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SYNTENOSIS, sin-te-n[=o]'sis, _n._ the connection of bones by tendons. [Gr.

_syn_, with, _ten[=o]n_, a sinew.]

SYNTERESIS, sin-t[=e]-r[=e]'sis, _n._ preventive treatment, prophylaxis.--_adj._ SYNTERET'IC.--_n._ SYNTERET'ICS, hygiene. [Gr.

_synt[=e]r[=e]sis_, observation--_syn_, with, _t[=e]rein_, to watch over.]

SYNTEXIS, sin-tek'sis, _n._ a wasting of the body.--_adjs._ SYNTEC'TIC, -AL. [Gr. _synt[=e]xis_, a wasting away--_syn_, with, _t[=e]kein_, to melt.]

SYNTHERMAL, sin-th[.e]rm'al, _adj._ having the same degree of heat. [Gr.

_syn_, together, _therm[=e]_, heat.]

SYNTHESIS, sin'the-sis, _n._ a term applied to the building up of compound substances from the elements they contain or from other compounds, usually of less complexity than themselves: a making a whole out of parts: the combination of separate elements of thought into a whole, or reasoning from principles previously established to a conclusion, as opposed to _analysis_: (_gram._) the uniting of ideas into a sentence: (_med._) the reunion of parts that have been divided: (_chem._) the uniting of elements to form a compound:--_pl._ SYN'THESES (-s[=e]z).--_v.t._ SYN'THES[=I]SE, to unite by synthesis.--_ns._ SYN'THESIST, SYN'THETIST, one who synthetises.--_adjs._ SYNTHET'IC, -AL, pertaining to synthesis: consisting in synthesis or composition.--_adv._ SYNTHET'ICALLY.--_n._ SYNTHET'ICISM, the principles of synthesis, a synthetic system.--_v.t._ SYN'THETISE.--SYNTHETIC PHILOSOPHY, the system of Herbert Spencer, so called by himself because conceived as a fusion of the different sciences into a whole. [Gr. _synthesis_--_syn_, with, together, _thesis_, a placing--_tith[=e]mi_, I place.]

SYNTHRONUS, sin'thr[=o]-nus, _n._ the seat of the bishop and his presbyters, behind the altar. [Gr. _syn_, together with, _thronos_, a throne.]

SYNTONIN, sin't[=o]-nin, _n._ a substance akin to fibrin, which is an important constituent of muscular tissue--also called Muscle Fibrin.

SYNTONOUS, sin't[=o]-nus, _adj._ intense in quality.--Also SYNTON'IC. [Gr.

_syntonos_, tightly drawn.]

SYNTROPIC, sin-trop'ik, _adj._ turning or pointing in the same direction, as several vertebrae. [Gr. _syn_, together with, _trepein_, to turn.]

SYPHILIS, sif'i-lis, _n._ a markedly contagious, infective, and inoculable disease, capable of being transmitted to the offspring, propagated by direct contagion or by the transmission of the virus through some vessel or medium which has recently been contaminated--most commonly caused by impure sexual intercourse.--_n._ SYPHILIS[=A]'TION.--_v.t._ SYPH'ILISE, to attempt to inoculate the system with the virus of syphilis as a preventive and curative measure.--_adj._ SYPHILIT'IC.--_n._ SYPHILOG'RAPHY, the description of syphilis.--_adj._ SYPH'ILOID, relating to syphilis.--_ns._ SYPHILOL'OGIST, one versed in syphilology; SYPHILOL'OGY, the knowledge of syphilis; SYPHIL[=O]'MA, a syphilitic tumour; SYPHILOPH[=O]'BIA, a morbid dread of contracting syphilis. [The word is borrowed from the name of a figure in Fracastoro's poem, _Syphilidis Libri III_.]


SYRIAC, sir'i-ak, _adj._ relating to _Syria_, or to its language.--_n._ the language, esp. the ancient language of Syria, a western dialect of Aramaic (q.v.).--_ns._ SYR'IACISM, SYR'IANISM, a Syrian idiom.--_adj._ SYR'IAN, relating to Syria.--_n._ a native of Syria.--_n._ SYR'IARCH, the chief priest in the Roman province of Syria.

SYRINGA, s[=i]-ring'ga, _n._ the mock-orange.

SYRINGE, sir'inj, _n._ a portable hydraulic instrument of the pump kind, used to draw in a quantity of liquid and eject it forcibly: a tube used by surgeons for injecting, &c.--_v.t._ to inject or clean with a syringe. [L.

_syrinx_, (gen.) _syringos_--Gr. _syringx_, a reed.]

SYRINGOTOMY, sir-in-got'[=o]-mi, _n._ the operation of cutting for the fistula.--_n._ SYR'INX, a fistula or fistulous opening: a narrow gallery in the tombs of ancient Egypt. [Gr. _syringx_, a pipe, _tom[=e]_, a cutting--_temnein_, to cut.]

SYROPHOENICIAN, s[=i]-r[=o]-f[=e]-nish'an, _adj._ pertaining to _Syro-Phoenicia_ or its people, of mixed Phoenician and Syrian descent.

SYRTIS, s[.e]r'tis, _n._ (_Milt._) a quicksand--also SYRT.--_adj._ SYR'TIC.

[L.,--Gr.--_syrein_, to draw along.]

SYRUP, sir'up, _n._ a saturated solution of sugar boiled to prevent fermentation: the juice of fruits saturated with sugar and many flavoured liquids, treated in the same way--also SIR'UP.--_adj._ SYR'UPY. [Fr.

_syrop_--Sp. _xarope_, a drink--Ar. _shar[=a]b_.]

SYSSARCOSIS, sis-ar-k[=o]'sis, _n._ the connection of one bone with another by intervening muscle.--_adj._ SYSSARC[=O]'SIC. [Gr., _syn_, together, _sarx_, flesh.]

SYSSITIA, si-sit'i-a, _n._ the ancient Spartan custom of eating together in public the chief meal of the day. [Gr. _syn_, together with, _sitos_, food.]

SYSTALTIC, sis-tal'tik, _adj._ alternately contracting and dilating, pulsatory. [Gr. _systaltikos_--_syn_, together, _stellein_, to place.]

SYSTASIS, sis't[=a]-sis, _n._ a union or confederation.--_adj._ SYSTAT'IC, introductory, recommendatory. [Gr. _syn_, with, _histanai_, to set up.]

SYSTEM, sis'tem, _n._ anything formed of parts placed together or adjusted into a regular and connected whole: an assemblage of bodies as a connected whole: an orderly arrangement of objects according to some common law or end: regular method or order: a full and connected view of some department of knowledge: an explanatory hypothesis or theory: the universe.--_adjs._ SYSTEMAT'IC, -AL, pertaining to, or consisting of, system: formed or done according to system: methodical.--_adv._ SYSTEMAT'ICALLY.--_ns._ SYSTEMATI'CIAN; SYSTEMATIS[=A]'TION, SYSTEMIS[=A]'TION.--_vs.t._ SYS'TEMATISE, SYS'TEMISE, to reduce to a system.--_ns._ SYS'TEMATISER; SYS'TEMATISM; SYS'TEMATIST; SYSTEMATOL'OGY.--_adjs._ SYSTEM'IC, systematic; pertaining to the human system; SYS'TEMLESS, without system: not exhibiting organic structure.--_ns._ SYS'TEM-M[=A]K'ER, -MON'GER, one unduly fond of constructing systems. [Gr. _syst[=e]ma_--_syn_, together, _hist[=e]mi_, I place.]

SYSTOLE, s[=i]s't[=o]-l[=e], _n._ the regular contraction of the heart for impelling the blood outward--opp. to _Diastole_: (_gram._) the shortening of a long syllable.--_adj._ SYSTOL'IC. [Gr. _systol[=e]_--_syn_, together, _stellein_, to place.]

SYSTYLE, sis't[=i]l, _n._ (_archit._) the arrangement of columns so that they are only two diameters apart: a front or portico having columns so arranged.--_adj._ SYS'TYLOUS (_bot._), having the styles united into a single body. [Gr. _syn_, with, _stylos_, a column.]


SYZYGY, siz'i-ji, _n._ the relative position of a planet (esp. the moon) when either in conjunction or in opposition with the sun: the period of new or full moon:--_pl._ SYZ'YGIES.--_n._ SYZ'YGANT (-gant), a rational integral function of the invariants of a quantic that vanishes when expressed as a function of the coefficients.--_adj._ SYZYGET'IC, pertaining to a linear relation.--_adv._ SYZYGET'ICALLY.--_adj._ SYZYG'IAL, pertaining to a syzygy. [Gr. _syzygia_, union.]

T the twentieth letter in our alphabet, its sound that of the hard dental mute, produced by the tip of the tongue being brought into contact with the base of the upper teeth: as a medieval numeral=160; [=T]=160,000: something fashioned like a T, or having a cross section like a T--also written TEE and sometimes TAU.--_ns._ T'-BAND'AGE, a bandage composed of two strips fashioned in the shape of the letter T, as for use about the perineum; T'-CART, a four-wheeled pleasure-vehicle without top, having a T-shaped body; T'-CLOTH, a plain cotton made for the India and China market--stamped with a T; T'-CROSS, a tau-cross; T'-PLATE, a T-shaped plate, as for strengthening a joint in a wooden framework; T'-RAIL, a rail, as for a railway, having a T-like cross section; T'-SQUARE, a ruler shaped like the letter T, used in mechanical and architectural drawing.--TO A T, with perfect exactness; BE MARKED WITH A T, to be branded as a thief.

TAB, tab, _n._ a small tag, flap, or strap, forming an appendage of something: reckoning, tally, check.

TABANUS, ta-b[=a]'nus, _n._ a genus of flies, including the horse-flies.


TABARD, tab'ard, _n._ a military cloak of the 15th and 16th centuries, now a loose sleeveless coat worn by heralds.--_n._ TAB'ARDER, one who wears a tabard. [O. Fr.,--Low L. _tabardum_; perh. conn, with L. _tapete_, tapestry.]

TABARET, tab'a-ret, _n._ an upholsterer's silk stuff, with alternate stripes of watered and satin surface. [_Tabby_.]

TABASHEER, TABASBIR, tab-a-sh[=e]r', _n._ a substance, consisting chiefly of silica, sometimes found in the cavities or tubular parts of the stems of bamboos and other large grasses, and prized by the Hindus as a tonic, &c., prepared by imperfect calcination and trituration. [Hind.


TABBY, tab'i, _n._ a coarser kind of waved or watered silk: an artificial stone, a mixture of lime, shells, gravel, stones, and water: a female cat--also TABB'Y-CAT.--_adj._ brindled: diversified in colour.--_v.t._ to water or cause to look wavy:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ tabb'ied.--_n._ TABB'INET, a more delicate kind of tabby resembling damask, used for window-curtains. [Fr. _tabis_--Ar. _'att[=a]b[=i]_, a kind of rich, waved silk--_'Attabiya_, the quarter in Bagdad where first made.]

TABEFACTION, tab-[=e]-fak'shun, _n._ a wasting away from disease.--_v.t._ TAB'EFY, to emaciate.--_v.i._ to lose flesh, to waste away.--_ns._ T[=A]'BES, a gradual wasting away; TABES'CENCE.--_adjs._ TABES'CENT; TABET'IC; TAB'IC; TAB'ID.--_adv._ TAB'IDLY.--_n._ TAB'IDNESS.--_adj._ TABIF'IC, causing tabes.--_n._ TAB'ITUDE, state of one affected with tabes.--TABES DORSALIS, the same as locomotor ataxia. [L. _tabes_, a wasting, _tab[=e]re_, to waste away.]

TABELLA, t[=a]-bel'a, _n._ a medicated lozenge or hard electuary.--_adj._ TAB'ELLARY, tabular.--_n._ TABELL'ION, an official scrivener in the Roman empire, and in France down to 1761. [L. _tabella_, dim. of _tabula_, a table.]

TABER, _v.i._ (_B._). Same as TABOUR.

TABERD, tab'[.e]rd, _n._ Same as TABARD.

TABERNACLE, tab'[.e]r-na-kl, _n._ (_B._) the movable tent carried by the Jews through the desert, and used as a temple: a tent: the human body as the temporary abode of the soul: a place of worship or sacred place: (_R.C._) the place in which the consecrated elements of the Eucharist are kept: a socket permitting a mast to be lowered beneath bridges.--_v.i._ to dwell: to abide for a time.--_adj._ TABERNAC'ULAR.--TABERNACLE WORK (_archit._), ornamental work over niches, stalls, &c. with canopies and pinnacles, or any work in which such forms a characteristic feature.--FEAST OF TABERNACLES, a Jewish autumn festival, celebrating the sojourning of the children of Israel in the wilderness (Lev. xxiii. 43), and the gathering-in of all the fruits of the year (Ex. xxiii. 16). [L. _tabernaculum_, double dim. of _taberna_, a hut, shed of boards.]

TABLATURE, tab'la-t[=u]r, _n._ something tabular: a painting on a wall or ceiling: a picture in general: a method of musical notation, principally employed in the 15th and 16th centuries for the lute: (_anat._) a division of the skull into two tables. [Fr.,--L. _tabula_, a board.]

TABLE, t[=a]'bl, _n._ a smooth, flat slab or board, with legs, used as an article of furniture: supply of food, entertainment: the company at a table: the board or table on which a game is played, as billiards, backgammon, draughts: a surface on which something is written or engraved: that which is cut or written on a flat surface: a flat gravestone supported on pillars: an inscription: a condensed statement: syllabus or index; (_B._) a writing tablet.--_adj._ of or pertaining to a table, or the food partaken from the table.--_v.t._ to make into a table or catalogue: to lay (money) on the table: to pay down: to lay on the table--i.e. to postpone consideration of.--_ns._ T[=A]'BLE-BEER, light beer for common use; T[=A]'BLE-BOOK, a book of tablets, on which anything is written without ink: a note-book: a book of tables, as of weights, measures, &c.; T[=A]'BLE-CLOTH, a cloth usually of linen, for covering a table, esp. at meals; T[=A]'BLE-COV'ER, a cloth for covering a table, esp. at other than meal-times; TABLE-D'HoTE (ta'bl-d[=o]t), a meal for several persons at the same hour and at fixed prices; T[=A]'BLEFUL, as many as a table will hold; T[=A]'BLELAND, an extensive region of elevated land with a plain-like or undulating surface: a plateau; T[=A]'BLE-LEAF, a board at the side of a table which can be put up or down to vary the size of the table; T[=A]'BLE-LIN'EN, linen table-cloths, napkins, &c.; T[=A]'BLE-MON'EY, an allowance granted to general officers in the army, and flag-officers in the navy, to enable them to fulfil the duties of hospitality within their respective commands; T[=A]'BLE-RAP'PING, production of raps on tables by alleged spiritual T[=A]'BLES, the game of backgammon.--_ns._ T[=A]'BLE-SPOON, one of the largest spoons used at table; T[=A]'BLE-SPOON'FUL, as much as will fill a table-spoon; T[=A]'BLE-TALK, familiar conversation, as that round a table, during and after meals; T[=A]'BLE-TURN'ING, movements of tables or other objects, attributed by spiritualists to the agency of spirits--by rational persons to involuntary muscular action--similarly T[=A]'BLE-LIFT'ING, T[=A]'BLE-RAP'PING; T[=A]'BLE-WARE, dishes, spoons, knives, forks, &c. for table use.--_adv._ T[=A]'BLEWISE, like a table--of the communion-table, with the ends east and west--opp. to _Altar-wise_.--_ns._ T[=A]'BLE-WORK, the setting of type for tables, columns of figures, &c.; T[=A]'BLING, the act of tabling or forming into tables: (_carp._) a rude dove-tailing: (_naut._) a broad hem on the skirts of sails.--THE LORD'S TABLE, the table at which the Lord's Supper is partaken, or on which the elements are laid: the Lord's Supper.--FENCE THE TABLES (see FENCE); LAY ON THE TABLE, to lay aside any proposed measure indefinitely, or for future discussion; LIE ON THE TABLE, to be laid upon the table; TURN THE TABLES, to bring about a complete reversal of circumstances. [O. Fr. _table_--L. _tabula_, a board.]

TABLEAU, tab'l[=o], _n._ a picture: a striking and vivid representation:--_pl._ TABLEAUX (tab'l[=o]z).--TABLEAU VIVANT, a representation of a historical or other personage by a motionless living person dressed in suitable costume. [Fr.,--L. _tabula_, a painting.]

TABLET, tab'let, _n._ a small flat surface: something flat on which to write, paint, &c.: a confection in a flat square form.--_n._ TAB'LOID, a small tablet containing a certain definite portion of some drug, a troche or lozenge. Registered trade mark. [Dim. of _table_.]

TABOO, TABU, ta-b[=oo]', _n._ an institution among the Polynesians, forming a penal system based on religious sanctions, by which certain things are held sacred or consecrated, and hence prohibited to be used--by a natural transference of meaning by association of ideas becoming equivalent to 'unholy,' 'accursed'--also TAMBOO', TAMBU', and TAPU': any prohibition, interdict, restraint, ban, exclusion, ostracism.--_v.t._ to forbid approach to: to forbid the use of:--_pr.p._ tab[=oo]'ing; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ tab[=oo]ed'. [Polynesian _tapu_--prob. _ta_, to mark, _pu_, expressing intensity.]

TABOR, t[=a]'bor, _n._ a camp amongst the ancient nomadic Slavs and Turks, inside a ring of wagons.

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