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DHOLE, d[=o]l, _n._ the Indian wild dog. [Ind. word.]

DHOOLY, d[=oo]'li, _n._ a covered litter.--Also DOO'LIE. [Hind. _doli_.]


DHOW, dow, _n._ a native vessel on the eastern African and western Indian coasts, with lateen sails: an Arab slaver.


DIABASE, d[=i]'a-b[=a]s, _n._ a compact igneous rock, an altered form of basalt--included under the popular names _greenstone_ and _trap_.--_adj._ DIAB[=A]'SIC.

DIABATERIAL, d[=i]-a-ba-t[=e]'ri-al, _adj._ crossing the boundaries. [Gr.

_diabatos_--_dia_, across, _bainein_, to go.]

DIABETES, d[=i]-a-b[=e]'t[=e]z, _n._ a disease marked by a morbid and excessive discharge of urine.--_adjs._ DIABET'IC, -AL. [Gr., from _diabainein_, _dia_, through, and _bainein_, to go.]

DIABLERIE, DIABLERY, di-ab-le-r[=e]', _n._ magic: the black art: sorcery.

[Fr.,--_diable_. See DEVIL.]

DIABOLIC, -AL, d[=i]-a-bol'ik, -al, _adj._ devilish.--_adv._ DIABOL'ICALLY.--_v.t._ DIAB'OLISE, to render devilish.--_ns._ DIAB'OLISM, devilish conduct: sorcery or black magic; DIABOL'OGY, the doctrine of devils. [L.,--Gr. _diabolikos_, _diabolos_, the devil. See DEVIL.]

DIACATHOLICON, d[=i]-a-ka-thol'i-kon, _n._ a purgative electuary.

DIACAUSTIC, d[=i]-a-kaws'tik, _adj._ pertaining to curves formed by the intersections of rays of refracted light.--_n._ a curve so formed. [Formed from Gr. _dia_, through, and _caustic_.]

DIACHASTIC, d[=i]-a-kas'tik, _adj._ cleaving apart. [Gr.]

DIACHYLON, d[=i]-ak'i-lon, DIACHYLUM, d[=i]-ak'i-lum, _n._ common sticking-plaster. [Gr. _diachylos_--_dia_, and _chylos_, juice.]

DIACHYMA, d[=i]-ak'i-ma, _n._ the parenchyma of leaves. [Gr. _dia_, through, _chyma_, juice.]

DIACODIUM, d[=i]-a-k[=o]'di-um, _n._ a syrup of poppies. [L.,--Gr. _dia_, through, _k[=o]deia_, a poppy-head.]

DIACONATE, d[=i]-ak'o-n[=a]t, _n._ the office of a deacon.--_adj._ DIAC'ONAL, pertaining to a deacon.

DIACONICON, d[=i]-a-kon'i-kon, _n._ a sacristy for sacred vessels, in a Greek church, on the south side of the bema or sanctuary.

DIACOUSTIC, d[=i]-a-kows'tik, _adj._ pertaining to the refraction of sound through various mediums.--_n._ DIACOUS'TICS, the branch of physics which deals with refracted sounds. [Formed from Gr. _dia_, through, and _acoustics_.]

DIACRITIC, -AL, d[=i]-a-krit'ik, -al, _adj._ distinguishing between--used of marks or points attached to the letters of various languages. [Gr.

_diakritikos_, _diakrinein_--_dia_, between, and _krinein_, to distinguish.


DIACTINE, d[=i]-ak'tin, _adj._ having two rays.--Also DIAC'TINAL.

DIACTINIC, d[=i]-ak-tin'ik, _adj._ capable of transmitting the actinic rays of the sun.

DIADELPHOUS, d[=i]-a-del'fus, _adj._ grouped together in two sets--of the stamens of plants.--_n._ D[=I]'ADELPH. [Formed from Gr. _di-_, double, and _adelphos_, brother.]

DIADEM, d[=i]'a-dem, _n._ a band or fillet worn round the head as a badge of royalty: a crown: royalty.--_adj._ D[=I]'ADEMED, wearing a diadem.--DIADEM SPIDER, the common garden spider--from its markings. [O.

Fr. _diademe_--L. _diadema_--Gr. _diad[=e]ma_--_dia_, round, and _deein_, to bind.]

DIADEXIS, d[=i]-a-dek'sis, _n._ (_path._) the transformation of one disease into another, differing both in location and character. [Gr.]

DIADOCHI, d[=i]-ad'o-k[=i], _n._ the generals who became monarchs of the various kingdoms (Syria, Egypt, &c.) into which the empire of Alexander the Great split after his death (323 B.C.). [Gr. _diadochos_, succeeding, a successor; _diadechesthai_, to succeed.]

DIADROM, d[=i]'a-drom, _n._ a course or passing: a vibration. [Gr.]

DIaeRESIS, DIERESIS, d[=i]-[=e]r'e-sis, _n._ a mark () placed over one of two vowels to show that each is to be pronounced separately, as _aerial_:--_pl._ DIaeR'ESES, DIER'ESES. [Gr.,--_dia_, apart, _hairein_, to take.]

DIAGLYPH, d[=i]'a-glif, _n._ an intaglio. [Gr.]

DIAGNOSIS, d[=i]-ag-n[=o]'sis, _n._ the distinguishing a disease by means of its symptoms: a brief description:--_pl._ DIAGN[=O]'SES.--_v.t._ D[=I]'AGNOSE, to ascertain from symptoms, as a disease.--_adj._ D[=I]AGNOS'TIC, distinguishing: characteristic.--_n._ that by which anything is known: a DIAGNOS'TICS, the branch of medicine to which the skill in noting and interpreting symptoms belongs. [Gr., _dia_, between, _gn[=o]sis_--_gn[=o]nai_, to know.]

DIAGOMETER, d[=i]-a-gom'e-t[.e]r, _n._ a form of electroscope for ascertaining conducting power. [Gr. _diagein_, to conduct, _metron_, a measure.]

DIAGONAL, d[=i]-ag'o-nal, _adj._ through the corners, or from an angle to an opposite angle of a four or many sided figure.--_n._ a straight line so drawn.--_adv._ DIAG'ONALLY.--DIAGONAL SCALE, a scale for laying down small fractions of the unit of measurement, the parallel lines drawn lengthwise on its surface being divided into sections by lines drawn crosswise, and in one end section being intersected by a series of other parallel lines drawn obliquely at equal distances across them. [Fr.,--L. _diagonalis_, from Gr.

_diag[=o]nios_--_dia_, through, and _g[=o]nia_, a corner.]

DIAGRAM, d[=i]'a-gram, _n._ a figure or plan drawn in outline to illustrate any statement: a record traced by an automatic indicator.--_adj._ DIAGRAMMAT'IC.--_adv._ DIAGRAMMAT'ICALLY.--_n._ D[=I]'AGRAPH, an instrument for enabling unskilled persons to draw objects in outline.--_adj._ DIAGRAPH'IC. [L.,--Gr. _diagramma_--_dia_, round, _graphein_, to write.]

DIAHELIOTROPIC, d[=i]-a-h[=e]-li-[=o]-trop'ik, _adj._ (_bot._) turning transversely to the light.--_n._ DIAHELIOT'ROPISM. [Gr. _dia_, across, and _heliotropic_.]

DIAL, d[=i]'al, _n._ an instrument for showing the time of day by the sun's shadow: a timepiece: the face of a watch or clock: a circular plate on which a movable index shows the degree of pressure, &c.--_v.t._ to measure, as with a dial.--_ns._ D[=I]'ALIST, a maker of dials: one skilled in dialling; D[=I]'ALLING, the art of constructing dials: the science which explains the measuring of time by the sun-dial: surveying by help of a compass with sights, such as is called a 'miner's dial;' D[=I]AL-PLATE. [M.

E. _dial_--Low L. _dialis_, daily--L. _dies_, a day.]

DIALECT, d[=i]'a-lekt, _n._ a variety or form of a language peculiar to a district: a non-literary vernacular: a peculiar manner of speaking.--_adj._ DIALECT'AL.--_adv._ DIALECT'ALLY.--_ns._ DIALECT'ICISM; DIALECTOL'OGIST; DIALECTOL'OGY. [Through Fr. and L. from Gr. _dialektos_, speech, manner of speech, peculiarity of speech--_dia_, between, _legein_, to speak.]

DIALECTIC, -AL, d[=i]-a-lek'tik, -al, _adj._ pertaining to dialect or to discourse: pertaining to dialectics: logical.--_ns._ DIALEC'TIC, DIALECT'ICS, art of discussing: that branch of logic which teaches the rules and modes of reasoning.--_adv._ DIALEC'TICALLY.--_n._ DIALECTI'CIAN, one skilled in dialectics, a logician. [Gr. _dialektikos_.]

DIALLAGE, d[=i]-al'a-j[=e], _n._ (_rhet._) a figure of speech by which arguments, after having been considered from various points of view, are all brought to bear upon one point. [Gr.]

DIALLAGE, d[=i]'al-[=a]j, _n._ a mineral nearly allied to augite, brown, gray, or green in colour, laminated in structure, with a metallic lustre when broken across.--_adjs._ DIALLAG'IC, DIAL'LAGOID. [Gr. _diallag[=e]_, change--_dia_, between, _allassein_, to change--_allos_, other.]

DIALOGITE, d[=i]-al'[=o]-j[=i]t, _n._ a rose-red carbonate of manganese--also _Rhodochrosite_.

DIALOGUE, d[=i]'a-log, _n._ conversation between two or more persons, esp.

of a formal or imaginary nature.--_v.i._ and _v.t._ (_Shak._) to put into dialogue form.--_adjs._ DIALOG'IC, DIALOGIST'IC, -AL (-loj-), in the form of a dialogue.--_v.i._ DIAL'OGISE ('oj-), to discourse in dialogue.--_n._ DIAL'OGIST ('oj-), a speaker in, or writer of, a dialogue. [Fr.,--L.

_dialogus_--Gr. _dialogos_, a conversation--_dialegesthai_, to discourse.]

DIALURIC, d[=i]-a-l[=u]'rik, _adj._ pertaining to alloxan and uric acid.--_n._ DIAL[=U]'RATE, a salt of dialuric acid.

DIALYSIS, d[=i]-al'i-sis, _n._ (_chem._) the separation of substances by diffusion through a membranous septum or partition: diaeresis: dissolution:--_pl._ DIAL'YSES.--_adj._ DIALYS'ABLE.--_v.t._ D[=I]'ALYSE, to separate by dialysis.--_n._ D[=I]'ALYSER.--_adj._ DIALYT'IC. [Gr.

_dialysis_--_dia_, asunder, _lyein_, to loose.]

DIAMAGNETIC, d[=i]-a-mag-net'ik, _adj._ cross-magnetic--applied to any substance, such as a rod of bismuth or glass, which, when suspended between the poles of a magnet, arranges itself across the line joining the poles (a rod of iron or of sealing-wax so held arranges itself parallel to the line joining the poles, and is said to be _Paramagnetic_).--_adv._ DIAMAGNET'ICALLY.--_n._ DIAMAG'NETISM, the form of magnetic action possessed by diamagnetic bodies: the branch of magnetism which deals with diamagnetic phenomena. [Gr. _dia_, through, _magn[=e]t[=e]s_, _magn[=e]s_, a magnet.]

DIAMANTIFEROUS, d[=i]-a-man-tif'er-us, _adj._ yielding diamonds. [Fr.


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