SYNARTHROSIS, sin-ar-thr[=o]'sis, _n._ a joint permitting no motion, between the parts articulated.--_adj._ SYNARTHR[=O]'DIAL.--_adv._ SYNARTHR[=O]'DIALLY. [Gr. _syn-arthr[=o]sis_--_syn_, with, _arthron_, a joint.]
SYNASCETE, sin'a-s[=e]t, _n._ a fellow-ascetic.
SYNASTRY, si-nas'tri, _n._ coincidence as regards stellar influences. [Gr.
_syn_, together with, _astron_, a star.]
SYNAXIS, si-nak'sis, _n._ in the early Church, an assembly for worship, esp. for celebrating the Eucharist.--_n._ SYNAX[=A]'RION, in Greek usage, a lection containing an account of a saint's life. [Gr. _synaxis_, a bringing together--_syn_, together, _agein_, to lead.]
SYNCARPOUS, sin-kar'pus, _adj._ (_bot._) having the carpels consolidated into one. [Gr. _syn_, together, _karpos_, a fruit.]
SYNCATEGOREMATIC, sin-kat-[=e]-gor-[=e]-mat'ik, _adj._ denoting words that can only form parts of terms, as adverbs, &c.--_adv._ SYNCATEGOREMAT'ICALLY.
SYNCHONDROSIS, sing-kon-dr[=o]'sis, _n._ an articulation formed by the addition of a plate of cartilage.--_n._ SYNCHONDROT'OMY, the section of such. [Gr. _syngchondr[=o]sis_--_syn_, with, _chondros_, a cartilage.]
SYNCHORESIS, sing-k[=o]-r[=e]'sis, _n._ (_rhet._) an admission made for the purpose of making a more effective retort. [Gr. _synch[=o]r[=e]sis_--_syn_, with, _ch[=o]ros_, space.]
SYNCHRONAL, sing'kr[=o]-nal, _adj._ happening or being at the same time: simultaneous: lasting for the same time--also SYNCHRON'ICAL, SYN'CHRONOUS.--_adv._ SYNCHRON'ICALLY.--_n._ SYNCHRONIS[=A]'TION.--_v.i._ SYN'CHRONISE, to be synchronal or simultaneous: to agree in time.--_v.t._ to cause to be synchronous: to regulate a clock, &c., by some standard.--_ns._ SYN'CHRONISER; SYN'CHRONISM, concurrence of events in time: the tabular arrangement of contemporary events, &c., in history.--_adj._ SYNCHRONIS'TIC, showing synchronism.--_adv._ SYNCHRONIS'TICALLY.--_n._ SYNCHRONOL'OGY, chronological arrangement side by side.--_adv._ SYN'CHRONOUSLY.--_ns._ SYN'CHRONOUSNESS; SYN'CHRONY, simultaneity. [Gr. _synchronismos_--_synchronizein_, to agree in time--_syn_, together, _chronos_, time.]
SYNCHYSIS, sing'ki-sis, _n._ (_rhet._) confusion of meaning due to unusual arrangement: fluidity of the vitreous humour of the eye. [Gr.
_syngchysis_--_syn_, together with, _chein_, to pour.]
SYNELASTIC, sin-klas'tik, _adj._ having the same kind of curvature in all directions--opp. to _Anticlastic_. [Gr. _syn_, together, _klastos_, broken.]
SYNCLINAL, sin-kl[=i]'nal, _adj._ sloping downwards in opposite directions so as to meet in a common point or line: (_geol._) denoting strata dipping toward a common central line or plane.--_ns._ SYN'CLINE, a synclinal flexure--also SYNCL[=I]'NAL; SYNCLIN[=O]'RIUM, a mountain with a synclinal structure. [Gr. _syn_, together, _klinein_, to bend.]
SYNCOPATE, sing'k[=o]-p[=a]t, _v.t._ to contract, as a word, by taking away letters from the middle: (_mus._) to unite by a slur the last note of a bar to the first note of the next.--_adjs._ SYN'COPAL, SYNCOP'IC, pertaining to syncope.--_ns._ SYNCOP[=A]'TION, act of syncopating; SYN'COPE, the omission of letters from the middle of a word, as _ne'er_ for _never_: (_med._) a fainting-fit, an attack in which the breathing and circulation become faint: (_mus._) syncopation.--_v.t._ SYN'COPISE, to contract by syncope.--_n._ SYN'COPIST.--_adj._ SYNCOP'TIC. [Low L. _syncop[=a]re_, _-[=a]tum_--L. _syncope_---Gr. _syn_, together, _koptein_, to cut off.]
SYNCRETISM, sin'kre-tizm, _n._ the attempted reconciliation of irreconcilable principles, theological compromise--between Catholics and Protestants, between Lutherans and Reformed.--_adj._ SYNCRET'IC, pertaining to syncretism, tending to blend opposing parties and speculative systems by minimising differences.--_v.t._ SYN'CRETISE.--_n._ SYN'CRETIST.--_adj._ SYNCRETIS'TIC. [Gr. _synkr[=e]tismos_--_synkr[=e]tizein_, to unite against.]
SYNDACTYL, sin-dak'til, _adj._ having the digits connected with a web, &c.--_n._ SYNDAC'TYLISM, union of digits.--_adj._ SYNDAC'TYLOUS.
SYNDESMOSIS, sin-des-m[=o]'sis, _n._ the connection of bones by ligaments.--_ns._ SYNDESMOG'RAPHY, description of the ligaments and joints; SYNDESMOL'OGY, the knowledge of the ligaments.--_adj._ SYNDESMOT'IC.--_n._ SYNDESMOT'OMY, the anatomy of the ligaments. [Gr. _syndesmos_--_syn_, together with, _dein_, to bind.]
SYNDETIC, -AL, sin-det'ik, -al, _adj._ connecting by conjunctions, &c. [Gr.
_syndetikos_, binding together--_syn_, together, _dein_, to bind.]
SYNDIC, sin'dik, _n._ the chief magistrate in Geneva, one of those officers delegated as agents by cities in France under the old regime, &c.: one chosen to transact business for others, esp. the accredited legal representative of a corporation, society, or company.--_n._ SYN'DIC[=A]TE, a body of syndics: a council: the office of a syndic: a body of men chosen to watch the interests of a company, or to manage a bankrupt's property, esp. an association of merchants or others for the purpose of carrying through some great or important enterprise, or for securing a kind of artificial monopoly in the production or supply of some commodity.--_v.t._ to effect by means of a syndicate.--_v.i._ to join in a syndicate.--_ns._ SYNDIC[=A]'TION; SYN'DIC[=A]TOR. [L. _syndicus_--Gr. _syndikos_--_syn_, with, _dik[=e]_, justice.]
SYNDROME, sin'dr[=o]-m[=e], _n._ concurrence. [Gr., _syn_, together, _dramein_, to run.]
SYNDYASMIAN, sin-di-as'mi-an, _adj._ coupling, noting the sexual relation.
[Gr. _syndyasmos_, coupling.]
SYNECDOCHE, sin-ek'd[=o]-k[=e], _n._ a figure of speech by which a part is made to comprehend the whole, or the whole is put for a part.--_adj._ SYNECDOCH'ICAL, expressed by, or implying, synecdoche. [Gr.
_synekdoch[=e]_--_syn_, together, _ekdechesthai_, to receive.]
SYNECHIA, sin-e-k[=i]'a, _n._ morbid adhesion between the iris and the cornea.--_n._ SYNECHIOL'OGY, the doctrine of the connection of things by causation.--_adj._ SYNEC'TIC, bringing into connection things of different nature.--_n._ SYNECTIC'ITY. [Gr. _synektikos_, holding together, _synechein_--_syn_, together with, _echein_, to hold.]
SYNECPHONESIS, si-nek-f[=o]-n[=e]'sis, _n._ syneresis.
SYNEDRAL, si-n[=e]'dral, _adj._ (_bot._) growing on the angle of a stem.--Also SYN[=E]'DROUS. [Gr. _synedros_, sitting together--_syn_, together, _hedra_, a seat.]
SYNEDRION, si-ned'ri-on, _n._ a judicial assembly, a sanhedrim--also SYNED'RIUM.--_adj._ SYNED'RIAL. [_Sanhedrim_.]
SYNEMA, si-n[=e]'ma, _n._ (_bot._) the column of combined filaments in a monadelphous flower. [Gr. _syn_, together, _n[=e]ma_, a thread.]
SYNERESIS, SYNaeRESIS, si-ner'e-sis, _n._ the coalescence of two vowels or syllables--opp. to _Diaeresis_. [Gr. _syn_, together, _hairein_, to take.]
SYNERGISM, sin'[.e]r-jizm, _n._ the doctrine that the human will and the Divine Spirit are two efficient agents that co-operate in regeneration--ascribed to Melanchthon.--_adj._ SYNERGET'IC.--_n._ SYN'ERGIST, one maintaining the doctrine of synergism.--_adj._ SYNERGIST'IC.--_n._ SYN'ERGY, combined action. [Gr. _synergia_, co-operation--_syn_, together, _ergein_, to work.]
SYNESIS, sin'e-sis, _n._ a grammatical construction in harmony with the sense rather than with strict syntax. [Gr., 'understanding.']
SYNGENESIOUS, sin-je-n[=e]'shus, _adj._ (_bot._) cohering into a ring, as the anthers of _Compositae_, &c.--those plants which show this forming the 19th class in the Linnean system, the SYNGEN[=E]'SIA. [Gr. _syn_, with, _genesis_, generation.]
SYNGENESIS, sin-jen'e-sis, _n._ the theory of reproduction which makes the embryo the product of both male and female by the union of spermatozoon and ovum: the theory that the germ so formed contains the germs of all future generations--opp. to _Epigenesis_.--_adj._ SYNGENET'IC. [Gr. _syn_, with, _genesis_, generation.]
SYNGRAPH, sing'graf, _n._ a writing signed by both or all the parties thereto. [Gr. _synggraph[=e]_--_syn_, with, _graphein_, to write.]
SYNIZESIS, sin-i-z[=e]'sis, _n._ the union into one syllable of two vowels incapable of forming a diphthong: closure of the pupil of the eye, with loss of sight. [Gr. _syn_, with, _hizein_, to place.]
SYNOCHUS, sin'[=o]-kus, _n._ a continued fever--also SYN'OCHA.--_adjs._ SYN'OCHAL, SYN'OCHOID. [Gr. _synochos_, joined together--_syn_, with, _echein_, to hold.]
SYNOCIL, sin'[=o]-sil, _n._ a filamentous formation of certain sponges, supposed to function as a sense-organ, probably an eye. [Gr. _syn_, with, L. _cilium_, an eyelid.]
SYNOCREATE, si-nok'r[=e]-[=a]t, _adj._ (_bot._) uniting together on the opposite side of the stem from the leaf, and enclosing the stem in a sheath--of stipules. [Gr. _syn_, with, and _ocreate_.]
SYNOD, sin'od, _n._ a meeting: an ecclesiastical council: among Presbyterians, a church court consisting of several presbyteries, intermediate between these and the General Assembly, also the supreme court of the United Presbyterian Church until its union with the Free Church in 1900.--_adjs._ SYN'ODAL, SYNOD'IC, -AL, pertaining to a synod: done in a synod.-_adv._ SYNOD'ICALLY.--_n._ SYN'ODIST. [L. _synodus_--Gr.
_synodos_--_syn_, together, _hodos_, a way.]
SYNOECIOUS, si-n[=e]'shi-us, _adj._ (_bot._) having male and female flowers in one head as in the _Compositae_: having antheridia and archegonia on the same receptacle, as in many mosses. [Gr. _synoikia_, a living together--_syn_, with, _oikein_, to dwell.]
SYNOMOSY, sin'[=o]-m[=o]-si, _n._ a body of political or other conspirators bound together by oath, a secret society. [Gr. _syn[=o]mosia_, a conspiracy--_syn_, with, _omnynai_, to take an oath.]
SYNONYM, sin'o-nim, _n._ a name or word having the same meaning with another: one of two or more words which have the same meaning.--_adjs._ SYNONYMAT'IC, SYNONYM'IC, -AL.--_ns._ SYNONYM'ICON, a dictionary of synonymous words; SYNONYM'ICS, synonymy.--_v.t._ SYNON'YMISE, to express by other words of the same meaning.--_ns._ SYNON'YMIST, one who studies synonyms, or the different names of plants and animals; SYNONYM'ITY, the state of being synonymous.--_adj._ SYNON'YMOUS, pertaining to synonyms: expressing the same thing: having the same meaning.--_adv._ SYNON'YMOUSLY.--_n._ SYNON'YMY, the quality of being synonymous: a rhetorical figure by which synonymous words are used. [Gr.
_syn[=o]nymon_--_syn_, with, _onoma_, a name.]
SYNOPSIS, si-nop'sis, _n._ a view of the whole together: a collective or general view of any subject:--_pl._ SYNOP'S[=E]S.--_adjs._ SYNOP'TIC, -AL, affording a general view of the whole.--_adv._ SYNOP'TICALLY.--_n._ SYNOP'TIST, one of the writers of the Synoptic Gospels.--_adj._ SYNOPTIS'TIC.--The SYNOPTIC GOSPELS, a name first used by Griesbach for the first three gospels, those of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, which present such a similarity in matter and form that they readily admit of being brought under one and the same combined view or _synopsis_. [Gr. _synopsis_--_syn_, with, together, _opsis_, a view.]
SYNOSTEOSIS, si-nos-t[=e]-[=o]'sis, _n._ union of different parts of the skeleton by means of bone, co-ossification--also SYNOST[=O]'SIS.--_ns._ SYNOSTEOL'OGY, the knowledge of the joints of the body; SYNOSTEOT'OMY, the dissection of the joints.--_adj._ SYNOSTOT'IC. [Gr. _syn_, together, _osteon_, a bone.]
SYNOTUS, si-n[=o]'tus, _n._ a genus of long-eared bats having the rim of the ear produced in front of the eye, including the European Barbastel: a double monster united above the umbilicus, the head incompletely double.
[Gr. _syn_, together, _ous_, _[=o]tos_, the ear.]
SYNOVIAL, sin-[=o]'vi-al, _adj._ relating to SYN[=O]'VIA, an unctuous albuminous fluid, secreted from certain glands in the joints.--_adv._ SYN[=O]'VIALLY.--_n._ SYNOV[=I]'TIS, inflammation of a synovial membrane.
[Gr. _syn_, with, _[=o]on_, an egg.]
SYNTAX, sin'taks, _n._ (_gram._) the correct arrangement of words in sentences.--_adjs._ SYNTAC'TIC, -AL, pertaining to syntax: according to the rules of syntax.--_adv._ SYNTAC'TICALLY. [Gr. _syntaxis_--_syn_, together, _tassein_, _taxein_, to put in order.]