SIRRAH, s[.e]r'a, _n._ sir, used in anger or contempt. [An extension of _sir_.]
SIR-REVERENCE, s[.e]r-rev'e-rens, _n._ a corr. of _save-reverence_.
SIRUP. See SYRUP.
SIRVENTE, sir-vont', _n._ a satirical song of the 12th-13th century trouveres and troubadours. [Fr.]
SIS, sis, _n._ a girl, a sweetheart.--Also SIS'SY. [From _Cicely_.]
SISAL-GRASS, sis'al-gras, _n._ the prepared fibre of the agave or American aloe, supplying cordage.--Also SIS'AL-HEMP.
SISCOWET, sis'k[=o]-et, _n._ a Lake Superior variety of the great lake trout.--Also SIS'KIWIT, SIS'KOWET.
SISERARY, sis'e-r[=a]-ri, _n._ a stroke, blow, originally a legal writ transferring a cause to a higher court.--WITH A SISERARY, with suddenness or vehemence. [A corr. of _certiorari_.]
SISKIN, sis'kin, _n._ a genus of perching birds belonging to the family _Fringillidae_, the true finches. [Dan. _sisgen_, Sw. _siska_, Ger.
SIST, sist, _v.t._ (_Scots law_) to present at the bar: cause to appear, summon: to delay, stop.--_n._ the act of staying diligence or execution on decrees for civil debts. [L. _sist[)e]re_, to make to stand.]
SISTER, sis't[.e]r, _n._ a female born of the same parents: a female closely allied to or associated with another.--_adj._ closely related, akin.--_v.t._ and _v.i._ to resemble closely: to be a sister to: to be allied.--_ns._ SIS'TERHOOD, state of being a sister, the duty of a sister: a society of females, a community of women living together under a religious rule, and with a common object for their united life; SIS'TER-HOOK, in a ship's rigging, one of a pair of hooks fitting closely together and working on the same axis--also _Clip-hook_ and _Clove-hook_; SIS'TER-IN-LAW, a husband's or wife's sister, or a brother's wife.--_adjs._ SIS'TERLESS, having no sister; SIS'TER-LIKE, SIS'TERLY, like or becoming a sister: kind: affectionate. [A.S. _sweostor_; Dut. _zuster_, Ger.
SISTINE, sis'tin, _adj._ pertaining to a pope of the name of _Sixtus_, esp.
Sixtus IV. (1471-84) and Sixtus V. (1585-90)--also SIX'TINE.--SISTINE CHAPEL, the Pope's chapel in the Vatican, built in 1473 by Sixtus IV., covered with magnificent frescoes by Michael Angelo and the great Florentine masters; SISTINE MADONNA, or MADONNA OF SAN SISTO, a famous painting by Raphael Santi, now at Dresden, representing the Virgin and Child in glory, St Sixtus on the left, St Barbara on the right, and two cherubs below.
SISTRUM, sis'trum, _n._ a form of rattle used in ancient Egypt in connection with the worship of Isis.
SISYPHEAN, sis-i-f[=e]'an, _adj._ relating to Sisyphus: incessantly recurring. [From _Sisyphus_, a king of Corinth, who was condemned in Tartarus to roll to the top of a hill a huge stone, which constantly rolled down again, making his task incessant.]
SIT, sit, _v.i._ to rest on the haunches: to perch, as birds: to rest: to remain, abide: to brood: to occupy a seat, esp. officially: to be officially engaged: to blow from a certain direction, as the wind: to be worn, to fit, to be becoming: to take an attitude of readiness, or for any special purpose: to hold a deliberative session.--_v.t._ to keep a seat, or good seat, upon: to seat, place on a seat:--_pr.p._ sit'ting; _pa.t._ and _pa.p._ sat.--_n._ a subsidence of the roof of a coal-mine: (_slang_) a situation.--_adj._ SIT'-FAST, fixed, stationary.--_n._ a callosity of the skin under the saddle, often leading to ulcer.--_ns._ SIT'TER; SIT'TING, state of resting on a seat: a seat, a special seat allotted to a seat-holder, at church, &c.; also the right to hold such: the part of the year in which judicial business is transacted: the act or time of resting in a posture for a painter to take a likeness: an official meeting to transact business: uninterrupted application to anything for a time: the time during which one continues at anything: a resting on eggs for hatching, the number hatched at one time; SIT'TING-ROOM, the parlour or most commonly used room in many houses.--SIT DOWN, to take a seat: to pause, rest: to begin a siege; SIT LOOSE, or LOOSELY, to be careless or indifferent; SIT ON, or UPON, to hold an official inquiry regarding: (_slang_) to repress, check; SIT OUT, to sit, or to sit apart, during: to await the close of; SIT UNDER, to be in the habit of hearing the preaching of; SIT UP, to raise the body from a recumbent to a sitting position: to keep watch during the night (_with_). [A.S. _sittan_; Ger. _sitzen_, L.
SITAR, sit'ar, _n._ an Oriental form of guitar.
SITE, s[=i]t, _n._ the place where anything is set down or fixed: situation: a place chosen for any particular purpose: posture.--_adj._ S[=I]'TED (_Spens._), placed, situated. [Fr.,--L. _situs_--_situm_, pa.p.
of _sin[)e]re_, to set down.]
SITH, sith, _adv._, _prep._, and _conj._ since--(_obs._) SITH'ENCE, SITH'ENS. [M. E. _sithen_--A.S. _sith tham_, after that, also written _siththan_. Cf. _Since_.]
SITHE, s[=i]th, _n._ (_Spens._) time. [A.S. _sith_, time.]
SITHE, s[=i]th, _n._ (_Shak._) a scythe.--_v.t._ (_Shak._) to cut with a scythe.
SITHE, s[=i]th, _n._ (_Spens._) a sigh.
SITOLOGY, s[=i]-tol'[=o]-ji, _n._ the science of the regulation of diet.--Also SITIOL'OGY. [Gr. _sitos_, food, _logia_--_legein_, to say.]
SITOPHOBIA, s[=i]-t[=o]-f[=o]'bi-a, _n._ morbid aversion to food. [Gr.
_sitos_, food, _phobia_, fear.]
SITTA, sit'a, _n._ the genus of nut-hatches.--_adj._ SIT'TINE. [Gr.
_sitt[=e]_, a woodpecker.]
SITUATE, -D, sit'[=u]-[=a]t, -ed, _adj._ set or permanently fixed: placed with respect to other objects: residing.--_ns._ SITU[=A]'TION, the place where anything is situated: position: temporary state: condition: any group of circumstances, a juncture: a critical point in the action of a play or the development the plot of a novel: office, employment; S[=I]'TUS, site: the proper place of an organ, &c.: locality in law. [Low L. _situatus_--L.
_situ[)e]re_, to place.]
SITZ-BATH, sitz'-bath, _n._ a hip-bath: a tub adapted for such. [Ger.
SIUM, s[=i]'um, _n._ a genus of umbelliferous plants--the water-parsnips.
SIVA, s[=e]'va, _n._ the third god of the Hindu Trimurti or triad, representing the principle of destruction and of reproduction.--_adj._ SIVAIST'IC.--_n._ SI'VAITE. [Sans. _civa_, happy.]
SIVAN, siv'an, _n._ the third month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, answering to part of May and June. [Heb.]
SIVATHERIUM, siv-a-th[=e]'ri-um, _n._ a very large fossil ruminant found in India.
SIX, siks, _adj._ and _n._ five and one: a figure denoting six units (6, or vi.): a playing-card with six spots, the face of a die bearing six spots, or that die itself: beer sold at six shillings a barrel, small beer: (_pl._) in hymnology, a quatrain in trochaic measure, the lines of three feet or six syllables.--_adj._ SIX'FOLD, folded or multiplied six times.--_ns._ SIX'FOOTER, a person six feet high; SIX'PENCE, a silver coin=six pence.--_adj._ SIX'PENNY, worth sixpence: cheap, worthless.--_ns._ SIX'-SHOOT'ER, a six-chambered revolver; SIXTE, a parry in which the hand is on guard opposite the right breast, the point of the sword raised and moved a little to the right.--_adjs._ and _ns._ SIX'TEEN, six and ten; SIX'TEENTH, the sixth after the tenth.--_adj._ SIXTH, the last of six: the ordinal of six.--_n._ the sixth part: (_mus._) an interval of four tones and a semitone, or six intervals.--_adv._ SIXTH'LY, in the sixth place.--SIXTH HOUR, noon-tide.--BE AT SIXES AND SEVENS, to be in disorder; LONG SIXES, candles weighing six to the pound, about 8 inches long; SHORT SIXES, candles weighing six to the pound, about 4 inches long. [A.S.
_siex_; Ger. _sechs_, Gael. _se_; also L. _sex_, Gr. _hex_, Sans. _shash_.]
SIXTY, siks'ti, _adj._ and _n._ six times ten.--_adj._ and _n._ SIX'TIETH, the sixth tenth: the ordinal of sixty. [A.S. _sixtig_.]
SIZAR, s[=i]'zar, _n._ the name of an order of students at Cambridge and Dublin--from the allowance of victuals made to them from the college buttery.--_n._ S[=I]'ZARSHIP. [_Size_, fixed quantity.]
SIZE, s[=i]z, _n._ extent of volume or surface: magnitude: an allotted portion: (_pl._) allowances (_Shak._).--_v.t._ to arrange according to size: at Cambridge, to buy rations at a certain fixed rate: to measure.--_v.i._ to increase in size.--_adjs._ S[=I]'ZABLE, SIZE'ABLE, of suitable size: of considerable size or bulk; SIZED, having a particular size.--_ns._ S[=I]'ZER, one who, or that which, sizes or measures, a kind of gauge; S[=I]'ZING, act of sorting articles according to size, esp.
crushed or stamped ores in mining: an order for extra food from a college buttery.--SIZE UP, to measure, consider carefully. [Contr. of _assize_ (q.v.).]
SIZE, s[=i]z, SIZING, s[=i]'zing, _n._ a kind of weak glue, used as varnish: any gluey substance.--_v.t._ to cover with size.--_adj._ SIZED, having size in its composition.--_n._ S[=I]'ZINESS.--_adj._ S[=I]'ZY, size-like: glutinous.
SIZZLE, siz'l, _v.i._ to make a sound as if frying.--_n._ a hissing sound; extreme heat.--_n._ SIZZ'LING, a hissing.
SKAINSMATE, sk[=a]nz'm[=a]t, _n._ (_Shak._) a companion, a scapegrace.
SKALD, _n._=_Scald_, a poet.
SKAT, skat, _n._ a game played with thirty-two cards as in Piquet, and said to have been invented in 1817 in Altenburg. Each of three players receives ten cards, the two others being laid aside (hence the name from O. Fr.
_escart_, laying aside).
SKATE, sk[=a]t, _n._ a kind of sandal or frame of wood on a steel blade for moving on ice.--_v.i._ to slide on, skates.--_ns._ SK[=A]'TER; SK[=A]'TING; SK[=A]'TING-RINK. [Dut. _schaats_; cf. also Dan. _skoite_.]