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DROMEDARY, drum'e-dar-i, _n._ a thoroughbred one-humped Arabian camel.--_ns._ DROMED[=A]'RIAN, DROM'EDARIST. [Fr.,--Low L.

_dromedarius_--Gr. _dromas_, _dromados_, running--_dramein_, 2 aor. infin.

of _trechein_, to run.]

DROMOND, drom'ond, _n._ a swift medieval ship of war.--Also DROM'ON. [O.

Fr.,--Late L. _dromo_--Gr. _dromon_--_dromos_, a running, _dramein_, to run.]

DROMOS, drom'os, _n._ a Greek race-course: an entrance-passage or avenue, as to a subterranean treasury, &c.--_adjs._ DROM'IC, -AL, pertaining to a race-course: basilican. [Gr.,--_dramein_, to run.]

DRONE, dr[=o]n, _n._ the male of the honey-bee: one who lives on the labour of others, like the drone-bee: a lazy, idle fellow.--_adj._ DRON'ISH, like a drone: lazy, idle.--_adv._ DRON'ISHLY.--_n._ DRON'ISHNESS.--_adv._ DRON'Y. [A.S. _dran_, the bee; Dan. _drone_.]

DRONE, dr[=o]n, _v.i._ to make a low humming sound.--_n._ the bass-pipe of a bagpipe.--_n._ DRONE'-PIPE, a pipe producing a droning sound. [M. E.

_drounen_, to roar; not found in A.S. Cf. Dut. _dreunen_, Ger. _drohnen_.]

DROOL, drool, _v.i._ to slaver--a form of DRIVEL.

DROOP, dr[=oo]p, _v.i._ to sink or hang down: to grow weak or faint: to decline.--_v.t._ to let sink.--_n._ a drooping position.--_adv._ DROOP'INGLY, in a drooping manner. [Ice. _drupa_, to droop. See DROP.]

DROP, drop, _n._ a small particle of liquid which falls at one time: a very small quantity of liquid: anything hanging like a drop: a fall: a trap in the gallows scaffold, the fall of which allows the criminal to drop: a device for lowering goods into a ship's hold.--_v.i._ to fall in small particles: to let drops fall: to fall suddenly: to come to an end: to fall or sink lower.--_v.t._ to let fall in drops: to let fall: to let go, dismiss, break off, as an acquaintance: to utter casually: to write and send (a note) in an off-hand manner: to set down from a carriage:--_pr.p._ drop'ping; _pa.p._ dropped.--_ns._ DROP'-DRILL, an apparatus for dropping seed and manure into the soil simultaneously; DROP'-HAMM'ER, DROP'-PRESS, a swaging, stamping, or forging machine having either a regular or intermittent motion; DROP'LET, a little drop; DROP'-LETT'ER (_U.S._), a letter posted in any place merely for local delivery; DROP'-NET, a net suspended from a boom, to be suddenly dropped on a passing shoal of fish; DROP'PING, that which is dropped: (_pl._) dung, esp. of fowls.--_adj._ DROP'-RIPE, so ripe as to be ready to drop from the tree.--_ns._ DROP'-SCENE, a painted curtain suspended by pulleys, which drops in front of the stage in a theatre; DROP'-STONE, a stalactic variety of calcite.--_adv._ DROP'-WISE (_Tenn._), by drops.--_n._ DROP'-WORT, the _Spiraea Filipendula_.--DROP ASTERN (_naut._), to pass or move towards the stern; DROP AWAY, OFF, to depart, disappear; DROP DOWN, to sail, move, or row down a coast, or down a river to the sea; DROP IN, to come in casually; DROP OUT, to disappear from one's place; DROP SERENE, an old medical name for _amaurosis_, literally translated from L. _gutta serena_.--A DROPPING FIRE, a continuous irregular discharge of small-arms.--PRINCE RUPERT'S DROPS, drops of glass which have fallen in a melted state into cold water, and have assumed a tadpole-like shape, the whole falling to dust with a loud report if the point of the tail be nipped off. [A.S. _dropa_, a drop--_dreopan_, to drop; Dut. _drop_, Ger. _tropfe_.]

DROPSY, drop'si, _n._ an unnatural collection of water in any part of the body.--_adjs._ DROP'SICAL, DROP'SIED (_Shak._), affected with dropsy.--_n._ DROP'SICALNESS. [Through Fr. from L. _hydropisis_--Gr.

_hydr[=o]ps_--_hyd[=o]r_, water.]

DROSERA, dros'er-a, _n._ a genus of small herbaceous plants of the order _Droseraceae_, generally inhabiting marshy places. [Formed from Gr.

_droseros_--_drosos_, dew.]

DROSHKY, drosh'ki, DROSKY, dros'ki, _n._ a low four-wheeled open carriage much used in Russia. [Russ. _drozhki_.]

DROSOMETER, dr[=o]-som'e-ter, _n._ an instrument for measuring the quantity of dew condensed on the surface of a body left in the open air. [Gr.

_drosos_, dew, _metron_, measure.]

DROSS, dros, _n._ the scum which metals throw off when melting: waste matter: refuse: rust.--_n._ DROSS'INESS.--_adj._ DROSS'Y, like dross: impure: worthless. [A.S. _dros_, from _dreosan_, to fall; cf. Dut.

_droesem_; Ger. _druse_.]

DROUGHT, drowt, DROUTH, drowth, _n._ dryness: want of rain or of water: thirst.--_ns._ DROUGHT'INESS, DROUTH'INESS.--_adjs._ DROUGHT'Y, DROUTH'Y, full of drought: very dry: wanting rain, thirsty. [A.S. _drugathe_, dryness--_drugian_, to dry.]

DROUK, DROOK, dr[=oo]k, _v.t._ to drench: (_Scot._) to duck.--_p.adjs._ DROUK'IT, DROOK'IT. [Ice. _drukna_, to be drowned; cf. Dan. _drukne_.]

DROVE, dr[=o]v, _pa.t._ of DRIVE.--_n._ a number of cattle, or other animals, driven.--_n._ DROV'ER, one whose occupation is to drive cattle: (_Spens._) a boat. [A.S. _draf_--_drifan_, to drive.]

DROW, drow, _n._ a kind of elves supposed to belong to Shetland, inhabiting caves--also TROW, a variant of _troll_.

DROW, drow, _n._ (_Scot._) a drizzling mist.

DROWN, drown, _v.t._ to drench or sink in water: to kill by placing under water: to overpower: to extinguish.--_v.t._ to be suffocated in water.

[A.S. _druncnian_, to drown--_druncen_, pa.p. of _drincan_, to drink. See DRENCH.]

DROWSE, drowz, _v.i._ to be heavy with sleep: to look heavy and dull.--_v.t._ to make heavy with sleep: to stupefy.--_n._ a half-sleeping state.--_ns._ DROWS'IHEAD, DROWS'IHED (_Spens._), drowsiness, sleepiness.--_adv._ DROWS'ILY.--_n._ DROWS'INESS.--_adj._ DROWS'Y, sleepy: heavy: dull: inducing sleep. [A.S. _drusian_, to be sluggish; Dut.

_dreosen_, to fall asleep.]

DRUB, drub, _v.t._ to beat or thrash:--_pr.p._ drub'bing; _pa.p._ drubbed.--_n._ DRUB'BING, a cudgelling. [Murray suggests Ar. _daraba_, to beat, bastinado, _darb_, a beating.]

DRUDGE, druj, _v.i._ to work hard: to do very mean work.--_n._ one who works hard: a slave: a menial servant.--_ns._ DRUDG'ER; DRUDG'ERY, DRUDG'ISM, the work of a drudge: uninteresting toil: hard or humble labour.--_adv._ DRUDG'INGLY. [Ety. unknown. Some suggest Celt., as in Ir.

_drugaire_, a drudge.]

DRUG, drug, _n._ any substance used in the composition of medicine: an article that cannot be sold, generally owing to overproduction.--_v.t._ to mix or season with drugs: to dose to excess.--_v.i._ to prescribe drugs or medicines:--_pr.p._ drug'ging; _pa.p._ drugged.--_n._ DRUG'GIST, one who deals in drugs. [O. Fr. _drogue_, prob. from Dut. _droog_, dry; as if applied orig. to dried herbs.]

DRUG, drug, _n._ (_Shak._) a drudge.

DRUGGET, drug'et, _n._ a woven and felted coarse woollen fabric, chiefly used for covering carpets--hence called in some parts of Britain _crumbcloth_. [O. Fr. _droguet_, dim. of _drogue_, a drug, trash. See above.]

DRUID, dr[=oo]'id, _n._ a priest among the ancient Celts of Britain, Gaul, and Germany, who worshipped under oak-trees: a member of a benefit society (founded 1781), its lodges called _groves_:--_fem._ DRU'IDESS.--_adjs._ DRUID'IC, -AL, DRU'IDISH.--_n._ DRU'IDISM, the doctrines which the Druids taught: the ceremonies they practised. [L. pl. _druidae_--Celt.

_druid_--whence Old Ir. _drai_, Ir. and Gael. _draoi_, magician. Littre accepts the ety. from Celt. _derw_, an oak, which is from the same root as Gr. _drys_, an oak.]

DRUM, drum, _n._ an instrument of percussion, in which a skin of parchment, stretched on a frame of wood or metal, is beaten with an instrument called a drumstick: anything shaped like a drum: the tympanum or middle portion of the ear: (_archit._) the upright part of a cupola: (_mech._) a revolving cylinder: formerly a large and tumultuous evening party (said to be so called because rival hostesses vied with each other in beating up crowds of guests).--_v.i._ to beat a drum: to beat with the fingers.--_v.t._ to drum out, to expel: to summon:--_pr.p._ drum'ming; _pa.p._ drummed.--_ns._ DRUM'HEAD, the head of a drum (see COURT-MARTIAL): the top part of a capstan; DRUM'-M[=A]'JOR, the chief drummer of a regiment (now called _sergeant-drummer_); DRUM'MER, one who drums: (_U.S._) a commercial traveller; DRUM'STICK, the stick with which the drum is beat: the leg of a cooked fowl. [From a Teut. root found in Dut. _trom_, Ger. _trommel_, a drum; prob. imit.]

DRUM, drum, _n._ a small hill or ridge of hills, used in many place-names, as _Drum_glass, _Drum_sheugh, &c. [Ir. _druim_, the back.]

DRUMBLE, drum'bl, _v.i._ (_Shak._) to be sluggish.

DRUMLY, drum'li, _adj._ (_Scot._) muddy: gloomy.

DRUMMOCK, drum'ok. Same as DRAMMOCK (q.v.).

DRUMMOND-LIGHT, drum'ond-l[=i]t, _n._ the lime-light or oxy-hydrogen light invented by Captain T. _Drummond_ (1797-1840). [See LIME-LIGHT.]

DRUNK, drungk, _pa.p._ of DRINK.--_p.adj._ intoxicated: saturated.--_n._ a drunken bout: a drunk person.--_n._ DRUNK'ARD, one who frequently drinks to excess: a habitual drinker.--_p.adj._ DRUNK'EN, given to excessive drinking: worthless, besotted: resulting from intoxication.--_adv._ DRUNK'ENLY.--_n._ DRUNK'ENNESS, excessive drinking: habitual intemperance.

DRUPE, dr[=oo]p, _n._ a fleshy fruit containing a stone, as the plum, &c.--_adj._ DRUP[=A]'CEOUS, producing or pertaining to drupes or stone-fruits.--_n._ DRUP'EL, a little drupe. [L. _drupa_--Gr. _dryppa_, an over-ripe olive--_drypep[=e]s_, ripened on the tree, from _drys_, a tree, and _peptein_, to cook; cf. _drupet[=e]s_--_drys_, and _piptein_, to fall.]

DRUSE, dr[=oo]s, _n._ (_mining_) a rock cavity lined with crystals, a geode or _vug_. [Ger.]

DRUSE, dr[=oo]s, _n._ one of a remarkable people inhabiting a mountainous district in the north of Syria, with a peculiar religion interwoven from the Bible and the Koran.--_adj._ DRUS'IAN.

DRUXY, druk'si, _adj._ of timber, having decayed spots concealed by healthy wood.--Also DRICK'SIE.

DRY, dr[=i], _adj._ free from, deficient in, moisture, sap: not green: not giving milk: thirsty: uninteresting: (_obs._) hard: frigid, precise: free from sweetness and fruity flavour (of wines, &c.).--_v.t._ to free from water or moisture: to exhaust.--_v.i._ to become dry, to evaporate entirely--both used also with prep. _up_:--_pr.p._ dry'ing; _pa.p._ dried.--_n._ and _adj._ DRY'ASDUST, the pretended editor or introducer of some of Scott's novels--a synonym for a dull and pedantic though learned person.--_v.t._ DRY'-BEAT (_Shak._), to beat severely, or so as to be dry.--_ns._ DRY'-BOB, a slang name used at Eton for boys who play cricket, football, &c.--opp. to the _Wet-bob_, who makes rowing his recreation; DRY'-DOCK (see DOCK).--_adj._ DRY'-EYED, tearless.--_n._ DRY'-FOOT (_Shak._), like a dog which pursues game by the scent of its DRY'-GOODS, drapery, &c., as distinguished from groceries, hardware, &c.--_n._ DRY'-LIGHT, a clear, unobstructed light: an unprejudiced view.--_advs._ DRY'LY, DR[=I]'LY.--_ns._ DRY'-MEAS'URE (see MEASURE); DRY'NESS; DRY'-NURSE, a nurse who feeds a child without milk from the breast; DRY'-PLATE, a sensitised photographic plate, with which a picture may be made without the preliminary use of a bath; DRY'-POINT, a sharp needle by which fine lines are drawn in copperplate engraving; DRY'-ROT, a decay of timber caused by fungi which reduce it to a dry, brittle mass: (_fig._) a concealed decay or degeneration.--_v.t._ DRY'-SALT, to cure meat by salting and drying.--_ns._ DRY'SALTER, a dealer in gums, dyes, drugs, &c.: (_obs._) or in salted or dry meats, pickles, &c.; DRY'SALTERY.--_adj._ DRY'-SHOD, without wetting the shoes or feet.--_n._ DRY'-STEAM, steam containing no unevaporated water.--_adj._ DRY'-STONE, built of stone without mortar, as some walls.--_n._ DRY'-STOVE, a kind of hot-house for preserving the plants of dry, warm climates.--CUT AND DRIED (see CUT).--HIGH AND DRY (see HIGH). [A.S. _dr['y]ge_; cf. Dut. _droog_, Ger.


DRYAD, dr[=i]'ad, _n._ (_Greek myth._) a nymph of the woods: a forest-tree.

[Gr. _dryas_, from _drys_, a tree.]

DUAL, d[=u]'al, _adj._ consisting of two.--_ns._ D[=U]'AD, a pair of objects looked at as one; D[=U]'AL-CONTROL', any joint control or jurisdiction, as of England and France in Egypt; D[=U]'ALISM (_philos._), that view which seeks to explain the world by the assumption of two radically independent and absolute elements--e.g. (1) the doctrine of the entire separation of spirit and matter, thus being opposed both to _idealism_ and to _materialism_; (2) the doctrine of two distinct principles of good and of evil, or of two distinct divine beings of these characters; D[=U]'ALIST, a believer in dualism.--_adj._ DUALIS'TIC, consisting of two: relating to dualism.--_ns._ DUAL'ITY, doubleness: state of being double; D[=U]'AL-SCHOOL, a school for both boys and girls; D[=U]'ARCHY, government by two. [L.,--_duo_, two.]

DUALIN, d[=u]-al'in, _n._ an explosive compound of sawdust, saltpetre, and nitro-glycerine.

DUAN, d[=u]'an, _n._ a division of a poem, canto. [Gael.]

DUB, dub, _v.t._ to confer knighthood, from the ceremony of striking the shoulder with the flat of a sword: to confer any name or dignity: to smooth with an adze: to rub a softening and waterproof mixture into, as leather: to dress a fly for fishing:--_pr.p._ dub'bing; _pa.p._ dubbed.--_n._ DUB'BING, the accolade: a preparation of grease for softening leather--also DUB'BIN. [Conn. with O. Fr. _a-douber_, to equip with arms; but O. Fr.

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