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BODGE, boj, _v.i._ to make bad work, to fail.--_n._ BODG'ER, a botcher, a pedlar. [A form of BOTCH.]

BODICE, bod'is, _n._ a woman's outer garment covering the waist and bust: the close-fitting waist or body of a woman's gown.

BODIKIN, bod'i-kin, _n._ a form of an oath, ''Od's bodikins' = God's little body.

BODKIN, bod'kin, _n._ a small dagger: a small instrument for pricking holes or for dressing the hair: a large blunt needle.--TO SIT, or RIDE, BODKIN, to be wedged in tight between two others. [Prob. conn. with W. _bidog_, a dagger.]

BODLE, bod'l, _n._ a Scotch copper coin, equal to about one-sixth of an English penny, the smallest coin. [Said to be named from a mint-master, one _Bothwell_.]

BODRAGES, bod'r[=a]-jiz, (_Spens._) a hostile attack, a raid. [Ir.

_buaidhreadh_, a disturbance.]

BODY, bod'i, _n._ the whole frame of a man or lower animal: the main part of an animal, as distinguished from the limbs: the main or middle part of anything: matter, as opposed to spirit: substance or substantial quality: a mass: a person: a number of persons united by some common tie.--_v.t._ to give form to: to embody:--_pr.p._ bod'ying; _pa.p._ bod'ied.--_adj._ BOD'ILESS, without a body: incorporeal.--_adv._ BOD'ILY, relating to the body, esp. as opposed to the mind.--_ns._ BOD'Y-COL'OUR, a term applied to paints to express their degree of consistence, substance, and tingeing power; BOD'Y-CUR'ER (_Shak._), a doctor; BOD'YGUARD, a guard to protect the person, esp. of the sovereign; BOD'Y-POL'ITIC, the collective body of the people in its political capacity; BOD'Y SERV'ANT, a personal attendant; BOD'Y-SNATCH'ER, one who secretly disinters the bodies of the dead for the purposes of dissection. [A.S. _bodig_, of dubious origin.]

BOEOTIAN, be-[=o]'shyan, _adj._ pertaining to _Boeotia_ in Greece, noted for the dullness of its inhabitants--hence stupid, dull.

BOER, b[=oo]r, _n._ a Dutch colonist at the Cape engaged in agriculture.

[Dut. _boer_. See BOOR.]

BOG, bog, _n._ soft ground: a marsh or quagmire.--_v.t._ to sink or to entangle.--_n._ BOG'-BUTT'ER, a mineral substance, resembling butter, found in Irish bogs.--_adj._ BOGG'Y.--_ns._ BOG'LET, BOG'LAND; BOG'-MOSS, a genus of moss plants; BOG'-OAK, trunks of oak embedded in bogs and preserved from decay--of a deep black colour, often used for making ornaments; BOG'-ORE, a kind of iron ore found in boggy land; BOG'-SPAV'IN, a lesion of the hock-joint of the horse, consisting in distension of the capsule enclosing the joint, usually arising suddenly from a sprain in action; BOG'-TROT'TER, one who lives in a boggy country, hence an Irishman. [Ir. _bogach_; Gael.

_bog_, soft.]


BOGGLE, bog'l, _v.i._ to stop or hesitate as if at a bogle: to start with fright: to make difficulties about a thing: to equivocate.--_n._ a scruple, objection: a bungle.--_n._ BOGG'LER, one who boggles: a doubter: (_Shak._) one who starts from the right path. [See BOGLE.]

BOGIE, BOGEY, b[=o]g'i, _n._ a low truck on four wheels, so constructed as to turn easily, a trolly: a revolving under-carriage, as in a locomotive engine. [Ety. unknown; perh. conn. with BOGY, a fiend.]

BOGLE, b[=o]g'l, _n._ a spectre or goblin: a scarecrow: a bugbear, or source of terror--also BOGG'LE.--BOGG'ARD is a common form in the North country. [Scot. _bogle_, a ghost; W. _bwg_, a goblin. See BUG.]

BOGUS, b[=o]'gus, _adj._ counterfeit, spurious. [An American cant word, of very doubtful origin--it may possibly be ult. related to BOGY.]

BOGY, BOGEY, b[=o]g'i, _n._ a goblin: a bugbear or special object of dread, the devil.--_n._ BOG'YISM. [A form of BOGGLE and BOGGARD.]

BOHEA, bo-h[=e]', _n._ the lowest quality of black tea: tea generally.


BOHEMIAN, bo-h[=e]'mi-an, _n._ and _adj._ applied to persons of loose or irregular habits: an artist or man of letters, or indeed any one, who sets social conventionalities aside.--_n._ BOH[=E]'MIANISM. [Fr. _bohemien_, a gipsy, from the belief that these wanderers came from _Bohemia_.]


BOIL, boil, _v.i._ to bubble up from the action of heat: to be hot: to be excited or agitated.--_v.t._ to heat to a boiling state: to cook or dress by boiling.--_ns._ BOIL'ER, one who boils: that in which anything is boiled: a vessel in which steam, usually for a steam-engine, is generated: a vessel for heating water for baths, &c.; BOIL'ING, the bubbling up of any liquid by the application of heat: the act of dressing food by boiling water.--_adj._ bubbling: swelling with heat or passion.--_n._ BOIL'ING-POINT, the temperature at which liquids begin to boil under heat.--TO BOIL DOWN, to reduce in bulk by boiling, to extract the substance of, to epitomise; TO BOIL OVER, to bubble over the sides of the containing vessel, to break out into unrestrained indignation. [O. Fr. _boillir_--L.

_bull[=i]re_--_bulla_, a bubble.]

BOIL, boil, _n._ an inflamed swelling or tumour. [A.S. _bl_; Ger.


BOISTEROUS, bois't[.e]r-us, _adj._ wild: noisy: turbulent: stormy.--_adv._ BOIS'TEROUSLY.--_n._ BOIS'TEROUSNESS. [M. E. _boistous_, approximating, but not in sense, to the O. Fr. _boisteus_, whence modern _boiteux_, lame. The Celtic words throw no light upon its origin.]

BOLAS, b[=o]'las, _n._ missiles used by the South American _gauchos_, consisting of balls or stones strung together, swung round the head and hurled, usually so as to entangle the legs of an animal running. [Sp.]

BOLD, b[=o]ld, _adj._ daring or courageous: forward or impudent: presumptuous: executed with spirit: striking to the sight, well marked: steep or abrupt.--_v.t._ BOLD'EN (_obs._), to make bold.--_adj._ BOLD'FACED, impudent.--_adv._ BOLD'LY.--_n._ BOLD'NESS.--TO MAKE BOLD, to take the liberty, to make free. [A.S. _bald_; Old High Ger. _bald_, Ice.


BOLE, b[=o]l, _n._ the round stem or body of a tree. [Scand. _bolr_; Ger.

_bohle_, a plank.]

BOLE, b[=o]l, _n._ an earthy mineral resembling clay in structure, and consisting essentially of silica, alumina, red oxide of iron, and water; the bole of Lemnos, _Lemnian Earth_, is red in colour, and was once used as a tonic and astringent medicine. [Gr. _b[=o]los_, a clod.]

BOLE, b[=o]l, _n._ a recess in a wall: an opening to admit light and air.

[Scot.; origin unknown.]

BOLERO, bo-l[=a]'ro, or bo-l[=e]'ro, _n._ Spanish national dance: also the air to which it is danced. [Sp.]

BOLETUS, bol-[=e]'tus, _n._ a genus of fungi, having a pore-like surface occupying the place of gills. [Gr. _b[=o]lit[=e]s_, mushroom.]

BOLIDE, bol'[=i]d, _n._ a large meteor or fireball. [Fr.--L. _bolid-em_, _bolis_--Gr. _bolis_, _ballein_, to throw.]

BOLIN, an obsolete form of BOWLINE.

BOLL, b[=o]l, _n._ one of the round heads or seed-vessels of flax, poppy, &c.: a pod or capsule.--_p.adjs._ BOLLED (b[=o]ld), swollen, podded; BOLLEN (b[=o]ln), swollen (_Shak._). [A form of BOWL; A.S. _bolla_.]

BOLL, b[=o]l, _n._ a measure of capacity for grain, &c., used in Scotland and the north of England--in Scotland = 6 imperial bushels; in England, varying from 2 to 6 bushels: also a measure of weight, containing, for flour, 140 lb. [Scot. _bow_; prob. a Scand. word; cf. Ice. _bolli_.]

BOLLANDIST, bol'an-dist, _n._ one of the Jesuit writers who continued the _Acta Sanctorum_ (q.v.), begun by John _Bolland_ (1596-1665).

BOLLARD, bol'ard, _n._ a post on a wharf to which vessels are secured: a thick piece of wood on the forepart of a whale-boat, round which the line is turned when a whale is harpooned. [Prob. BOLE.]

BOLOGNA, bol-[=o]n'ya, _adj._ from a town of Italy, which gives its name to Bologna phial, Bologna phosphorus, and Bologna or 'Polony'

sausages.--_adj_. BOLOGN'ESE.

BOLOMETER, b[=o]-lom'e-t[.e]r, _n._ an instrument for measuring minute amounts of radiant heat. [Gr. _bol[=e]_, ray (_ballein_, to throw), _metron_, a measure.]

BOLSTER, b[=o]l'st[.e]r, _n._ a long round pillow or cushion: a pad: anything resembling it in form or use, esp. any piece of mechanism affording a support against pressure.--_v.t._ to support with a bolster: to hold up.--_p.adj._ BOL'STERED, supported: swelled out.--_n._ BOL'STERING, a propping up or supporting. [A.S. _bolster_; from root of BOWL.]

BOLT, b[=o]lt, _n._ a bar or pin used to fasten a door, &c.: an arrow: a thunderbolt, as in 'a bolt from the blue.'--_v.t._ to fasten with a bolt: to throw or utter precipitately: to expel suddenly: to swallow hastily.--_v.i._ to rush away (like a bolt from a bow): to start up: (_U.S._) to break away from one's political party.--_ns._ BOLT'-HEAD, the head of a bolt: a chemical flask; BOLT'-ROPE, a rope sewed all round the edge of a sail to prevent it from tearing; BOLT'SPRIT (same as BOWSPRIT).--_adv._ BOLT'-UP'RIGHT, upright and straight as a bolt or arrow.--_n._ BOLT'-UP'RIGHTNESS. [A.S. _bolt_; Old High Ger. _bolz_.]

BOLT, b[=o]lt, _v.t._ (better spelling, BOULT), to sift, to separate the bran from, as flour: to examine by sifting: to sift through coarse cloth.--_ns._ BOLT'ER, a sieve: a machine for separating bran from flour; BOLT'ING, the process by which anything is bolted or sifted; BOLT'ING-HUTCH, a hutch or large box into which flour falls when it is bolted. [O. Fr. _bulter_, or _buleter_ = _bureter_, from _bure_--Low L.

_burra_, a coarse reddish-brown cloth--Gr. _pyrros_, reddish.]

BOLUS, b[=o]'lus, _n._ a rounded mass of anything: a large pill. [L.

_bolus_--Gr. _b[=o]los_, a lump.]

BOMB, bom, or bum, _n._ a hollow projectile, usually of cast-iron, fired from a mortar, filled with gunpowder and fitted with a time-fuse: any similar missile or case of explosives, as a dynamite bomb.--_n._ BOM'BARD, an engine or great gun for throwing bombs: (_Shak._) a barrel or large vessel for holding liquor.--_v.t._ BOMBARD', to attack with bombs.--_ns._ BOMBARDIER', the lowest non-commissioned officer in the British artillery, formerly a man employed about the mortars and howitzers; BOMBARD'MENT; BOMBAR'DON, a deep-toned brass instrument, with a tube likened to a bombard.--_adj._ BOMB'-PROOF, proof or secure against the force of bombs.--_ns._ BOMB'-SHELL (same as BOMB); BOMB'-VESS'EL, BOMB'-KETCH, a vessel for carrying the mortars used in bombarding from the sea.--BOMBARDIER BEETLE, a name given to several species of beetles, which discharge an acrid volatile fluid with explosive force from the abdomen.

[Fr. _bombe_--L. _bombus_--Gr. _bombos_, a humming sound--an imitative word.]

BOMBASINE, BOMBAZINE, bom'-, bum-ba-z[=e]n', _n._ a twilled or corded fabric of silk and worsted, or of cotton and worsted.--_n._ BOM'BAX, a genus of silk-cotton trees, native to tropical America. [Fr.

_bombasin_--Low L. _bombasinum_--Gr. _bombyx_, silk.]

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