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NATTER, nat'[.e]r, _v.t._ and _v.i._ (_prov._) to find fault.--_adjs._ NATT'ERED, NATT'ERY, peevish.

NATTERJACK, nat'[.e]r-jak, _n._ a common European toad. [Cf. _Adder_.]

NATTES, nats, surface decoration or diaper resembling plaited or interlaced work. [Fr.]

NATTY, nat'i, _adj._ trim, tidy, neat, spruce.--_adv._ NATT'ILY.--_n._ NATT'INESS. [Allied to _neat_.]

NATURAL, nat'[=u]-ral, _adj._ pertaining to, produced by, or according to nature: inborn: not far-fetched: not acquired: tender: unaffected: in a state of nature, unregenerate: (_math._) having 1 as the base of the system, of a function or number: illegitimate: (_mus._) according to the usual diatonic scale.--_n._ an idiot: (_mus._) a character ([Natural]) which removes the effect of a preceding sharp or flat: a white key in keyboard musical instruments.--_adj._ NAT'URAL-BORN, NATUR[=A]'LIA, the sexual organs.--_n._ NATURALIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ NAT'URALISE, to make natural or easy: to adapt to a different climate or to different conditions of life: to grant the privileges of natural-born subjects to.--_ns._ NAT'URALISM, mere state of nature: a close following of nature, without idealisation, in painting, sculpture, fiction, &c.: the belief that natural religion is of itself sufficient; NAT'URALIST, one who studies nature, more particularly zoology and botany: a believer in naturalism.--_adj._ NATURALIST'IC, pertaining to, or in accordance with, nature: belonging to the doctrines of naturalism.--_adv._ NAT'URALLY.--_n._ NAT'URALNESS.--NATURAL HISTORY, originally the description of all that is in nature, now used of the sciences that deal with the earth and its productions--botany, zoology, and mineralogy, esp. zoology; NATURAL LAW, the sense of right and wrong which arises from the constitution of the mind of man, as distinguished from the results of revelation or legislation; NATURAL NUMBERS, the numbers 1, 2, 3, and upwards; NATURAL ORDER, in botany, an order or division belonging to the natural system of classification, based on a consideration of all the organs of the plant; NATURAL PHILOSOPHY, the science of nature, of the physical properties of bodies: physics; NATURAL SCALE, a scale of music written without sharps or flats; NATURAL SCIENCE, the science of _nature_, as distinguished from that of _mind_ (mental and moral science), and from _pure_ science (mathematics); NATURAL SELECTION, a supposed operation of the laws of nature, the result of which is the 'survival of the fittest,' as if brought about by intelligent design; NATURAL SYSTEM, a classification of plants and animals according to real differences in structure; NATURAL THEOLOGY, or NATURAL RELIGION, the body of theological truths discoverable by reason without revelation.

NATURE, n[=a]'t[=u]r, _n._ the power which creates and which regulates the material world: the power of growth: the established order of things, the universe: the qualities of anything which make it what it is: constitution: species: conformity to nature, truth, or reality: inborn mind, character, instinct, or disposition: vital power, as of man or animal: course of life: nakedness: a primitive undomesticated condition.--_adj._ N[=A]'TURED, having a certain temper or disposition: used in compounds, as _good-natured_.--_ns._ N[=A]'TURE-D[=E]'ITY, a deity personifying some force of physical nature; N[=A]'TURE-MYTH, a myth symbolising natural phenomena; N[=A]'TURE-PRINT'ING, the process of printing in colours from plates that have been impressed with some object of nature, as a plant, leaf, &c.; N[=A]'TURE-WOR'SHIP, N[=A]'TURISM, worship of the powers of nature.--_n._ N[=A]'TURIST.--_adj._ NATURIST'IC.--DEBT OF NATURE, death; EASE, or RELIEVE, NATURE, to evacuate the bowels. [Fr.,--L.

_natura_--_nasci_, _natus_, to be born.]

NAUGHT, nawt, _n._ no-whit, nothing.--_adv._ in no degree.--_adj._ of no value or account: worthless: bad.--BE NAUGHT, an obsolete form of malediction; COME TO NAUGHT, to come to nothing, to fail; SET AT NAUGHT, to treat as of no account, to despise. [Another form of _nought_. A.S. _naht_, _nawiht_--_na_, not, _wiht_, a whit.]

NAUGHTY, nawt'i, _adj._ bad in conduct or speech: mischievous: perverse: disagreeable.--_adv._ NAUGHT'ILY.--_n._ NAUGHT'INESS.

NAUMACHY, naw'ma-ki, _n._ a sea-fight: a show representing a sea-fight.--Also NAUMACH'IA. [Gr. _naus_, a ship, _mach[=e]_, a fight.]

NAUPLIUS, naw'pli-us, _n._ a stage of development of low Crustaceans, as cirripeds, &c.:--_pl._ NAU'PLII.--_adjs._ NAU'PLIIFORM, NAU'PLIOID. [L., a kind of shell-fish--Gr. _Nauplios_, a son of Poseidon, _naus_, a ship, _plein_, to sail.]

NAUROPOMETER, naw-r[=o]-pom'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring a ship's heeling or inclination at sea. [Gr. _naus_, a ship, _hrop[=e]_, inclination, _metron_, measure.]

NAUSCOPY, naw'skop-i, _n._ the art of sighting ships at great distances.

[Gr. _naus_, a ship, _skopein_, to see.]

NAUSEA, naw'she-a, _n._ sea-sickness: any sickness of the stomach, with a tendency to vomit: loathing.--_adj._ NAU'SEANT, producing nausea.--_n._ a substance having this quality.--_v.i._ NAU'SE[=A]TE, to feel nausea or disgust.--_v.t._ to loathe: to strike with disgust.--_n._ NAUSE[=A]'TION.--_adjs._ NAU'SE[=A]TIVE, causing nausea or loathing; NAU'SEOUS, producing nausea: disgusting: loathsome.--_adv._ NAU'SEOUSLY.--_n._ NAU'SEOUSNESS. [L.,--Gr. _nausia_, sea-sickness--_naus_, a ship.]

NAUTCH, nawch, _n._ a kind of ballet-dance performed by professional dancers known as NAUTCH'-GIRLS in India: any form of stage entertainment with dancing. [Hind. _n[=a]ch_, dance.]

NAUTICAL, naw'tik-al, _adj._ of or pertaining to ships, to sailors, or to navigation: naval: marine.--_adv._ NAU'TICALLY.--NAUTICAL ALMANAC, an almanac giving information specially useful to sailors; NAUTICAL MILE, one-sixtieth of a degree measured at the Equator (=about 2025 yards). [L.

_nauticus_--Gr. _nautikos_--_naus_; cog. with L. _navis_, a ship.]

NAUTILUS, naw'ti-lus, _n._ a Cephalopod found in the southern seas, once believed to sail by means of the expanded tentacular arms: a kind of diving-bell sinking or rising by means of condensed air:--_pl._ NAU'TILUSES, or NAU'TILI.--_adjs._ NAU'TILIFORM, NAU'TILOID.--PAPER NAUTILUS, any species of _Argonauta_. [L.,--Gr. _nautilos_, a sailor.]

NAVAL, n[=a]'val, _adj._ pertaining to ships: consisting of, or possessing, ships: marine: nautical: belonging to the navy.--NAVAL BRIGADE, a body of seamen so arranged as to be able to serve on land; NAVAL OFFICER, an officer on board a man-of-war: a custom-house officer of high rank in the United States; NAVAL TACTICS, the science and methods of managing and moving squadrons of ships. [Fr.,--L. _navalis_--_navis_, a ship.]

NAVE, n[=a]v, _n._ the middle or main body of a church, distinct from the aisles or wings.--_n._ N[=A]'VARCH, a Greek admiral. [Fr. _nef_--L.

_navis_, a ship.]

NAVE, n[=a]v, _n._ the hub or piece of wood, &c., in the centre of a wheel, through which the axle passes.--_v.t._ to form as a nave. [A.S. _nafu_, nave; cf. Dut. _naaf_, Ger. _nabe_.]

NAVEL, n[=a]v'l, _n._ the mark or depression in the centre of the lower part of the abdomen, at first a small projection.--_n._ N[=A]V'EL-STRING, the umbilical cord. [A.S. _nafela_, dim. of _nafu_, nave.]

NAVEW, n[=a]'v[=u], _n._ the wild turnip.

NAVICULAR, nav-ik'[=u]-lar, _adj._ pertaining to small ships or boats: (_bot._) boat-shaped: scaphoid.--_n._ a bone in man and animals, so called from its shape.--_n._ NAVIC'ULA, an incense-boat.--NAVICULAR DISEASE, an inflammation, often rheumatic, of the small bone--the navicular--in horses, below which passes the strong flexor tendon of the foot. [L.

_navicularis_--_navicula_, dim. of _navis_, a ship.]

NAVIGATE, nav'i-g[=a]t, _v.t._ to steer or manage a ship in sailing: to sail upon.--_v.i._ to go in a vessel or ship: to sail.--_ns._ NAVIGABIL'ITY, NAV'IGABLENESS.--_adj._ NAV'IGABLE, that may be passed by ships or vessels.--_adv._ NAV'IGABLY.--_ns._ NAVIG[=A]'TION, the act, science, or art of sailing ships: shipping generally: a canal or artificial waterway; NAV'IGATOR, one who navigates or sails: one who directs the course of a ship.--NAVIGATION LAWS, the laws passed from time to time to regulate the management and privileges of ships, and the conditions under which they may sail or carry on trade.--AERIAL NAVIGATION, the management of balloons in motion; INLAND NAVIGATION, the passing of boats, &c., along rivers and canals. [L. _navig[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_navis_, a ship, _ag[)e]re_, to drive.]

NAVVY, nav'i, _n._ a labourer--originally a labourer on a navigation or canal: a machine for digging out earth, &c.--called also _French navvy_:--_pl._ NAVV'IES. [A contr. of _navigator_.]

NAVY, n[=a]'vi, _n._ a fleet of ships: the whole of the ships-of-war of a nation: the officers and men belonging to the warships of a nation.--_ns._ N[=A]'VY-LIST, a list of the officers and ships of a navy, published from time to time; N[=A]'VY-YARD, a government dockyard. [O. Fr. _navie_--L.

_navis_, a ship.]

NAWAB, na-wab', _n._ a nabob.

NAY, n[=a], _adv._ no: not only so, but: yet more: in point of fact.--_n._ a denial: a vote against.--_n._ NAY'WARD (_Shak._), tendency to denial: the negative side. [M. E. _nay_, _nai_--Ice. _nei_, Dan. _nei_; cog. with _no_.]

NAYWORD, n[=a]'wurd, _n._ (_Shak._) a proverbial reproach, a byword, a watchword.

NAZARENE, naz'ar-[=e]n, _n._ an inhabitant of Nazareth, in Galilee: a follower of Jesus of Nazareth, originally used of Christians in contempt: one belonging to the early Christian sect of the Nazarenes, which existed from the 1st to the 4th cent. A.D.--Also NAZAR[=E]'AN. [From _Nazareth_, the town.]

NAZARITE, naz'ar-[=i]t, _n._ a Jew who vowed to abstain from strong drink, &c.--also NAZ'IRITE.--_n._ NAZ'ARITISM, the vow and practice of a Nazarite.

[Heb. _n[=a]zar_, to consecrate.]

NAZE, n[=a]z, _n._ a headland or cape. [Scand., as in Dan. _naes_; a doublet of _ness_.]

NAZIR, na-z[=e]r', _n._ a native official in an Anglo-Indian court who serves summonses, &c. [Ar.]

NE, ne, _adv._ not: never. [A.S. _ne_; cf. _Nay_.]

NEAF, n[=e]f, _n._ the fist--(_Scot._) NEIVE. [M. E. _nefe_--Ice. _hnefi_, _nefi_; cf. Sw. _nafve_, the fist.]

NEAL, n[=e]l, _v.t._ to temper by heat.--_v.i._ to be tempered by heat.

[Cf. _Anneal_.]

NEALOGY, n[=e]-al'o-ji, _n._ the description of the morphological correlations of the early adolescent stages of an animal.--_adj._ NEALOG'IC. [Gr. _neos_, young, logia--_legein_, to speak.]

NEANDERTHALOID, n[=e]-an'd[.e]r-tal-oid, _adj._ like the low type of skull found in 1857 in a cave in the _Neanderthal_, a valley between Dusseldorf and Elberfeld.

NEAP, n[=e]p, _adj._ low, applied to the lowest tides.--_n._ a neap-tide: the lowest point of the tide.--_adj._ NEAPED, left aground from one high tide to another. [A.S. _nep_, orig. _hnep_; Dan. _knap_, Ice. _neppr_, scanty.]

NEAPOLITAN, n[=e]-a-pol'i-tan, _adj._ pertaining to the city of Naples or its inhabitants.--_n._ a native or inhabitant of Naples.--NEAPOLITAN ICE, a combination of two different ices. [L. _Neapolitanus_--Gr. _Neapolis_, Naples--_neos_, new, _polis_, city.]

NEAR, n[=e]r, _adj._ nigh: not far away in place or time: close in kin or friendship: dear: following or imitating anything closely: close, narrow, so as barely to escape: short, as a road: greedy, stingy: on the left in riding or driving.--_adv._ at a little distance: almost: closely,--_prep._ close to.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to approach: to come nearer.--_adjs._ NEAR'-BY, adjacent; NEAR'-HAND (_Scot._), near--also _adv._ nearly.--_adv._ NEAR'LY, at no great distance: closely: intimately: pressingly: almost: stingily.--_n._ NEAR'NESS, the state of being near: closeness: intimacy: close alliance: stinginess.--_adj._ NEAR'-SIGHT'ED, seeing distinctly only when near, myopic, short-sighted.--_n._ NEAR'-SIGHT'EDNESS.--NEAR POINT, the nearest point the eye can focus. [A.S. _near_, comp. of _neah_, nigh; Ice. _naer_; Ger. _naher_.]

NEARCTIC, n[=e]-ark'tik, _adj._ of or pertaining to the northern part of the New World--embracing temperate and arctic North America.

NEAT, n[=e]t, _adj._ belonging to the bovine genus.--_n._ black-cattle: an ox or cow.--_ns._ NEAT'-HERD, one who herds, or has the care of, neat or cattle; NEAT'-HOUSE, a building for the shelter of neat-cattle.--NEAT'S-FOOT OIL, an oil obtained from the feet of oxen; NEAT'S LEATHER, leather made of the hides of neat-cattle. [A.S. _neat_, cattle, a beast--_neotan_, _niotan_, to use; cf. Scot. _nowt_, black-cattle.]

NEAT, n[=e]t, _adj._ trim: tidy: clean: well-shaped: without mixture or adulteration: finished, adroit, clever, skilful.--_adj._ NEAT'-HAND'ED, dexterous.--_adv._ NEAT'LY.--_n._ NEAT'NESS. [Fr. _net_--L. _nitidus_, shining--_nt[=e]re_, to shine.]

NEB, neb, _n._ the beak of a bird: the nose: the sharp point of anything.--_adj._ NEBB'Y (_Scot._), saucy. [A.S. _nebb_, the face; cog.

with Dut. _neb_, beak.]

NEBBUK, neb'uk, _n._ a shrub, _Zizyphus Spina-Christi_, one of the thorns of Christ's crown.

NEBEL, neb'el, _n._ a Hebrew stringed instrument.

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