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[A.S. _smael_; Ger. _schmal_.]

SMALLAGE, smawl'[=a]j, _n._ celery. [_Small_, Fr. _ache_--L. _apium_, parsley.]

SMALT, smawlt, _n._ glass melted, tinged blue by cobalt, and pulverised when cold.--_n._ SMAL'TINE, an arsenide of cobalt, often containing nickel and iron. [Low L. _smaltum_--Old High Ger. _smalzjan_ (Ger. _schmelzen_), to melt.]

SMARAGDINE, sma-rag'din, _adj._ of an emerald green.--_n._ SMARAG'DITE, a peculiar variety of Amphibole, light grass-green in colour, with a foliated, lamellar or fibrous structure--occurring as a constituent of the rock called _Eklogite_. [L. _smaragdinus_--smaragdus--Gr. _smaragdos_, the emerald.]

SMART, smart, _n._ quick, stinging pain of body or mind: smart-money: a dandy.--_v.i._ to feel a smart: to be punished.--_adj._ causing a smart: severe: sharp: vigorous, brisk: acute, witty, pert, vivacious: well-dressed, fine, fashionable: keen in business: creditable, up-to-the-mark.--_v.t._ SMART'EN, to make smart, to brighten (with _up_).--_adv._ SMART'LY.--_ns._ SMART'-MON'EY, money paid by a recruit for his release before being sworn in: money paid for escape from any unpleasant situation or engagement: excessive damages: money allowed to soldiers and sailors for wounds; SMART'NESS; SMART'-TICK'ET, a certificate granted to one entitled to smart-money; SMART'-WEED, a name given to some of the Milkworts from their acrid properties, esp. _Polygonum Hydropiper_, or Waterpepper; SMART'Y, a would-be smart fellow. [A.S. _smeortan_; Dut.

_smarten_, Ger. _schmerzen_.]

SMASH, smash, _v.t._ to break in pieces violently: to crush: to dash violently.--_v.i._ to act with crushing force: to be broken to pieces: to be ruined, to fail: to dash violently.--_n._ act of smashing, destruction, ruin, bankruptcy.--_ns._ SMASH'ER, one who smashes: (_slang_) one who passes bad money, bad money itself: anything great or extraordinary; SMASH'ING.--_adj._ crushing: dashing.--_n._ SMASH'-UP, a serious smash.

[Prob. Sw. dial. _smaske_, to smack.]

SMATCH, smach, _n._ (_Shak._) taste or tincture.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to have a taste. [_Smack_.]

SMATTER, smat'[.e]r, _v.i._ to talk superficially: to have a superficial knowledge.--_ns._ SMATT'ERER; SMATT'ERING, a superficial knowledge.--_adv._ SMATT'ERINGLY, in a smattering manner. [M. E. _smateren_, to rattle, to chatter--Sw. _smattra_, to clatter; Ger. _schnattern_.]

SMEAR, sm[=e]r, _v.t._ to overspread with anything sticky or oily, as grease: to daub.--_n._ SMEAR'INESS.--_adj._ SMEAR'Y, sticky: showing smears. [A.S. _smeru_, fat, grease; Ger. _schmeer_, grease, Ice. _smjor_, butter.]

SMECTITE, smek't[=i]t, _n._ a greenish clay. [Gr.

_sm[=e]ktis_--_sm[=e]chein_, to rub.]

SMECTYMNUUS, smek-tim'n[=u]-us, _n._ a name compounded of the initials of the five Puritan divines--Stephen Marshall, Edmund Calamy, Thomas Young, Matthew Newcomen, and William Spurstow, joint authors of _An Answer_ (1641) to Bishop Hall's _Humble Remonstrance to the High Court of Parliament_ (1641) in defence of the liturgy and episcopal government.

SMEDDUM, smed'um, _n._ fine powder: sagacity, spirit, mettle: ore small enough to go through the sieve. [A.S. _smedema_, fine flour.]

SMEE, sm[=e], _n._ the pochard: widgeon: pintail-duck.--Also SMEATH.

SMEGMA, smeg'ma, _n._ a sebaceous secretion, esp. that under the prepuce: an unguent.--_adj._ SMEGMAT'IC. [Gr. _sm[=e]gma_.]

SMELL, smel, _v.i._ to affect the nose: to have odour: to use the sense of smell.--_v.t._ to perceive by the nose:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ smelled or smelt.--_n._ the quality of bodies which affects the nose: odour: perfume: the sense which perceives this quality.--_ns._ SMELL'ER; SMELL'-FEAST, a greedy fellow; SMELL'ING, the sense by which smells are perceived; SMELL'ING-BOTT'LE, a bottle containing smelling-salts, or the like; SMELL'ING-SALTS, a preparation of ammonium carbonate with lavender, &c., used as a stimulant in faintness, &c.; SMELL'-TRAP, a drain-trap.--_adj._ SMELL'Y, having a bad smell.--SMELL A RAT (see RAT); SMELL OUT, to find out by prying. [Allied to Low Ger. _smelen_, Dut. _smeulen_, to smoulder.]

SMELT, smelt, _n._ a fish of the salmon or trout family, having a cucumber-like smell and a delicious flavour. [A.S. _smelt_.]

SMELT, smelt, _v.t._ to melt ore in order to separate the metal.--_ns._ SMEL'TER; SMEL'TERY, a place for smelting; SMEL'TING; SMEL'TING-FUR'NACE, -HOUSE, -WORKS. [Scand., Sw. _smalta_, to smelt.]

SMERKY, sm[.e]rk'i, _adj._ (_Spens._) neat. [_Smirk_.]

SMEW, sm[=u], _n._ a bird of the family _Anatidae_, in the same genus as the goosander and mergansers.

SMICKER, smik'[.e]r, _v.i._ (_obs._) to look amorously.--_n._ SMICK'ERING, an inclination for a woman.--_adv._ SMICK'LY, amorously.

SMICKET, smik'et, _n._ a smock.

SMIDDY, smid'i, _n._ a smithy.

SMIDGEN, smij'en, _n._ (_U.S._) a small quantity, a trifle.

SMIFT, smift, _n._ a piece of touchwood, &c., formerly used to ignite the train in blasting.--Also SNUFF.

SMIGHT, sm[=i]t, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to smite.

SMILAX, sm[=i]'laks, _n._ a genus of liliaceous plants, type of the tribe _Smilaceae_--the roots of several species yield sarsaparilla.

SMILE, sm[=i]l, _v.i._ to express pleasure by the countenance: to express slight contempt: to look joyous: to be favourable.--_n._ act of smiling: the expression of the features in smiling: favour: (_slang_) a drink, a treat.--_ns._ SM[=I]'LER, one who smiles; SM[=I]'LET (_Shak._), a little smile.--_adj._ SM[=I]'LING, wearing a smile, joyous.--_adv._ SM[=I]'LINGLY, in a smiling manner: with a smile or look of pleasure.--_n._ SM[=I]'LINGNESS, the state of being smiling. [Scand., Sw. _smila_, to smile.]

SMIRCH, smirch, _v.t._ to besmear, dirty: to degrade in fame, dignity, &c.--_n._ a stain. [A weakened form of _smer-k_, from M. E. _smeren_, to smear.]

SMIRK, sm[.e]rk, _v.i._ to smile affectedly: to look affectedly soft.--_n._ an affected smile.--_adjs._ SMIRK (_obs._), SMIRK'Y, smart. [A.S.

_smercian_; akin to smile.]

SMIT, smit, obsolete _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _smite_.

SMIT, smit, _v.t._ (_prov._) to infect.--_n._ a stain: infection.--_v.t._ SMIT'TLE, to infect.--_adj._ infectious.--_n._ infection. [A.S. _smittian_, to spot, _smitta_, a spot, an intens. of _smitan_, to smite.]

SMITCH, smich, _n._ a particle: dust.--_n._ (_dim._) SMITCH'EL.

SMITE, sm[=i]t, _v.t._ to strike with the fist, hand, or weapon: to beat: to kill: to overthrow in battle: to affect with feeling: (_B._) to blast: to afflict.--_v.i._ to strike:--_pa.t._ sm[=o]te; _pa.p._ smitt'en.--_n._ SM[=I]'TER.--SMITE OFF, to cut off; SMITE OUT, to knock out; SMITE WITH THE TONGUE (_B._), to reproach, to revile. [A.S. _smitan_; Dut. _smijten_, Ger.


SMITH, smith, _n._ one who forges with the hammer: a worker in metals: one who makes anything.--_ns._ SMITH'ERY, the workshop of a smith: work done by a smith--also SMITH'ING; SMITH'Y, the workshop of a smith; SMITH'Y-COAL, a kind of small coal much used by smiths. [A.S. _smith_; Ger. _schmied_.]

SMITHEREENS, smith-[.e]r-[=e]nz', (_coll._) small fragments.

SMITHSONIAN, smith-s[=o]'ni-an, _adj._ pertaining to James Macie _Smithson_ (1765--1829), founder of a great institution at Washington for ethnological and scientific investigations, organised by Congress in 1846.

SMITTEN, smit'n, _pa.p._ of _smite_.

SMOCK, smok, _n._ a woman's shift: a smock-frock.--_v.t._ to clothe in a smock or smock-frock.--_adj._ SMOCK'-FACED, pale-faced.--_ns._ SMOCK'-FROCK, an outer garment of coarse white linen worn over the other clothes in the south of England; SMOCK'-RACE, a race for the prize of a smock. [A.S. _smoc_, perh. from A.S. _smeogan_, to creep into.]

SMOKE, sm[=o]k, _n._ the vapour from a burning body--a common term for the volatile products of the imperfect combustion of such organic substances as wood or coal.--_v.i._ to emit smoke: to smoke out instead of upward, owing to imperfect draught: to draw in and puff out the smoke of tobacco: to raise smoke by moving rapidly: to burn, to rage: to suffer, as from punishment.--_v.t._ to apply smoke to: to dry, scent, or medicate by smoke: to inhale the smoke of: to use in smoking: to try to expel by smoking: to scent out, discover: to quiz, ridicule: to thrash.--_ns._ SMOKE'-BLACK, lampblack; SMOKE'-BOARD, a board suspended before the upper part of a fireplace to prevent the smoke coming out into the room; SMOKE'-BOX, part of a steam-boiler where the smoke is collected before passing out at the chimney; SMOKE'-CONS[=U]'MER, an apparatus for burning all the smoke from a fire.--_adj._ SMOKE'-DRIED.--_v.t._ SMOKE'-DRY, to cure or dry by means of smoke.--_ns._ SMOKE'-HOUSE, a building where meat or fish is cured by smoking, or where smoked meats are stored; SMOKE'-JACK, a contrivance for turning a jack by means of a wheel turned by the current of air ascending a chimney.--_adj._ SMOKE'LESS, destitute of smoke.--_adv._ SMOKEL'ESSLY.--_ns._ SMOKE'LESSNESS; SM[=O]'KER, one who smokes tobacco: a smoking-carriage: one who smoke-dries meat: an evening entertainment at which smoking is permitted; SMOKE'-SAIL, a small sail hoisted between the galley-funnel and the foremast when a vessel rides head to the wind; SMOKE'-SHADE, a scale of tints ranging from 0 to 10, for comparison of different varieties of coal, according to the amount of unburnt carbon in their smoke; SMOKE'-STACK, an upright pipe through which the combustion-gases from a steam-boiler pass into the open air.--_adj._ SMOKE'-TIGHT, impervious to smoke.--_ns._ SMOKE'-TREE, an ornamental shrub of the cashew family, with long light feathery or cloud-like fruit-stalks; SMOKE'-WASH'ER, an apparatus for removing soot and particles of unburnt carbon from smoke by making it pass through water; SMOKE'-WOOD, the virgin's bower (_Clematis Vitalba_), whose porous stems are smoked by boys.--_adv._ SM[=O]'KILY.--_ns._ SM[=O]'KINESS; SM[=O]'KING, the act of emitting smoke: the act or habit of drawing into the mouth and emitting the fumes of tobacco by means of a pipe or cigar--a habit of great sedative value: a bantering; SM[=O]'KING-CAP, -JACK'ET, a light ornamental cap or jacket often worn by smokers; SM[=O]'KING-CARR'IAGE, -ROOM, a railway-carriage, -room, supposed to be set apart for smokers.--_adj._ SM[=O]'KY, giving out smoke: like smoke: filled, or subject to be filled, with smoke: tarnished or noisome with smoke: (_obs._) suspicious.--ON A SMOKE (_B._), smoking, or on fire. [A.S. _smocian_, _smoca_; Ger.


SMOLDER=_Smoulder_ (q.v.).

SMOLT, sm[=o]lt, _n._ a name given to young river salmon when they are bluish along the upper half of the body and silvery along the sides.


SMOOTH, sm[=oo]th, _adj._ having an even surface: not tough: evenly spread: glossy: gently flowing: easy: regular: unobstructed: bland: mild, calm.--_v.t._ to make smooth: to palliate: to soften: to calm: to ease: (_Shak._) to exonerate.--_v.i._ to repeat flattering words.--_n._ (_B._) the smooth part.--_adj._ SMOOTH'-BORE, not rifled.--_n._ a gun with smooth-bored barrel.--_adjs._ SMOOTH'-BROWED, with unwrinkled brow; SMOOTH'-CHINNED, having a smooth chin: beardless; SMOOTH'-DIT'TIED, sweetly sung, with a flowing melody.--v.t SMOOTH'EN, to make smooth.--_n._ SMOOTH'ER, one who, or that which, smooths: in glass-cutting, an abrading-wheel for polishing the aces of the grooves cut by another wheel: (_obs._) a flatterer.--_adj._ SMOOTH'-FACED, having a smooth air, mild-looking.--_ns._ SMOOTH'ING-[=I]'RON, an instrument of iron for smoothing clothes; SMOOTH'ING-PLANE, a small fine plane used for finishing.--_adv._ SMOOTH'LY.--_n._ SMOOTH'NESS.--_adjs._ SMOOTH'-PACED, having a regular easy pace; SMOOTH'-SHOD, having shoes without spikes; SMOOTH'-SP[=O]'KEN, speaking pleasantly: plausible: flattering; SMOOTH'-TONGUED, having a smooth tongue: flattering. [A.S. _smothe_, usually _smethe_; Ger. _ge-schmeidig_, soft.]

SMORE, sm[=o]r, a Scotch form of _smother_.

SMOTE, sm[=o]t, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _smite_.

SMOTHER, smuth'[.e]r, _v.t._ to suffocate by excluding the air: to conceal.--_v.i._ to be suffocated or suppressed: to smoulder.--_n._ smoke: thick floating dust: state of being smothered: confusion.--_ns._ SMOTHER[=A]'TION, suffocation: a sailor's dish of meat buried in potatoes; SMOTH'ERINESS.--_adv._ SMOTH'ERINGLY.--_adj._ SMOTH'ERY, tending to smother: stifling. [M. E. _smorther_--A.S. _smorian_, to smother; cf. Ger.

_schmoren_, to stew.]

SMOUCH, smowch, _n._ a smack, a hearty kiss.--_v.t._ to kiss, to buss.

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