._ ST[=E]'REOTYPED, transferred as letterpress from set-up movable type to a mould, and thence to a metal plate: fixed; unchangeable, as opinions.--_ns._ ST[=E]'REOTYPER, ST[=E]'REOTYPIST, one who makes stereotype plates.--_adj._ ST[=E]REOTYP'IC.--_ns._ STER[=E]OTYPOG'RAPHER, a stereotype printer; ST[=E]REOTYPOG'RAPHY, the art, practice, or business of printing from stereotype plates; ST[=E]'REOTYPY, the art or employment of making stereotype plates. [Gr. _stereos_, solid, and _type_.]

STERIGMA, st[=e]-rig'ma, _n._ (_bot._) a stalk or support.--_adj._ STERIGMAT'IC. [Gr. _st[=e]rigma_, a prop.]

STERILE, ster'il, _adj._ unfruitful: barren: (_bot._) producing no pistil, or no spores: destitute of ideas or sentiment.--_n._ STERILIS[=A]'TION, act of sterilising.--_v.t._ STER'ILISE, to cause to be fruitless: to destroy bacteria or other micro-organisms in.--_ns._ STER'ILISER, anything which sterilises; STERIL'ITY, quality of being sterile: unfruitfulness, barrenness, in regard to reproduction. [O. Fr.,--L. _sterilis_, barren.]

STERLET, st[.e]r'let, _n._ a small sturgeon.

STERLING, st[.e]r'ling, _adj._ a designation of British money--pure, genuine, of good quality--also generally, of value or excellence, authoritative. [Orig. the name of a penny; prob. from the Hanse merchants or _Easterlings_ ('men from the east'), from North Germany, who had probably the privilege of coining money in England in the 13th century.]

STERN, st[.e]rn, _adj._ severe of countenance, manner, or feeling: austere: harsh: unrelenting: steadfast.--_adv._ STERN'LY.--_n._ STERN'NESS. [A.S.


STERN, st[.e]rn, _n._ the hind-part of a vessel: the rump or tail of an animal.--_v.t._ to back a boat, to row backward.--_ns._ STERN'AGE (_Shak._), the steerage or stern of a ship; STERN'BOARD, backward motion of a ship: loss of way in tacking; STERN'-CHASE, a chase in which one ship follows directly in the wake of another; STERN'-CH[=A]S'ER, a cannon in the stern of a ship.--_adj._ STERNED, having a stern of a specified kind.--_ns._ STERN'-FAST, a rope or chain for making fast a ship's stern to a wharf, &c.; STERN'-FRAME, the sternpost, transoms, and fashion-pieces of a ship's stern.--_adj._ STERN'MOST, farthest astern.--_ns._ STERN'PORT, a port or opening in the stern of a ship; STERN'POST, the aftermost timber of a ship which supports the rudder; STERN'SHEETS, the part of a boat between the stern and the rowers; STERN'SON, the hinder extremity of a ship's keelson, to which the sternpost is bolted; STERN'WAY, the backward motion of a vessel; STERN'-WHEEL'ER (_U.S._), a small vessel with one large paddle-wheel at the stern. [Ice. _stjorn_, a steering.]

STERNUM, st[.e]r'num, _n._ the breast-bone.--_adj._ STER'NAL.--_n._ STERNAL'GIA, pain about the breast-bone, esp. angina pectoris.--_adjs._ STERNAL'GIC; STER'NEBRAL, pertaining to the STER'NEBRA or serial segments of which the sternum of a vertebrate is composed.--_n._ STER'NITE, the ventral portion of the somite of an arthropod.--_adjs._ STERNIT'IC; STERNOCOST'AL, pertaining to, or connected with, the sternum and ribs: denoting those ribs and muscles attached to the sternum. [Gr. _sternon_, chest.]

STERNUTATION, st[.e]r-n[=u]-t[=a]'shun, _n._ the act of sneezing.--_adjs._ STERN[=U]'T[=A]TIVE, STERN[=U]'TATORY, that causes sneezing.--_n._ a substance that causes sneezing. [L. _sternutatio_--_sternut[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, inten. of _sternu[)e]re_, _-utum_, to sneeze.]

STERTOROUS, st[.e]r't[=o]-rus, _adj._ snoring.--_adv._ STER'TOROUSLY.--_n._ STER'TOROUSNESS. [L. _stert[)e]re_, to snore.]

STERVE, st[.e]rv, _v.i._ (_Spens._) to starve, to die.--Also STER'VEN.

STET, stet, _v.t._ to restore--generally on proof-sheets, in imperative, with a line of dots under the words to be retained. [L., 'let it stand,' 3d sing. pres. subj. of _st[=a]re_, to stand.]

STETHIaeUM, steth-i-[=e]'um, _n._ the anterior half of a bird--opp. to _Uraeum_.--_n._ STETHID'IUM, in insects, the thorax. [Gr., _st[=e]thos_, the breast.]

STETHOMETER, steth-om'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring the relative mobility of the different sides of the chest in respiration.--_n._ STETH'OGRAPH, an instrument for marking the respiratory movements of the thorax.--_adj._ STETHOGRAPH'IC. [Gr. _st[=e]thos_, chest, _metron_, measure.]

STETHOSCOPE, steth'[=o]-sk[=o]p, _n._ an instrument for auscultation, consisting of a tubular piece of wood to be applied to the patient's body--in the _binaural_ form with tubes of rubber, &c., to convey the sounds to the physician's ears.--_adjs._ STETHOSCOP'IC, -AL, pertaining to, or performed by, the stethoscope.--_adv._ STETHOSCOP'ICALLY.--_ns._ STETH'OSCOPIST; STETH'OSCOPY. [Gr. _st[=e]thos_, the breast, _skopein_, to see.]

STEVEDORE, st[=e]v'e-d[=o]r, _n._ one who loads and unloads vessels. [A corr. of Sp. _estivador_, a wool-packer--_estivar_, to stow--L.

_stip[=a]re,_ to press.]

STEVEN, st[=e]'vn, _n._ (_Spens._) a cry, a loud clamour. [A.S. _stefn_, the voice.]

STEW, st[=u], _v.t._ to simmer or boil slowly with little moisture.--_v.i._ to be boiled slowly and gently: (_slang_) to be in a state of worry or agitation: to read hard for an examination.--_n._ meat stewed: mental agitation: worry: (_slang_) one who reads hard: a room for bathing purposes: (_pl._) a brothel.--_ns._ STEW'-PAN, -POT, a pan, pot, used for stewing. [O. Fr. _estuve_ (_etuve_), a stove--Old High Ger. _stup[=a]_ (Ger. _stube_), a heated room.]

STEW, st[=u], _n._ an artificial oyster-bed: a vivarium.

STEWARD, st[=u]'ard, _n._ one who manages the domestic concerns of a family or institution: one who superintends another's affairs, esp. an estate or farm: the manager of the provision department, &c., at sea: a manager at races, games, &c.: the treasurer of a congregation, a guild or society, &c.--_ns._ STEW'ARDESS, a female steward: a female who waits on ladies on shipboard; STEW'ARDSHIP, STEW'ARDRY, office of a steward: management; STEW'ARTRY (_Scot._), a stewardship, or the extent of a stewardship--still applied esp. to the county of Kirkcudbright.--LORD HIGH STEWARD, one of the great officers of state, and anciently the first officer of the crown in England. [A.S. _stig-weard_--_stigo_, a sty, _weard_, a ward.]

STHENIC, sthen'ik, _adj._ attended with increased action of the heart: strong, robust: inspiring.--_n._ STHEN[=I]'A, strength. [Gr. _sthenos_, strength.]

STIBBLER, stib'l[.e]r, _n._ one who cuts the handfuls left by the reaper: a clerical locum tenens.

STIBIUM, stib'i-um, _n._ antimony.--_adj._ STIB'IAL, like antimony.--_n._ STIB'IALISM, poisoning by antimony.--_adj._ STIB'I[=A]TED, impregnated with antimony.--_n._ STIB'NITE, native antimony trisulphide. [Gr.]

STIBOGRAM, stib'[=o]-gram, _n._ a graphic record of footprints. [Gr.

_stibos_, a track, _gramma_, a letter.]

STICH, stik, _n._ a verse or line of poetry, of whatever measure--used in composition: a row of trees.--_ns._ STICH[=A]'RION, a Greek vestment like the Western alb; STICH[=E]'RON, a troparion.--_adj._ STICH'IC, pertaining to a verse.--_n._ STICH'OMANCY, divination by the assumed meaning of a verse, text of Scripture, or literary passage taken at random.--_adjs._ STICHOMET'RIC, -AL, pertaining to stichom'etry, stating the number of lines.--_ns._ STICHOM'ETRY, measurement of manuscript by lines: a list stating such; STICHOMYTH'IA, dialogue in alternate lines; STICH'OS, a line of ordinary length in measuring a manuscript: a verse or versicle in the usage of the Greek Church. [Gr. _stichos_, a row--_steichein_, to ascend.]

STICK, stik, _v.t._ to stab: to thrust in: to fasten by piercing: to fix in: to set with something pointed: to cause to adhere.--_v.i._ to hold to: to remain: to stop: to be hindered: to hesitate, to be embarrassed or puzzled: to adhere closely in affection:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ stuck.--_ns._ STICK'ER, one who kills pigs, &c.: one who sticks to anything; STICK'ING, the act of stabbing; STICK'ING-PLACE, the point at which a thing sticks or stays; STICK'ING-PLAS'TER, an adhesive plaster for closing wounds; STICK'-IN-THE-MUD, an old fogy; STICK'IT-MIN'ISTER (_Scot._), a licentiate who never gets a pastoral charge.--STICK AT, to hesitate: to persist at; STICK BY, to be firm in supporting, to adhere closely to; STICK OUT, to be prominent, project; STICK PIGS, to hunt wild hogs on horseback and transfix them with the spear; STICK TO, to persevere in holding to; STICK UP, to stand up: to waylay and plunder, as a mail-coach by bushrangers; STICK UP FOR, to speak or act in defence of.--BE STUCK ON (_U.S._), to be enamoured of; STUCK UP, conceited. [A.S. _stecan_ (assumed); Ger. _stechen_, Dut.

_steken_; also A.S. _stician_, Ger. _stecken_, to set, stick fast.]

STICK, stik, _n._ a small shoot or branch cut off a tree: a staff or walking-stick: anything in the form of a stick, a cudgel: a piece of printers' furniture used to lock up a form in a chase, a printer's composing-stick: a stiff, stupidly obstinate person.--_v.t._ to furnish or set with sticks: to arrange in a composing-stick.--_n._ STICK'-IN'SECT, a walking-stick or phasmid insect. [A.S. _sticca_; Ice. _stika_.]

STICKLE, stik'l, _v.i._ to interpose between combatants: to contend obstinately: to hesitate.--_n._ a sharp point, a prickle, a spine.--_ns._ STICK'LEBACK, a small river-fish so called from the spines on its back; STICK'LER, a second or umpire in a duel: an obstinate contender, esp. for something trifling.--_adj._ STICK'LER-LIKE (_Shak._), in the manner of a stickler. [A dim. of _stick_ (n.).]

STICKLE, stik'l, _adj._ high, rapid.--_n._ a current below a waterfall.

[A.S. _sticol_, steep.]

STICKY, stik'i, _adj._ that sticks or adheres: adhesive: glutinous.--_n._ STICK'INESS. [_Stick_.]

STIE, st[=i], _v.i._ (_Spens._) to ascend. [A.S. _stigan_.]

STIFF, stif, _adj._ not easily bent: rigid: not liquid: rather hard than soft: not easily overcome: obstinate: not natural and easy: constrained: formal: hard to overcome, difficult: firm, of prices, &c.: dead, rigid in death: (_naut._) keeping upright.--_n._ (_slang_) a corpse: negotiable paper: forged paper.--_v.t._ STIFF'EN, to make stiff.--_v.i._ to become stiff: to become less impressible or more obstinate.--_ns._ STIFF'ENER, one who, or that which, stiffens; STIFF'ENING, something used to make a substance more stiff.--_adj._ STIFF'-HEART'ED (_B._), obstinate, stubborn.--_adv._ STIFF'LY.--_n._ STIFF'-NECK, cervical myalgia, true torticollis.--_adj._ STIFF'-NECKED, obstinate, hard to move.--_ns._ STIFF'-NECK'EDNESS; STIFF'NESS.--DO A BIT OF STIFF, to accept or discount a bill. [A.S. _stif_, stiff; Dut. _stijf_, Dan. _stiv_.]

STIFLE, st[=i]'fl, _v.t._ to stop the breath of by foul air or other means: to suffocate, smother: to extinguish: to suppress the sound of: to destroy: to suppress, conceal.--_v.i._ to suffocate.--_adj._ ST[=I]'FLING, close, oppressive. [Scand., Ice. _stifla_, to choke up; Norw. _stivla_.]

STIFLE, st[=i]'fl, _n._ the knee-joint on a horse's hind-leg, a disease of his knee-pan. [Perh. _stiff_.]

STIGMA, stig'ma, _n._ a brand: a mark of infamy: (_bot._) the top of a pistil: any special mark: a place on the skin which bleeds periodically:--_pl._ STIG'MAS or STIG'MATA.--_n._ STIGM[=A]'RIA, the root of the fossil plant sigillaria, found in the STIG'MATA, the marks of the wounds on Christ's body, or marks resembling them, claimed to have been miraculously impressed on the bodies of certain persons, as Francis of Assisi in 1224.--_adjs._ STIGMAT'IC, -AL, marked or branded with a stigma: giving infamy or reproach.--_adv._ STIGMAT'ICALLY.--_adj._ STIGMATIF'EROUS (_bot._), stigma-bearing.--_n._ STIGMATIS[=A]'TION, the operation or effect of producing bleeding spots upon the body, as by hypnotism.--_v.t._ STIG'MATISE, to brand with a stigma.--_n._ STIG'MATIST, one impressed with the stigmata.--_adj._ STIG'MATOSE, stigmatic: stigmatised.--_n._ STIGMAT[=O]'SIS, a form of inflammation of the skin, occurring in spots.--_adj._ STIGMATYP'IC, pertaining to the making of impressions by means of scorching-hot plates.--_ns._ STIG'MATYPY, a species of printing with points, that consists of their arrangement in pictures; STIG'M[=E] (_Gr. paleog._), a dot used as a punctuation mark, esp. at the top of the line, equivalent to a period. [L.,--Gr.,--_stizein_, to mark.]

STILBITE, stil'b[=i]t, _n._ a pearly and foliated variety of zeolite. [Gr.

_stilbein_, to shine.]

STILE, st[=i]l, _n._ a step, or set of steps, for climbing over a wall or fence. [A.S. _stigel_, a step--_stigan_; cf. Ger. _steigen_, to mount.]

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