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SOUPLE, s[=oo]p'l, _adj._ a provincial form of _supple_--denoting raw silk deprived of its silk-glue.

SOUR, sowr, _adj._ having a pungent, acid taste: turned, as milk: rancid: crabbed or peevish in temper: bitter: cold and wet, as soil.--_v.t._ to make sour or acid: to make cross, peevish, or discontented.--_v.i._ to become sour or acid: to become peevish or crabbed.--_n._ SOUR'-CROUT (see SAUER-KRAUT).--_adj._ SOUR'-EYED, morose-looking.--_ns._ SOUR'-GOURD, the cream-of-tartar tree; SOUR'ING, vinegar: the crab-apple: the process in bleaching fabrics that follows the treatment with bleaching-powder, consisting in treatment of the fabric with hydrochloric or sulphuric acid, so as to wash out the lime.--_adj._ SOUR'ISH, somewhat sour.--_adv._ SOUR'LY, in a sour manner: with acidity: with acrimony: discontentedly.--_ns._ SOUR'NESS, the state of being sour: acidity: peevishness: discontent; SOUR'-SOP, a tree of tropical America and its fruit, closely allied to the custard-apple: (_prov._) an ill-natured person. [A.S. _sur_; Ger. _sauer_, Ice. _surr_.]

SOURCE, s[=o]rs, _n._ that from which anything rises or originates: origin: the spring from which a stream flows. [O. Fr. _sorse_ (Fr. _source_), from _sourdre_ (It. _sorgere_)--L. _surg[)e]re_, to raise up, to rise.]

SOURDELINE, s[=oo]r'de-l[=e]n, _n._ a small bagpipe. [Fr.]

SOURDINE, s[=oo]r-d[=e]n', _n._ a stop on the harmonium. [Fr.,--It.

_sordino_, _sordo_, deaf--L. _surdus_, deaf.]

SOUROCK, s[=oo]'rok, _n._ (_Scot._) the common sorrel.

SOUS. Same as SOU.

SOUSE, sows, _v.t._ to strike with sudden violence, as a bird its prey.--_v.i._ to rush with speed, as a bird on its prey.--_n._ violent attack, as of a bird striking its prey.--_adj._ (_Shak._) sudden, violent.--_adv._ with sudden violence, with swift descent downwards.

SOUSE, sows, _n._ pickle made of salt: anything steeped in pickle: the ear, feet, &c. of swine pickled.--_v.t._ to steep in pickle: to plunge into water. [Written also _souce_, a form of _sauce_.]

SOUT, sowt, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as SOOT.

SOUTACHE, s[=oo]-tash', _n._ a narrow braid. [Fr.]

SOUTANE, s[=oo]-t[=a]n', _n._ a cassock. [Fr.,--Low L. _subtana_--L.

_subtus_, beneath.]

SOUTER, s[=oo]'t[.e]r, _n._ (_Scot._) a shoemaker, a cobbler--also SOW'TER, SOU'TAR.--_adv._ SOU'TERLY. [A.S. _sutere_ (Ice. _sutari_)--L.

_sutor_--_su[)e]re_, to sew.]

SOUTH, sowth, _n._ the direction in which the sun appears at noon to the people north of the Tropic of Cancer: any land opposite the north: the Southern States in U.S. history: the side of a church on the right hand of one facing the altar.--_adj._ lying towards the south.--_adv._ towards the south.--_v.i._ to veer towards the south: to cross the meridian of a place.--_n._ SOUTH'-EAST', the direction equally distant from the south and east.--_adjs._ SOUTH'-EAST', SOUTH'-EAST'ERLY, SOUTH'-EAST'ERN, pertaining to, in the direction of, or coming from the south-east.--_n._ SOUTH'-EAST'ER, a wind from the south-east.--_advs._ SOUTH'-EAST'WARD, -LY, toward the south-east.--_n._ SOUTHER (sow_th_'-), a wind from the south.--_v.i._ to veer toward the south.--_adj._ SOUTHERING (su_th_'-), turned toward the south, having a southern exposure.--_n._ SOUTHERLINESS (su_th_'-), the condition of being southerly.--_adjs._ SOUTHERLY (su_th_'-), SOUTHERN (su_th_'-), pertaining to, situated in, or proceeding from or towards the south:--_superls._ SOUTHERMOST (su_th_'-), SOUTHERNMOST (su_th_'-), SOUTH'MOST, most southern, farthest towards the south.--_n._ SOUTHERNER (su_th_'-), an inhabitant of the south, esp. of the Southern States of America.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ SOUTHERNISE (su_th_'-), to render southern in qualities or character, or to become such.--_n._ SOUTHERNISM (su_th_'-), a form of expression peculiar to the south, esp. the Southern States of America.--_adv._ SOUTHERNLY (su_th_'-), towards the south.--_ns._ SOUTHERNWOOD (su_th_'-), an aromatic plant of southern Europe, closely allied to wormwood; SOUTHING (sow_th_'-), tendency or motion to the south: the time at which the moon passes the meridian; SOUTH'LAND, the south (also _adj._).--_adv._ SOUTH'LY.--_n._ SOUTH'NESS, tendency of a magnetic needle to point toward the south.--_adj._ SOUTHRON (su_th_'-), southern, esp.

English.--_n._ a native or inhabitant of a southern country or district: an Englishman.--_advs._ SOUTH'WARD (also su_th_'ard), toward the south (also _n._ and _adj._); SOUTH'WARDLY (also _adj._); SOUTH'WARDS.--_n._ SOUTH'-WEST', the direction equally distant from the south and west--_adjs._ SOUTH'-WEST', SOUTH'-WEST'ERLY, SOUTH'-WEST'ERN, pertaining to, proceeding from, or lying in the direction of the south-west.--_n._ SOUTH'-WEST'ER, a storm or gale from the south-west: a painted canvas hat with a broad flap behind for the neck (often SOU'WEST'ER).--SOUTH SEA, the Pacific Ocean. [A.S. _suth_; Ger. _sud_, Ice. _sudhr_.]

SOUTHCOTTIAN, sowth'kot-i-an, _n._ a follower of Joanna _Southcott_ (1750-1814), whose dropsy was taken by many, and perhaps herself, for the gestation of a second Shiloh or Prince of Peace.

SOUTHDOWN, sowth'down, _adj._ pertaining to the _South Downs_ in Hampshire, the famous breed of sheep so named, or their mutton.--_n._ this breed of sheep, a sheep of the same, or its mutton.

SOUTHSAY, SOUTHSAYER, s[=oo]th'-. Same as SOOTHSAY, &c.

SOUVENIR, s[=oo]-ve-n[=e]r', _n._ a remembrancer, a keepsake.--_n._ SOUV'ENANCE (_Spens._), remembrance, memory. [Fr.,--L. _subven[=i]re_, to come up, to come to mind--_sub_, under, _ven[=i]re_, to come.]

SOVEREIGN, suv'r[=a]n, or sov'e-r[=a]n, _adj._ supreme: possessing supreme power or dominion: superior to all others: utmost: most efficacious--(_Milt._) SOV'RAN.--_n._ a supreme ruler: a monarch: a gold coin=20s.--_v.t._ to rule over as a sovereign.--_adj._ SOV'EREIGNEST (_Shak._), most effectual.--_adv._ SOV'EREIGNLY, in a sovereign manner: in the highest degree: supremely.--_n._ SOV'EREIGNTY, supreme power: dominion.

[O. Fr. _sovrain_--Low L. _superanus_--L. _super_, _supra_, above.]

SOW, sow, _n._ a female pig: the metal solidified in parallel grooves or _pigs_, the iron of these being _pig-iron_: a movable shed for protecting the men using a battering-ram.--_ns._ SOW'BACK, a low ridge of sand or gravel; SOW'-BREAD, a genus of plants, allied to the primrose, natives of the south of Europe, the tubers of which are eaten by swine; SOW'-BUG, an air-breathing oniscoid isopod, a pill-bug, slater.--_adj._ SOW'-DRUNK (_prov._), beastly drunk.--_ns._ SOW'-GELD'ER, one who spays sows; SOW'-THIS'TLE, a genus of plants, the tender tops of which are used in the north of Europe as greens. [A.S. _su_, _sugu_; Ger. _sau_, Ice. _sr_; L.

_sus_, Gr. _hys_.]

SOW, s[=o], _v.t._ to scatter seed that it may grow: to plant by strewing: to scatter seed over: to spread, disseminate.--_v.i._ to scatter seed for growth:--_pa.p._ sown and sowed.--_ns._ SOW'ER; SOW'ING; SOW'ING-MACHINE', a hand or horse-power seed-planting machine: a broadcast sower. [A.S.

_sawan_; Ger. _saen_, Ice. _sa_, Goth. _saian_.]

SOWAR, s[=o]-ar', _n._ a native horse-soldier in the British Indian army, a mounted attendant. [Hind. _saw[=a]r_, a horseman.]

SOWENS, s[=o]'enz, (_Scot._) a dish made from the farina remaining among the husks of oats, flummery.--Also SOW'ANS.

SOWL, SOWLE, sowl, _v.t._ (_Shak._) to pull by the ears.

SOWND, sownd, _v.t._ (_Spens._) to wield.

SOWND, sownd, _n._ (_Spens._)=swound, the same as SWOON.

SOWNE, sown, _n._ (_Spens._). Same as SOUND.

SOWSE, sows, _v._ and _n._ (_Spens._). Same as _Souse_, to strike.

SOWTH, sowth, _v.i._ and _v.t._ (_Scot._) to whistle softly, to whistle over a tune.

SOY, soi, _n._ a thick and piquant sauce made from the seeds of the soy bean or pea, a native of China, Japan, and the Moluccas.--Also SOO'JA.

[Jap. _si-yan_, Chin. _shi-yu_.]

SOYLE, soil, _n._ (_Spens._) prey.

SOZZLE, soz'l, _v.t._ to make wet or muddy.--_n._ disorder.--_adj._ SOZZ'LY, sloppy.

SPA, spaw, _n._ a place where there is a mineral spring of water. [From _Spa_ in Belgium.]

SPACE, sp[=a]s, _n._ extension as distinct from material substances: room: largeness: distance between objects: interval between lines or words in books: quantity of time: distance between two points of time: opportunity, leisure: a short time: interval.--_v.t._ to make or arrange intervals between.--_ns._ SP[=A]'CER, one who, or that which, spaces: an instrument by which to reverse a telegraphic current, esp. in a marine cable, for increasing the speed of transmission: a space-bar; SPACE'-WRIT'ER, in journalism, one paid for his articles according to the space they occupy when printed; SP[=A]'CING, the act of dividing into spaces, placing at suitable intervals, as in printing, &c.: the space thus made: spaces collectively.--_adj._ SP[=A]'CIOUS, having large space: large in extent: roomy: wide.--_adv._ SP[=A]'CIOUSLY.--_n._ SP[=A]'CIOUSNESS. [Fr.

_espace_--L. _spatium_; Gr. _sp[=a]n_.]

SPACIAL=_Spatial_ (q.v.).

SPADASSIN, spad'a-sin, _n._ a swordsman, a bravo. [Fr.,--It.

_spadaccino_--_spada_, a sword.]

SPADE, sp[=a]d, _n._ a broad blade of iron with a handle, used for digging: a playing-card of one of the two black suits, shaped like a heart with a triangular handle.--_v.t._ to dig with a spade.--_ns._ SPADE'-BONE, the scapula; SPADE'-FOOT, a scaphiopod or spade-footed toad; SPADE'FUL, as much as a spade will hold; SPADE'-GUIN'EA, a guinea coined 1787-99, so called from the shield on the reverse side having the shape of the spade in playing-cards.--CALL A SPADE A SPADE, to call things by their plain names, without softening: to speak out plainly. [A.S. _spadu_, _spaedu_; L.

_spatha_--Gr. _spath[=e]_, any broad blade.]

SPADE, sp[=a]d, _n._ a eunuch: a gelding.--Also SP[=A]'DO. [Gr.

_spad[=o]n_, a eunuch.]

SPADILLE, spa-dil', _n._ the ace of spades in the games of ombre and quadrille.--Also SPADIL'IO. [Fr.,--Sp. _espadilla_, dim. of _espada_, the ace of spades.]

SPADIX, sp[=a]'diks, _n._ (_bot._) a fleshy spike of flowers, usually covered by a leaf called a spathe:--_pl._ SP[=A]D[=I]'CES.--_adjs._ SP[=A]DIC'EOUS, SPAD'ICOSE. [Gr.]

SPADONE, spa-d[=o]'n[=e], _n._ a long heavy sword for both hands.--Also SPADROON'. [It.]

SPAE, sp[=a], _v.i._ and _v.t._ (_Scot._) to foretell, divine--also SPAY.--_ns._ SPAE'MAN; SP[=A]'ER; SPAE'WIFE, [Scand., Ice. _spa_; Ger.

_spahen_, to spy.]

SPAGHETTI, spa-get'ti, _n._ an Italian cord-like paste intermediate in size between macaroni and vermicelli. [It., _pl._ of _spaghetto_, dim. of _spago_, a cord.]

SPAGIRIC, -AL, spa-jir'ik, -al, _adj._ chemical, according to the chemistry of Paracelsus and his followers.--_n._ SPAGIR'IST, a follower of Paracelsus. [Gr. _span_, to tear, _ageirein_, to bring together.]

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