DITTY, dit'i, _n._ a song: a little poem to be sung. [O. Fr. _ditie_--L.
_dict[=a]tum_, neut. of _dict[=a]tus_, perf. part. of _dict[=a]re_, to dictate.]
DITTY-BAG, dit'i-bag, _n._ a sailor's bag for needles, thread, &c.--Also DITT'Y-BOX.
DIURETIC, d[=i]-[=u]-ret'ik, _adj._ promoting the discharge of urine.--_n._ a medicine causing this discharge.--_n._ DIUR[=E]'SIS, the excessive discharge of urine. [Fr.,--Gr. _diour[=e]tikos_--_dia_, through, _ouron_, urine.]
DIURNAL, d[=i]-ur'nal, _adj._ daily: relating to or performed in a day.--_n._ a service-book containing the day hours, except matins (a night-office): a diary, journal.--_n._ DIUR'NALIST, a journalist.--_adv._ DIUR'NALLY. [L. _diurn[=a]lis_--_dies_, a day. See JOURNAL.]
DIUTURNAL, d[=i]-[=u]-tur'nal, _adj._ lasting long.--_n._ DIUTUR'NITY.
DIV, d[=i]v, _n._ an evil spirit of Persian mythology.
DIVA, d[=i]'va, _n._ a popular female singer: a prima-donna. [It.,--L.
_diva_, fem. of _divus_, divine.]
DIVAGATION, d[=i]-va-g[=a]'shun, _n._ a digression, deviation.--_v.i._ D[=I]'VAGATE, to wander about.--_adv._ DIVAGUE'LY. [L. _divag[=a]ri_, to wander.]
DIVAN, di-van', _n._ the Turkish council of state: a court of justice: used poetically of any council or assembly: a council-chamber with cushioned seats: a sofa: a smoking-room: a collection of poems. [Ar. and Pers.
_diwan_, a long seat.]
DIVARICATE, d[=i]-var'i-k[=a]t, _v.i._ to part into two branches, to fork: to diverge.--_v.t._ to divide into two branches.--_adj._ widely divergent, spreading apart.--_n._ DIVARIC[=A]'TION. [L. _divaric[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_dis_, asunder, _varic[=a]re_, to spread the legs--_varus_, bent apart.]
DIVE, d[=i]v, _v.i._ to dip or plunge into water: to go headlong into a recess, forest, &c.: to plunge or go deeply into any matter.--_n._ a plunge into water: a swoop.--_n._ DIV'ER, one who dives: a pearl-diver: one who works from a diving-bell or in a diving-dress beneath water: a bird expert at diving--specifically, the genus diver or loon of northern seas--loosely, auks, grebes, penguins, &c.: (_slang_) a pickpocket. [A.S. _dfan_, _dufan_; Ice. _dfa_. See DIP.]
DIVELLENT, d[=i]-vel'ent, _adj._ drawing asunder.
DIVELLICATE, d[=i]-vel'i-k[=a]t, _v.t._ to pull in pieces.
DIVERGE, di-v[.e]rj', _v.i._ to incline or turn apart: to tend from a common point in different directions: to vary from the standard.--_ns._ DIVERGE'MENT; DIVERG'ENCE, DIVERG'ENCY, a tendency to recede from one point.--_adj._ DIVERG'ENT.--_adv._ DIVERG'INGLY. [L. _dis_, asunder, _verg[)e]re_, to incline.]
DIVERS, d[=i]'v[.e]rz, _adj._ sundry: several: more than one: (_B._) same as DIVERSE. [See DIVERT.]
DIVERSE, d[=i]'v[.e]rs, or div-[.e]rs', _adj._ different: unlike: multiform: various.--_adv._ D[=I]'VERSELY, or DIVERSE'LY.
DIVERSIFY, di-v[.e]r'si-f[=i], _v.t._ to make diverse or different: to give variety to:--_pr.p._ diver'sifying; _pa.p._ diver'sified.--_adj._ DIVERSIF[=I]'ABLE.--_n._ DIVERSIFIC[=A]'TION.--_adj._ DIVER'SIFORM, of diverse or various forms. [Fr.,--Low L. _diversific[=a]re_--_diversus_, diverse, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]
DIVERSION, di-v[.e]r'shun, _n._ act of diverting or turning aside: that which diverts: amusement, recreation: something done to turn the attention of an enemy from the principal point of attack.
DIVERSITY, di-v[.e]r'si-ti, _n._ state of being diverse: difference: unlikeness: variety.
DIVERT, di-v[.e]rt', _v.t._ to turn aside: to change the direction of: to turn the mind from business or study: to amuse.--_n._ DIVERT'IMENTO (_obs._), diversion: (_mus._) a ballet-interlude.--_adj._ DIVERT'ING.--_adv._ DIVERT'INGLY.--_n._ DIVERT'ISEMENT, diversion: a short ballet between the acts of a play.--_adj._ DIVERT'IVE, tending to divert.
[Fr.,--L. _divert[)e]re_, _diversum_--_dis_, aside, _vert[)e]re_, to turn.]
DIVERTICLE, di-ver'ti-kl, _n._ (_anat._) a diverticulum, caecum, or blind tubular process.--_adjs._ DIVERTIC'ULAR, DIVERTIC'ULATED.
DIVES, d[=i]'v[=e]s (L. 'the rich man'), _n._ a name used as if a proper name for the rich man at whose gate Lazarus lay (Luke, xvi. 19): a rich and luxurious person.--_n._ DIV'ITISM, condition of being rich.
DIVEST, di-vest', _v.t._ to strip or deprive of anything.--_adj._ DIVEST'IBLE.--_ns._ DIVEST'ITURE, DIVEST'MENT (_rare_). [L.
_devest[=i]re_--_dis_, neg., _vest[=i]re_, to clothe--_vestis_, a garment.]
DIVIDE, di-v[=i]d', _v.t._ to part asunder: to part among, to allot, &c.: to set at variance: to separate into two parts (as in voting).--_v.i._ to part or open: to break friendship: to vote by separating into two bodies.--_n._ (_coll._) the act of dividing: (esp. in _U.S._) a watershed.--_adj._ DIVID'ABLE (_rare_), divisible: (_Shak._) divided.--_adv._ DIVID'EDLY.--_n._ DIVID'ER, that which divides: a kind of compasses for dividing lines, &c.--_adj._ DIVID'ING, separating.--_n._ separation.--_n._ DIVID'ING-EN'GINE, an instrument for graduating the scales of scientific apparatus.--_adjs._ DIVID'UAL (_Milt._), shared in common with others; DIVID'UOUS, special, accidental. [L. _divid[)e]re_, _divisum_--_dis_, asunder, root _vid_, to separate.]
DIVIDEND, div'i-dend, _n._ that which is to be divided: the share of a sum divided that falls to each individual, by way of interest or otherwise.--DECLARE A DIVIDEND, to announce the sum per cent. a trading concern is prepared to pay its shareholders. [L.
DIVIDIVI, div'i-div-i, _n._ the curved pods of the leguminous tree, _Caesalpinia coriaria_, imported for tanning and dyeing. [Native name.]
DIVINE, di-v[=i]n', _adj._ belonging to or proceeding from God: devoted to God's service: holy: sacred: excellent in the highest degree.--_n._ one skilled in divine things: a minister of the gospel: a theologian.--_v.t._ to foresee or foretell as if divinely inspired: to guess or make out.--_v.i._ to profess or practise divination: to have forebodings.--_ns._ DIVIN[=A]'TION, the act or practice of divining: instinctive prevision: prediction: conjecture; DIV'IN[=A]TOR, DIV[=I]N'ER, one who divines or professes divination: a conjecturer:--_fem._ DIVIN'ERESS.--_adjs._ DIVINAT[=O]'RIAL, DIVIN'A-TORY, relating to divination, conjectural.--_adv._ DIVINE'LY.--_ns._ DIVINE'NESS; DIVIN'ING-ROD, a rod, usually of hazel, used by those professing to discover water or metals under ground.--_vs.t._ DIV'INISE, DIVIN'IFY, to treat as divine. [Fr.,--L.
_divinus_, from _divus_, _deus_, a god.]
DIVING, d[=i]v'ing, _n._ the action of the verb _to dive_.--_adj._ that dives.
DIVING-BELL, d[=i]v'ing-bel, _n._ a hollow vessel or chamber, originally bell-shaped, open at the bottom and supplied with air by a tube from above, in which one may descend into and work under water.--_n._ DIV'ING-DRESS, the water-tight costume of a diver, with special provision for receiving air, &c. [See DIVE.]
DIVINITY, di-vin'i-ti, _n._ godhead: the nature or essence of God: God: a celestial being: any god: the science of divine things: theology.--DIVINITY HALL (_Scot._), a theological college, or the theological department in a university. [See DIVINE.]
DIVISION, di-vizh'un, _n._ act of dividing: state of being divided: that which divides: a partition: a barrier: the portion divided or separated: part of an army or military force: separation: difference in opinion, &c.: disunion: (_arith._) the rule or process of finding how many times one number is contained in another.--_n._ DIVISIBIL'ITY.--_adj._ DIVIS'IBLE, capable of being divided or separated.--_adv._ DIVIS'IBLY.--_adjs._ DIVI'SIONAL, DIVI'SIONARY, pertaining to or marking a division or separation; DIV[=I]S'IVE, forming division or separation: creating discord.--_ns._ DIV[=I]S'IVENESS; DIVIS'OR (_arith._), the number which divides the dividend.
DIVORCE, di-vors', _n._ the legal separation of husband and wife: the sentence by which a marriage is dissolved.--_v.t._ to separate: to sunder: to dissolve the marriage-contract of: to put away.--_adj._ DIVORCE'ABLE.--_ns._ DIVORCEE', a divorced person; DIVORCE'MENT (_B._), divorce; DIVOR'CER.--_adj._ DIVOR'CIVE, having power to divorce. [Fr.,--L.
_divortium_--_divort[)e]re_, another form of _divert[)e]re_. See DIVERT.]
DIVOT, div'ot, _n._ (_Scot._) a piece of turf.--FEAL AND DIVOT (_Scots law_), a right of cutting sods and turfs for certain purposes. [Origin unknown.]
DIVOTO, d[=e]-v[=o]'t[=o], _adj._ (_mus._) devout, solemn. [It.]
DIVULGE, di-vulj', _v.t._ to spread abroad among the vulgar or the people: to make public: to reveal.--_v.t._ DIVUL'GATE, to publish.--_n._ DIVULG[=A]'TION. [Fr.,--L. _divulg[=a]re_--_dis_, among, _vulg[=a]re_, _vulgus_, the common people. See FOLK.]
DIVULSION, di-vul'shun, _n._ act of pulling or rending asunder or away.--_adj._ DIVUL'SIVE, tending to pull asunder. [L. _divulsion-em_, _divell[)e]re_, _divulsum_--_dis_, asunder, _vell[)e]re_, _vulsum_, to pull.]
DIZAIN, di-z[=a]n', _n._ a poem in ten stanzas. [Fr.,--_dix_, ten--L.
_decem_, ten. Cf. DOZEN.]
DIZEN, d[=i]'zn, or diz'n, _v.t._ to dress gaudily: (_obs._) to dress: to deck. [From an Eng. form found also in Low Ger. _diesse_, the bunch of flax on the distaff.]
DIZZARD, diz'ard, _n._ a blockhead.
DIZZY, diz'i, _adj._ giddy: confused: causing giddiness.--_v.t._ to make dizzy: to confuse.--_adv._ DIZZ'ILY.--_n._ DIZZ'INESS, giddiness.--_p.adj._ DIZZ'YING, making dizzy. [A.S. _dysig_, foolish, allied to _dwaes_, stupid; cf. Dan. _dosig_; drowsy; also DAZE, DOZE.]
DJEREED. See JEREED.
DO, d[=oo], _v.t._ to perform any action: to bring about or effect: to accomplish or finish: to prepare: to put or bring into any form or state: to cheat, swindle.--_v.i._ to act or behave:--_pr.p._ do'ing; _pa.t._ did; _pa.p._ done (dun).--In 'Do come,' 'I do love him,' _Do_ is intensive; _Do_ serves as substitute for other verbs to save repeating them (as in 'I didn't mean to speak, but if I do,' &c.).--_n._ endeavour, duty: a trick, hoax.--_n._ DO'-ALL, a factotum.--_p.adj._ DO'ING, active (as in 'Up and doing').--DO AWAY WITH, to abolish, destroy; DO BROWN, to cook or roast to brownness: (_slang_) to make a fool of; DO FOR, to suit: to provide for: to ruin: (_vulg._) to kill; DO INTO, to translate; DO MACBETH, &c., to represent that part in a play; DO ONE PROUD (_coll._), to make one feel flattered; DO OVER, to do again: to cover over, as with paint; DO THE CITY, to visit the sights of the city; DO TO DEATH, to murder; DO UP, put up, make tidy, arrange, tie up, dress (linen): to utterly fatigue; DO WELL (to be angry), to be justified in being angry, &c.: to prosper; DO WITH, to make use of: to meddle with: to get on with; DO WITHOUT, not to be dependent on, to dispense with.--BE DONE FOR, to be defeated or ruined.--HAVE DONE, desist; HAVE DONE WITH, to cease interest in; HAVE TO DO WITH, to have a connection with.--WHAT'S TO DO? what is the matter?
[A.S. _don_, _dyde_, _gedon_; Dut. _doen_, Ger. _thun_; conn. with Gr.
_tithenai_, to put, place.]
DO, d[=oo], _v.i._ to fare or get on, as to health: to succeed: to suffice: to suit or avail (cf. 'This will do,' 'This will never do,' 'This will do for me well enough'). [Prov. Eng. _dow_, to avail, to be worth; from A.S.
_dugan_, to be worth; Ger. _taugen_, to be strong, to be worth. See DOUGHTY.]