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SONTAG, son'tag, _n._ a woman's knitted cape, tied down round the waist.

[From the famous German singer, Henrietta SONTAG (1806-54).]

SONTY, son'ti, _n._ (_Shak._) sanctity--generally in plural, as in the oath, 'By God's sonties!'

SOOCHONG=_Souchong_ (q.v.).

SOON, s[=oo]n, _adv._ immediately or in a short time: without delay: early: readily, willingly.--_adj._ SOON'-BELIEV'ING (_Shak._), believing readily.--SOON AT (_Shak._), about; SOONER OR LATER, at some time in the future.--AS SOON AS, immediately after; NO SOONER THAN, as soon as. [A.S.

_sona_; Goth. _suns_.]

SOOP, s[=oo]p, _v.t._ (_Scot._) to sweep.--_n._ SOOP'ING, sweeping.

SOOT, soot, _n._ the black powder condensed from smoke.--_ns._ SOOT'ERKIN, a fabulous birth induced by the Dutch women sitting huddled over their stoves--hence anything fruitless or abortive; SOOT'FLAKE, a smut of soot; SOOT'INESS.--_adj._ SOOT'Y, consisting of, or like, soot. [A.S. _sot_; Dan.


SOOTE, s[=oo]t. _adv._ (_Spens._) sweetly.

SOOTH, s[=oo]th, _n._ truth, reality.--_adj._ true: pleasing.--_adv._ indeed.--_adj._ SOOTH'FAST, truthful, honest, faithful.--_adv._ SOOTH'FASTLY.--_n._ SOOTH'FASTNESS.--_advs._ SOOTH'LY, SOOTH'LICH (_Spens._), truly, indeed.--_v.i._ SOOTH'SAY, to foretell, to divine.--_ns._ SOOTH'SAYER, one who divines, esp. a pretender to the power; SOOTH'SAYING, divination, prediction. [A.S. _soth_, true; Ice. _sannr_, true.]

SOOTHE, s[=oo]_th_, _v.t._ to please with soft words: to flatter: to soften, allay.--_ns._ SOOTH'ER, one who, or that which, soothes: (_Shak._) one who gains by blandishments, a flatterer; SOOTH'ING (_Shak._), flattery (also _adj._).--_adv._ SOOTH'INGLY. [A.S. _gesothian_, to confirm as true--_soth_, true.]

SOP, sop, _n._ anything dipped or soaked, esp. in soup, to be eaten: anything given to satisfy or quieten.--_v.t._ to steep in liquor: to take up by absorption (with up).--_v.i._ to soak in, percolate: to be soaked:--_pr.p._ sop'ping; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ sopped.--_n._ SOP-, SOPS-, IN-WINE (_Spens._), a flower resembling a carnation. [A.S. _sop_ (in _sopcuppa_, a dish), from _supan_, to sip; Ice. _soppa_, soup.]

SOPH, sof, _n._ an abbreviation of _sophister_ (q.v.)--also of _sophomore_ (q.v.).

SOPHERIM, s[=o]'fe-rim, the scribes, the expounders of the Jewish oral law.--_adj._ S[=O]'PHERIC. [Heb.]

SOPHI, s[=o]'fi, _n._ (_Milt._) a title of the king of Persia. [Pers.

_sufi_, wise, pious.]

SOPHIC, -AL, sof'ik, -al, _adj._ teaching wisdom, pertaining to wisdom.--_adv._ SOPH'ICALLY.

SOPHISM, sof'izm, _n._ a specious fallacy..--_n._ SOPH'IST, one of a class of public teachers of rhetoric, philosophy, &c. in Greece in the 5th century B.C.: a captious or fallacious reasoner--also SOPH'ISTER (_Shak._): a student at an English university in his second or third year, the students in these years being called junior and senior sophister respectively.--_adjs._ SOPHIS'TIC, -AL, pertaining to a sophist or to sophistry: fallaciously subtle.--_adv._ SOPHIS'TICALLY.--_n._ SOPHIS'TICALNESS, the state or quality of being sophistical.--_v.t._ SOPHIS'TIC[=A]TE, to render sophistical or unsound: to corrupt by mixture.--_adj._ SOPHIS'TIC[=A]TED, adulterated: impure: not genuine.--_ns._ SOPHISTIC[=A]'TION, act of sophisticating, adulterating, or injuring by mixture; SOPHIS'TIC[=A]TOR, one who sophisticates or adulterates; SOPHIS'TICISM, the philosophy or the methods of the sophists; SOPH'ISTRESS, a she-sophist; SOPH'ISTRY, specious but fallacious reasoning.

[Fr. _sophisme_--Gr. _sophisma_--_sophizein_, to make wise--_sophos_, wise.]

SOPHOCLEAN, sof-[=o]-kl[=e]'an, _adj._ pertaining to _Sophocles_, Athenian tragic poet (496-405 B.C.).

SOPHOMORE, sof'[=o]-m[=o]r, _n._ (_U.S._) a second-year student.--_adj._ pertaining to such.--_adjs._ SOPHOMOR'IC, -AL, [Gr. _sophos_, wise, _m[=o]ros_, foolish.]

SOPHORA, s[=o]-f[=o]'ra, _n._ a genus of leguminous plants, natives of warm regions of both the Old and New World, with highly ornamental white, yellow, or violet flowers--_Sophora Japonica_ is the Japanese or Chinese pagoda-tree. [Ar. _sof[=a]ra_--_asfar_, yellow.]

SOPHROSYNE, s[=o]-fros'i-n[=e], _n._ soundness of mind. [Gr.]

SOPIENT, s[=o]'pi-ent, _n._ a soporific.

SOPITE, s[=o]'p[=i]t, _v.t._ to put to rest: to quash.--_n._ SOPI'TION, lethargy.

SOPORIFIC, s[=o]-p[=o]-rif'ik, _adj._ making or causing sleep.--_n._ anything that causes sleep.--_adj._ SOPORIF'EROUS, bringing, causing, or tending to cause sleep: sleepy.--_adv._ SOPORIF'EROUSLY.--_n._ SOPORIF'EROUSNESS.--_adjs._ S[=O]'POR[=O]SE, S[=O]'POROUS, sleepy, causing sleep. [Fr. _soporifique_--L. _sopor_, sleep, _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

SOPPY. sop'i, _adj._ sopped or soaked in liquid.

SOPRA, s[=o]'pra, _adv._ (_mus._) above. [It.]

SOPRANO, s[=o]-pra'no, _n._ the highest variety of voice, treble: a singer with such a voice:--_pl._ SOPRA'NOS, SOPRA'NI.--_n._ SOPRA'NIST, a singer of soprano. [It., from _sopra_--L. _supra_ or _super_, above.]

SORA, s[=o]'ra, _n._ a North American short-billed rail.--Also S[=O]'REE.

SORAGE, s[=o]r'[=a]j, _n._ the time between a hawk's being taken from the aerie and her mewing her feathers. [See SORE (2).]

SORASTRUM, s[=o]-ras'trum, _n._ a genus of fresh-water algae. [Gr.

_s[=o]ros_, a heap; _astron_, a star.]

SORB, sorb, _n._ the mountain-ash or service-tree.--_ns._ SORB'-APPLE, the fruit of the service-tree; SOR'B[=A]TE, SOR'BIN or SOR'BINE, SOR'BITE.--_adj._ SOR'BIC, pertaining to, or from, the sorb. [Fr.,--L.


SORB, sorb, _n._ one of a Slavonic race in Saxony and the neighbouring parts of Prussia.--Also _Wend_, or _Lusatian Wend_.--_adj._ SOR'BIAN, pertaining to the Sorbs or their language.--_n._ a Sorb, or the Sorbian tongue.--_adj._ and _n._ SOR'BISH.

SORBEFACIENT, sor-be-f[=a]'shent, _adj._ producing absorption.--_n._ a medicine which produces absorption.--_n._ SOR'BENT, an absorbent. [L.

_sorb[)e]r_e, to suck in, _faciens_, _-entis_, pr.p. of _fac[)e]re_, to make.]

SORBET, sor'bet, _n._ sherbet: water-ice.

SORBONNE, sor-bon', _n._ the earliest and the most famous of all the colleges of the medieval university of Paris, founded in 1253 by Robert of _Sorbon_, in the diocese of Rheims. Exclusively devoted to theology, till the close of the 15th century it controlled by its teaching and its dogmatic decisions the intellectual life of Europe.--_adj._ SORBON'ICAL.--_n._ SOR'BONIST, a doctor of the Sorbonne.

SORCERY, sor's[.e]r-i, _n._ divination by the assistance of evil spirits: enchantment: magic: witchcraft.--_n._ SOR'CERER, one who practises sorcery: an enchanter: a magician:--_fem._ SOR'CERESS, a witch.--_adj._ SOR'CEROUS, using sorcery. [O. Fr. _sorcerie_--Low L. _sortiarius_, one who tells fortunes by lots--L. _sort[=i]ri_, to cast lots--_sors_, _sortis_, a lot.]

SORD, s[=o]rd, _n._ (_Milt._) a form of sward.

SORDAMENTE, sor-da-men'te, _adv._ (_mus._) in a muffled manner, softly.


SORDID, sor'did, _adj._ dirty, squalid: of a dull colour: morally foul, vile: mean: meanly avaricious.--_n._ SOR'DES, filth, foul accretions on the teeth in low forms of fever.--_adv._ SOR'DIDLY.--_ns._ SOR'DIDNESS, state of being sordid; SOR'DOR, filth, dregs. [Fr. _sordide_--L.

_sordidus_--_sord[=e]re_, to be dirty.]

SORDINE, sor'din, _n._ a mute, damper, or other device to soften or deaden the sound of a stringed instrument.--_advs._ SOR'DO, SOR'DA, damped with a mute.--_n._ SORD[=O]'NO, a musical instrument of the oboe family. [It.

_sordina_--L. _surdus_, deaf.]

SORE, s[=o]r, _n._ a wounded or diseased spot on an animal body: an ulcer or boil: (_B._) grief, affliction.--_adj._ wounded: tender: susceptible of pain: easily pained or grieved: bringing sorrow or regret: severe, violent, intense: wretched.--_adv._ painfully: grievously: severely, thoroughly.--_n._ SORE'HEAD (_U.S._), a person discontented with the reward for his political services.--_adj._ SORE'HEADED.--_adv._ SORE'LY, in a sore manner: grievously.--_n._ SORE'NESS. [A.S. _sar_; Ger. _sehr_, very, Ice.

_sarr_, sore.]

SORE, s[=o]r, _n._ (_Spens._) a hawk of the first year: (_Shak._) a buck of the fourth year. [O. Fr. _saur_, _sor_, sorrel, reddish.]

SOREDIUM, s[=o]-r[=e]'di-um, _n._ one or more algal cells in a lichen with enveloping fungus-threads, a brood-bud:--_pl._ SOR[=E]'DIA.--_adjs._ SOR[=E]'DIAL, SOR[=E]'DIATE, SOREDIF'EROUS.

SOREHON, s[=o]r'hon, _n._ an ancient Irish exaction of a lord from a freeholder or tenant.

SOREX, s[=o]'reks, _n._ the typical genus of the family _Soricidae_ and sub-family _Soricinae_, one of this genus, a shrew.--_adjs._ SORIC'IDENT, having teeth like the shrew; SOR'ICINE, pertaining to the shrew-mouse; SOR'ICOID, soricine. [L.,--Gr. _hyrax_, a shrew-mouse.]

SORGHUM, sor'gum, _n._ a genus of grasses, also called _Durra millet_ and _Indian millet_, or _Sorgho grass_. It is closely allied to sugar-cane and beard-grass. [Sp. _sorgo_--Low L. _sorgum_, _surgum_, _suricum_, prob. an East Ind. word.]

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