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OPUSCULE, [=o]-pus'k[=u]l, _n._ a little work.--Also OPUS'CLE, OPUS'CULUM.

[L. _opusculum_, dim. of _opus_, work.]

OR, or, _adv._ ere, before. [_Ere._]

OR, or, _conj._ marking an alternative, and sometimes opposition [short for _other_, modern Eng. _either_].--_prep._ (_B._) before. [In this sense a corr. of _ere_.]

OR, or, _n._ (_her._) gold. [Fr.,--L. _aurum_, gold.]

ORACH, ORACHE, or'ach, _n._ one of several European plants used as spinach.

[Fr. _arroche_.]

ORACLE, or'a-kl, _n._ the answer spoken or uttered by the gods: the place where responses were given, and the deities supposed to give them: a person famed for wisdom: a wise decision: (_B._) the sanctuary: (_pl._) the revelations made to the prophets: the word of God.--_adj._ ORAC'ULAR, delivering oracles: resembling oracles: grave: venerable: not to be disputed: ambiguous: obscure--also ORAC'ULOUS.--_ns._ ORACULAR'ITY, ORAC'ULARNESS.--_adv._ ORAC'ULARLY. [Fr.,--L. _ora-culum_, double dim. from _or[=a]re_, to speak--_os_, _oris_, the mouth.]

ORAGIOUS, [=o]-r[=a]'jus, _adj._ stormy. [Fr.]

ORAISON, or'i-zun, _n._ (_Shak._). Same as ORISON.

ORAL, [=o]'ral, _adj._ uttered by the mouth: spoken, not written.--_adv._ O'RALLY. [L. _os_, _oris_, the mouth.]

ORALE, or-[=a]'le, _n._ a white silk veil, with coloured stripes, sometimes worn by the Pope.

ORANG, [=o]-rang', _n._ See ORANG-OUTANG.

ORANGE, or'anj, _n._ a delightful gold-coloured fruit with a thick, rough skin, within which are usually from eight to ten juicy divisions: the tree on which it grows: a colour composed of red and yellow.--_adj._ pertaining to an orange: orange-coloured.--_ns._ ORANGE[=A]DE', a drink made with orange juice; OR'ANGE-BLOSS'OM, the white blossom of the orange-tree, worn by brides.--_adj._ OR'ANGE-COL'OURED, having the colour of an orange.--_ns._ OR'ANGE-LIL'Y, a garden-plant with large orange flowers; OR'ANGE-PEEL, the rind of an orange separated from the pulp; OR'ANGERY, a plantation of orange-trees: an orange-garden.--_adj._ OR'ANGE-TAW'NY (_Shak._), of a colour between orange and brown.--_n._ the colour itself.--_n._ OR'ANGE-WIFE (_Shak._), a woman who sells oranges. [Fr.,--It.

_arancio_--Pers. _naranj_, the _n_ being dropped; it was thought to come from L. _aurum_, gold, hence Low L. _aurantium_.]

ORANGEMAN, or'anj-man, _n._ a member of a society instituted in Ireland in 1795 to uphold Protestantism, or the cause of William of _Orange_--a secret society since its formal suppression in 1835 after a protracted parliamentary inquiry.--_adj._ OR'ANGE.--_n._ OR'ANGEISM. [From the principality of _Orange_ (L. _Arausio_), near Avignon, ruled by its own sovereigns from the 11th to the 16th century, passing by the last heiress in 1531 to the Count of Nassau, father of William the Silent.]

ORANG-OUTANG, [=o]-rang'-[=oo]-tang', _n._ an anthropoid ape, found only in the forests of Sumatra and Borneo, reddish-brown, arboreal in habit.--Also ORANG' and ORANG'-UTAN'. [Malay, 'man of the woods.']

ORANT, [=o]'rant, _n._ a worshipping figure in ancient Greek and early Christian art.

ORARIAN, [=o]-r[=a]'ri-an, _adj._ pertaining to the coast. [L. _ora_, the shore.]

ORARION, [=o]-r[=a]'ri-on, _n._ a deacon's stole in the Eastern Church.

ORARIUM, [=o]-r[=a]'ri-um, _n._ a linen neckcloth or handkerchief: a scarf attached to a bishop's staff. [L. _os_, _oris_, the mouth.]

ORARIUM, [=o]-r[=a]'ri-um, _n._ a collection of private devotions. [L.

_or[=a]re_, to pray.]

ORATION, [=o]-r[=a]'shun, _n._ a public speech of a formal character: an eloquent speech.--_n._ ORATIUN'CLE, a brief speech. [Fr.,--L.

_oratio_--_or[=a]re_, to pray.]

ORATOR, or'a-tor, _n._ a public speaker: a man of eloquence: a spokesman or advocate:--_fem._ OR'ATRESS, OR'ATRIX.--_v.i._ OR'[=A]TE, to deliver an oration.--_adjs._ ORAT[=O]'RIAL; ORATOR'ICAL, pertaining to oratory: becoming an orator.--_adv._ ORATOR'ICALLY.--_n._ OR'ATORY, the art of speaking well, or so as to please and persuade, esp. publicly: the exercise of eloquence: an apartment or building for private worship: one of various congregations in the R.C. Church, esp. the Fathers of the Oratory, established by St Philip Neri (1515-95): a religious house of theirs.

ORATORIO, or-a-t[=o]'ri-[=o], _n._ a sacred story set to music, which, as in the opera, requires soloists, chorus, and full orchestra for its performance, the theatrical adjuncts, however, of scenery, costumes, and acting bring dispensed with. [It., so called because first performed in the _Oratory_ of the Church of Santa Maria Maggiore, near Rome, under the care of St Philip Neri (1571-94).]

ORB, orb, _adj._ (_obs._) bereft, esp. of children. [L. _orbus_.]

ORB, orb, _n._ a circle: a sphere: a celestial body: a wheel: any rolling body: the eye: (_archit._) a blank window or panel: the globe forming part of regalia, the monde or mound: the space within which the astrological influence of a planet operates.--_v.t._ to surround: to form into an orb.--_adjs._ OR'BATE; ORBED, in the form of an orb; circular; ORBIC'ULAR, having the form of an orb or sphere: spherical: round.--_n._ ORBICUL[=A]'RIS, a muscle surrounding an opening.--_adv._ ORBIC'ULARLY.--_n._ ORBIC'ULARNESS.--_adjs._ ORBIC'ULATE, -D, made in the form of an orb.--_n._ ORBICUL[=A]'TION.--_adj._ OR'BY, orbed. [L. _orbis_, circle.]

ORBILIUS, or-bil'i-us, _n._ a flogging schoolmaster--from Horace's master.

ORBIT, or'bit, _n._ the path in which one of the heavenly bodies, as a planet, moves round another, as the sun: the hollow in the bone in which the eyeball rests--also OR'BITA: the skin round the eye.--_adjs._ OR'BITAL, OR'BITARY. [L. _orbita_--_orbis_, a ring.]

ORC, ork, _n._ any whale, the grampus. [L. _orca_.]

ORCADIAN, or-k[=a]'di-an, _adj._ of or pertaining to the Orkney Islands.--_n._ an inhabitant or a native of the Orkneys. [L. _Orcades_.]

ORCHARD, or'chard, _n._ a garden of fruit-trees, esp. of apple-trees, also the enclosure containing such.--_ns._ OR'CHARD-HOUSE, a glass house for cultivating fruits without artificial heat; OR'CHARDING; OR'CHARDIST. [A.S.

_orceard_--older form _ort-geard_.]

ORCHELLA-WEED=_Archil_ (q. v.).

ORCHEOCELE, or-ke-o-s[=e]l', _n._ a tumour or inflammation of the testicle.--_ns._ ORCHIAL'GIA, pain, esp. neuralgia, in a testicle; ORCHIDEC'TOMY, ORCHOT'OMY, the excision of a testicle; ORCHIODYN'IA, pain in a testicle; ORCH[=I]'TIS, inflammation of a testicle.--_adj._ ORCHIT'IC.

[Gr. _orchis_, a testicle, _k[=e]l[=e]_, a tumour.]

ORCHESTRA, or'kes-tra, _n._ in the Greek theatre, the place where the chorus danced: now the part of a theatre or concert-room in which the musicians are placed: the performers in an orchestra.--_ns._ ORCH[=E]'SIS, the art of dancing or rhythmical movement of the body; ORCHESOG'RAPHY, the theory of dancing.--_adjs._ OR'CHESTRAL, ORCHES'TRIC, of or pertaining to an orchestra: performed in an orchestra.--_v.t._ OR'CHESTR[=A]TE, to arrange for an orchestra.--_ns._ ORCHESTR[=A]'TION, the arrangement of music for an orchestra: instrumentation; ORCHES'TRION, a musical instrument of the barrel-organ kind, designed to imitate an orchestra. [L.,--Gr.

_orch[=e]stra_--_orchesthai_, to dance.]

ORCHID, or'kid, _n._ a plant with a rich, showy, often fragrant flower, frequently found growing, in warm countries, on rocks and stems of trees.--_adjs._ ORCHID[=A]'CEOUS, ORCHID'[=E]OUS, pertaining to the orchids.--_ns._ ORCHIDOL'OGY, the knowledge of orchids; OR'CHIS, a genus containing ten of the British species of orchids. [Gr. _orchis_, a testicle.]

ORCHIL, or'kil, _n._ the colouring matter derived from archil (q.v.).

ORCINE, or'sin, _n._ a colouring matter obtained from orchella-weed and other lichens.

ORDAIN, or-d[=a]n', _v.t._ to put in order: to appoint: to dispose or regulate: to set apart for an office: to invest with ministerial functions.--_adj._ ORDAIN'ABLE.--_ns._ ORDAIN'ER; ORDAIN'MENT.--_adj._ OR'DINAL, showing order or succession.--_n._ a number noting order or place among others: a body of regulations, a book containing forms and rules for ordination.--_n._ OR'DINANCE, that which is ordained by authority: a law: a religious practice or right established by authority.--_adj._ OR'DINANT (_Shak._), ordaining, decreeing.--_n._ one who ordains, as a bishop--opp.

to OR'DINAND, or one who is to be ordained.--_n._ ORDIN[=A]'TION, the act of ordaining: admission to the Christian ministry by the laying on of hands of a bishop or a presbytery: established order. [O. Fr. _ordener_ (Fr.

_ordonner_)--L. _ordin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_ordo_.]

ORDEAL, or'de-al, _n._ a dealing out or giving of just judgment: an ancient form of referring a disputed question to the judgment of God, by lot, fire, water, &c.: any severe trial or examination. [A.S. _or-del_, _or-dal_; cf.

Dut. _oor-deel_, Ger. _ur-theil_.]

ORDER, or'd[.e]r, _n._ regular arrangement, method: degree, rank, or position: rule, regular system or government: command: a class, a society of persons of the same profession, &c.: a religious fraternity: a dignity conferred by a sovereign, &c., giving membership in a body, after the medieval orders of knighthood, also the distinctive insignia thereof: social rank generally: a number of genera having many important points in common: a commission to supply, purchase, or sell something: (_archit._) one of the different ways in which the column, with its various parts and its entablature, are moulded and related to each other: due action towards some end, esp. in old phrase 'to take order:' the sacerdotal or clerical function: (_pl._) the several degrees or grades of the Christian ministry.--_v.t._ to arrange: to conduct: to command.--_v.i._ to give command.--_ns._ OR'DER-BOOK, a book for entering the orders of customers, the special orders of a commanding officer, or, the motions to be put to the House of Commons; OR'DERER; OR'DERING, arrangement: management: the act or ceremony of ordaining, as priests or deacons.--_adj._ OR'DERLESS, without order: disorderly.--_n._ OR'DERLINESS.--_adj._ OR'DERLY, in good order: regular: well regulated: of good behaviour: quiet: being on duty.--_adv._ regularly: methodically.--_n._ a non-commissioned officer who carries official messages for his superior officer, formerly the first sergeant of a company.--_adj._ OR'DINATE, in order: regular.--_n._ the distance of a point in a curve from a straight line, measured along another straight line at right angles to it--the distance of the point from the other of the two lines is called the _abscissa_, and the two lines are the _axes of co-ordinates_.--_adv._ OR'DINATELY.--ORDER-IN-COUNCIL, a sovereign order given with advice of the Privy Council; ORDER-OF-BATTLE, the arrangement of troops or ships at the beginning of a battle; ORDER-OF-THE-DAY, in a legislative assembly, the business set down to be considered on any particular day: any duty assigned for a particular day.--CLOSE ORDER, the usual formation for soldiers in line or column, the ranks 16 inches apart, or for vessels two cables'-length (1440 ft.) apart--opp. to _Extended order_; FULL ORDERS, the priestly order; MINOR ORDERS, those of acolyte, exorcist, reader, and doorkeeper; OPEN ORDER, a formation in which ships are four cables'-length (2880 ft.) apart; SAILING ORDERS, written instructions given to the commander of a vessel before sailing; SEALED ORDERS, such instructions as the foregoing, not to be opened until a certain specified time; STANDING ORDERS or RULES, regulations for procedure adopted by a legislative assembly.--IN ORDER, and OUT OF ORDER, in accordance with regular and established usage of procedure, in subject or way of presenting it before a legislative assembly, &c., or the opposite; IN ORDER TO, for the end that; TAKE ORDER (_Shak._), to take measures. [Fr. _ordre_--L. _ordo_, _-inis_.]

ORDINAIRE, or-din-[=a]r', _n._ wine for ordinary use--usually _vin ordinaire_: a soldier's mess: a person of common rank.

ORDINARY, or'di-na-ri, _adj._ according to the common order: usual: of common rank: plain: of little merit: (_coll._) plain-looking.--_n._ a judge of ecclesiastical or other causes who acts in his own right: something settled or customary: actual office: a bishop or his deputy: a place where regular meals are provided at fixed charges: the common run or mass: (_her._) one of a class of armorial charges, called also _honourable ordinaries_, figures of simple outline and geometrical form, conventional in character--_chief_, _pale_, _fess_, _bend_, _bend-sinister_, _chevron_, _cross_, _saltire_, _pile_, _pall_, _bordure_, _orle_, _tressure_, _canton_, _flanches_.--_adv._ OR'DINARILY.--ORDINARY OF THE MASS, the established sequence or fixed order for saying mass.--IN ORDINARY, in regular and customary attendance.

ORDNANCE, ord'nans, _n._ great guns: artillery: (_orig._) any arrangement, disposition, or equipment.--ORDNANCE SURVEY, a preparation of maps and plans of Great Britain and Ireland, or parts thereof, undertaken by government and carried out by men selected from the Royal Engineers--so called because in earlier days the survey was carried out under the direction of the Master-general of the Ordnance. [_Ordinance._]

ORDONNANCE, or'do-nans, _n._ co-ordination, esp. the proper disposition of figures in a picture, parts of a building, &c.

ORDURE, or'd[=u]r, _n._ dirt: dung: excrement: also _fig._ anything unclean.--_adj._ OR'DUROUS. [Fr.,--O. Fr. _ord_, foul--L. _horridus_, rough.]

ORE, [=o]r, _n._ metal as it comes from the mine: metal mixed with earthy and other substances. [A.S. _or_, another form of _ar_, brass; Ice. _eir_, L. _aes_, _aer-is_, bronze.]

OREAD, [=o]'r[=e]-ad, _n._ (_myth._) a mountain nymph:--_pl._ O'READS, or OR[=E]'ADES. [Gr. _oreias_, _oreiados_--_oros_, a mountain.]

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