SORITES, s[=o]-r[=i]'t[=e]z, _n._ an argument composed of an indeterminate number of propositions, so arranged that the predicate of the first becomes the subject of the second, and so on till the conclusion is reached, which unites the subject of the first with the predicate of the last.
[Gr.,--_s[=o]ros_, a heap.]
SORN, sorn, _v.i._ (_Scot._) to obtrude one's self on another as an uninvited guest.--_n._ SOR'NER, one who takes food and lodging by force or threats. [Prob. _sojourn_.]
SORORICIDE, sor-or'i-s[=i]d, _n._ the murder, or the murderer, of a sister.
[L. _soror_, a sister, _caed[)e]re_, to kill.]
SORORISE, s[=o]'ror-[=i]z, _v.i._ to associate as sisters.--_adj._ SOR[=O]'RAL.--_adv._ SOR[=O]'RIALLY, in a sisterly manner.
SOROSIS, s[=o]-r[=o]'sis, _n._ a compound fleshy fruit, resulting from many flowers, as the pine-apple. [Gr. _s[=o]ros_, a heap.]
SOROTROCHOUS, s[=o]-rot'r[=o]-kus, _adj._ having the wheel-organ compound, as a rotifer. [Gr. _s[=o]ros_, a heap, trochos, a wheel.]
SORREL, sor'el, _n._ one of several species of the genus _Rumex_, allied to the dock, the leaves impregnated with oxalic acid--the Scotch _Sourock_.
The Wood-sorrel belongs to the genus _Oxalis_. [O. Fr. _sorel_ (Fr.
_surelle_)--_sur_, sour; from Old High Ger. _s[=u]r_ (Ger. _sauer_), sour.]
SORREL, sor'el, _adj._ of a reddish-brown colour.--_n._ a reddish-brown colour. [O. Fr. _sor_ (Fr. _saure_), sorrel, from Low Ger. _soor_, dried, withered.]
SORROW, sor'[=o], _n._ pain of mind: grief: affliction: lamentation: the devil (Irish _Sorra_).--_v.i._ to feel sorrow or pain of mind: to grieve.--_p.adj._ SORR'OWED. (_Shak._), accompanied with sorrow.--_adj._ SORR'OWFUL, full of sorrow: causing, showing, or expressing sorrow: sad: dejected.--_adv._ SORR'OWFULLY.--_n._ SORR'OWFULNESS.--_adj._ SORR'OWLESS, free from sorrow. [A.S. _sorg_, _sorh_; Ger. _sorge_, Ice. _sorg_.]
SORRY, sor'i, _adj._ grieved for something past: melancholy: poor: worthless.--_adj._ SORR'IEST (_Shak._), most sorrowful.--_adv._ SORR'ILY.--_n._ SORR'INESS. [A.S. _sarig_, wounded--sar, pain; Dut.
SORT, sort, _n._ a number of persons or things having like qualities: class, kind, or species: order or rank: manner.--_v.t._ to separate into lots or classes: to put together: to select: to procure, adapt: to geld: (_Scot._) to adjust, put right, dispose, fix: to punish.--_v.i._ to be joined with others of the same sort: to associate: to suit.--_adj._ SORT'ABLE, capable of being sorted: (_Bacon_) suitable, befitting.--_ns._ SORT'ANCE (_Shak._), suitableness, agreement; SORT'ER, one who separates and arranges, as letters; SORT'ES, lots used in divination by passages selected by hazard from the Bible, Homer, Virgil, &c.; SORT'ILEGE, the act or practice of divination by drawing lots; SORTI'TION, the casting of lots; SORT'MENT, act of sorting.--IN A SORT (_Shak._), in a manner; IN SORT, inasmuch as; OUT OF SORTS, out of order, unwell: (_print._) with some sorts of type in the font exhausted. [O. Fr. _sorte_--L. _sors_, _sortis_, a lot--_ser[)e]re_, to join.]
SORTIE, sor't[=e], _n._ the issuing of a body of troops from a besieged place to attack the besiegers. [Fr.,--_sortir_, to go out, to issue--L.
_surg[)e]re_, to rise up.]
SORUS, s[=o]'rus, _n._ a heap:--_pl._ S[=O]'RI.--_adj._ S[=O]'ROSE, bearing sori. [Gr. _s[=o]ros_, a heap.]
SO-SO, s[=o]'-s[=o], _adj._ neither very good nor very bad: tolerable: indifferent.
SOSS, sos, _n._ a mess, a puddle: a heavy fall.--_v.t._ to dirty: to throw carelessly about.--_v.i._ to tumble into a chair, &c.--_adv._ plump.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ SOS'SLE, to dabble. [Prob. Gael. _sos_, a mixture.]
SOSTENUTO, sos-te-n[=oo]'t[=o], _adj._ (_mus._) sustained, prolonged. [It.]
SOSTRUM, sos'trum, _n._ a reward given for saving one's life, a physician's fee. [Gr., _s[=o]zein_, to save.]
SOT, sot, _n._ one stupefied by drinking: a habitual drunkard.--_v.i._ to play the sot, to tipple.--_adj._ SOT'TISH, like a sot: foolish: stupid with drink.--_adv._ SOT'TISHLY.--_n._ SOT'TISHNESS. [O. Fr. _sot_, perh. of Celt. origin; Bret. _sod_, stupid.]
SOTADEAN, sot-a-d[=e]'an, _adj._ pertaining to _Sotades_, a lascivious Greek poet at Alexandria about 276 B.C. His _Cinoedi_ were malicious and indecent satires and travesties of mythology written in Ionic dialect and in a peculiar metre.--_n._ SOTAD'IC, a sotadean verse.
SOTERIOLOGY, s[=o]-t[=e]-ri-ol'[=o]-ji, _n._ (_theol._) the doctrine of salvation by Jesus Christ.--_adjs._ SOT[=E]'RIAL, pertaining to redemption; SOT[=E]RIOLOG'ICAL. [Gr. _s[=o]t[=e]rios_, saving--_s[=o]t[=e]r_, saviour, _logia_--_legein_, to speak.]
SOTHIC, s[=o]'thik, _adj._ of or pertaining to the dog-star _Sothis_ or Sirius.--SOTHIC CYCLE, or period, a period of 1460 years; SOTHIC YEAR, the ancient Egyptian fixed year, according to the heliacal rising of Sirius.
SOTTO, sot't[=o], _adv._ under, below, as in SOTTO VOCE, in an undertone, aside. [It.,--L. _subter_, under.]
SOU, s[=oo], _n._ a French copper coin, the five-centime piece=1/20th of a franc. [Fr. _sou_ (It. _soldo_)--L. _solidus_, a coin.]
SOUARI, sow-a'ri, _n._ a tree of British Guiana yielding a durable timber and edible nuts.
SOUBISE, s[=oo]-b[=e]z', _n._ an 18th-cent. men's cravat. [Fr.]
SOUBRETTE, s[=oo]-bret', _n._ a maid-servant in a comedy, conventionally pert, coquettish, and intriguing. [Fr.]
SOUCHONG, s[=oo]-shong', _n._ a fine sort of black tea. [Fr.,--Chin.
_siao_, small, _chung_, sort.]
SOUFFLE, s[=oo]'fl, _n._ a murmuring sound. [Fr.]
SOUFFLe, s[=oo]-fl[=a]', _n._ a light dish, consisting of the whites of eggs, with chocolate, cheese, vanilla, &c., whisked into a creamy froth.--_adj._ prepared in this way. [Fr., _souffler_, to blow--L.
_suffl[=a]re_, to blow.]
SOUGH, sow, suf, or, as Scot., s[=oo]h, _v.i._ to sigh, as the wind.--_v.t._ to whine out cantingly.--_n._ a sighing of the wind: a vague rumour: a whining tone of voice.--KEEP A CALM SOUGH, to keep quiet. [Prob.
Ice. _sugr_, a rushing sound, or A.S. _swogan_, to rustle.]
SOUGH, suf, _n._ a drain, sewer, mine-adit.--_n._ SOUGH'ING-TILE, a drain-tile. [Prob. W. _soch_, a drain.]
SOUGHT, sawt, _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ of _seek_.
SOUL, s[=o]l, _n._ that part of man which thinks, feels, desires, &c.: the seat of life and intellect: life: essence: internal power: energy or grandeur of mind: a human being, a person.--_ns._ SOUL'-BELL, the passing bell; SOUL'-C[=U]R'ER (_Shak._), a parson.--_adjs._ SOULED, full of soul or feeling; SOUL'-FEAR'ING (_Shak._), soul-terrifying; SOUL'FUL, expressive of elevated feeling.--_adv._ SOUL'FULLY.--_n._ SOUL'FULNESS.--_adj._ SOUL'LESS, without nobleness of mind, mean, spiritless.--_ns._ SOUL'LESSNESS; SOUL'-SHOT, -SCOT, a funeral payment.--_adj._ SOUL'-SICK, morally diseased.--ALL-SOULS' DAY, the 2d November, when the souls of the faithful departed are commemorated. [M. E. _saule_--A.S. _sawol_; Ger.
SOUM, SOWM, sowm, _n._ (_Scot._) the proportion of sheep or cattle suitable for any pasture: pasture for a certain number of sheep or cattle.--_v.i._ to determine such. [A form of _sum_.]
SOUND, sownd, _adj._ safe, whole, entire: perfect: healthy, strong: profound: correct: orthodox: weighty.--_adv._ soundly, completely fast, as in sleep.--_adv._ SOUND'LY.--_n._ SOUND'NESS. [A.S. _gesund_; Ger.
_gesund_, and perh. L. _sanus_, sound.]
SOUND, sownd, _n._ a narrow passage of water: a strait. [A.S. _sund_, a narrow arm of the sea, from _swimman_, to swim; Ger. _sund_, a strait.]
SOUND, sownd, _n._ the air or swimming bladder of a fish. [A.S. _sund_, swimming.]
SOUND, sownd, _v.i._ to make a noise: to utter a voice: to spread or be spread: to appear on narration.--_v.t._ to cause to make a noise: to utter audibly: to direct by a sound or audible signal: to examine by percussion: to publish audibly.--_n._ the impression produced on the ear by the vibrations of air: noise, particular quality of tone: report, hearing-distance: empty or meaningless noise.--_p.adj._ SOUND'ING, making a sound or noise: having a magnificent sound.--_ns._ SOUND'ING-BOARD, SOUND'-BOARD, the thin plate of wood or metal which increases and propagates the sound of a musical instrument: the horizontal board or structure over a pulpit, reading-desk, &c., carrying the speaker's voice towards the audience; SOUND'ING-POST, SOUND'-POST, a support set under the bridge of a violin, for propagating the sounds to the body of the instrument.--_adj._ SOUND'LESS, without sound, silent: not capable of being sounded, unfathomable. [M. E. _sounen_--O. Fr. _soner_--L. _son[=a]re_, to sound, _sonus_, a sound.]
SOUND, sownd, _v.t._ to measure the depth of, esp. with a line and plummet: to probe: to try to discover a man's secret thoughts, wishes, &c.: to test: to introduce an instrument into the bladder to examine it.--_v.i._ to use the line and lead in ascertaining the depth of water.--_n._ a probe, an instrument to discover stone in the bladder.--_ns._ SOUND'ING, the ascertaining the depth of water: (_pl._) any part of the ocean where a sounding-line will reach the bottom; SOUND'ING-LEAD, the weight at the end of a sounding-line; SOUND'ING-LINE, a line with a plummet at the end for soundings; SOUND'ING-ROD, a rod for measuring water in a ship's hold. [O.
Fr. _sonder_, to sound; acc. to Diez, from Low L. _subund[=a]re_--L. _sub_, under, _unda_, a wave.]
SOUND, sownd, _n._ (_Spens._) swoon.
SOUNDER, sown'd[.e]r, _n._ a herd of swine, a young boar. [A.S. _sunor_, a herd of swine.]
SOUP, s[=oo]p, _n._ the nutritious liquid obtained by boiling meat or vegetables in stock--named from the chief ingredient, as pea-, tomato-, vermicelli-, hare-, oxtail-soup, &c.--_ns._ SOUP'ER, a convert for the sake of material benefits; SOUP'-KITCH'EN, a place for supplying soup to the poor gratis or at a nominal price; SOUP'-MAI'GRE, a thin fish or vegetable soup, originally for fast-days; SOUP'-TICK'ET, a ticket authorising the holder to receive soup at a soup-kitchen.--_adj._ SOUP'Y. [O. Fr.
_soupe_--Old Dut. _sop_, _zop_, broth, _soppe_, _zoppe_, a sop.]
SOUPcON, soop-song', _n._ a suspicion--hence a very small quantity, as of spirits. [Fr.]