11:1. As the morning passeth, so hath the king of Israel passed away.
Because Israel was a child, and I loved him: and I called my son out of Egypt.
I called my son... Viz., Israel. But as the calling of Israel out of Egypt, was a figure of the calling of Christ from thence; therefore this text is also applicable to Christ, as we learn from Matthew 2.15.
11:2. As they called them, they went away from before their face: they offered victims to Baalim, and sacrificed to idols.
They called... Viz., Moses and Aaron called; but they went away after other gods and would not hear.
11:3. And I was like a foster father to Ephraim, I carried them in my arms: and they knew not that I healed them.
11:4. I will draw them with the cords of Adam, with the bands of love: and I will be to them as one that taketh off the yoke on their jaws: and I put his meat to him that he might eat.
11:5. He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king: because they would not be converted.
11:6. The sword hath begun in his cities, and it shall consume his chosen men, and shall devour their heads.
11:7. And my people shall long for my return: but a yoke shall be put upon them together, which shall not be taken off.
11:8. How shall I deal with thee, O Ephraim, shall I protect thee, O Israel? how shall I make thee as Adama, shall I set thee as Seboim? my heart is turned within me, my repentance is stirred up.
Adama, etc... Adama and Seboim were two cities in the neighborhood of Sodom: and underwent the like destruction.
11:9. I will not execute the fierceness of my wrath: I will not return to destroy Ephraim: because I am God, and not man: the holy one in the midst of thee, and I will not enter into the city.
11:10. They shall walk after the Lord, he shall roar as a lion: because he shall roar, and the children of the sea shall fear.
11:11. And they shall fly away like a bird out of Egypt, and like a dove out of the land of the Assyrians: and I will place them in their own houses, saith the Lord.
11:12. Ephraim hath compassed me about with denials, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Juda went down as a witness with God, and is faithful with the saints.
Osee Chapter 12
Israel is reproved for sin. God's favours to them.
12:1. Ephraim feedeth on the wind, and followeth the burning heat: all the day long he multiplied lies and desolation: and he hath made a covenant with the Assyrians, and carried oil into Egypt.
12:2. Therefore there is a judgment of the Lord with Juda, and a visitation for Jacob: he will render to him according to his ways, and according to his devices.
12:3. In the womb he supplanted his brother: and by his strength he had success with an angel.
12:4. And he prevailed over the angel, and was strengthened: he wept, and made supplication to him: he found him in Bethel, and there he spoke with us.
12:5. Even the Lord God of hosts, the Lord is his memorial.
12:6. Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep mercy and judgment, and hope in thy God always.
12:7. He is like Chanaan, there is a deceitful balance in his hand, he hath loved oppression.
12:8. And Ephraim said: But yet I am become rich, I have found me an idol: all my labours shall not find me the iniquity that I have committed.
12:9. And I that am the Lord thy God from the land of Egypt, will yet cause thee to dwell in tabernacles, as in the days of the feast.
12:10. And I have spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and I have used similitudes by the ministry of the prophets.
12:11. If Galaad be an idol, then in vain were they in Galgal offering sacrifices with bullocks: for their altars also are as heaps in the furrows of the field.
If Galaad be an idol, etc... That is, if Galaad with all its idols and sacrifices be like a mere idol itself, being brought to nothing by Theglathphalasar: how vain is it to expect, that the idols worshipped in Galgal shall be of any service to the tribes that remain.
12:12. Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and was a keeper for a wife.
12:13. But the Lord by a prophet brought Israel out of Egypt: and he was preserved by a prophet.
12:14. Ephraim hath provoked me to wrath with his bitterness, and his blood shall come upon him, and his Lord will render his reproach unto him.
Osee Chapter 13
The judgments of God upon Israel for their sins. Christ shall one day redeem them.
13:1. When Ephraim spoke, a horror seized Israel: and he sinned in Baal, and died.
13:2. And now they have sinned more and more: and they have made to themselves a molten thing of their silver as the likeness of idols: the whole is the work of craftsmen: to these that say: Sacrifice men, ye that adore calves.
13:3. Therefore they shall be as a morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the dust that is driven with a whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney.
13:4. But I am the Lord thy God from the land of Egypt: and thou shalt know no God but me, and there is no saviour beside me.
13:5. I knew thee in the desert, in the land of the wilderness.
13:6. According to their pastures they were filled, and were made full: and they lifted up their heart, and have forgotten me.
13:7. And I will be to them as a lioness, as a leopard in the way of the Assyrians.
13:8. I will meet them as a bear that is robbed of her whelps, and I will rend the inner parts of their liver: and I will devour them there as a lion, the beast of the field shall tear them.
13:9. Destruction is thy own, O Israel: thy help is only in me.
13:10. Where is thy king? now especially let him save thee in all thy cities: and thy judges, of whom thou saidst: Give me kings and princes.
13:11. I will give thee a king in my wrath, and will take him away in my indignation.
13:12. The iniquity of Ephraim is bound up, his sin is hidden.
13:13. The sorrows of a woman in labour shall come upon him, he is an unwise son: for now he shall not stand in the breach of the children.
13:14. I will deliver them out of the hand of death. I will redeem them from death: O death, I will be thy death; O hell, I will be thy bite: comfort is hidden from my eyes.
13:15. Because he shall make a separation between brothers: the Lord will bring a burning wind that shall rise from the desert, and it shall dry up his springs, and shall make his fountain desolate, and he shall carry off the treasure of every desirable vessel.
Osee Chapter 14