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PECK 9.087 " " 9 litres.

BUSHEL [8 gallons] 36.348 " " 36-1/3 litres.

QUARTER [8 bushels] 2.908 hectolitres " 3 hectolitres.


_English_. _French_.

1 . 25 francs 22 centimes, or about 25 francs.

1 s. 1 franc 26 centimes, " 1 franc.

1 d. 10 centimes.

d. 5 centimes, or a 'sou.'

A franc is about 9 d. 100 francs = 4, nearly.

A milliard of francs (1,000,000,000) = 40,000,000, nearly.


ACETONE, a's[=e]-t[=o]n, _n._ one of a class of carbon compounds in many respects similar to the aldehydes; also called _Ketone_. [From ACETIC.]

ACIERATE, as'i-[.e]r-[=a]t, _v.t._ to turn into steel.--_n._ AC'IERAGE, the process of electroplating a metal with iron or steel. [Fr. _acier_, steel, L. _acies_, edge.]

ADIABATIC, ad-i-a-bat'ik, _adj._ (_physics_) neither losing nor gaining heat: impassable to heat. [Gr. _a_, not, _dia_, through, _batos_, passable.]

AeROPLANE, [=a]'e-r[=o]-pl[=a]n, _n._ a form of flying-machine: a small plane for aerostatic experiments. [Gr. _a[=e]r_, air, L. _planus_, plain.]

AGAR-AGAR, ag'ar-ag'ar, _n._ a nutrient jelly prepared from certain seaweeds, and used in the artificial cultivation of bacteria.

ALBUMINURIA, al-b[=u]-min-[=u]'ri-a, _n._ the presence of albumin in the urine: the disease producing this.

ALTISCOPE, al'ti-sk[=o]p, _n._ an instrument containing several lenses and mirrors, so arranged that an observer can see beyond intervening objects.

BARRANCA, bar-ran'ka, _n._ a deep gorge, with steep sides.--Also BARRAN'CO.

[Sp. Am.]

CARBOHYDRATE, kar'b[=o]-h[=i]-dr[=a]t, _n._ a compound of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, the last two being in the proportion to form water. [CARBON and HYDRATE.]

CIRRHOSIS, si-r[=o]'sis, _n._ a wasting of the proper tissue of an organ, accompanied by abnormal growth of connective tissue. [Gr. _kirrhos_, tawny.]

ELECTRON, [=e]-lek'tron, _n._ a particle or corpuscle vastly more minute than anything heretofore contemplated by science--in mass about a thousandth part of that of a hydrogen atom; and identified with the charge of negative electricity with which it is indissolubly associated. [From the root of ELECTRIC (q.v.).]

FORMALIN, form'al-in, _n._ a powerful antiseptic and germicide.--Also FORMAL'DEHYDE (see ALDEHYDE).

LIMERICK, lim'[.e]r-ik, _n._ 'nonsense verse' in five-lined stanzas.

LITCHI, l[=e]'ch[=e], _n._ a Chinese fruit: the tree on which it grows.

MAFFICKING, maf'fik-ing, _n._ noisy rejoicings of the mob. [From the scene in the streets of London when the news of the relief of _Mafeking_ was received (1900).]

MALNUTRITION, mal'n[=u]-trish'un, _n._ imperfect nutrition.

MARCONIGRAM, mar-c[=o]'ni-gram, _n._ a message transmitted by 'wireless'

telegraphy. [From _Marconi_, the inventor of the system, and Gr. _gramma_, that which is written.]

MERCERISE, m[.e]r'c[.e]r-[=i]z, _v.t._ to treat cotton so as to make it appear like silk. [From _Mercer_ (1791-1866), the inventor of the process.]

MOTOR-GARAGE, m[=o]'tor-gar-azh', _n._ a depot where motor-cars are stored or repaired and provided with accessories. [_Motor_ and Fr.

_garage_--_gare_, dock, railway station; from the High German root found in AWARE (q.v.).]

PARALDEHYDE, par-al'de-h[=i]d, _n._ a colourless liquid, of disagreeable taste and smell, used to produce sleep (see ALDEHYDE).

POGROM, pog-rom', _n._ destruction: devastation: a lawless outburst involving injury to persons and property. [Russian.]

PRODUCER-GAS, pro-d[=u]'s[.e]r-gas, _n._ a mixture of hydrogen and carbon-monoxide diluted with nitrogen.

RADIO-ACTIVITY, r[=a]'di-o-ak-tiv'i-ti, _n._ the power of producing photographic or electrical effects by a process identical with or analogous to radiation.

RADIOSCOPE, r[=a]'di-o-sk[=o]p, _n._ an instrument for detecting radiation (see RADIANT).

RoNTGENISE, runt'gen-[=i]z (g hard), _v.t._ to treat by the Rontgen rays (see at X-RAYS under X).--_ns._ RoNTGENOG'RAPHY, photography by these rays; RoNTGENOL'OGY, the study of the rays; RoNTGENOS'COPY, observation by means of them; RoNTGENOTHER'APY, healing by means of them.

SERENDIPITY, s[.e]r-en-dip'i-ti, _n._ a love for rare old books and other articles of virtu.--_adj._ appertaining to this. [Coined from _Serendib_, a character in the _Arabian Nights_ who went about picking up odds and ends and piecing them together.]

SPINTHARISCOPE, spin-thar'i-sk[=o]p, _n._ an instrument devised by Sir W.

Crookes for observing the scintillations produced in zinc sulphide by a small fragment of a radium compound placed near it. [Gr. _spintharis_, a spark, and _skopein_, to see.]

SULPHONAL, sul'f[=o]-nal, _n._ a chemical compound used as a hypnotic and anaesthetic, and derived in part from potassium sulpho-hydrate.

TAXIMETER, tak-sim'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument attached to cabs for indicating the fare due for the distance travelled. Sometimes (but wrongly) called TAXAMETER. [Fr. _taxe_, price, and Gr. _metron_, measure.]

TELEGONY, tel-eg'on-i, _n._ the transmitted influence of a male by whom a female has previously conceived upon her subsequent offspring by another male. [Gr. _t[=e]l[=e]_, at a distance, _gonia_, a begetting.]

TELESCRIPTOR, tel'e-skrip-tor, _n._ a machine for the purpose of sending messages over telegraph wires so that they appear in the handwriting of the sender when received. [Gr. _t[=e]l[=e]_, at a distance, L. _scriptum_, _scribere_, to write.]

TRIONAL, tr[=i]'[=o]-nal, _n._ a drug used as a hypnotic, akin to sulphonal, but safer.

VERONAL, ver'[=o]-nal, _n._ a drug used as a hypnotic, akin to trional.

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