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STATURE, stat'[=u]r, _n._ the height of any animal.--_adj._ STAT'URED, having a certain specified stature. [L. _statura_.]

STATUS, st[=a]'tus, _n._ state: condition: rank. [L.]

STATUTE, stat'[=u]t, _n._ a law expressly enacted by the legislature (as distinguished from a customary law or law of use and wont): a written law: the act of a corporation or its founder, intended as a permanent rule or law.--_adj._ STAT'[=U]TABLE, made by statute: according to statute.--_adv._ STAT'[=U]TABLY.--_ns._ STAT'UTE-BOOK, a record of statutes or enacted laws; STAT'UTE-CAP (_Shak._), a kind of cap enjoined to be worn by a statute passed in 1571 in behalf of the cap-makers; STAT'UTE-ROLL, an enrolled statute.--_adj._ STAT'[=U]TORY, enacted by statute: depending on statute for its authority. [L. _statutum_, that which is set up--_statu[)e]re_.]

STAUNCH, stawnsh, _adj._ firm in principle, pursuit, or support: trusty, hearty, constant, zealous.--_adv._ STAUNCH'LY.--_n._ STAUNCH'NESS.


STAUROLITE, stawr'[=o]-l[=i]t, _n._ a silicate of alumina with ferrous oxide, magnesia, and water, crystallising in trimetric forms, common as twinned cruciform crystals in certain states.--_adj._ STAUROLIT'IC.

STAVE, st[=a]v, _n._ one of the pieces of which a cask is made: a staff or part of a piece of music: a stanza.--_v.t._ to break a stave or the staves of: to break: to burst: to drive off, as with a staff: to delay:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ st[=a]ved or st[=o]ve. [By-form of _staff_.]

STAVES, st[=a]vz, plural of _staff_ and of _stave_.

STAVESACRE, st[=a]vz'[=a]-k[.e]r, _n._ a tall larkspur whose seeds yield delphinin for destroying lice. [O. Fr. _stavesaigre_--Low L.

_staphisagria_--Gr. _staphis_, dried grapes, _agrios_, wild.]

STAW, staw, _v.i._ (_prov._) to stand still, become fixed.--_v.t._ (_Scot._) to surfeit, to scunner at.--_n._ a surfeit.

STAW, staw, a Scotch form of _stole_.

STAY, st[=a], _v.i._ to remain: to abide for any time: to continue in a state: to wait: to cease acting: to dwell: to trust.--_v.t._ to cause to stand: to stop: to restrain: to delay: to prevent from falling: to prop: to support, rest, rely:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ stayed, staid.--_n._ continuance in a place: abode for a time: stand: stop: a fixed state: a standstill: suspension of a legal proceeding: prop, support: (_pl._) a kind of stiff inner waistcoat worn by women.--_ns._ STAY'-AT-HOME, one who keeps much at home--also _adj._; STAY'-BOLT, a bolt or rod binding together opposite plates; STAY'ER, one who, or that which, stops, holds, or supports: a person or animal of good lasting or staying qualities for a race, &c.; STAY'-LACE, a lace for fastening a bodice; STAY'-M[=A]'KER, one whose occupation is to make stays.--STAY THE STOMACH, to allay the cravings of hunger for the time. [O. Fr. _estayer, estaye_--Old Dut. _stade_, a stay.]

STAY, st[=a], _n._ a large strong rope running from the head of one mast to another mast ('fore-and-aft' stay), or to the side of the ship ('back'-stay): the transverse piece in a chain-cable link.--_v.t._ to support or to incline to one side by means of stays: to put on the other tack, to cause to go about.--_v.i._ to change tack, to go about, to be in stays.--_ns._ STAY'SAIL, a sail extended on a stay; STAY'-TACK'LE, a large hoisting tackle fixed by a pendant to the mainstay of a ship.--MISS STAYS (see MISS). [A.S. _staeg_; Dut. _stag_, Ger. _stag_.]

STAYED, st[=a]d, _adj._ (_Spens._). Same as _Staid_, constant.

STAYNE, st[=a]n, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to dim, deface, or disparage. [A form of _stain_.]

STAYRE, st[=a]r, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as _Stair_, a step.

STEAD, sted, _n._ the place which another had or might have: a fixed place of abode: use, help, service, as in 'To stand in good stead.'--_n._ STEADING, the barns, stables, &c. of a farm. [A.S. _stede_, place; Ger.

_stadt, statt_, place, Dut. _stad_, a town.]

STEADFAST, sted'fast, _adj._ firmly fixed or established: firm: constant: resolute: steady.--_adv._ STEAD'FASTLY.--_n._ STEAD'FASTNESS. [A.S.

_stedefaest, stede_, a place, _faest_, firm, fast.]

STEADY, sted'i, _adj._ (_comp._ STEAD'IER, _superl._ STEAD'IEST) firm in standing or in place: fixed: stable: constant: resolute: consistent: regular: uniform: sober, industrious.--_v.t._ to make steady: to make or keep firm:--_pa.t._ and _pa.p._ stead'ied.--_n._ a rest or support, as for the hand, a tool, or a piece of work.--_adv._ STEAD'ILY.--_n._ STEAD'INESS.--_adj._ STEAD'Y-G[=O]'ING, of steady habits or action. [A.S.

_stae__ig_--_stae_, stead, bank; Ger. _statig_, continual.]

STEAK, st[=a]k, _n._ a slice of meat (esp. beef) broiled, or for broiling.

[Prob. Ice. _steik, steikja_, to broil.]

STEAL, st[=e]l, _v.t._ to take by theft or feloniously: to take away without notice: to gain or win by address, insidiously, or by gradual means: to snatch: in golf, to hole a long putt by a stealthy stroke--the opposite of _Gobble._--_v.i._ to practise theft: to take feloniously: to pass secretly: to slip in or out unperceived:--_pa.t._ st[=o]le; _pa.p._ st[=o]len.--_ns._ STEAL'ER; STEAL'ING, the act of taking another's property without his knowledge or consent: stolen property.--_adv._ STEAL'INGLY.--STEAL A MARCH ON, to gain an advantage unperceived. [A.S.

_stelan_; Ger. _stehlen_, Dut. _stelen_.]

STEAL, st[=e]l, _n._ (_Spens._) a handle.

STEALTH, stelth, _n._ the act of stealing: a secret manner of bringing anything to pass.--_adv._ STEALTH'ILY.--_n._ STEALTH'INESS.--_adj._ STEALTH'Y, done by stealth: unperceived: secret.

STEAM, st[=e]m, _n._ the vapour of water--when dry, invisible and transparent like air, and not to be confused with the semi-liquid cloud which comes from the chimney of a locomotive; when superheated, changing the characteristics of a vapour for those belonging to what is known as a 'perfect gas:' the mist formed by condensed vapour: any vaporous exhalation: energy, force, spirit.--_v.i._ to rise or pass off in steam or vapour: to move by steam.--_v.t._ to expose to steam.--_ns._ STEAM'BOAT, STEAM'SHIP, STEAM'-VESS'EL, a boat, ship, or vessel propelled by steam; STEAM'-BOIL'ER, a boiler for generating steam; STEAM'-CARRIAGE, a carriage moved by steam on common roads; STEAM'-CHEST, -DOME, a chamber above a steam-boiler serving as a reservoir for steam; STEAM'-CRANE, a crane worked by a steam-engine; STEAM'-DIG'GER, a machine for digging the soil by means of steam-power, the soil being thereby much more thoroughly pulverised than by ploughing; STEAM'-EN'GINE, an engine or machine which changes heat into useful work through the medium of steam; STEAM'ER, a vessel moved by steam: a road-locomotive, &c.: a vessel in which articles are steamed; STEAM'-GAUGE, an instrument for measuring the pressure of steam in a boiler; STEAM'-GOV'ERNOR, the governor of a steam-engine; STEAM'-GUN, a gun projecting a missile by means of steam; STEAM'-HAMM'ER, a hammer consisting of a steam cylinder and piston placed vertically over an anvil, the hammer moved by the action of the steam; STEAM'INESS, the quality of being vaporous or misty; STEAM'-JACK'ET, a hollow casing surrounding any vessel and into which steam may be admitted; STEAM'-LAUNCH (see LAUNCH); STEAM'-NAVIG[=A]'TION, the propulsion of vessels by steam; STEAM'-NAV'VY, an excavator operated by steam in the making of docks, canals, &c.; STEAM'-PACK'ET, a steam-vessel plying between certain ports; STEAM'-PIPE, a pipe for conveying steam; STEAM'-PLOUGH, a plough or gang of ploughs worked by a steam-engine; STEAM'-POW'ER, the force of steam when applied to machinery; STEAM'-PRESS, a printing-press worked by steam; STEAM'-PRINT'ING, printing in which the presses are operated by steam; STEAM'-TRAP, a contrivance for allowing the passage of water while preventing the passage of steam; STEAM'-TUG, a small steam-vessel used in towing ships; STEAM'-WHIS'TLE, an apparatus attached to a steam-engine through which steam is discharged, producing a sound in the manner of a common whistle.--_adj._ STEAM'Y, consisting of, or like, steam: full of steam or vapour.--_n._ STEAM'-YACHT, a yacht propelled by steam. [A.S.

_steam_; cog. with Dut. _stoom_.]

STEAN, STEEN, st[=e]n, _n._ a stone or earthenware vessel.--_n._ STEAN'ING, the stone or brick lining of a well, &c. [A.S. _staen_, stone.]

STEARE, st[=e]r, _n._ (_Spens._) a steer or ox.

STEARINE, st[=e]'a-r[=i]n, _n._ one of the fats occurring in animals and plants, the chief constituent of the more solid fats, such as mutton suet.--_n._ ST[=E]'AR[=A]TE, a salt formed by the combination of stearic acid with a base.--_adj._ ST[=E]AR'IC, pertaining to, or obtained from, stearine.--_n._ ST[=E]ARRH[=E]'A, an abnormal increase of secretion from the oil-glands of the skin.--STEARIC ACID, an acid abundant in fats. [Gr.

_stear_, _steatos_, suet--_histanai_, to make to stand, to fix.]

STEATITE, st[=e]'a-t[=i]t, _n._ soapstone, a compact or massive variety of talc, a hydrous silicate of magnesia, white or yellow, soft and greasy to the touch--used by tailors for marking cloth, and called _Briancon Chalk_, _French Chalk_, and _Venice Talc_.--_adj._ ST[=E]ATIT'IC.--_ns._ ST[=E]AT[=I]'TIS, inflammation of the fatty tissue; ST[=E]'ATOCELE, a fatty tumour in the scrotum; ST[=E]AT[=O]'MA, a fatty encysted tumour.--_adj._ ST[=E]ATOM'ATOUS.--_n._ ST[=E]ATOP'YGA, an accumulation of fat on the buttocks of the Bushmen women.--_adj._ ST[=E]ATOP'YGOUS, fat-buttocked.--_n._ ST[=E]AT[=O]'SIS, fatty degeneration of an organ, as the heart. [Gr. _steatit[=e]s_--_stear_, _steatos_, suet.]

STEBOY, ste-boi', _interj._ a cry in setting on a dog.--Also HIST'ABOY.


STEED, st[=e]d, _n._ a horse or stallion, esp. a spirited horse. [A.S.

_steda_, from _stod_, a stud; Ger. _stute_, a stud-mare, _ge-stute_, a stud.]

STEEDY, st[=e]d'i, _adj._ (_Spens._) steady.

STEEK, st[=e]k, _n._ (_Scot._) a stitch.--_v.t._ to pierce, to stitch: to close.

STEEL, st[=e]l, _n._ iron combined in varying proportions with carbon for making edged tools: any instrument or weapon of steel: an instrument of steel for sharpening knives on: a strip of steel for stiffening a corset: a piece of steel for striking fire from a flint: extreme hardness: a chalybeate medicine.--_adj._ made of steel: hard, unfeeling.--_v.t._ to overlay or edge with steel: to harden: to make obdurate.--_adj._ STEEL'-CLAD, clad with steel-mail.--_ns._ STEEL'-ENGRAVING, the art of engraving pictures on steel plates from which impressions may be taken, the impression or print so taken; STEEL'INESS, state of being steely, great hardness; STEEL'ING, the welding of a steel edge on a cutting instrument; STEEL'-PEN, a pen-nib made of steel; STEEL'-PLATE, a plate of steel: a plate of polished steel on which a design is engraved, the print taken from such.--_adj._ STEEL'-PL[=A]T'ED, plated with STEEL'-TOYS, small articles of steel as buttons, buckles, &c.--_n._ STEEL'-WARE, articles made of steel collectively.--_adj._ STEEL'Y, made of steel: steel-like. [A.S. _stle_; Ger. _stahl_.]

STEELBOW, st[=e]l'b[=o], _n._ (_Scots law_) a term for goods, such as corn, cattle, straw, and implements of husbandry delivered by the landlord to his tenant, by means of which the latter is enabled to stock and labour the farm, and in consideration of which he becomes bound to return articles equal in quantity and quality at the expiration of the lease.

STEELYARD, st[=e]l'yard, _n._ the Roman balance, an instrument for weighing, consisting of a lever with unequal arms, in using which a single weight or counterpoise is employed, being moved along a graduated beam.

[Orig. the _yard_ in London where _steel_ was sold by German merchants.]

STEEM, st[=e]m (_Spens._). Same as ESTEEM.


STEENBOK, st[=a]n'bok, _n._ one of several small African antelopes. [Dut., _steen_, stone, _bok_, buck.]

STEENKIRK, st[=e]n'kerk, _n._ a lace cravat loosely worn, so named from the defeat of William III. by Luxembourg at _Steenkerke_, August 3, 1692.

STEEP, st[=e]p, _adj._ rising or descending with great inclination: precipitous: difficult, excessive, exorbitant.--_n._ a precipitous place: a precipice.--_adj._ STEEP'-DOWN (_Shak._), deep and precipitous.--_v.i._ STEEP'EN, to become steep.--_ns._ STEEP'INESS, STEEP'NESS, the state or quality of being steep.--_adv._ STEEP'LY.--_adj._ STEEP'Y, steep. [A.S.

_steap_; Ice. _steypthr_.]

STEEP, st[=e]p, _v.t._ to dip or soak in a liquid: to imbue.--_n._ something steeped or used in steeping: a fertilising liquid for seed: rennet.--_n._ STEEP'ER, a vessel in which articles are steeped. [Scand., Ice. _steypa_, to make to stoop, pour out, causal of _stupa_, to stoop.]

STEEPLE, st[=e]p'l, _n._ a tower of a church or building, ending in a point: the high head-dress of the 14th century.--_adj._ STEEP'LED, furnished with a steeple: adorned with, or as with, steeples or towers.--_ns._ STEEP'LE-HAT, a high and narrow-crowned hat; STEEP'LE-HOUSE, an old Quaker name for the building in which believers meet for worship; STEEP'LEJACK, one who climbs steeples and chimney-stalks to make repairs.

[A.S. _stpel_, _stepel_--_steap_, steep.]

STEEPLECHASE, st[=e]p'l-ch[=a]s, _n._ a horserace run across the open country, over hedges, ditches, walls, and other obstacles.--_n._ STEEP'LECH[=A]SER, one who rides such.

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