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DAMAGE, dam'[=a]j, _n._ hurt, injury, loss: the value of what is lost: (_coll._) cost: (_pl._) the pecuniary reparation due for loss or injury sustained by one person through the fault or negligence of another.--_v.t._ to harm.--_v.i._ to take injury.--_adj._ DAM'AGEABLE. [O. Fr. _damage_ (Fr.

_dommage_)--L. _damnum_, loss.]

DAMAN, dam'an, _n._ the Syrian hyrax, the cony of the Bible. [Syrian.]


DAMASCENE, da'mas-[=e]n, _adj._ of _Damascus_.--_v.t._ same as DAMASKEEN.

DAMASK, dam'ask, _n._ figured stuff, originally of silk, now of linen, cotton, or wool, the figure being woven, not printed.--_v.t._ to flower or variegate, as cloth.--_adj._ of a red colour, like that of a damask rose.--_v.t._ DAMASKEEN', to decorate metal (esp. steel) by inlaying or encrusting on it patterns like damask in other metals: to ornament with flowery patterns, to damask.--_ns._ DAMASKEEN'ING, DAMASCEEN'ING, the watered or striated structure seen in certain sword-blades and other weapons: the ornamental incrustation with gold and silver of steel and iron surfaces; DAMASKIN', a Damascus blade: a damaskeened blade; DAM'ASK-PLUM, the damson; DAM'ASK-ROSE, a species of pink-rose; DAM'ASK-STEEL, Damascus steel; DAM'ASSIN, damask with flowered patterns in gold or silver thread.--DAMASCUS BLADE, a Damascus sword, the surface marked by wavy and variegating lines. [From _Damascus_, in Syria, where damask was orig.


DAMBOARD, dam'b[=o]rd, DAMBROD, dam'brod, _n._ (_Scot._) a draughtboard, the pieces being _dams_. [Fr. _jeu de dames_, copied by the Germans as _damenspiel_, by the Swedes as _damspel_, &c., perhaps from the movement of the pieces being like those of the queen (_reine_ or _dame_) in chess.]

DAME, d[=a]m, _n._ the mistress of a house: a matron: a noble lady.--_ns._ DAME'-SCHOOL, a school for children kept by a woman; DAME'S'-V[=I]'OLET, a genus of cruciferous plants, formerly cultivated by ladies in pots for its sweet scent at night. [Fr. _dame_--L. _domina_, a mistress, fem. of _dominus_, a master.]

DAMMAR, dam'mar, _n._ a resin, used for making varnish, obtained from a genus of East Indian conifers.

DAMN, dam, _v.t._ to censure or condemn: to sentence to eternal punishment: to doom.--_n._ an oath: a curse.--_adj._ DAM'NABLE, deserving or tending to damnation: hateful: pernicious.--_n._ DAM'NABLENESS.--_adv._ DAM'NABLY.--_n._ DAMN[=A]'TION, condemnation: (_theol._) the punishment of the impenitent in the future state: eternal punishment.--_adj._ DAM'NATORY, consigning to damnation.--_p.adj._ DAMNED, sentenced to everlasting punishment: hateful: a profane intensive, meaning merely thorough (often written d----d, and softened into _darned_, _dashed_, &c.).--_adv._ very, exceedingly.--_adj._ DAMNIF'IC.--_n._ DAMNIFIC[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ DAM'NIFY, to cause loss to.--_adj._ DAM'NING, exposing to condemnation. [Fr.

_damner_--L. _damn[=a]re_, to condemn--_damnum_, loss.]

DAMOCLEAN, dam-[=o]-cl[=e]'an, _adj._ like _Damocles_, flatterer of Dionysius of Syracuse, taught the insecurity of happiness by being made to sit through the feast with a sword suspended by a single hair over his head.

DAMOSEL, dam'o-sel, _n._ Same as DAMSEL.

DAMP, damp, _n._ vapour, mist: moist air: lowness of spirits: (_pl._) dangerous vapours in mines, &c.--_v.t._ to wet slightly: to chill: to discourage: to check: to make dull.--_adj._ moist, foggy: sometimes in the form DAMP'Y.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ DAMP'EN, to make or become damp or moist.--_n._ DAMP'ER, that which checks or moderates: a mechanical appliance for reducing currents, musical vibration, &c.: (_Australia_) a kind of unfermented bread.--_adj._ DAMP'ISH, somewhat damp.--_n._ DAMP'ISHNESS.--_adv._ DAMP'LY.--_n._ DAMP'NESS.--DAMPING OFF (_hort._), the death of plants from excess of moisture. [M. E. _dampen_; akin to Dut.

_damp_, Ger. _dampf_, vapour.]

DAMSEL, dam'zel, _n._ a young unmarried woman: a girl. [O. Fr. _damoisele_ (Fr. _demoiselle_), a page--Low L. _domicellus_, dim. of L. _dominus_, a lord.]

DAMSON, dam'zn, _n._ a rather small oval fruited variety of the common plum, esteemed for preserving. [Shortened from _Damascene_--_Damascus_.]

DAN, dan, _n._ a title of honour equivalent to Master or Sir. [O. Fr.

_dan_. (Sp. _don_; Port. _dom_)--L. _dominus_, lord. See DAME.]

DAN, dan, _n._ (_prov._) a box for carrying coal: a tub.

DANAKIL, dan'a-kil, _n._ the name given to the numerous nomad and fisher tribes on the coast of North-east Africa. [Ar.]

DANCE, dans, _v.i._ to move with measured steps to music: to spring.--_v.t._ to make to dance or jump.--_n._ the movement of one or more persons with measured steps to music: the tune to which dancing is performed.--_ns._ DANCE'-M[=U]'SIC, music specially arranged for accompanying dancing; DANC'ER, one who practises dancing; DANC'ING, the act or art of moving in the dance; DANC'ING-GIRL, a professional dancer; DANC'ING-MAS'TER, a teacher of dancing.--DANCE A BEAR (_obs._), to exhibit a performing bear; DANCE ATTENDANCE, to wait obsequiously; DANCE OF DEATH, a series of allegorical paintings symbolising the universal power of death, represented as a skeleton; DANCE UPON NOTHING, to be hanged.--LEAD A PERSON A DANCE, to set him on an undertaking under false hopes: to delude.--MERRY DANCERS, the aurora. [O. Fr. _danser_, from Teut.; Old High Ger. _danson_, to draw along.]

DANCETTE, dan-set', _n._ (_her._) a zigzag or indented line or figure: the chevron or zigzag moulding common in Romanesque architecture--also _adj._ [O. Fr. _dent_, _dant_, tooth, notch--L. _dens_.]

DANDELION, dan-de-l[=i]'un, _n._ a common plant with a yellow flower, its leaves with jagged tooth-like edges. [Fr. _dent de lion_, tooth of the lion.]

DANDER, dan'd[.e]r, DAUNDER, dawn'd[.e]r, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to walk leisurely or idly. [Akin to _dandle_.]

DANDER, _n._ a form of DANDRUFF (_vulg._), anger: passion.--RAISE A PERSON'S DANDER, to put him in a temper.

DANDER, _n._ (_Scot._) furnace cinders. [Ety. dub.]

DANDLE, dan'dl, _v.t._ to play with: to fondle or toss in the arms, as a baby. [Prob. Teut.; cf. Ger. _tandeln_--_tand_, a toy.]

DANDRIFF, dand'rif, DANDRUFF, dand'ruf, _n._ a scaly scurf which forms on the surface of the skin under the hair and beard. [Perh. from W. _ton_, surface, skin, and _drwg_, bad (Skeat).]

DANDY, dan'di, _n._ a foppish, silly fellow: one who pays much attention to dress.--_v.t._ DAN'DIFY, to dress up as a dandy.--_adv._ DAN'DILY, like a dandy.--_ns._ DAN'DY-BRUSH, a hard brush of whalebone bristles; DAN'DY-COCK, a bantam; DAN'DY-F[=E]'VER (see DENGUE); DAN'DY-HORSE, a velocipede.--_adj._ DAN'DYISH.--_n._ DAN'DYISM. [Perh. from Fr. _dandin_, a ninny; and prob. from root of _dandle_.]

DANDY, dan'di, _n._ a sloop-like vessel having a jigger-mast abaft.--_n._ DANDY-RIGGED CUTTER.

DANDYPRAT, dan'di-prat, _n._ a dwarf: an urchin. [Ety. dub.]

DANE, d[=a]n, _n._ a native of _Denmark_.--_adj._ DAN'ISH, belonging to Denmark.--_n._ the language of the Danes--(_Spens._) DANISK.

DANEGELD, d[=a]n'geld, _n._ a tax imposed in the 10th cent., to buy off the Danes or to defend the country against them. [A.S. _Dene_, Danes, _geid_, a payment.]

DANG, dang, _v.t._ a minced form of _damn_.

DANGER, d[=a]n'j[.e]r, _n._ peril, hazard, or risk: insecurity: (_obs._) power.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to endanger.--_adj._ DAN'GEROUS, full of danger: unsafe: insecure.--_adv._ DAN'GEROUSLY.--_ns._ DAN'GEROUSNESS; DAN'GER-SIG'NAL. [O. Fr. _dangier_, absolute power (of a feudal lord), hence power to hurt.--Low L. _dominium_, feudal authority--L. _dominus_, a lord. See DUNGEON.]

DANGLE, dang'gl, _v.t._ to hang loosely or with a swinging motion: to follow any one about.--_v.t._ to make to dangle.--_n._ DAN'GLER, one who dangles about others, esp. about women. [Scand., Dan. _dangle_, to dangle; cf. Ice. _dingla_, to swing; Sw. _danka_, to saunter.]

DANIEL, dan'yel, _n._ in phrase A SECOND DANIEL, a wise judge, with reference to the interposition of the wise young Daniel to save Susannah, in one of the Apocryphal additions to the book of Daniel.

DANITE, dan'[=i]t, _n._ one of a secret society amongst the early Mormons.

[In allusion to Gen. xlix. 16, 17.]

DANK, dangk, _adj._ moist, wet.--_n._ (_Milt._) water.--_adj._ DANK'ISH, somewhat dank or damp. [Perh. conn. with _dew_. See also DAGGLE.]

DANNEBROG, d[=a]n'e-brog, _n._ the second of the Danish orders instituted by King Waldemar in 1219. [Dan., 'the Danish banner.']

DANSEUSE, dong-suz', _n._ a female dancer: a ballet dancer. [Fr.]

DANSKER, dan'sk[.e]r, _n._ (_Shak._) a Dane.

DANTEAN, dan'te-an, DANTESQUE, dan'tesk, _adj._ like the poet _Dante_: sublime: austere.--_ns._ DAN'TIST, a Dante scholar; DANTOPH'ILIST, a lover of Dante.

DANTON, dan'ton, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to subdue, to daunt. [A form of _daunt_.]

DANUBIAN, dan-[=u]'bi-an, _adj._ pertaining to or bordering on the _Danube_.--DANUBIAN PRINCIPALITIES, a name applied to Moldavia and Wallachia.

DAP, dap, _v.i._ to drop the bait gently into the water.

DAPHNE, daf'n[=e], _n._ a genus of shrubs or small trees. [Gr.]

DAPPER, dap'[.e]r, _adj._ quick: little and active: neat: spruce.--_n._ DAPP'ERLING, a dapper little fellow. [Dut. _dapper_, brave; cf. Ger.

_tapfer_, quick, brave.]

DAPPLE, dap'l, _adj._ marked with spots.--_v.t._ to variegate with spots.--_adjs._ DAPP'ERLY (_Scot._), variegated; DAPP'LE-BAY, of bay colour, variegated with dapples; DAPP'LED; DAPP'LE-GRAY. [See DIMPLE.]

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