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DEFFLY (_Spens._). For DEFTLY.

DEFIANCE, de-f[=i]'ans, _n._ the act of defying: a challenge to combat: aggressiveness: contempt of opposition.--_adj._ DEF[=I]'ANT, full of defiance, insolently bold.--_adv._ DEF[=I]'ANTLY.--_n._ DEF[=I]'ANTNESS.--_adj._ DEF[=I]'ATORY, bidding defiance.--BID DEFIANCE TO, to defy.

DEFIBRINATE, de-f[=i]'bri-n[=a]t, _v.t._ to deprive of fibrine--also DEF[=I]'BRINISE.--_n._ DEFIBRIN[=A]'TION.

DEFICIENT, de-fish'ent, _adj._ wanting.--_n._ DEFIC'IENCY (sometimes DEFIC'IENCE), defect.--_adv._ DEFIC'IENTLY.--_ns._ DEFIC'IENTNESS; DEF'ICIT, deficiency, esp. of revenue, as compared with expenditure. [L., _defic[)e]re_.]

DEFILE, d[=e]-f[=i]l', or d[=e]'f[=i]l, _v.i._ to march off in file or line, or file by file.--_n._ a long narrow pass or way, in which troops can march only in file, or with a narrow front.--_v.t._ DEFIL[=A]DE', to plan a fortification so as to protect it from enfilading fire.--_n._ DEFILE'MENT.

[Fr. _defiler_--L. _dis_, and _filum_, a thread.]

DEFILE, de-f[=i]l', _v.t._ to pollute or corrupt: to violate.--_ns._ DEFILE'MENT, act of defiling: foulness; DEFIL'ER. [L. _de_, and A.S.

_flan_, _ful_, foul.]

DEFILIATION, de-fil-i-[=a]'shun, _n._ depriving a parent of his child. [L.

_de_, neg., and _filius_, a son.]

DEFINE, de-f[=i]n', _v.t._ to fix the bounds or limits of: to determine with precision: to describe accurately: to fix the meaning of.--_adj._ DEFIN'ABLE, that may be defined.--_n._ DEFINE'MENT (_Shak._), description.--_adj._ DEF'INITE, defined: having distinct limits: fixed: exact: clear.--_adv._ DEF'INITELY.--_ns._ DEF'INITENESS; DEFINI'TION, a defining: a description of a thing by its properties: an explanation of the exact meaning of a word, term, or phrase.--_adj._ DEFIN'ITIVE, defining or limiting: positive: final.--_n._ (_gram._) an adjective used to limit the signification of a noun.--_adv._ DEFIN'ITIVELY.--_ns._ DEFIN'ITIVENESS; DEFIN'ITUDE, definitiveness. [Fr.,--L. _defin[=i]re_, _-[=i]tum_, to set bounds to--_de_, _finis_, a limit.]

DEFLAGRATE, def'la-gr[=a]t, _v.i._ or _v.t._ to burn down: to burn rapidly.--_ns._ DEFLAGRABIL'ITY, combustibility; DEFLAGR[=A]'TION; DEF'LAGRATOR, a galvanic instrument for producing rapid combustion. [L.

_deflagr[=a]re_--_de_, down, _flagr[=a]re_, to burn.]

DEFLECT, de-flekt', _v.i._ or _v.t._ to turn aside: to swerve or deviate from a right line or proper course.--_p.adj._ DEFLECT'ED (_bot._), bent abruptly downward.--_ns._ DEFLEC'TION, DEFLEX'ION, deviation.--_adj._ DEFLEC'TIVE, causing deflection.--_n._ DEFLEC'TOR, a diaphragm in a lamp, stove, &c., by which the flame and gases are brought together and the combustion improved.--_v.t._ DEFLEX' (_zool._, _bot._), to bend down.--_adj._ DEFLEXED'.--_n._ DEFLEX'URE, deviation. [L. _de_, from, and _flect[)e]re_, _flexum_, to bend, turn.]

DEFLORATE, de-fl[=o]'r[=a]t, _adj._ past the flowering state, as an anther after it has shed its pollen.--_n._ DEFLOR[=A]'TION, the act of deflowering.

DEFLOWER, DEFLOUR, de-flowr', _v.t._ to deprive of flowers: to deprive of grace and beauty: to ravish.--_n._ DEFLOW'ERER. [O. Fr. _deflorer_--Low L.

_deflor[=a]re_, to strip flowers off--L. _de_, neg., _flos_, _floris_, a flower.]

DEFLUENT, def'l[=oo]-ent, _adj._ running down, decurrent.--_n._ DEFLUX'ION, a discharge of fluid in the body. [L. _deflu[)e]re_--_de_, down, _flu[)e]re_, _fluxum_, to flow.]

DEFOLIATE, de-f[=o]'li-[=a]t, _v.t._ to deprive of leaves.--_adjs._ DEF[=O]'LIATE, -D.--_ns._ DEFOLI[=A]'TION, the falling off of leaves: the time of shedding leaves; DEF[=O]'LIATOR. [Low L. _defoli[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, off, _folium_, a leaf.]

DEFORCE, de-f[=o]rs', _v.t._ (_law_) to keep out of possession by force: (_Scots law_) to resist an officer of the law in the execution of his duty.--_ns._ DEFORCE'MENT; DEFORC'IANT, one who deforces; DEFORCI[=A]'TION, a legal distress. [Fr. _de_ = L. _dis_, and _force_.]

DEFOREST, de-for'est, _v.t._ to disforest: to deprive of forests.--_n._ DEFOREST[=A]'TION.

DEFORM, de-form', _v.t._ to alter or injure the form of: to disfigure.--_adj._ (_Milt._) hideous, unshapely.--_n._ DEFORM[=A]'TION.--_p.adj._ DEFORMED', misshapen.--_adv._ DEFORM'EDLY.--_ns._ DEFORMED'NESS; DEFORM'ER; DEFORM'ITY, state of being deformed: want of proper form: ugliness: disfigurement: anything that destroys beauty: an ugly feature or characteristic. [L. _deformis_, ugly--_de_, from, _forma_, beauty.]

DEFOUL, de-fowl', _v.t._ to defile. [A.S. _ful_, foul, whence by vowel change of _u_ to __, _flan_.]

DEFRAUD, de-frawd', _v.t._ to deprive of by fraud: to withhold wrongfully: to cheat or deceive.--_ns._ DEFRAUD'MENT, DEFRAUD[=A]'TION. [L.

_defraud[=a]re_--_de_, from, and _fraus_, _fraudis_, fraud.]

DEFRAY, de-fr[=a]', _v.t._ to discharge the expenses of anything: to pay: (_Spens._) to appease:--_pr.p._ defray'ing; _pa.p._ defrayed'.--_ns._ DEFRAY'MENT, DEFRAY'AL. [O. Fr. _defrayer_--_de_, and _frais_, expense--Low L. _fractum_, breakage, damage, expense.]

DEFT, deft, _adj._ handy, clever.--_adv._ DEFT'LY.--_n._ DEFT'NESS. [M. E.

_defte_, _dafte_, simple, meek; A.S. _ge-daefte_, meek--_daeftan_, _gedaeftan_, prepare, make fit; the stem appears in _ge-daf-en_, to fit.]

DEFUNCT, de-funkt', _adj._ having finished the course of life, dead.--_n._ a dead person.--_n._ DEFUNC'TION (_Shak._), death.--_adj._ DEFUNC'TIVE (_Shak._), pertaining to the dead. [L. _defungi_, _defunctus_, to finish--_de_, and _fungi_, to perform.]

DEFY, de-f[=i]', _v.t._ to challenge: to brave: (_obs._) to discard, dislike:--_pr.p._ defy'ing; _pa.p._ defied'.--_n._ (_Dryden_) a defiance.--_n._ DEF[=I]'ER. [O. Fr. _defier_--Low L. _diffid[=a]re_, to renounce faith or allegiance--L. _dis_, asunder, and _f[=i]d[)e]re_, to trust--_f[)i]des_, faith.]

DeGAGe, d[=a]-ga-zh[=a]', _adj._ unembarrassed, unconstrained, easy. [Pa.p.

of Fr. _degager_, to disentangle.]


DEGENERATE, de-jen'[.e]r-[=a]t, _adj._ having departed from the high qualities of race or kind: become base--also DEGEN'EROUS (_obs._).--_v.i._ to fall from a nobler state: to be or to grow worse.--_v.i._ DEGEN'DER (_Spens._), to degenerate.--_ns._ DEGEN'ERACY, DEGENER[=A]'TION, the act or process of becoming degenerate: the state of being degenerate.--_adv._ DEGEN'ERATELY.--_n._ DEGEN'ERATENESS.--_adj._ DEGEN'ERATING.--_n._ DEGENER[=A]'TIONIST, one who believes that the tendency of man is not to improve, but to degenerate.--_adj._ DEGEN'ERATIVE, tending or causing to degenerate. [L. _degener[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_, to depart from its kind--_de_, from, down, _genus_, _gen[)e]ris_, kind.]

DEGERMINATOR, de-j[.e]r'mi-n[=a]-tor, _n._ an apparatus for splitting grains and removing the germs. [L. _de_, neg., and _germen_, a germ.]

DEGLUTINATE, de-gl[=oo]'tin-[=a]t, _v.t._ to separate things that are glued together by softening the glue:--_pr.p._ deglu'tin[=a]ting; _pa.p._ deglu'tin[=a]ted. [L. _deglutin[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--_de_, neg., and _glutin[=a]re_--_gluten_, glue.]

DEGLUTITION, deg-l[=oo]-tish'un, _n._ the act or power of swallowing.--_adjs._ DEGLU'TITIVE, DEGLU'TITORY. [Fr.,--L. _de_, down, and _glut[=i]re_, to swallow. See GLUT.]

DEGRADE, de-gr[=a]d', _v.t._ to lower in grade or rank: to deprive of office or dignity: to lower in character, value, or position: to disgrace.--_n._ DEGRAD[=A]'TION, disgrace: degeneration: abortive structural development: a lowering in dignity.--_p.adjs._ DEGRAD'ED, reduced in rank: base: low: (_her._) placed on steps; DEGRAD'ING, debasing: disgraceful. [Fr. _degrader_--L. _de_, down, and _gradus_, a step. See GRADE.]

DEGREE, de-gr[=e]', _n._ a grade or step: one of a series of advances: relative position: rank: extent: a mark of distinction conferred by universities, whether earned by examination or granted as a mark of honour: the 360th part of a circle: 60 geographical miles: nearness of relationship: comparative amount of guilt: one of the three stages (_positive_, _comparative_, _superlative_) in the comparison of an adjective or an adverb.--BY DEGREES, by little and little, gradually; FORBIDDEN DEGREES, the degrees of consanguinity and affinity within which it is not permitted to marry; SONGS OF DEGREES, or _Songs of ascents_, Psalms cxx.-cxxxiv., either because sung by the Jews returning from captivity, or by the Jews coming up annually to attend the feasts at Jerusalem; TO A DEGREE, to a great degree, to an extreme. [Fr. _degre_--L.

_de_, _gradus_, a step.]

DEGUST, d[=e]-gust', _v.t._ to taste, to relish.--_v.i._ to have a relishing taste.--_v.t._ DEGUST'[=A]TE (same as DEGUST).--_n._ DEGUST[=A]'TION, the act of tasting. [L. _de_, down, and _gust[=a]re_, to taste.]

DEHISCE, d[=e]-his', _v.i._ to gape, to open as the capsules of a plant.--_n._ DEHIS'CENCE.--_adj._ DEHIS'CENT. [L. _dehiscens_, pr.p. of _dehisc[)e]re_--_de_, inten., and _hisc[)e]re_, to gape.]

DEHORT, de-hort', _v.t._ to exhort from, to dissuade.--_n._ DEHORT[=A]'TION, dissuasion.--_adjs._ DEHOR'TATIVE, DEHOR'TATORY, dissuasive.--_n._ DEHORT'ER. [L. _dehort[=a]ri_--_de_, neg., and _hort[=a]ri_, to exhort.]

DEHUMANISE, de-h[=u]'ma-n[=i]z, _v.t._ to deprive of specifically human qualities. [L. _de_, neg., and _humanise_.]

DEHYDRATE, de-h[=i]'dr[=a]t, _v.t._ to deprive of water, chemically.--_v.i._ to lose water.--_n._ DEHYDR[=A]'TION. [L. _de_, neg., Gr. _hyd[=o]r_.]

DEICIDE, d[=e]'i-s[=i]d, _n._ the killing of a god: the putting to death of Jesus Christ. [From a supposed Low L. form _deicidium_--_deus_, a god, and _caed[)e]re_, to kill.]

DEICTIC, d[=i]k'tik, _adj._ proving directly.--_adv._ DEIC'TICALLY. [Gr.

_deiktikos_--_deiknynai_, to show.]

DEID-THRAW, d[=e]d'-thraw, _n._ (_Scot_.) death-throe.

DEIFY, d[=e]'i-f[=i], _v.t._ to exalt to the rank of a god: to worship as a deity: to make god-like:--_pr.p._ d[=e]'ifying; _pa.p._ d[=e]'ified.--_adjs._--DEIF'IC, -AL, making god-like or divine.--_n._ DEIFIC[=A]'TION, the act of deifying: a deified embodiment.--_adj._ D[=E]'IFORM, god-like in form or character. [Fr. _deifier_--L.

_deific[=a]re_--_deus_, a god, and _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

DEIGN, d[=a]n, _v.i._ to condescend.--_v.t._ to give: to allow: (_obs._) to favour. [Fr. _daigner_--L. _dign[=a]ri_, to think worthy--_dignus_, worthy.]

DEIL, d[=e]l, Scotch form of _devil_.

DEINOTHERIUM, d[=i]-no-th[=e]'ri-um, _n._ = DINOTHERIUM.

DEIPAROUS, d[=e]-ip'a-rus, _adj._ bearing a god--of the Virgin. [L. _deus_, a god, _par[)e]re_, to bring forth.]

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